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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Environmental Health
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Oct 1988
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Apr 1988
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Development of Porous Sorbents for Removal of Hydrogen Sulfide from Hot Coal Gas -I. Additive Effect of Sorbents for the Removal of Hydrogen Sulfide-
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 14, issue 1, 1988, Pages 1~9
Development of Porous Sorbents for Removal of Hydrogen Sulfide from Hot Coal Gas -II. Kinetics of Suffidation on Zinc Oxide -
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 14, issue 1, 1988, Pages 11~22
Calcium oxide, lithium oxide and titanium oxide were investigated as additives of zinc oxide for the removal of hydrogen sulfide at high temperature. This experiment was performed in the range of 1.0-2.0 vol.% H$_2$S concentration at 623-873 K reaction temperature, using a thermogravimetric analyzer. A pore blocking model was found to fit the reaction rate and the kinetics data were sucessfully expressed by this model. The reactions between additive sorbents and hydrogen sulfide were first order with respect to hydrogen sulfide concentration in a gaseous mixture with nitrogen. Among the used sorbents, ZnO-CaO 0.5 at.% and ZnO-TiO$_2$ 2.0 at.% sorbents had the best additive effects on the sulfidation reaction between additive sorbents and hydrogen sulfide, whereas the ZnO-Li$_2$O sorbents were ineffective.
Isolation and Identification of Legionella pneumophila from Hot Water Spouts and Hot Water
Park, Ju-Hyeong ; Zong, Moon-Shik ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 14, issue 1, 1988, Pages 23~32
A study was carried out to find distribution of Legionella spp. in hot water supplying systems of buildings in Seoul. Water samples were taken from the hot water taps in three research institute buildings during the period from the 2nd to 27th February, 1987. And all of the three buildings were supplied with hot water from the same central hot water tank. GVPC BCYEa and blood agar were used for the isolation of Legionella pneurnophila and slide agglutination test (SAT) was performed to identify their strain types. Main findings were as follows 1. 44 samples taken from hot tap-water revealed 20% of positive culture and 44 samples taken from hot water spouts revealed 11% of positive culture. 2. The 78% of positive samples taken from hot water was obtained from 25.1$\circ$C~45.0$\circ$C temperature range. 3. Only, Legionella pneumophila serogroup 3 was identified and most of them has been than 2$\mu$m in length. 4. The densities of the Legionella pneurnophila isolated from hot water samples were within the range of $1.0\times 10^2$ to $1.1\times 10^3$ CFU/l and their densities isolated from hot water spouts were either 1 CFU/plate or 2 CFU/plate.
A Study on a Classification Technique of Natural Mineral Waters by Its Constitution and Physico-Chemical Properties
Nam, Sang-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 14, issue 1, 1988, Pages 33~38
Natural mineral water is generally quite different from ordinary drinking water due to its original nature and various properties. The complexity of natural mineral water requires, therefore, not only to identify its nature and proper characteristics, but also to classify them by a reasonable scientific basis of comparison. The study was concentrated on a possible classification technique to natural mineral waters by their constitutions and physico-ehemical properties. The classification was carried out by the computation of such numerical parameters as ionic equivalent percentage, electrolytic conductance or mobility, ionic molecular weight, molecular concentration, equivalent conductivity and degree of ionization in consideration of the determinative criteria as follows -particular single element or molecule -major components of natural waters as bicarbonate, sulphate, chloride, -total dissolved solids or salts (NaCl) The results obtained proved out to be clearly distinguhhable from ordinary drinking water as far as concern natural mineral water as an example on the subject -simple water -bicarbonate-predominating water -cold spring -carbonated-non gaseous water -weak alkaline water -non saline water Putting these various results together, the sample turned out to be a kind of natural mineral water that can be used as a drinking water if microbiologically safe. calcium, magnesium, and sodium -molecular concentration related to blood osmotic pressure -water temperature at emergence from spring -contents of free carbon dioxide (CO$_2$) -pH value of water
Periodicity Analysis of Water Quality at Guii
Ahn, Ryong-Me ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 14, issue 1, 1988, Pages 39~45
The stochastic variations were analyzed periodicity by autocorrelation, variance spectrum and Fourier series. These time series included hourly and hourly mean observations on DO, water temperature and air temperature which measured by automatic recording instrument at Guii from 1, Jan., 1986 to 23, Feb., 1986. The results of study were as follows: l. Autocorrelation coef. (lag time 120) DO($\varrho_1$= 0.9705), WT($\varrho_1$ = 0.9890), and AT($\varrho_1$ = 0.9874) were deeply related. DO and AT clearly showedr 24-hour periodicities while WT showed 23-26 hour periodicity. 2. Spectral density showed high at 24 hour in eech item and all of them showed weak peak at 12 hour. 3. The explained variance, which was a measure of the contribution of periodic function to the original time series, varied high 90.8 - 94.7%. This results showed that water qualities at Guii were affected deterministic components.
A Study on the Variation of Nutrients and Water Quality in Suk Chon Lake
Choi, Han-Young ; Kim, Tai-Jeon ; Park, Sung-Bae ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 14, issue 1, 1988, Pages 47~53
This study was performed to investigate a seasonal and vertical variation of the nutrients, water temperature, pH, DO, BOD, COD in Sukchon lake from May 1985 to Jan. 1986. The results were as follows. 1. Vertical descent of water temperature was the remarkable situation on Jul. and difference between surface layer and bottom layer was 3.5$\circ$C. 2. The value of pH was average 8.0 in both lake. The value of pH in the winter was average 7.6, and Summer was average 8.3. 3. The contents of dissolved oxygen was the highest value (13.0mg/l in surface layer on Jan. and the lowest value (8.1mg/l in bottom layer on Ul. 4. The contents of PO$_4$-P, NH$_3$-N, NO$_3$-N and T-N were 0.03~O.17mg/l 0.12~0.34mg/l 0.36~0.91mg/l and 0.76~1.37mg/l respectively.
Study on the Phosphorus Content of Algae
Song, Jun-Sang ; Lee, Mun-Ho ; Yang, Sang-Yong ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 14, issue 1, 1988, Pages 55~61
Study was conducted on how the phosphorus content of algae changed by the algal species and the algal growth conditions. Phosphorus contents were not so different by algal species if algae grow on the same phosphorus concentration. Phosphorus content of algae grown on higher P medium was higher than that of algae grown on lower P medium. Algae excrete P-compounds from cell to the medium when the dissolved reactive phosphorus is depleted in the medium, and the excreted P-compounds were decomposed by algae and used for the growth of algae. Phosphorus content of algae grown in the P-limited condition was about 5-1 $\mu$gP/mg dry wt., but that of algae grown in the condition not P-lirnited was above 10$\mu$gP/rng dry wt.
Anaerobic Digestion of Pig Manure and Night Soil Mixed Waste in a Normal Temperature (I)
Kim, Nam-Cheon ; Min, Dal-Ki ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 14, issue 1, 1988, Pages 63~71
This study is an experimental research on the anaerobic digestion of pig manure and night soil mixed waste at room temperature (25$\circ$C), and the results are shown below: 1. The steady-state condition based on gas production as digestion temperature dropped to 25$\circ$C from 35$\circ$C was achieved at around 28, 47, 56, 64 days respectively when its hydraulic retention time(HRT) are 10, 20, 30, 40 days. 2, Alkalinity and volatile acid(VA) was increased as increasing the organic loading. 3. Removal efficiency of chemical oxygen demand(COD) and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) was improved as longer HRT, and generally COD value is lower and BOD value is higher relatively. 4. Overall treatment efficiencies of mixed waste are higher than of pig manure and of night soft. 5. Organic removal efficiency at room temperature (25$\circ$C) is 20-25% lower at medium temperature (35$\circ$C) in a same VS loading condition. 6. Refractory fraction of the infiuent VS and organic removal rate constant(K) estimated at around 37% and 0.107/day respectively.
A Study on the Heavy Metal Contents of Common Salts in Korea
Hwang, Seong-Hi ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 14, issue 1, 1988, Pages 73~86
In order to determine the content levels of trace metals in common salts, 64 bay salt samples were collected from three producing districts and 33 bay salt samples, 32 remade salt samples and 5 fine salt samples were collected from 7 major cities in Korea, from August to September 1987. These were analysed for content levels of Pb, Cd, Cu, Zn and Mn using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. The results were as follows: 1. Lead contents in three type salts were N.D. - 1081.9 $\mu$g/kg and fourteen percent of the 114 samples exceeded the World Health Organization(WHO) criteria of 100$\mu$g/kg. Cadmium contents of samples were N.D.- 382C.5 $\mu$g/kg and five percent of the 114 samples were over the Spanish criteria of 500 $\mu$g/kg. Copper contents of samples were 8,9-214.9 $\mu$g/kg and there was not a sample over the World Health Organization(WHO) criteria of 500 $\mu$g/kg. Zinc contents ranged N.D. - 342.9 $\mu$g/kg and Manganese contents ranged N.D.- 8.31 mg/kg. 2. The comparison of heavy metal contents among the bay salts from three producing districts was significantly different in Pb, Cd and Cu contents. 3. The comparison of heavy metal contents between the bay salts and remade salts was not significantly different in Pb, Cd and Cu contents. 4. The contents of Pb, Cd, Zn and Mn in fine salts were much lower than those of bay salts and remade salts.
Effect of Carbon Tetrachloride on the Changes of Guanase Activity in-Rats Fed Low or High Proteins Diet
Kang, Hoe-Yang ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 14, issue 1, 1988, Pages 87~101
The effect of hepatic injury produced by CCL, was studied on rats receiving a low protein-high carbohydrate (7% casein), standard protein (20% casein) and a high protein diet (30% casein). The rats fed low protein diet are resistant to CCl$_4$ in its effects on the liver as judged by histology, serum enzymes(guanase, ALT) and the content of hepatic protein. On the other hand, the pretreatment of hydrocortisone before injection of CCl$_4$ to the rats fed a standard diet, slightly decreased both serum ALT and guanase activities. In the pretreatment of actinomycin D, the liver and serum guanase activities were significantly decreased. It indicates that the cause of increasing serum guanase is based on the alteration of membrane permeability and the result of accelerated enzyme synthesis in liver cells of CCl$_4$ intoxicated rats.
An Experimental Study on Mercury Compounds Poisoning
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 14, issue 1, 1988, Pages 103~113
This experiment was performed to study the sequential accumulation of mercury in selected tissues of gold fish (Carassius auratus) exposed to 2, 6, 30, 120 and 300 $\mu$g Hg/1 as HgCl$_2$. In order to prepare treatment groups suitable for the present study, one control and five experimental groups, which were composed of I (2 $\mu$g/l), II (6$\mu$g/l), III (30$\mu$g/l), IV (120$\mu$g/l), V (300 $\mu$g/l), were used in 180 liter glass aquaria. The experiment was started by transfering 20 fish of average total length 140 $\pm$ 20 mm to each of the six tanks and allowing the uptake to take place for 12 weeks period. Fish were killed after time periods of 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks, and samples were disected by five parts gill, kidney liver, muscle and egg. The summarized results were as follows: 1. In control group, low concentrations of mercury(range 0.01-0.11 $\mu$g/g)were determined in the all selected tissues. 2. In experimental group, the average levels of mercury residues in the gill, kidney, liver muscle and egg were 3.61-189.54 $\mu$g/g, 13.91-182.58 $\mu$g/g, 8.56-66.49 $\mu$g/g, 0.30-20.33 $\mu$g/g, and 1.63-23.76$\mu$g/g, respectively. 3. The mercury residues in selected tissues of the experimental group were generally 230-9100 times higher than those of the control group. 4. The amounts of methylmercury per total mercury in the muscle after 12 weeks were 0.10/0.30 $\mu$g/g(33.33%) in the I group, 0.14/1.18$\mu$g/g(11.86%) in the II group, 0.25/5.76 $\mu$g/g(4.34%) in the III group, 0.39/11.48$\mu$g/g(3.40%) in the IV group and 0.40/20.33 $\mu$g/g(1.97%) in the V group.
Studies on the Effect of Captafol and Ethanol the Murine Immune System
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 14, issue 1, 1988, Pages 115~122
Captafol (1H-Isoindole-1.3(2H)-dione, 3a, 4, 7, 7a-tetrahydro-2-[1, 1, 2, 2-tetrahydroethyltkio]) is widely used as fungicide in agriculture. Immune modulatory effects of captafol and ethanol were studied in mice. Mice administered captafol intra peritoneally every other day for 5 times, and ethanol per os as captafol. Mice were sensitized and challenged with sheep red blood cells, serum antibody titer, foot pad swelling, and rosette forming cell number were mediated immune response. 1. The result show that humoral immune response and cell mediatea response were suppressed by captafol. 2. Especially effect of ethanol on the captafol immune response were significantly suppressed the humoral immune response and cell mediated immune response.