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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 5 - Dec 2003
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Sep 2003
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Jul 2003
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
The Effects of Attachment and Depression on the Adolescent Delinquency
Lee, Kyung-Nim ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 1, 2003, Pages 1~13
The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of the attachment to mothers and peers and the depression on the adolescent delinquency. The subjects were 516 eleventh grade students in the liberal and the commercial high schools in Busan. The subjects rated on questionnaires by themselves regarding the attachment to mothers and peers, the depression and the latent delinquency. The major findings of this study were as follows: 1) Adolescents in the commercial high school had more delinquency rate than those in the liberal high school. And the male adolescent had more delinquency rate than the female one. 2) The attachment to mothers and the kind of high school attended significantly predicted the male adolescent's depression. The attachment to mothers and peers significantly predicted the depression of the female adolescent. The relative influence of the attachment to mothers on the prediction of male and female adolescent's depression was the strongest among all the varibles. 3) The kind of high school had a first direct effect on the male and female adolescent's delinquency rates and was the first contribution factor. The attachment to mothers had both direct and indirect negative effect for female and an indirect negative effect for male on the adolescent delinquency rate through depression. But the attachment to peers had a direct positive effect on both male and female adolescent's delinquency. Depression had a direct effect on male adolescent delinquency.
Family Care-givers' Perceptions of Welfare Facility for Elderly People with Dementia
Cho, Myoung-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 1, 2003, Pages 15~24
The purpose of this study was to investigate the family care-givers' perceptions of welfare facility for the elderly people with dementia, to analyze the related variables, and to provide the suggestions from the perspectives of the well-being of family care-givers. The survey was done using questionnaires in 1999, and the subjects were 198 primary care-givers for senile dementia patients. Frequency distribution, mean, t-test, and one way ANOVA were used to analyze the data. The major findings of this study were as follows: The family care-givers' perceptions of the welfare facility for elderly people with dementia was relatively low. The variables associated were sex, education level, occupation and relationship with the demented elderly. The conclusion suggested from this study was that the social welfare facilities and services were necessary for both the demented elderly people themselves and their family care-givers.
An Analysis of the Economic Well-being of Elderly Households based on Housing Ownership and Housing Costs
Shim, Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 1, 2003, Pages 25~38
This study was conducted to analyze the economic well-being of the elderly households based on the housing ownership and the housing costs, with the comparison between the coupled elderly and the single elderly. The results of this study were as follows: the household type was related to the housing ownership, showing that the single elderly households owned the housing less than the coupled elderly did. There was a difference in housing costs between the single elderly and the coupled elderly, showing the single elderly households had higher housing costs than the coupled elderly households. The housing ownership was significantly related, but the housing costs negatively related to the economic well-being of the elderly.
Household Financial Management and its Evaluation in Chungbuk Province
Kim, In-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 1, 2003, Pages 39~52
This study was conducted to find how to manage the household financial situation and what households demand to financial organization for their satisfaction in Chungbuk Province. The questionnaire survey was implemented from 24th of Oct. for two months and 330 households data among 350 households were analyzed and selected as a sample. The results were as follows : 1. Many households had four to six bankbooks and wives visited financial organs more frequently than their husbands. 2. Although many respondents regarded the safety as the most important point when they selected the financial organ, they were choosing the organ because of the nearness form their own house. 3. How to manage the households' financial situations and how much they were satisfied with the financial organs were different by the respondents' age and education level. 4. The younger they were and the higher the education level was, they managed the household according to the financial plan. Female consumers were more satisfied with financial organs than male did. 5. The financial problem were solved through the couple's communication in many households. This study showed the tendency that the wives' power increasing in the households's decision-making about financial problems.
A Comparative Study of the Flat Jacket Pattern and the Draping Jacket Pattern for the 20's Female
Kim, Hee-Jin ; Lee, Young-Ju ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 1, 2003, Pages 53~61
The purpose of this study was to compare the flat pattern with the draping pattern for the jacket. The results of this study were as follows: 1) According to the sensory evaluation for the movement, P2 flat pattern was more comfortable than the draping pattern at 88-94(N)-160 (77size). 2) The sensory evaluation was applied to evaluate the draping pattern was superior to the flat pattern for the collar at 82-90(N)-160(55size), 85-92(N)-160(66size) and 88-94(N)-160(77size). 3) The draping pattern was superior to the flat pattern in the sensory evaluation for the front and back. 4) Lee Hyung-Suck's flat pattern (P1) was better in appearance than the P2 and the draping pattern (P3) for the side sensory evaluation at 82-90(N)-160(55size) and 85-92(N)-160(66size).
A Study on the Evaluation of the Hand Value of Korean Fabrics using the Artificial Neural Network
Moon, Myeong-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 1, 2003, Pages 63~73
The purpose of this study was to quantify the hands of fabrics for the Korean folk clothes using both a KES-FB and an artificial neural network. In order to select the proper input parameters, we calculated the correlation using step-wise regression between mechanical properties and the hand value of fabrics. For the classification, the primary hand values and total hand value, five neural networks with three-layered structure were constructed using the error back propagation algorithm and, in order to reduce errors and to speed up learning, the momentum method was selected. From the analysis of the primary and total hands using a self-constructed artificial intelligence system, the error rates of sleekness, stiffness, silkiness, and roughness compared with the judgement of expert panels were found to be 3.3%, 3.3%, 1.6%, and 4.9%, respectively, while that of the total hand was 9.83%.
Relationship of Types of Foot Shape and Favorite Shoes Shape of Female University Students
Lee, Jin-Hee ; Kim, Kyung-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 1, 2003, Pages 75~84
The objective of this paper was to analyse the foot type of female university students by the direct and indirect measure of foot and the measures of foot outline. The results were as follow: 1. The length and the width of foot were small and ankle slender and the modification of the big toe slight. 2. The analysis on the 16 measure items revealed five factors; the first factor was related to the width and girth of foot, the second one to the length of foot, the third one to the transformation of the little toe, the fourth one to the height of foot, the fifth one to transformation of the big toe. 3. The grouping on the shape of foot revealed three types. The inline angle of foot was the smallest in average in the type 1, while it appeared to be middle in the other types. The wider foot shapes were grouped as type 2 because their inline and outline angles of foot were the biggest in average. In the type 3, the big toe was curved a lot, since it was the largest in average. 4. From the naked eye measuring method, classification from which toe was popped-out told that Egyptian foot was 30.9%, Greek foot 27.9%. On the other hand, the instrumental method showed that Egyptian foot was 57.3%, Squared foot 35.3% and Greek foot 7.4%. 5. The result from the analysis about the traits of foot shape by the degree of the arch formation of bottom foot, showed that 33.8% had the normal foot, 66.2% slightly flat foot or middle one. There was no one with rigid flat foot. 6. The shoes size they declared were that 240cm was 33.3%, 235cm 18.1% and 245cm 18.1%. The shape of their shoe heel were flat heel(34.8%), cuban heel(25.5%), and narrow straight heel(19.9%); and that of the shoe toe were round toe(25.4%), oval toe(20.4%) and squared toe(20.4%). 7. The discomforting parts when they wear shoes were the little toe(35.4%), the rear of foot(13.9%), and the width of foot(13.9%), which was related to their dislike of shoe with the pointed toe.
A Survey of the Residential Environment of Detached House of Elderly People
Kim, Hyun-Jin ; An, Ok-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 1, 2003, Pages 85~94
With 106 detached houses where the elderly people lives, this study was conducted to perform a survey of their residential environment. The results of this study were summarized as follows: While the surveyed houses' safety, sanitation and convenience appeared to be positive, with respect to the conditions of location, 73.6% of the surveyed houses did not meet the requirements for comfort. The average area of each space indicated that the bed room was
, the living room
, the kitchen
, the bath room
, and the rest room
. Then, 93.3% of the bed room had the doorsill. Also, 97.2% of the surveyed houses had retrievable space. The forms of the living room door were a hinged door(55.7%) and a sliding door(44.3%). The 43.4% of the finished material of the living room was wood which was highest. The cooking table forms of kitchen were mainly "ㄱ"-shaped(50.0%) and "ㅡ"-shaped(48.0%), and their average height was 815mm. The fuel used for kitchen was mainly the gas which accounted for 93.4%, but 95.3% of houses had no gas-warning devices. Most houses(77.4%) had an integrated type of bathroom and toilet. In addition, 63.2% houses had the stepped difference between the bathroom and other spaces. But they had no a sliding-prevention devices(not for 92.5%) or heating systems(not for 93.4%) in the bathroom.