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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Marine Environmental Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Nov 2005
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Aug 2005
Volume 8, Issue 2 - May 2005
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
The Characteristic of Point Source Loads for Nitrogen and Phosphorus to Gwangyang Bay, Korea
Kim Do-Hee ; Cho Hyeon-Seo ; Lee Young Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 8, issue 1, 2005, Pages 1~8
We estimated the loadings of nitrogen and phosphorus flowing into Gwangyang Bay front river for monthly interval from April to December of 2003. We analyzed the concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus in water and estimated the flowing rates of fresh water in 34 rivers. The amounts of water flowing into the Gwdngyang Bay from Sum-Jin River was 51-76％ in the total inflow of the river. The river water over 96％ of discharge was from Sumjin River, Dong River, Ju-Kyo River, Seo River and Shinkyum River. The flowing patterns of nitrogen and phosphorus into Gwangyang Bay were similar to the flowing of river. The nitrogen and phosphorus loadings into the Bay were higher in July and August than in dry seasons. In particular, the concentrations of phosphorus were high in Namshu River, Deukyang River and Kilho River sewage during in dry seasons. The range of DIN and TN loadings from Sumjim River were 46-66％ and 36-64％, respectively. The loading of DIP and TP from Sumjim River were 2-55％ and 12-67％, respectively. These results show that the most efficient control of N. p flow into Gwangyang Bay is to restrain the inflows of N, p from Namshu River, Deukyang River and Kilho River and to restrain the flows of N, p from Dong River, Ju-Kyo River and industrial plant. The DIN/DIP atom ratio in river water was about 18 in July and August, while the ratio was more higher in dry seasons than July and August of rainy seasons. The TN/TP atom ratio in river water was about 7 in rainy seasons, while the ratios were higher than 100 in the other months of dry seasons.
Influence of Temperature on the Survival, Growth and Sensitivity of Benthic Amphipods, Mandibulophoxus mai and Monocorophium acherusicum
Lee Kyu-Tae ; Lee Jung-Suk ; Kim Dong-Hoon ; Kim Chan-Kook ; Park Kun-Ho ; Kang Seong-Gil ; Park Gyung-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 8, issue 1, 2005, Pages 9~16
A series of experiments was conducted to evaluate the effects of temperature on the survival, growth and sensitivity of the benthic amphipods, Mandibuluphoxus mai and Monocnrophium acherusicum, which have been recently developed as new sediment toxicity testing species in Korea. The biological performance for each amphipod species was determined by the survival and growth rates at different water temperatures. The influence of temperature on the sensitivity to reference toxicant, Cd, was determined by the comparison of survival rates of amphipods exposed to control and Cd-spiked seawater at different temperatures. Temperature significantly influenced on the survival, growth and Cd sensitivity of both amphipods. Tolerable ranges of temperature for the >80％ individuals of both M. mai and M. acherusicum with sediment substrates were mostly overlapped (13 to 22℃). The daily growth rates of M. mai and M. acherkisicum increased proportionally with temperature up to 20℃ and 25℃. respectively. Similarly, the sensitivities of M. mai and M. acheyusicum to Cd increased with temperature up to 20℃ and 15℃, respectively. Overall results showed that temperature is a substantially important factor potentially influencing the results of lethal and sublethal bioassays using the amphipods. Therefore, defining the adequate ranges of experimental temperature for the toxicity testing species is the pre-requisite for the development of standardized bioassay protocols.
Observation and Analysis of Movement Characteristics of Drifting Ships
Lee Moonjin ; Kang Chang-gu ; Yun Jong-hwui ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 8, issue 1, 2005, Pages 17~22
The movement of drifting ships on the sea is closely related to marine environmental forces such as waves, currents, winds, etc. To develop a prediction model for trajectories oi drifting ships, an experiment on the movement of drifting ships was carried out in the Southeastern Sea of Korea. Five types of ships including a lire raft and tour ships with G/T 10tons, G/T 2o tons, G/T 50 tons, and G/T 80 tons, were considered in the experiment. The G/T 50 ton class ship was used as a base ship for obtaining the currents, winds and heading angles of ship following the trajectory. The trajectory of each ship was measured by DGPS(Differential Global Positioning System) and collected using APRS(Automatic Position Reporting System) installed on the base ship. The error range in position fix of DGPS are approximately ±1 m. The drift speed of ship in the experiment was between 3％ to 5％ of wind speed and drift direction of ship was deflected by ±90° from wind direction. Also, the heading of drifting ship was normal to wind direction.
A Numerical Study on the Effectiveness of a Floating Breakwater in Wonjeon Port
Lee Jeong-Lyul ; Song Museok ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 8, issue 1, 2005, Pages 23~30
A numerical scheme is proposed which is applicable to the evaluation of wave field containing floating structures, and the method is utilized to estimate the effect of the floating breakwaters to be installed in Wonjeon port near Masan. The model is based on the mild-slope equation which is widely accepted for the calculation of wave modulation near shores and an additional term is introduced to consider the wave scattering associated with the thin floating structures such as floating breakwaters. The tranquility in Wonjeon port with the floating breakwater in the east side is calculated and compared with the one with a bottom-fixed breakwater. The present method is believed to provide an efficient way of quantitative measurement of the performance of floating breakwaters.
A Investigation of On-board Thermal Factor
Jang M.S. ; Koh C. D. ; Moon I. S. ; Lee C. J. ; Kim S. H. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 8, issue 1, 2005, Pages 31~38
This paper is focused on the research of environmental and human factors for a design of PMVbased air conditioning system in the ship. In the results from environmental factor research, it is possible to dissatisfy thermally in the wheel house and communication room of 25 ton and engine room of 100 ton. The clothing and activity in the ship is modified using inland indoor characteristics. Thermal resistance of clothing may be more sensitive to PMV(predicted mean vote) than metabolic rate because of large deviation among maritime polices. The distribution of human factor is right long-tailed than standard normal distribution.
Numerical Study of a Droplet Movement for the Ocean
Jung Rho-Taek ; Kang Seong-Gil ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 8, issue 1, 2005, Pages 39~45
In the situation which Russia's ratification of the Kyoto protocol at February,2004, ANNEX I nations must reduce GHG(Green House Gas) discharge rate from 2008 by 2012 to the reduction level at 1990. We introduce the CO₂ ocean sequestration that is one of promising method for getting the stable CO₂ concentration in the atmosphere. There are four categories : ocean transportation technique, ocean initial dissolution technique, ocean deep current evaluation technique, and ocean biological evaluation technique. In this paper, we carried out the fundamental numerical study on the ocean initial dissolution technique, when the Liquidized CO₂ is emitted at the deep ocean, It is very important to the dissolution rate of movable CO₂ interface because it Is directly impact to the ocean organism. In order to investigate the relation of the interface movement and rate of the dissolution, we develope CR(Computational Fluid Dynamics) code that was constructed by the finite volume method based on the unstructured mesh, and a droplet's boundary surface can move and one direction dissolution from disperse phase into continuous phase adopted as its physics be. This study clarifies hydrodynamic relation between solubility and movement of the droplet through the verification of the Cm code.
Development of Real-Time Forecasting System of Marine Environmental Information for Ship Routing
Hong Keyyong ; Shin Seung-Ho ; Song Museok ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy, volume 8, issue 1, 2005, Pages 46~52
A marine environmental information system (MEIS) useful for optimal route planning of ships running in the ocean was developed. Utilizing the simulated marine environmental data produced by the European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts based on global environmental data observed by satellites, the real-time forecast and long-term statistics of marine environments around planned and probable ship routes are provided. The MEIS consists of a land-based data acquisition and analysis system(MEIS-Center) and a onboard information display system(MEIS-Ship) for graphic description of marine information and optimal route planning of ships. Also, it uses of satellite communication system for data transfer. The marine environmental components of winds, waves, air pressures and storms are provided, in which winds are described by speed and direction and waves are expressed in terms of height, direction and period for both of wind waves and swells. The real-time information is characterized by 0.5° resolution, 10 day forecast in 6 hour interval and daily update. The statistic information of monthly average and maximum value expected for a return period is featured by 1.5° resolution and based on 15 year database. The MEIS-Ship include an editing tool for route simulation and the forecasting and statistic information on planned routes can be displayed in graph or table. The MEIS enables for navigators to design an optimal navigational route that minimizes probable risk and operational cost.