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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Environmental Health
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Nov 2001
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
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A Study on the Variation of Phytase Activity in the River Environment
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 27, issue 4, 2001, Pages 1~8
From August 2000 to August 2001, 9 variables of physicochemical factors and phytase activity were investigated at 4 sites in the River Yungpyung and the influences of Physicochemical factors to Phytase activity were analyzed. Phytase activities of Site 1, Site 2, Site 3, and Site 4 varied between N.D ∼566 nmol/ ι /hr, N.D \" 434 nmol/ ι /hr, N.D ∼557 nmol/ ι /hr, and N.D ∼723 nmol/ ι /hr, respectively. The activities of summer season were higher than those of other season. But the activities were not detected on the winter season. The phytase activity and temperature showed high correlation. The correlation coefficients of Site 1, Site 2, Site 3, and Site 4 were 0.82(p<0.01).0.92(p<0.01),0.87(p<0.01), and 0.88(p<0.01), respectively. The phytase activity and NOI₃/sup -/ ion showed negative relation(r=-0.59, p<0.05) at Site 1. And the phytase activity had relation with Zn/sup 2+/at Site 2(r=().57, p<0.05) and Site 3(r=0.7E, p<7.07).
Characteristics of Limestone Regeneration in the wet Limestone FGD Process
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 27, issue 4, 2001, Pages 9~14
This study was performed to develop the modified FGD(Flue Gas Desulfurization) process which can eliminate the possibility of generating secondary pollutants. Limestone was regenerated by adding ammonium hydroxide and carbon dioxide, and reusing it as a absorbent in FGD gypsum Process. A series of the new or modified FGD process which include desulfurization and regeneration limestone from CaSO
. 1/2H20 and CaSO4 . 2H2O, were carried out under various experimental conditions. The results showed that the optimum injection ratio for regeneration of limestone was 0.3 ml/min of CO2 flow rate, 2 ml of NH4OH per 0.01 M of regent grade CaSO4 . 2H20O and the optimum regeneration temperature was 50. The increaser was the number of times of limestone regeneration, the faster was the breakthrough point of desulfurization at the desulfurination process which the regenerated limestone was used. Then the efficiency of desulrurization was decreased. This study can be confirmed the possibility for reuse of regenerated limestone due to the similarity of desulfurization characteries both reagent grade calcium carbonate and regenerated calcium carbonate. Finally, it appeared that the new technology using regenerated 1imestone can be applied to the FGD process.
The Improvement of Water Quality by Using Filter-aids in Rapid Sand Filters
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 27, issue 4, 2001, Pages 15~24
The objective of this study it to evaluate the microbial safety in rapid sand filters adapted in most drinking water treatment plants. The potential pathogens to cause water quality problems Are presumed to be Giardia and Gryptosporidium. They look like particles in view of their size. It has been reported that if the number of particles (larger than 2
in water) is less than 100 per mL and its turbidity is below 0.1 NTU, it is considered as a safe water in terms of pathogens. In order to achieve such a good water quality. filter-aids (chemicals) were added to the inlet-channel of filter and their effectiveness was evaluated on the basis of water quality factors such as turbidity and particle counting. This study was conducted in she three steps of experiment: jar test. pilot plant test and real water treatment plant test (P plant in seoul). The experiment reult of the P water treatment showed that cationic polyamine was the most effective in the removal of particles and turbidity at the does of 0.25 mg/L. The turbidity without filer-aids showed in the range of 0.12 ~0.17 NTU during filtration and 0.14 NTU on the average. However. with addition of polyamine, the turbidity represented below(or less than) 0.1 NTU after 20 min in the start of filtration and kept 0.08 NTU on the average. On the other hand, as for number of particles, while no filter-aids led to the range of 111 ~270 per mL and 190 on the average, addition of polydmine led to 113 per mL on talc average, and kept below100 per mL after 20 min in the start of filtration.
Concentration and Distribution of Heavy Metals in Sediments and Bivalves(Solen Strictus Gould) from Tidal Flats along the Mid-Western Coast, Korea
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 27, issue 4, 2001, Pages 25~34
Heavy metal level and distribution in sediment and bivalves from the tidal flats along the mid-western coast, Korea. were investigated in this study. The averages of heavy metal concentrations in sediments from 5 sampling sites ranged from 86.35-187.77mg/kg for Mn. 13.25-17.73mg/kg for Zn.6.80-11.85mg/kg for Cr,4.28-6.25mg/kg for Ni, 1.85-3.09mg/kg for Cu, 0.004-0.02()mg/kg for Cd and 5.70-10.41 mg/kg for Pb, respectively. From the results of heavy metal concentrations in mussels, the levels of Mn and Fe concentrations in S. strictus collected from S1 antral S2 sites were particularly high. Deviations of heavy metal concentrations am(Ing the individual mussels from the same site could be largely minimized by selecting mussel samples of the limited range in body size(8.5-11cm). Among the mussels of the limited body size, heavy metal concentrations both in the flesh and in the whole soft part were not strongly related to the body size. It was shown that ,in S. strictus, Cu moves fast into the flesh parts after absorption, while Pb and Fe move fast into the non-flesh parts. Overally. the heavy metal concentration in the tends to increase with that in the whole soft parts. The concentration factors(heavy metal concentration in 5. strictus/heavy metal concentration in sediment) showed that, of the examined meta1s. Cd is the most cumulative in the body of S. strictus followed by Zn and Cu, while Mn, Cr. Ni and Pb are not cumulative.
Screening of Deoxynivalenol Producing Strains from Agricultural Products by Immunoanalytical Method
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 27, issue 4, 2001, Pages 35~40
In order to evaluate the safety of agricultural products in Korea, we carried out work by screening of Fusarium species. which can produce deoxinivalenol(DON) from agricultural products in Western Gyeongnam, Korea. From 215 samples of soil agricultural products, 129 strains of Fusarium species were obtained. The production of DON was verified by thin layer chromatography(TLC) As the results of TLC, 25 strains were identified as DON producing strain. But only 10 strains were identified as DON producing strains by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The maximum DON producing strain No.41 was isolated from corn. In conclusion. the above results indicate that DON producing fungi contaminated agricultural products in Korea. Therefore further studies are required to accumulate more detailed data about the contamination of DON in various agricultural products.
A Study on THMs Formation in Service Waters and Waste Waters at Kunsan
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 27, issue 4, 2001, Pages 41~46
Trihalomethane(THMs) levels in drinking tap water, indoor swimming pool water and industrial effluent in Kunsan area were surveyed in this study. During experimental period, the monthly averages of THMs in drinking tap water from Keumkang wide-area supply ranged from 15
showing the highest level in summer. 3 indoor swimming pools showed the monthly average levels of THMs formation ranging from 8
/ι and the pool under public management seemed to maintain its water quality more stable than those under private management THMs concentrations in the effluents. discharged from 10 manufacturing companies, ranged from N.D. to 95
/ι and it was estimated that the overall THMs level discharged front those manufacturing companies is not high, reflecting the traces recorded for most effluents. The composition ratios of individual THMs for industrial effluents showed a difference from those for drinking water and swimming pool water, along with their wide variations according to the company and relatively high composition ratios of Br substituents
Bacterial Distribution of Aquarium Water in Seoul Garak Fishery Market
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 27, issue 4, 2001, Pages 47~50
Of 643 aquarium water samples, 374(58.2%) were less than 1.0
103 SPC/ml, seasonally, were 56.7% of samples in Spring. 38.7% in Summer,84.5% in Autumn, and 57.7% in Winter, respectively. a1so 3(0.47%) were over 1.0
105. E.coli and V. parahaemolyticus distribution was relatively high when SPC/ml was much. At the aspect of the water quality management, 98.3%(177/181) were cleaned over once a week. 69.1%(125/181) were cleaned over twice a week.
Exposure Evaluation to Total Welding Fume and Manganese at Technical High Schools in Choong-Nam Area
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 27, issue 4, 2001, Pages 51~62
Geometric mean of airborne welding fume concentration at technical high schools was 4.80mg/㎥)N.D~35.39 mg/ ㎥ and the percentage of samples exceeded TLV of the Korean ministry of labor was 43.6%, Geometric mean of airborne Mn concentration was 0.06 mg/㎥(N.D~0.42mg/㎥) and the percentage of samples exceeded TLV of ACGIH was 15.4 % In case of airborne Me concentration, there is a significant difference among schools (p<0.05) Mn concentrations in blood of the exposed and control groups were 1.84
/dl and 1.91 mg/dl respectively. Mn concentrations in urine of the exposed and control groups were 1.36
/ι respectively. In case of Mn concentrations in urine there is a significant difference between both groups(P<0.001) and among schools(p<0.05) Mn concentrations in blood and urine of exposed group were not over BEIs of the Korean ministry of labor. Mn levels in blood and urine were not significantly affected by smoking, drinking and residence, There was no correlation between Mn concentration in air and blood but there was a statistically significant correlation between Mn concentration in air urine(r=0.323). There was no a statistically significant correlation between Mn concentration in blood and urine.
Chemical characteristics of ions and trace metallic element of PM2.5 in Busan metropolitan area
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 27, issue 4, 2001, Pages 63~71
PM 2.5/ samples were measured at two sites, Hadan(suburban site) and Anrak (roadside site) in Busan area. PM 2.5/ sampling was performed for 24-hour intervals by the FH9.5 particulate sampler. Aerosol samples were collected on PTFE filter. A total of 60 particulate samples were collected, dad samples were measured for Particulate mass concentration, metallic elements (Cr, Mn, Ni. Cu. Se, Fe, Pb, and Zn) and waer-soluble elements (C
.Mass concentration in Hadan ranged 24.23~57.12
/㎥ and 60.22~72.12
/㎥m Yellow Sand Events. Major cations in Hadan and Anrak site is N
was the abundant specie in the PM 2.5 fraction for Hadan site an dAnrak site. Hadan site showed igher concentration in S
In Anrak site the concentration of S
/sip 2-/and N
was higher than other ions Prominent metallic elements were Fe and Pb in two sites. Principal component analysis showed that main source of PM 2.5 aerosol particles was non-metal related source which was resulted in relating elements as Cr, Ni, and Pb at Hadan site, Anrak site also has resulted PM2.5 aerosol paricles source, which was related its element like Zn, and Ni,. The SAS package analysis also showed that long-range transport effect at Hadan area due to Yellow Sand Event by the prevailing weaterlies.ling weaterlies.
Rat Skin Permeation Characteristics of L-cystein to Common Permanent Wave Drug In Vitro
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 27, issue 4, 2001, Pages 73~78
Hair will be persuit of beautifulness of human being in various permanent wave by many kinds of its drugs. Skin is based upon the hair which enroll the body of high living animals and have multiple membrane structure In this study used rat the effects of commercial permanent wave products to skin which are composed with L- cysteine and bases Results are as follow: the content of penetration 4 hors later with steady state and no significant changeable after 20 hours later. In cysteine groups, lag time and permeability coefficient of healthy skin is 2.22hr and 0.13
/㎥ hr, lag time and permeability coefficient of old skin is 4.01 hr and 0.108
/㎥ hr . In conclusion of study lag time and permeability coefficient in old skin and wounded skin are faster than healthy skin. We notified that fine rinkle and rash of skin were changeable in the case of treating with permanent wave drugs than normal skin.
Utilization as External Carbon Source of TVFAs Fermentation with Sludge
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 27, issue 4, 2001, Pages 79~83
The sludge wastes fermentation process reactors were operated to produce the VFAs(volatile fatty acids) as supplemental carbon sources and to determine the optimum operating conditions. The experiment was carried out by varied mixture ration of 400:0 350:30 300:100 200:200 and operating temperature 2
The results were as follows: Higher VFAs production rate observed at higher mixed ratio of primary sludge. When the mixed ratio of primary sludge and return sludge were 400:0 350:50 300:100 200:200 respectively. VFAs production are were 829.6mg/l 944.2 mg/l 597.9mg/ml an d441.6 mg/l , respectively. the yield of VFAs increased with temperature, but decreased with initial TSS concentration Because fermented sludge has relatively low nitrogen and phosphorus and relatively high VFAs it can be used as a substitute for external carbon in biological nutrient removal process.
Actual Condition and Reliability Monitoring of Material Safety Data Sheets for the Organic Solvents
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 27, issue 4, 2001, Pages 85~91
The regulation of Material safety data sheets(MSDS) was required for the chemicals in use in the workplace from July 1976. Under the provisions of the workplace hazardous materials information system, employers in Korea must be provided with accurate and comprehensive MSDS. To examine the reliability of MSDS for organic solvents, 63 organic solvents and MSDS were collected from the workplace of 39 companies located in Kyonggi province. Manufacture\`s MSDS were compared with the actual composition of the collected samples, and further examined the reliability by checking whether the chemicals analyzed were included in the MSDS correctly. 38 solvents were able to analyze their composition by gas chromatography-mass selective detector(GC-MSD). Among them, 28 solvents were incorrect in their composition and contents. In some case, health hazardous or carcinogenic chemicals which were not included in the MSDS were detected from samples. As a result of evaluating whether the MSDS correspond to the regulation required by Industrial Safety and Health Act (ISHA), the information in the MSDS including hazard classification, occupational exposure level, toxicity, regulatory information were incorrectly provided, and some MSDS did not disclose carcinogenic in their MSDS, and some MSDS were not written in the standard format. From this survey, continuous monitoring and promoting correct MSDS, and analyzing the components of the solvents were required to endure the reliability of MSDS for organic solvents.
Effect of Coagulation, Ozone and UV Post-Process on COD and Color Removal of Textile Wastewater
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 27, issue 4, 2001, Pages 93~98
Wastewaters produced in textile industrial processes contain dyes which are not easily amenable to biological treatment. The object of this study is to determine the post-treatment system of biological process for the textile wastewater by comparing three different types of chemical process, which were 1) post-treatment by ozone or UV, 2) post-treatment by coagulation,3) post-treatment by ozone or UV followed by coagulation. In an application ozone or UV as a post-treatment, color was generally decreased with time, however, SCOD removal effect was not that good. When coagulation was used as point-treatment process, the effluent quality was satisfying. Therefore, the application of coagulation process as a post-treatment of biological process would be more desirable than that as a ozone or UV.
Prediction of Traffic Noise in Kwang-ju City (Trunk Roads and Access Roads)
Park, Hyung-Il ; Cheong, Kyung-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 27, issue 4, 2001, Pages 99~105
A Survey on the Sanitary Condition of Foods and Water of Street Food Carts
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 27, issue 4, 2001, Pages 107~114
The number of covered carts selling snack foods along the streets are increasing in Korea and people enjoy eating foods at these carts. However there are only a few reports on the contamination or sanitary condition of the food carts. This study was performed to investigate the sanitary condition of food and water at the street food carts in the eight major areas of a city. Water and several kinds of food, kimbop(laver rollers) ddeokbokki(stir fried rice cake in hot pepper paste) oemuk(fish cakes) fish cake soup, and soy sauce were collected from four street carts from each of the 8 areas from June to August in 2001 The standard plate counts(SPCs) and coliform groups were examined according to the Food Code of Korea. The nufitness rates of SPCs of the samples were 0~15.6%: 15.6% in kimbop:6.3% in fish cake soup; and 3.1% in water samples SPCs were not detected in some samples. of ddeokbokki, oemuk and soy sauce. The unfitness rates of coliform groups were 0~62.5%; 46.9% in kimbop; 6.3% in ddeokbokki,;22.9% in oemuk 62.5% in fish cake soup; and 3.1% in soy sauce. Coliform groups were not detected in water sample The numbers and unfitness rates of SPCs and coliform groups showed increasing tendencies over time within a day. The higher the air temperature was the more increase of bacteriological growth was observed These results indicate that the level of bacteriological contamination of foods and water in the street carts should be monitored and strict inspection is necessary. There should be legal consequences for serving contaminated food to the public.
The analysis of metallothionein of acute cadmium poisoning - animal study -
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 27, issue 4, 2001, Pages 115~122
The purpose of this study was to investigate the metallothionein of acute cadmium poisoning mice as a Cadmium index. Forty male ICR mice were injected with cadmium chloride solution from 1/8LD50 to 1/2LD50 dose. At 24 hours after exposed Cd, I examined Cd and metallothionein (MT) intissues(liver and kidney) and fluids(whole blood and urine) and also measured low molecular proteins, N-acetyl-D-glucosaminidase(NAG) and 2- microglobuline (2-MG) in urine. The concentration of Cd and MT of liver kidney whole blood and urine were increased with dose dependent manner. Urinary Cd and urinary MT and very good significance (p<0.01) and urinary MT had good significance with kidney Cd and NAG but not 2-MG Conclusionally MT in urine was very correlated with kidney Cd and urine Cd, So MT maybe useful as a Cd poisoning index