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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Environmental Health
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Oct 1984
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Apr 1984
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서울과 뉴욕市에 있어서 固體廢棄物의 處分法 比較考察
鄭文植 ; 鄭用澤 ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 10, issue 2, 1984, Pages 1~7
A Study on the Administration for the Han River Water Quality Control
Kim, Kwang Hyop ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 10, issue 2, 1984, Pages 9~40
This thesis purports to overview the diverse administrative and organizational factors and plannings developed by the government organizations, municipal or otherwise, to tackle the Han River water pollution issues in the past years. This thesis also looks into the ever-worsening Han River water pollution problems, in particular, in terms of the various government plans ostensibly designed to reduce the pollution level but with little success. Also dealt with are the efficiencies with which the laws and decrees on water pollution the administrative organizations put to use in the prosecution of the diverse antiwater pollution projects involving the Han River basin. From the early 1960's up to the 1970's the government had concentrated on the growth-oriented economic policy with the result that little attention had been paid to the water pollution and other environmental issues that are bound to arise from the massive economic growth. Belatedly, the five-year Hah River Development Project was initiated in 1982 with emphasis on reducing the water pollution level at Hah River to the minimum. The following are the gists of the thesis and recommendations for the future antiwater pollution plans by the administrative organizations: 1. Documents to date indicate that the irrigation projects along the Han River area had been the main focus of attention during the Yi Dynasty and under the Japanese rule of the country. 2. Despite that the water pollution issue became the subject of many debates among the academic and research institutions in the 1960's and in the 1970's, the administrative organizations in charge of the Han River water quality control failed to come up with a concrete plan for the river's water quality control. 3. Nevertheless, the water pollution of the Han River area in fact began in the 1950's, with the unprecedented concentration into Seoul of population and the industrial facilities on a larger scale, in particular, enforced by the government's strong growthoriented policy in its Economic Development plans in the 1960's. 4. Starting in the 1960's, the Han River water pollution level dramatically increased, but the government was reluctant to promulgate or put into effect strong measures to curb the many factors contributing to the river water pollution, thus worsening the environmental issues along the Han River basin. 5. The environmental protection law and other laws and decrees relating to the antiwater and air pollution issues that were subsequently put into effect underwent so many changes that efficient anti-water pollution policies could not be effected for the Han River basin. The frequent organizational reshuffle within the administrative units concerned with environmental problems has resulted in the undue waste in personnel management and finance. 6. The administration on the environmental protection could not be efficiently carried out due to the organizational overlapping. Under the existing law, frequent organizational frictions and inefficiency are bound to occur among the central government offices themselves, as well as between the central government and the Seoul city administration, and among the city's administrative offices over the conservation of the Han River basin and over the river's anti-water pollution issue. 7. In the planning and prosecution of the Han River project, political influences from the president down to the lower-level politicious appear to have been involved. These political influences in the past had certainly had negative influence on the project, nevertheless, it appears that in the recent years, these political influences are not all that negative in view of the fact that they serve as a positive contributing factor in developing a better water quality control project along the Han River basin. The following are a few recommendations based on the data from the thesis: First, officials in charge of the Han River water quality control should pay attention to a careful screening of the opinions and recommendations from the academic circles and from the public should be made so that the government could better grasp the core issues in the environmental problems that require preventive and other necessary measures. Second, vigorous redistribution policies of population and industrial facilities away from the Seoul area should be pursued. Third, the government should refrain from revising or revamping too frequently the laws and decrees on the anti-water pollution, which is feared to cause undue inconveniences in the environmental administration. Fourth, a large-scale streamlining should be made to the existing administrative organization in an effort to do away with the inter- and intra-organizational friction. It is recommended that a secretariat for the Hah River basis conservation be established. Fifth, High-level administrative officials, with a thorough knowledge and vision on the Han River water quality control, should be prepared to better deal with the budgeting and personnel management for the Han River water pollution control not only at the control government, but also at the Seoul city municipal government levels. Environmental issues should be kept distinct from political issues. Environmental issues should not serve as a window-dressing for sheer political purposes. Sixth, the Hah River proiect should also include, along with the main Han River basin, those areas covering North Han River, South Han River, and the tributaries to the main river basin. The 'Han River Basin Water Quality Control Board' should be established immediately as a means of strengthening the current Han River basin water quality control policy. Seventh, in drawing up the Han River proiect, the administrative officials should be aware that Han River basin is a life line for those people in the region, providing them with not only a sheer physical space, but with a psychological living space for their everyday life.
A Study on Heavy Metals at the Consumer s Tap in Seoul
Lee, Byung Mu ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 10, issue 2, 1984, Pages 41~51
This study was performed using samples collected at Myungryundong and at Reservoirs. The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences of water quality between tap and raw water, and to analyse drinking water quality by Fe, Zn from corroded galvanized steel pipe. Results were as follows 1. The older the pipe was, the higher the concentration of Ferrum and Zinc was (t-test : p<0.05). Ferrum and Zinc also exceeded the limits in the older galvanized steel pipe. I think that this comes from the corrosion of pipe. 2. Mercury, Arsenic, Cadmium, Lead, Chomium, Argentum and Aurum not detected in raw water were not detected in tap water. Cobalt, Bismuth and Molybudenum detected in raw water were not detected in tap water. I think that this comes from the quality of raw water, the result of water treatment and the improbability of detection of above metals in water delivery system. 3. Silicon measured 2.4698ppm in raw water, but it ranged from 0.4769ppm to 1.982 ppm in tap water. Manganese measured 0.0638ppm in raw water, but it ranged from 0.0026ppm to 0.0198ppm in 17cases(31%) out of 55samples in tap water. I think that this comes from the water treatment. 4. Aluminium not detected in raw water was found in 17 cases (31%) out of the samples (55cases). It may be considered as the use of coagulants
and PAC (Poly Aluminium Chloride). The concentration of copper in tap water was much higher in 2 cases(3.6%) out of the samples(55) than that of copper in raw water. I think that this may come from the use of
, the preventive of algae growth, and the result of chlorination, but further study must be necoessary to support the proof.
Studies on the Isolation of Vibrio parahaemolyticus from the Sea Water and Marine Products in Incheon
Chung, Kyung Suck ; Lee, Hee Joo ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 10, issue 2, 1984, Pages 53~59
V. parahaemolyticus is a species of gram- negative asperogenous rod which gives rise to gastroenteritis in man and widely distributed in Korea. In this study, the distribution of V. parahaemolyticus among sea water and various marine products in Inchcon during the period of July 1984 to August 1984 was studied. The following results were obtained: 1. V. parahacmolyticus were isolated from 16(15.4%) of 104 specimens of sea water and various marine products. 8 strains(11.0%) were from fish and marine products 3 (25.0%) from aquarium watar, 3 from chopping board 1 from sea water and 1 from sea water in basin. 2. Among the 14 strains tested, 10 were Kanagawa phenomenon positive and 4 were negative. 3. 16 strains were tested for K antigens and 3 were found to be
, 1 each of
. 7 strains were not agglutinated with any K-type multiserum.
Sampling and Analysis of Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Working Environment
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 10, issue 2, 1984, Pages 61~68
A Study on the Air Pollution Level in Tae Jon Area by Botanical Indicator
Oh, Sob Yun ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 10, issue 2, 1984, Pages 69~77
Air pollution has been one of the severe problems in city area. Sulfur dioxide is the major pollutant among the air pollutants. And the lichen as a botanical indicator have been used to predict the air pollution level. This study was carried out to evaluate the air pollution level in Taejon area through the field survey which were checked lichen status and sulfur dioxide content in the atmosphere. The results were as follows 1. The average sulfur dioxide content in Taejon area was 0.031ppm. The comparison of measurement methods were regression equation, Y= 0.357$\times$+0.014 and correlation factor, r = 0.771. 2. The maximum point of the SO$_2$ level was site No. 2(Daehwa-Dong), 0.087 ppm and the minimum, site No. 8 (Doma 2-Dong), 0.009ppm. 3. Total amounts of sulfur dioxide yearly emitted from Taejon area by fuel consumption estimated 29829.6 tons. 4. The relationship between degree of lichen and sulfur dioxide contents were 0.000~0.020ppm : Zone No. 2 0.020~0.060ppm : Zone No. 1 over 0.060ppm : Zone No. 0
The Effects of Zinc on
-Aminolevulinic Acid Dehydrase Activities in Blood and Lead Accumulation in Livers and Kidneys in Rats
Bae, Eun Sang ; Rhim, Kook Hwan ; Kim, Young Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 10, issue 2, 1984, Pages 79~87
The purpose of the study is to determine the effects of Zn in lead poisoning rats by way of examining interaction mechanism of Pb and Zn. The fifty-five rats were Pb divided into four groups such as Zn group, group, Pb and Zn group, and control group. The rats of Zn group and of Zn and Pb group were subdivided into four groups by dose of Zn respectively 250mg/l, 500mg/l, 1, 000mg/l and 2, 000 mg/l. The rats having been fed the above mentioned chemicals, were weighed every five days for fifty-five days, and the subjects were slaughtered for measuring
-ALAD activities in blood and the accumulation amount of the chemicals in livers and kidneys. The results of the study are summarized as following 1. As for body weight gains, those of the control group rats were the highest, and those of Pb group the lowest. 2.
-ALAD activities of Pb group showed the tendency of decrease in comparison with those of control group. In Zn group, the subgroups of 250mg/l and 500mg/l showed higher activities than control group, whereas the subgroups of 1, 000mg/l and 2.000mg/l showed lower. 3. Hb value of Pb group was lower than that of control group. In Zn group, Hb value of the groups of 250mg/l and 500mg/l was a little higher than that of control group, while that of the groups of 1, 000mg/l and 2, 000mg/l was lower. 4. The amount of Pb and Zn accumulated in liver was much higher than in kidney. The amount of Pb accumulated in organs of Zn and Pb group decreased gradually in contrast to high concentration of Zn.
The Effects of Garlic (Allium sativum L.) Extract on Growth, Lipid and Aflatoxin Production by Aspergillus parasiticus R-716
Woo, Young Sook ; Chung, Duck Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 10, issue 2, 1984, Pages 89~97
The possible effects of garlic (Aliium sativurn L.) extract on growth and aflatoxin production by Aspergillus parasiticus R- 716 were investigated. Various solvent extracts of garlic strongly inhibited growth and sporulation by Aspergillus parasiticus R-716, and effective solvents used for extraction of garlic were chloroform, benzene, and water-chloroform. The growth and aflatoxin production decreased with the increase in extract concentration, and extract equivalent 1.5g of raw garlic weight in 25ml SLS medium completely inhibited, and at a level of 1.25g garlic, total aflatoxin was reduced 64% (472
/25ml) of that produced in the control (1, 352
/25 ml). During cultivation inhibitory rate of growth was reduced from 89.1% to 40% and aflatoxin
production increased with the laps of time. Especially garlic extract appeared to have a stimulatory effect on lipid accumulation on the contrary aflatoxin production.
A Study on Use and Care of Cooking Oil of Housewives in Seoul
Kim, Jung Hee ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 10, issue 2, 1984, Pages 99~111
The survey was made on the use and care of cooking oil during a period from March 1st to April 30th in 1984to attribute for the later studies on the betterment of dietary conditions. 849 housewives in Seoul were selected randomly for the survey. The results obtained are as followes : Among 849 respondents, age of thirties consisted of 52.5% and 32.6% of for the fourties. For the levels of education, 26.1% of housewives was the graduates of university and 35.1% was of highschool. 38.2% of the respondents earned more than 600, 000won monthly, but 46.8% were on less than 600, 000won. 1. 67.8% of 370 housewives purchased soybean oil once a month, and 17.0% did once every three month. 2. In the method of placing the oil, 41.0% of housewives kept it at a cool place where no direct sunlight reaches, and the rest 51.8% kept the oil under the sink. 3. For the kind of container to keep the oil, 30.3% of them used glass and 24.3% used the plastic. 4. For the period of keeping the cooking oil for the reuse, 58.5% of the housewives kept the used oil for one month whereas 13.2% kept for two months. 5. 39.9% of housewives reused the same cooking oil twice before discarding it but 27.9% reused three times. 6. 27.0% of them dump rancid oil in drains, and 37.0% dump in dustbins.