Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 5 - Dec 2003
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Sep 2003
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Jul 2003
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
Relationships between Children's Personality Traits and Self-Esteem in Terms of Children's Sex
Park, Young-Yae ; Choi, Young-Hee ; Park, In-Jeon ; Kim, Hyang-Eun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 3, 2003, Pages 275~286
The purposes of this study were to identify the relationship between children's personality traits and self-esteem, and to find out if there were any differences in the relationship patterns in terms of children's sex. The questionnaire were collected from 984 subjects in 5th grade of elementary schools located in cities of Seoul, Suwon, Daejeon, and Daegu. Results showed that personality factors such as stability, sociability, responsibility, and superiority had stronger correlations with self-esteem factors whereas masculinity, activity level, and reflectivity did so to a less degree. Children's personality factors such as superiority, sociability and responsibility were better predictors of their self-esteem factors such as scholastic competence, social acceptance and general self-worth. Girls showed higher level of stability, sociability, responsibility and superiority, however there was no sex difference in the self-esteem such as scholastic competence, social acceptance and general self-worth. Children's behavioral conduct were mainly explained by masculinity, activity level, and responsibility. Responsibility turned out to be the strongest predictor of behavioral conduct among boys, while the activity level did among girls.
A Study on Childrearing Belief and Parental Efficacy
Park, Young-Yae ; Rha, Jong-Hay ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 3, 2003, Pages 287~301
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between childrearing belief and parental efficacy of women before and after childbirth. For this purpose 253 pregnant women and 256 mothers with infants under one year of age were contacted and asked to fill in a packet of survey questionnaire at their visits to obstetrician, gynecologist and pediatrician. The questionnaire includes questions about what mothers value in childrearing, their expectations for their children and parental efficacy. Data collected were analyzed using SAS PC program. It was reported that comparing to mothers, pregnant women view childrearing in more ideal lights and expect their children to be more exceptional. Also working mothers reported comparatively lower parental efficacy than full-time mothers suggesting that social support system to minimize pressure coming from work for working mothers with young children should be provided and the parental education methods to enhance the parental efficacy should be sought.
Job-related Stress and Job Satisfaction of Teachers in Educare Centers
Yoon, Hye-Mee ; Kwon, Hye-Kyoung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 3, 2003, Pages 303~319
This study was designed to examine the extent of job-related stress and job satisfaction and factors affecting job satisfaction of educare center teachers. Special attention was given to the differences due to the various organizational types of educare centers. Two hundred and twenty two public and private educare center teachers of C city were drawn as samples of this study. Self-administered questionnaire method containing items (m job-related stress, Job satisfaction and socio-demographic background was employed and the data were analyzed with SPSSWlN using descriptive statistics, factor analysis and regression analysis. Findings suggested that the major job-related stresses were related to work experiences, working hours, and the number of on-the-job training opportunities. Work place characteristics such as the total number of children in the class, working hours and wage also affected the level of Job satisfaction. Additionally significant statistical differences were found on the job-related stress and the job satisfaction between teachers in public and private educare centers. In the question of the effect of job-related stress on the job satisfaction, job-related stress explained 12% of work-satisfaction, 33% of satisfaction related to the current working place. Accordingly it was possible to draw a conclusion that educare center teachers' job-related stresses. were not ascribed by personal characteristics but by work-related factors such a, poor administrative support low wage and the overwhelming task related stressors The main stressor of job satisfaction was poor administrative support. Differences on job-related stress and job satisfaction_between among teachers of public and private unit were distinctive throughout the study. These results, implicate that workshops are recommended to help diminish the job-related stress among educare center teachers. It is imperative that enhanced work benefits and improved working environment will in turn enhance the quality of services in educare centers.
A Study on the Trend of the School Violence in Elementary schools
Kim, Sun-Ae ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 3, 2003, Pages 321~336
This study aims at more exactly identifying current status and trend of the school violence in elementary schools. Many previous studies have addressed the issue with their own views and methodologies, and mostly ended up as one-time works without subsequent observation over years. From such respective studies, we could hardly figure out an integral and precise shape on the school violence in terms of fact and tendency. To my knowledge, this is the first time-lag design on the school violence which is conducted nation wide, where the same concepts and measures were applied to the population. The research conclusions are follows: (1) both offenders and victims of the school violence tend to increase, (2) compared 10 girls, boys have more experience of the school violence, and (3) both offenders and victims could be recruited from the same group.
Consumers' Attitudes and Requests for Refunds Depending on the Differences in Periods of Surveys
Huh, Kyung-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 3, 2003, Pages 337~349
This study was dealt with consumers' attitudes and requests for refunds on the basis of data gathered in 1997 and 2000 and examined factors shaping the differences of the consumers' requesting for refunds and investigated variables influencing the presence or absence of requests for refunds. Research outcomes could be summarized as follows. First there were no differences in consumers' searches for information of refunds, degrees of satisfactions for practices of refunds, knowledges for refunds, consumers' expectation for the permission of refunds between two periods Consumers generally showed more active behaviors for the request for refunds in 2000 than in 1997. In cases of defects, the chance of getting refunds was higher while consumers feel greater needs for refund. Second, consumers perception for the necessity of refund and their expectations for successful outcomes were higher in cases of defects than in the opposite case; consumers were also more active to request for refunds and get more positive responses in the former case. Third, in cases of defects in 1997, as consumers faced the unsatisfactory response for their previous requests for refunds, they did not actively request for refunds. In 2000, requesting for refunds were more active as they were more knowledgeable, actively search for information of refunds before their purchases, and expect more positive outcomes for their requests for refund. On the other hand, in cases of no defects in 1997, consumers showed more active behaviors requesting for refunds as their own professional jobs, owned greater consumer expectation for positive outcomes and showed greater satisfactions for the previous requests of refunds. In the survey of 2000, consumers showed active behaviors requesting for refunds as they were highly educated, gather much information for refund, and showed positive expectations for the possibility of refund.
The Path Analysis of Consumers' Decision-making to Purchase GMO Foods and Request for Labelling It
Huh, Kyung-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 3, 2003, Pages 351~362
The goal of this study was to examine the effects of perceived risks toward GMO (Genetically Modified Organism) food on the decision-making to purchase it and demands to reveal its Identity. The major results were as follows. First, consumers strongly perceived the risk toward GMO food, and demanded labeling to identify it. But, many consumers had indecisive in the purchase of GMO food. Second, consumers with high level of perceived risks toward GMO food were more likely not to buy GMO food. In addition, the level of perceived risk was high among consumers who had many children. Finally, consumers with high level of perceived risks toward GMO food were more likely to demand the labelling for identifying GMO food. Consumers who had many children and high level of reliability for labelling food safety strongly demanded to label for revealing GMO food.
The Preference of Silk Fabrics by the Linen-like Finishing-used Polyurethane Resin
Lee, Jung-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 3, 2003, Pages 363~376
The purpose of this research was to investigate the property of sensibility of silk fabrics by the linen-like finishing-used polyurethane resin. Subjective evaluations of preference and related sensory descriptors were estimated. Also, related physical and psychological variables were measured. And their correlations were investigated. The value of EM, WT, WC, MIU, and qmax of silk fabrics treated with polyurethane resin decreased and LT, B, 2HB, G, 2HG, 2HG5, and SMD increased. Physical variables which affected on the preference of summer fabrics are B, 2HB, G, 2HG5, qmax, MIU and LT. It was confirmed that silk fabrics treated with polyurethane resin were preferred as a summer fabric. Individual sensibilities that had effects on the preference of summer fabrics were softness including rough and cold. The intensities of weight value on sensory descriptors, which were related with the preference in summer environments, were in following orders: cold, rough, slippery, flexible, stiff and damp. There was no relationship between the subjective evaluation of preference and related sensory descriptors on the fabric and comfort sensation of fabric was derived from psychological variables
The Symbolic Meaning of the Priestly Costume Depicted in the Bible
Kim, Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 3, 2003, Pages 377~389
The purpose of this study is to obtain the symbolic meaning of the priestly costume through the Bible. Based on corroborative the Bible, this thesis analyzes the costume of priest. This compares the two onyx stones on the shoulder pieces with four rows of precious stones on the breastpiece. This era falls on about from the 15th century before Christ. It was found that the breastpiece was a piece of the same multicolored linen as in the ephod, a span square when folded double. It symbolizes righteousness. It hung on the high priest's chest, supported by two golden chains attached to the shoulder clasps. It symbolizes love. On the breastpiece were twelve beautiful jewels, arranged in four rows of three jewels, each jewel symbolizing one of the tribes of Israel. The variety of jewels on the breastpiece suggests the variety of people. Urim is the Hebrew word for 'lights' and therefore would logically be associated with bright or white stones. Thummim is the Hebrew word for 'perfection'. The high priest's ephod was made of gold, and of blue, purple, and scarlet yam, and of finely twisted linen. The golden yam symbolizes faith. The robe of the ephod was made entirely of blue cloth. The blue color symbolizes an obligation and life. The robe of the ephod symbolizes calling and dignity. The woven tunic symbolizes holy duty.
A Study on Total Image - Focus on Manner -
Hwang, Jin-Hee ; Lee, Hae-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 3, 2003, Pages 391~402
Total image consists of body analysis, fashion coordination, and manners. This stydt will be utilized to develop a clinic program using the concept of total image, with a focus on manners, which is important in the modem age. The manners was examined m the following categories; the importance of manners, level of manners, he order of manners sents felt important, and contents of manners the subjects deemed necessary. The research was conducted using 400 male and female college students living In the Daejeon area. The data were processed statistically using the SPSS package, and administered the frequency and percentages, andthe
. Results are as follows. Both male and female students acknowledged manners as a significant factor in forming the total image, and they possessed a medium level of manners. College students felt the importance of manners in the following order: everyday life manners, facing manners, telephone manners, and fashion coordination manners. There was a difference between male and female students in the contents of manners. Whereas manners the subjects deemed necessary for male students were facing manners(name use, introduction, handshaking, card exchange), everyday life manners(drinking, moking), those for female students were telephone manners, facing manners(greeting, expression), everyday life manners(individual life, eating, visiting), fashion coordination manners(special occasions, interviews. invitations, MT).