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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Environmental Health
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Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Oct 1981
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Apr 1981
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A Study on the Composition of Solid Waste
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 7, issue 2, 1981, Pages 73~87
Generation of Solid Wastes grew rapidly with the increase of living standard of the people in Korea recently and their composition was more complicate. The weight of Solid wastes generated in Seoul into year of 1979 was about 420 million tons which required 1.5 million $m^2$ of burial land and daily generation for person was 1.6kg. The Composition of more than 80% ash contents was suitable for sanitary landfill but recently ash was decreasing while paper, synthetic materials, glass etc, increasing and alternative method had to be found to dispose the wastes properly. Weight and Composition of Wastes by season and living standard were surveyed for one year from June 1980 to May 1981 in Seoul. Disposal mathods by waste composition was studied. Results were summarized as follows: 1) Each component stored separately at generation point was to be collected and to be reused or disposed by public organization or private company. Some incentives have to be arranged. 2) Wastes collected from household were transfeted to about 420 temporally storing places and transported to two dumping areas by about 700, 4-8 tons trucks which droped litters on the streets. Large dumping lots should constructed along the western coasts and the wastes would be transported through big container trucks or trains to the lots. 3) Ash contents decreased to 40-70% while garbage, synthetic materials, paper increased and they are two to three times in summer of those in winter. Ash in affluent residential areas is less than 50% of whole wastes while that in poor apartment and residential areas is 60-70%. 4) Large dumping places should be constructed along the western coasts which are not far from Seoul because no suitalbe lands are available, and proper leakage protection arrangements should be made.
A Comparative Study on Variability of Oxidants Out of Air Pollution Materials in Seoul: Metropolitan vs. Suburban Area
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 7, issue 2, 1981, Pages 89~95
A Continuous monitoring of Air Pollution in city of Seoul was carried out from January 1 to December 31 of 1979 at two selected sites, Kwanghwamun observatory and Kwanag observatory. The measured data were averaged on monthly basis. The maximun value of oxidant pollution was observed in July, and the minimum in February. It is the purpose of this study to determine the effect of hydrocarbon, nitrogenoxide, wind velocity and ambient temprature on the observed values of oxidant pollution for the above two months. The results of the study may be summarized as follows. 1) The oxidant concentration in February was higher than in July by about 2 times in both downtown area and the suburbia. The concentration in downtown area was $25.75\pm 4.75ppb$, and that in suburbia was $29.83\pm 5.16ppb$. As for the oxidant concentration in July, it was observed that the suburban area ($26.464\pm 7.59ppb$) had about 2.8 times higher value than the downtown area ($9.284\pm 1.55ppb$). 2) The peak oxidant concentration of suburban area during the daytime is occured from noon to 5:00 P.M.. These patterns are similar to the classical patterns, but the peak Oxidant Concentration of downtown area in February was occured at 9:00A.M. 3) The overall level of nitrogen oxide pollution was much higher in downtown area than in suburban area. Two peaks of nitrogen oxide concentration occured at 10 A.M. and 12 midnight in downtown area. This observation agrees with the report that the air pollution is higher in the area where the pollution sources are concentrated. 4) The multiple correlation analysis for the oxidant and the other variables measured in February in downtown area showed close correlation with nitrogen oxide and ambient temprature. The multiple correlation coefficient of oxidant with nitrogen oxide was 0.872, and that with nitrogen oxide and temperature simultaneously was 0.903. The multiple correlation equation used for this study may be expressed as follows:
Studies on the Environmental Pollution in Gwangju Area -A Study on Water Pollution of Gwangju Stream-
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 7, issue 2, 1981, Pages 97~105
Water Pollution of Gwangju Stream was examined for four months from 22 March 1981 to 7 June, 1981. For checking the water pollution, 6 sampling positions were selected 5 from main stream. We assumed that the water pollution of Gwangju stream was due to the organic materials, which came from the domestic sewage. The apparatus for this test were pH meter (Orion model 301), Dissolved Oxygen & Temperature meter(Delta model 1010). The results we obtained are as follows: 1. The average range for mid-stream(sp. 3, 4) was 3. 10~2.73ppm of Dissolved Oxygen(DO), 80.23~102.95ppm of Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), 195. 10~165.90ppm of Suspended Solid (SS), 6.6~6.7 of pH. 2. The plankton identification in this survey period showed Cyanophyceae is 4 genera 5 species, Bacillariophycea 11 genera 14 species, Chlorophyceae 8 genera 15 species and Zooplankton 6 genera 7 species: total 29 genera 41 species. 3. To appear dominant plankton in polluted water, there were Paramecium, Euglena and Oscillatoria. 4. The results of biological water analysis were as follows: st. 1 was B-mesosaprobic to oligosaprobic, but st. 4 and st. 5 at stream in the midtown area seemed to be polysaprobic.
Studies on the Syntheses and Antimicrobial Activity of Carbanilide Derivatives
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 7, issue 2, 1981, Pages 107~111
Thirteen Carbanilides, P-chloro, bromo, methyl, ethyl, methoxy and ethoxy carbanilides, 4,4'-dichlorocarbahilide, and 4-bromo, methyl, ethyl, methoxy and ethoxy 4'-chlorocarbanilides have been newly synthesized by reacting P-phenetidime, P-anisidime, anilime, P-chloroanilime, P-bromoanilime, P-methoxy aniline, and P-ethoxy anilime with phenyl and P-chlorophenyl isocyanate, respectively. The compounds generally exhibited antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli, and staphylococcus aureus. The results obtained were as follows 4-chlorocarbanilide and 4,4'-clichlorocarbanilide were active against Eschrichia Coli, and Staphylococcus aureus at the concentration of 50 ug/ml. 4-methyl-4'-chloro carbanilide, and 4-ethoxy-4'-chloro carbanilide were active against Escherichia Coli at the concentration of 100ug/ml. 4-methyl-4'-chloro canbanilide were active against Staphylococcus aureus at the concentration of 50ug/ml.
Studies on the Syntheses and Antimicrobial Activity of Substituted Benzothiazolyl Urea Derivatives
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 7, issue 2, 1981, Pages 113~117
Twelve benzothiazolyl and 6-substituted benzothiazoly phenyl and chlorophenyl ureas have been newly synthesized by reacting 2-amino benzothiazole and 2-amino-6-substituted benzothazole with three or four phenyl and chlorophenyl isocyanate, respectively. The structures of these compounds were determined by measurement of the molecular weights and elementary analysis as well as IR spectrophotometry. The compounds generally exhibited antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli in the concentration of $50\mu g/ml$. The compounds containing chloro group exhibited stronger antibacterial activity than those containing methyl group against Eschichia coli. The difference in the antibacterial activity according to the substituted group (phenyl, o-, m-, and p-chlorophenyl) was also noted. The compounds containing o-chlorophenyl group, on the whole, exhibited more potent growth-inhibitory activity againsts staphylococcus aureus.
A Study on Health Care of the Aged Live in Seoul
Korean Journal of Environmental Health Sciences, volume 7, issue 2, 1981, Pages 119~126
This study aims to research on the actual state of the ways that the aged people live in Seoul use intentionally or unintentionally to maintain in their health. The aged people selected randomly for the study are 541 men and 902 women who are all more than 65 years old. This survey carried out from April to May in 1980. The results of this study are summed up as follows: 1. The main means of making a living engage was agriculture with the per cent of 57. 3 and next was commerce (11.9%). 2. As for their staple foods, the majority of them eat mixed food of rice and barley, and the rest eat rice or minor-grain mixed rice. As subsidiary foods, vegetables are the most common side dishes (68.9%) and see-weeds (6.7%) are taken by the minority of them. 3. Most of them (74.6%) frequently or occasionally take special health foods to maintaing their health. The most common health food turned out to be tonic liquor to men, while honey to women. 4. The majority of them(23.2% of men and 45.5% women) refrain from drinking and smoking. 5. 39.5 per cent of men and 25.5 per cent of wome) take light exercise such as going up hill and walking. 6. The majority of them undergo routine health check with the per cent of 10.8 or occasioanal health check with the 42.9. As medical treatment, many of them(45.9%) take Chinese remedies, western remedies(39.1%) and folk remedies (15.0%). 7. Many of them (66.0%) feel subjective symptoms about some geriatric diseases such as neuralgia, hypertension and cough. 8. Many of them (63.2%) free from mental trouble, while 17.7 per cent of them appeal to no job to do, 10.0 per cent of alienation and 9.1 per cent of domestic troubles. 9. Their subjective judgements of their secrets of health and longevity attach more importance to leading a regular life. 10. Most of them want to be served appropriate medical care, rest place, health consultations, etc. All these results reveal that health and longevity of the aged people are maintained by necessary cares and efforts, not by accident nor by apathy. It is thus highly desired tha tmany studies, enlightments and nationwide support about this problem be carried out in future.