Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Environmental Health
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 2, Issue 1 - Feb 1975
Selecting the target year
A Survey of Parasitic Eggs in Soils and Vegetables in a Korean Rural Area
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 2, issue 1, 1975, Pages 1~4
The law prohibits use of human excreta without proper treatment since 1968 in Korea, but the rate of infection of parasitic diseases is high among all ages of people. An examination of parasitic eggs in soil and vegetables was performed from April to September, 1974, soil samples were collected near toilet, at gardens, at vegetable farms with excreta used and not used, and strawberry farms in Shindong myon, Chunseong-gun, Kangwon province, and vegetables collected were cabbage, young radish, lettuce, Welshonion, spinach and strawberry. Main findings are as follows 1. Positive samples of Ascaris lumbricoides are 18 out of 25(64%) in the soils near toilet, 9 out of 28(3.2%) in the garden soils and 8 out of 18(44%) in the soils of vegetable farms. 2. Trichocephalus trichiurus and Enterobius vermicularis were detected in 8 soil samples respectively Trichostrongylus orientalis 7(25%) and Ancylostoma duodenale 3(11%) out of in the soils near toilets. 3. Parasitic egg negatives are 62(55%) out of 112 soil samples. 4. Ascaris lumbricoides is found in 11 roots(48%) of cabbage and young radish out of 23 respectively, 14 lettuce(34%) out of 41,4 Welsh onion(40%) out of 10,3 spinach(33%) out of 9, and 2 strawberry(11%) out of 18. 5. Ancylostoma duodenale positives are 2 roots of cabbage(9%) out of 23, 4 young radish (17%) out of 23, and 7 lettuce(17%) out of 41, and negatives of parasitic eggs on vegetables are 62 roots(51%) out of 124 samples.
Study on the Analysis of Water-Soluble Dyes by Use of the Thin-Layer Chromatography. -1. Separation and Identification of Xanthene Dyes-
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 2, issue 1, 1975, Pages 5~9
For analysis of Xanthene dyes according to the developing solvent and adsorbent was applied to Thin-layer chromatography with silicagel and cellulose plate. Silicagel chromato-plate used were prepared under different condition of activation. Using eight developing solvent, the influence of the condition for activation upon the separation of Xanthene dyes was investigated. The results are shown in Table 3. Methyl ethyl ketone+Acetone+$H_2O$ (10:0.1:0.4) mixture and n-butanol+Ammonia water (4:1) mixture gave clear separation for Xanthene dyes, including Fluorescein, Erythrosine Rhodamin B, Eosine, Rose bengale, phloxine and Acid red those Rf values decrease in the described ordor. Methyl ethyl ketone+Acetone+$H_2O$ (10:0.1:0.4) was applied to two adsorbents which were purchased from different manufactures. The results of Chromatograms are obtained Figure 6.
A Study on Penicillin Residue In Market Milk in Seoul
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 2, issue 1, 1975, Pages 11~15
The study Was carried out to determine the residue concentrations of peniccillin in Merket milk samples collected from some of the retail shops located in Seoul City. During the period from June to September 1974, 160 milk samples were collected and examined, using the Filter Paper Disk Method, for Screening test and Quantitative test of penicillin residue. The results obtained in the study were as follows: 1. Among the 160 Market Milk samples. 28 samples (17.5%) proved to contain some antibiotics residue. 2. In the case of the antibiotics residue positive milk samples, the rate of penicillin residue alone was 46.4% and the rate of the other antibiotics was 53.6%. 3. In the distribution of milk plants examined in relation-to the antibiotics residue positive milk samples, it was shown that S.K.H. and M.Market Milk plants had 15.0, 17.5, 20.0 and 17.5 percent respectively. 4. According to the monthly distribution, the highest antibiotics residue positive rate (25.0% of the samples) was shown in the samples collected in August, and the next (20.0% of the samples) in July. While the samples collected in June and September 1974 Showed lower rates of 7.5% and 17.5% respectively. 5. The range of the residue concentraction of penicillin in the positive milk samples were as follows: a. 53.8% of the total samples were found in the lowest range of 0.02-0.05 IU/ml. b. 30.8% of the total samples were found in the lower range of 0.05-0.1 IU/ml. c. 7.7% of the total samlpes were found in the higher range of 0.1-0.2 IU/ml. d. 7.7% of the total samples were found in the highest range of over 0.2 IU/ml.
A Study on the Widal Test
Cho, Yong-Chu ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 2, issue 1, 1975, Pages 17~19
Widal Test has been performed on the patients of 1052 admitted with suspicious typhoid for 5 years (Jan. '68 Dec. '72) White blood cell count, Hematocrit and Bacterial cultures are compared with widal titer and found a slight atypical variation from the characteristic pattern of it. 1. There is frequency distribution on the age of 20-40 yrs. as far as social activity concerned. (Table 1) 2. A slight leukopenia exists on the high titer of it but no definite pattern has been found. 3. S. Typhi has been grown on the low titer of it but no growth on the high titer. 4. It ia the most important in public health view point (no definite clinical symptom, Hematological, Serological, Microbiological characteristics.)
A Study on Bacterial Contamination of Rainfall
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 2, issue 1, 1975, Pages 21~24
During April and May, 1973 rain water samples were collected five different times in nine selected areas of Seoul city. The pH factor and bacteria counts were measured. The following results were obtained. 1. The lowest pH was 6.18 at Moon Rae Dong and the highest was 6.30 at Jong Am Dong. This difference is not significant at the 0. 05 level. 2. The pH factor did not vary significantly with the time of sample collection. 3. Dae Bang Dong had the highest Total Plate Count of $1.9\times 10^3/ml$, Bo Moon Dong and An Kook Dong had the lowest Total Plate Count at $4.1\times 10^2/ml$. 4. The total plate count varied greatly according to the time of sample collection. This result can be used to remove are pollutants. 5. The Total plate Count is nearly inversely proportional to the length of time during which the sample is collected.
Experimental Studies on Acration in Water
Paik, Nam-Won ; Chung, Kyou-Chull ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 2, issue 1, 1975, Pages 25~28
The main purpose of the aeration units in activated sludge process is to enable micro-organisms to metabolize the constituents of the waste effectively by supplying sufficient oxygen for their respiration. Normally, aeration is achieved by bringing the mixture of waste and sludge into intimate contact with air. The main type of aeration unit is diffused air unit in which air is injected into the liquid in the form of bubbles. The object of these laboratory studies is to compare the performance of three laboratory scale aeration systems at various depths of submergence, aerating water with and without the addition of a surface active agent.
Comparative Experiment to Determine the Activation Factor of Lead dioxide by Kinds in Measuring the Concentration of Sulfur oxides in the Atmosphere by
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 2, issue 1, 1975, Pages 29~31
This experiment Was carried out under two points of view, from May 1st to the end of 1973. One was the comparative determination of the activation factor of Lead dioxide by kinds in measuring of Sulfur oxides concentration by $PbO_2$ cylinder method, and the other was the comparison that result with the record of auto analyzer. Five measuring sites were selected out of Seoul City. Three kinds of Lead dioxide made in Japan (B,C and D) were compared with Standard $PbO_2$ (A for use in Determination of Sulphur in the atmosphere, purity 99% up) made in British Institution, and monthly measuring was conducted at every sampling site. The recording by auto analyzer (Beckman Model 906-A $SO_2$ Analyzer) was conducted once or twice a month for 24 hours at each sampling site during the same period. And some significant results were obtained. 1. In comparative experiments to determine the activation degree of three kinds of Lead dioxide (B,C and D), the obtained correction factor of B reagent was 1.09, 1.16 in C and 1.30 in D against Standard $PbO_2$ (A). Therefore, it should be in need of standardization or clear statement about the reagents for use, in determination sulfur oxides by $PbO_2$ cylinder method. 2. Generally, the concentration of Sulfur dioxide by wilkins' convertion method from $SO_3$ showed about 20-30% higher than those by Auto analyzer.
A Study of CO-Gas Analysis of Hole-Briquette(part one)
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 2, issue 1, 1975, Pages 33~36
This study is aimed to increase the heat efficiency and to decrease the evolution of carbon monooxide during the combustion of holed coal-briquet by using of non-covered fire-box, and determined carbon monooxide versus combustion time and number of air-hole by the using of Orsat gas analyzer. The obtained results are as follows (1) Carbon monooxide are evolved the greatest quantity between 3rd and 6th hour from the hegining of combustion. (2) Combustion time of holed coal-briquet is not showed the difference to fire-boxes of A-type ($\phi$60mm) and B-type ($\phi$165mm). (3) Combustion temperature is decreased in turns of 4 air-hole>3 air-hole>2 air-hole to holed coal-briquet.
A Study on Air Quality and Monitoring System in Busan
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 2, issue 1, 1975, Pages 37~48
Air pollutants were measured to get useful data in preventing and controlling the pollution at industrial and semi-industrial, commercial, cross-road and residential areas by season in Busan from September 1973 to June 1974. Teated were dustfalls(ton/$km^2$/month)by Deposit Gauge method, sulfuric anhydride(mg $SO_3/day/100cm^2 PbO_2$) by Lead Peroxide candle method. The relations between pollution and metherologlcal factors and source of pollution were discussed, The findings are as follows: 1. The mean value of dustfalls was 24.8 tons rangi~ng from 12.5 tons to 44.5 tons. The highest amount of dustfalls of 29.0 tons was measured in crossroad areas while the 1oeest of 22.7 tons in commercial areas, and Winter the highest of 27.7 tons while in Spring the lowest of 21.2 tons. 2. The mean value of water soluble substances was 31.7 per cent, and seasonal variation of pH was shown as 4.20 in Autumn, 3.85 in Summer and 2.76 in Winter. 3. The mean value of sulfuric anhydride was 1.54mg ranging from 0.197mg to 4.162 mg. The highest concentration of sulfuric anhydride of 2.03mg was detected in cross-road areas while thelowest of 1.23mg in residential areas, and Summer the highest of 2.18mg while in Spring the lowest of 1.09mg(0. 92mg in Nov. 1973) 4. Dustfalls are more with the decreased of relative humidity and precipitation while concentrat:on of sulfuric anhydrides are more with the increased of relative humidity. 5. There is a probability of occuring chronic symptoms(respiratory and others) as the dustfalls with 24.8 tons and sulfuric anhydride with 1.54mg in Busan. According to this, it is the time to discuss monitoring system and systematic preventing methods.
A Study on the Determination of Carbon monoxide in the Blood by Spectrophotometry
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 2, issue 1, 1975, Pages 49~51
The accidents, homicides and suicides of carbon monoxide poisoning to increase in number every year are required precize, accurate, and rapid method for the determination of carbon monoxide in the blood samples. Here is the basis of this method for the determination of percentage saturation of hemoglobin by carbon monoxide which have found out to be suitable in laboratory as follows: A 0.1ml of blood is mixed with 20ml of 0.1% ammonium hydroxide, and 20mg sodium hydrosulfite is added to convert oxyhemoglobin to reduction hemoglobin. The absorbance is measured at 538nm and 578nm, the measurement was carried out within ten minutes of addition of sodium hydrosulfate.