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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Environmental Health
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Apr 1976
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An Observation on the Viability and pH of Lactobacillus casei isolated from Yakult.
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 3, issue 1, 1976, Pages 1~3
The authors studied the viability and pH of Lactobacillus casei which was isolated from the Yakult in terms of its storage temperature time(days). The following results have been obtained: (1) The viability test to Lactobacillus casei under storage in 4$\circ$C temperature condition in 35 days, has shown that the original population of $4.0\times 10^8$ organisms was decreased to $0.1\times 10^8$, under storage in 10$\circ$C temperature the organisms to $0.08\times 10^8$, in room temperature the organisms to $0.009\times 10^8$, and in 35$\circ$C temperature the organisms to $0.0009\times 10^8$. The correlation coefficient of storage period (days) and number of bacterial viability were significant as r=0.956(p<0.01) in 4$\circ$C, r=-0.999 (p<0.01) in 100C, r=0.975(p<0.01) in room temperature and r=-0.923(p<0.01) in 35$\circ$C. (2) The pH test to Lactobacillus casei unde.r storage in 4$\circ$C temperature condition for 35 days has shown that the original pH of 3.54 were acidified to 3.35, under storage in 10$\circ$C temperature the pH were acidified to 3.20, in room temperature the pH were acidified to 3.15, and in 35$\circ$C temperature the pH were acidified to 3.0. The correlation coefficient of variation of pH between storage period (days) and temperature were significant as r=-0.972(p<0.01) in 4$\circ$C, r=-0.922 (p<0.01) in 10$\circ$C, r=-0.963 (p<0.01) in room temperature and r=-0.953 in 35$\circ$C.
A study on hematological different values between the two rural regions in Korea (part one)
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 3, issue 1, 1976, Pages 4~8
Authors investigated the hematological examinations of 993 persons at rural region among the 1,7 41 of residents in-the part of Dang Jin (M:268, F:247) and Young Joo (M:270, F:208) in the Korea which was indicated as follows. 1. Average value and standard deviation of hematological items represents as follows: i) Hemoglobin Men Dang Jin-13.99$\pm$0.52. Man Young Joo-14.93$\pm$0.57 Women Dang Jin-12.56$\pm$0.38 women Young Joo-13.65$\pm$0.48 ii)Hematocrit Men Dang Jin-42.68$\pm$1.09 Man Young Joo-44.61$\pm$1.42 Women Dang Jin-38.16$\pm$0.93 women Young Joo-40.33$\pm$1.27 iii) Mean Corpuscular hemoglobin concentration Men Dang Jin-32.79$\pm$1.06. Man Young Joo-33.46$\pm$0.36 Women Dang Jin-32.92$\pm$0.75 women Young Joo-33.83$\pm$0.82 iv) WBC Men Dang Jin-7.130$\pm$880. Man Young Joo-7.490$\pm$910 Women Dang Jin-6.030$\pm$1.150 women Young Joo-7.320$\pm$1.040 2. The aspect of blood type at Young Joo and Dang Jin was same indicated in the order of A,O,B, and AB. 3. There are higher values of hemoglobin, hernatocrit, M.C.H.C. and WBC in men and women at Young Joo than Dang Jin.
A Study on Fluoride Contents in Surface and Ground Waters in Korea.
Kim, Sung-Ja ; Noh, Pyung-Ui ; Bak, Young-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 3, issue 1, 1976, Pages 9~12
A study was performed to find out the fluoride contents in surface and ground waters from June, 1973 to July, 1974. Water samples were collected from 53 surface and ground water sources. The results are as follows: 1. Out of 53 samples, the ground water of Hwaengsung had the highest fluoride contents (1.6 mg/l) and 13 samples did not. have fluoride at all. 2. The waters from Yoju (ground), Chongnung (ground) Hwaengsung (ground) and Namyang (ground) had optimum fluoride level (0.6~1.7mg/l) for the prevention of dental caries. 3. The ground waters had more fluoride contents than surface waters and the waters of coastal areas had less fluoride contents than those of inland. 4. The waters of Kangwon province had the most fluoride contents (mean 0.57mg/l) and the waters of Cheju do had the least fluoride contents (mean 0.06 mg/l)
Studies on the Contents of the Trace Elements in Vegetables.
Lee, S.K. ; Youn, J.E. ; Lee, S.H. ; Hur, Y.H. ; Lee, B.O. ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 3, issue 1, 1976, Pages 13~16
Authors investigated the analyse trace elements in vegetables and Ginseng which indicated as follows: 1. Garlic, ginger, and onion has considerably large amounts of magnesium, garlic has in proper sequence as copper, aluminum, magnesium, bromine and mercury. Ginseng has in proper sequence as aluminum, magnesium, copper, bromine and mercury, and onion has in proper sequence as copper, manganese, aluminum, bromine and mercury. 2. Carrot has considerably large amounts of magnesium and has in proper sequence as copper, magnesium, aluminum, bromine and mercury. 3. Ginseng also has large amounts of magnesium and has in proper sequence as magnesium, aluminum, copper, bromine, and mercury.
A survey of parasites found on vegetables collected from several markets in Seoul City.
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 3, issue 1, 1976, Pages 17~21
Korea Parasite Eradication Association alleged in its seasonal report spring/1975 that 36.8 percent of primary, middle and high school students in Seoul area are infected with parasites. For the purpose of a comparative study between the high rate of parasite infection among Korean students and that of parasite eggs attached to vegetables which perform intermediary role in carrying the eggs to human body, such vegetables as lettuce, Korean cabbage, young radish, green onion, cabbage which are on sale at several markets in Seoul city are sampled at random for study. The infection rate of parasitic eggs and larvae on vegetables is studied twice while the detaching mean while removing rate of eggs and larvae in proportion to the number of washing them is studied three times. Every 300 grams of vegetables is taken at random for examination and every one of them is washed with a hard brush and then the kinds of parasite eggs and the ratio of eggs attached to them are studied. The results are as follows: 1) The rate of infected vegetables with parasitic eggs and larvae according to the kinds of vegetables is young radish 29.3%, Korean cabbage 26.3% Green onion 22.5%, lettuce 14.1%, cabbage 7.8% 2) The rate of infection according to the kinds of parasites is Ascaridae 27.8%, Ancylostomatidae 10.6%, Taenia 5.7% Clonorchis 0.5%, Enterobius and Trichocephalus are detected only 0.2%, which is less than other parasites. 3) The variation of the infection rate on the examined materials according to seasonal weather condition, summer and autumn, is nearly the same summer 50.2% autumn 49.2% 4) The cletaching or removing rate of parasitic eggs and larvae according to the number of washing is 1st washing 68.1% 2nd washing 24.3% 3rd washing 7$\cdot$6%
A survey of parasite eggs found in farm soil
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 3, issue 1, 1976, Pages 22~26
Korea Parasite Eradication Association alleged in its seasonal spring report in 1975 that 36.8 percent of primary, middle and high school students in Seoul area are infected with parasites. Such a high rate of infection is a result of having used raw excrement for manure. Soil is, therefore, to a large extent infected with parasite eggs. In order to present helpful reference materials for preventing parasite infection in the area where human feces have been used for manure, soil in Seoul area and the suburban districts is sampled at random and then the rate of infection in various areas and the variation of infection rate in the same area are studied. The results are as follows 1) The parasite infection rates the according to districts are, Sootaik-ri 39.9%, Chamsil-dong14.2%, Songpa-dong 13.2%, Sageun-dong 12.8% Chayang-dong 11.4%, Sungsoo-dong 8.5%. The above figures show that the rate becomes higher as the area is farther from the urban and residential districts and nearer to the rural area. 2) The rates of detected parasites according to their kinds are as follows Ascaridae 55.9%, Ancylostomatidae 19.9%, Trichocephalus 13.5%, Trichostrongylus 5.7%, Tenia 3.9%, Enterobius 1.1% 3) The monthly variation of infection rate in the same districts, in the case of Sageun-dong, is, August 25.7%, July 18.9%, June 16.2%, September 15.3% April 12.6%, May 11.3%. The above shows that the infection rate of soil is comparatively higher in the summer season.
A study on the management of harmful working environments for Increase of Labor productivity.
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 3, issue 1, 1976, Pages 27~44
This study was carried out to evaluate the harmful factors in working environments and to investigate the labor productivity after improvement of environments, surveying 93 industrial establishments of 10 industries located in Youngdeungpo industrial area in Seoul. The results obtained were as follows: 1) The highest noise level of 125dB(A) was indicated at the rolling process of transport equipment manufacturing industry. 2) The best illumination level was shown in precise machinery industry and the worst was indicated in rubber products, metallic products and transport equipment manufacturing industries. 3) Thermal conditions were above threshold limit value (TLV) at more than two processes of all industries except printing industry. 4) The highest dust concentration was determined in textile and wearing manufacturing industry. 5) Organic solvents were detected at 52 processes in 93 industrial establishments and 33 processes of them showed higher than TLV. The results about harmful chemicals were as follows: a) sulfur dioxide ($SO_2$)was determined higher than TLV on welding process of metallic product manufacturing industry and heat treatment process of transport equipment manufacturing industry. b) Carbon monoxide (CO) concentration was 700ppm at heat treatment process of transport equipment manufacturing industry, indicating 14 times of TLV. c) vinylchloride concentration in the air of PVC raw material mixing process and PVC preparation process of chemical product manufacturing industry was determined higher than TLV. d) Hydrochloride (HCl) concentration in the air of wire expanding process of transport equipment manufacturing industry was determined higher than TLV. 7) Higher values of lead concentration than TLV were determined at lead welding metallic product manufacturing industry and type planting process of process of printing industry, $1.8mg/m^3$ and $0.3mg/m^3$ respectively. 9) 22, 968 of 52, 855 workers (i.e. 43.5%) in 93 industries were exposed to various harmful agents. 10) It was found that the improvement of illumination in electric apparatus manufacturing industry (from 20~40 lux to 420 lux) resulted in an increase in productivity of 6.5% per capita and a decrease in faulty products of 19%. 11) Improvement of environments using local exhaust ventilation system resulted in a decrease of harmful substances lower than TLV and an increase in productivity of 11.4%. 12) Improvement of shovelling tools based on ergonomics resulted in a reduction in energy expenditure of 25.3% and an increase in productivity of 32.2% per capita.
A Comparative study on hematological values and plasmaprotein by school lunch.
Choi, H.M. ; Shin, K.S. ; Han, Y.I. ; Rha, D.J. ;
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 3, issue 1, 1976, Pages 45~47
A survey was carried out in order to figure out of phenomenon by school feeding from June 1973 to May 1974. Hematological values and plasma protein of 94 boys and 91 girls (total 185 students)were studied. As the results of this survey, the following conclusions were obtained. 1. Hemoglobin, hematocrit, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration of boys and girls were increased after school lunch. 2. Plasma protein of boys and girls were clearly increased after school lunch.
A study on the sanitary condition of wells in a rural area, Korea.
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 3, issue 1, 1976, Pages 48~52
A study was carried out to investigate the sanitary condition of 107 wells in Jungil Ri, Kyunggi province and Daeso Ri, Choongbuck province, from July 1, to August 30, 1975. In this study, coliform groups were examined by the membrane filter method as well as general sanitary condition, pH value, ammonia nitrogen, hardness and water temperature. The following results were obtained: 1. Average value of general sanitary condition in the wells were 15$\circ$C in temperature, pH 6.4, hardness 124ppm and Cl ion 34ppm. 2. Coliform group was positive at all out of 30 open wells and 33 out of 45 pumped wells, while only 7 out of 32 tap water in the simple typed water supply system showed the evidence of coliform groups. 3. The positive rate of ammonia nitrogen revealed 13% out of 107 wells and that of nitrite nitrogen was 36.4% and 6 wells rate of 5.6% were ammonia nitrogen and nitrite nitrogen positive at same time. 4. Colflorin group positive of 32 tap water in the simple typed water supply system 3(27%) out of 11 samples with no residual chlorine, 3(17%) out of 17 with 0.1 to 0.5ppm, 1 out of 3 with 0.6 to 1.0 ppm and none out of 1 with 1.1 to 1.5 ppm.
Studies on the Sanitary Scientific Utilization of Asphalt (II) Air Oxidation of Asphalt.
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 3, issue 1, 1976, Pages 53~56
The air oxidations of asphalt at temperatures ranging from 190$\circ$C to 270$\circ$C were studied for changes in physical properties, proportions and chemical characteristics of asphalt compositions, weak acid and very weak acid contents. The following results were obtained: 1) Oils and resins of asphalt components are oxidized to asphaltenes by blowing(Air oxidation) 2) At 270$\circ$C, asphaltenes begin to undergo a change into benzene insoluble after approximately 12 hours of air oxidation. 3) Weak acid increases at the oxidation temperature below 200$\circ$C. While very weak acid, presumably phenols, generally increases without regard to the blowing(Air oxidation) temperature.