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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 5 - Dec 2003
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Sep 2003
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Jul 2003
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
Self-esteem and Stress in a Child of Deficiency Family
Park, Sung-Ok ; Shin, Kui-Soon ; Park, Jung-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 4, 2003, Pages 403~416
The recent study was examined the effects of stress related to self-esteem upon the types of deficiency, the genders, the grades. A Questionnaire was distributed to 172 elementary school students in 4th, 5th and 6th grades. The results of this study were as follows : First, children's stresses were related to their self-esteem and their self-esteem was explained mostly by the stress from home environment. Second, children's stress upon the birth order was higher in the first than in the second and the third birth order. Third, their self-esteem was explained mostly by the support from friends, teachers, and academic fields. Forth, children's stress of divorced and separated families as a reason of deficiency was higher than their stress upon the separation by death.
A Study on the Relationship with Maternal Beliefs on the Child Rearing and Children's Self-perceptions
Song, Soon ; Song, Hee-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 4, 2003, Pages 417~432
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between mother's beliefs on child rearing and children's self-perceptions. The subject of this study were comprised of 167 children aged 8-10 in Iksan & Kunsan city from Dec. 2 to Dec. 8, 2000. The children's self-perceptions were assessed by the self perceptions profile for children. Mother's beliefs questionnaire, developed by Okagaki and Sternberg, was used to obtain the data on mother's beliefs of parenting. The methods of analyses included basic descriptive categorical analysis as well as t-test, one way ANOVA-test, and multiple regression analyses. The major findings from the analyses are as follows: First, a significant difference was found in the degree of mother's beliefs about child rearing by mother's religion(p<.01), mother's education(p<.05), income(p<.001), level of life (p<.0l), mother's job, mother and fathers' agreement of child rearing(p<.05), relationship between mother and child(p<.05) in independence but a significant difference was not found in the degree of mother's beliefs about child rearing in accommodation. Second, the levels of children's scholastic performance were related to higher levels of mother's education(p<.001), mother's income(p<.001), mother and fathers' agreement of child rearing(p<.01). The levels of children's social competence was related to higher, child's gender (p<.01); girls were higher than boys. The levels of children's athletic abilities were not significant. The levels of children's physical appearance was related to higher levels of mother's education(p<.01), mother's income(p<.01), level of life(p<.05), mother's marriage(not divorce)(p<.01). The levels of children's behavioral conduct were related to higher levels of child's gender (p<.05), mother's education(p<.01), mother's income (p<.01), relationship between father and child(p<.0l). The levels of children's global self worth were related to higher levels of mother's age(p<.05), mother's education(p<.001), level of life(p<.05). Third according to the multiple regression analyses for the relationships between mother's beliefs about child rearing and children's self perceptions, mother's beliefs on the creativity were related to higher levels of children's scholastic performance, social competence, and mother's beliefs on the problem solving skills to higher levels of children's behavioral conduct and mother's beliefs on the accommodation to lower levels of children's scholastic performance, social conduct.
Significant Variables Influencing on Adolescents' Self-Efficacy
Jang, Mi-Seon ; Lee, Jung-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 4, 2003, Pages 433~447
Since self-efficacy was suggested by Bandura(1977) as the most important factor that affects human behavior, preceding studies about self-efficacy are frequently related with children, and it is a main stream that only personal factors are chosen as related factors of these studies. Considering we don't have enough studies about family factors that reflect qualitative and relational factors of adolescents' home background, this study was aimed to seize the actual condition of self-efficacy meaning perceived and emotional faith about their own ability. These are our major concerns: 1. What kind of tendency does self-efficacy and appearance stress of adolescents, family functioning show? 2. How strong are relative influences of variables on self-efficacy of adolescents? This study was operated on July and August, 2002, aimed 378 middle school and high school students in Jeon-Nam, Mokpo area. 378 question sheets were used for analysis. Followings are results of this study. First, aimed students' average mark of self-efficacy was 2.09, which meant a normal level. And in low-ranked part, self-control-efficacy was the highest, and confidence task difficulty preference was following. Furthermore, whole self-efficacy showed a little difference from the demographic factor of adolescents. In low-ranked part, however, confidence and self-efficacy showed a somewhat difference. As students grew up, confidence decreased, and male students showed higher self-control-efficacy than female ones. Second, appearance stress and family functioning degree had a strong relation with self-efficacy. Family functioning, had important interrelation not only with whole self-efficacy but also with low-ranked part of self-efficacy. In low-ranked part, self-control-efficacy and task difficulty preference were proportional to the family functioning degree. From these results, we can find that the appearance stress was an actual factor that affected the self-efficacy of adolescents, and their self-efficacy was strongly related with family functioning degree. Accordingly, affirmative emotion in family, harmonic communication among family members and sharing housekeeping works had an immediate influence on elevation of self-efficacy.
Effect of the Environmental Factors on the Life-Positioning and the Self-Concept of Adolescents from Military Families
Yang, Myong-Suk ; Lee, Kyu-Seo ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 4, 2003, Pages 449~462
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the environmental factors on the life-positioning and the self-concept of adolescents from the military families. Subjects were 75 male and 92 female students from Y-middle school in Kye-Ryong city. The results of this study were as follows: First, the life-positioning was influenced by the scholastic achievement of an adolescent and father's rank. Second, the self-concept was influenced by the gender, the order of birth, the scholastic achievement of an adolescent and parent's age, social economic status, and father's rank. Finally, the self-concept of an adolescent was influenced by one's life-positioning.
A Survey on Child Rearing Conditions and Parent Education for Parents before and after Childbirth
Park, Young-Yae ; Lee, Gab-Sook ; Rha, Jong-Hye ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 4, 2003, Pages 463~495
The purpose of this study was to obtain a fundamental data for developing a policy concerning women and child rearing and a parent education program for young parents who are around their childbirth, a period crucially important both for the parents in terms of the role adjustment, career management, and family finance, and for the infants in terms of its physical and psychological well-being. The subjects were 509 mothers before and after childbirth currently living in the Metropolitan City of Daejeon. Data were obtained through questionnaires and interviews in two major areas of pregnancy-delivery-childcare and parent education. Data were analyzed using SAS, mostly through frequency analysis, percentiles, t-tests, and F-tests. Results of descriptive analyses were organized along the following areas and issues: Pregnancy(family planning, regular check-ups, difficulties, prenatal education, costs, etc.); delivery(type of delivery, delivery related experience, costs, clinic/medical institute of choice, worries/problems, help/supports, etc.); postpartum care(place, kinds of help and helper, costs, postpartum care facilities, etc.); childcare circumstances(place, carer, time schedules, childcare centers or facilities feeding and weaning, etc.); husband's attitudes and involvement in the overall process; working mothers(maternity leave, temporary retirement for child rearing, etc.); and, parent education(family planning, pregnancy, delivery, postpartum care, child rearing, areas or issues needing parent education, facilitative and hindering factors to ideal parenting, etc.). Differences between groups of pregnant mothers and postpartum mothers, working- and non-working mothers, groups of different income levels, mothers and fathers of different educational levels, mothers of first pregnancy(or childbirth) and experienced mothers were also analyzed. Several conclusions with suggestions were drawn in relation to the need for strong implementation as well as developing of policies on women and childcare and for developing a new parent education program for parents before and after childbirth.
Demographic Characteristics, Purchase Practices and Satisfaction Degree of Women Consumers Purchased Apparel Products via Home Shopping
Sohn, Boo-Hyun ; Choi, Jong-Myoung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 4, 2003, Pages 497~508
This research was conducted to activate the horne shopping by providing the basic data about demographic characteristics, purchase practices and satisfaction degree of women consumers. The subjects were 328 women consumers residing in Cheongju who had purchased apparel products through home shopping. Collected data were analyzed by frequency analysis, t-test, analysis of variance, and cross-tabulation analysis using SPSS. The results were as follows: 1) When purchasing formal wears, casual wear and furnishing textile products through home shopping, respondents considered the design and fiber content seriously, and when purchasing underwear, the fiber content and size. 2) When purchasing apparel products, most of respondents confirmed apparel labels, and married women confirmed more than single women did. Among apparel labels, fiber content, care symbol, and size were the items that respondents considered most. 3) The single women managed internet and knew the value of internet in searching information or purchasing apparel products better than married ones. 4) When purchasing apparel products via home shopping, respondents used TV, catalog, and internet in order. 5) Degree of satisfaction for clothing purchased via home shopping was in ordinary level, high for furnishing textile products and low for formal wears.
The Study on the 天.王 Embroidery in Korean Gasa
Lee, Soon-Deuk ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 4, 2003, Pages 509~518
Gasa was a surplice of Buddhist monk. It was usually worn in the religious ceremony. Gasa was such a religious cloth that was ruled strongly by Buddha's Commandments, and a kind of cloth that was also reflected by historical, cultural, and ideological factors of each nation. Korean Gasa had various features comparing to the Original Gasa or to that of South Asia which is the birthplace of Buddhism. One of them was 天 王 embroideries that we could find upon the regular square base in the four comers of Korean Gasa. These figures symbolized the Four Devas which were believed guarding Buddhist sanctum. These Devas appeared from the era of the Three Kingdoms when Buddhism imported. Buddhism as a alien religion had been developed through conflicting and fusing with Korean traditional religious characteristics into type of 'Faith to Three Treasures' (Buddha, Buddhist Commandments, Buddhist monk). They believed that embroidering 天 王 figures upon the regular square bases in the four corners were able to protect Buddhist monk by the help of Four Devas. We might say this as a kind of Faith to Buddhist monk.
A Comparative Factor Analysis of Relations between College Girl Students' Make-up and Clothing Behaviors
Park, Mi-Hyang ; Park, Ok-Lyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 4, 2003, Pages 519~528
The purpose of this study was to make a comparative factor analysis of relations between college girls' make-up and clothing behaviors. The results of the study were as follows : 1. Make-up behavior showed the significant differences in accordance with whether doing make-up or not, motives of initiating make-up, sources of make-up information and references and expenses for cosmetics purchase. 2. There were negative correlations between all sub-factors of make-up behavior and the sense of comfort. In clothing behavior, a positive correlation existed between aesthetic sense and fashionableness. In make-up behavior, however, those college students who were more aware of others and considered make-up more important as a means of skin care and self-change regarded aesthetic sense, one of the sub-factors of clothing behavior, as most important.
Manufacture of Soluble Micro-fiber and Low Melting Polymer for Interior Synthetic Leather
Ahn, Young-Moo ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 4, 2003, Pages 529~537
This study was conducted to manufacture the soluble micro-fiber and to synthesize low melting polymer for the interior fabric not to use the polyurethane resin causing some problems. Low melting polyester for weft yarn was introduced by adding 30-40 mol% ratio of isophthalic acid to a main chain of polyethylene terephthalate to decrease the melting temperature up to heat setting temperature. Micro-fiber for warp yarn consisted of both soluble and insoluble components with multi-layered structure. When the soluble micro-fiber was treated by alkaline hydrolysis with 3-5% concentration of NaOH, it showed the turning point at 28% weight loss since soluble polyester was hydrolyzed approximate five times faster than regular polyester.
Evaluative Words, Colors and Classification of Fashion Images
Park, Sook-Hyun ; Lee, Su-Jin ; Lee, Su-Hyun ; Song, Mi-Young ; Song, Nam-Kyung ; Lee, Hyo-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 4, 2003, Pages 539~552
The purpose of this study was to find out the proper evaluative words and colors according to various fashion images and to classify the fashion images according to certain criteria. 13 books which included the content of the fashion images were selected to draw evaluative words and colors. Evaluative words and colors were found out as follows: classic image-traditional, classical, conservative and brown, wine, dark yellow, modem image-intelligent, rational, westernized and achromatic color, cool colors, elegance image-dignified, graceful, chic and greyish tone, pale tone, romantic image-cute, lovely, girlish, natural image-natural, comfortable, gently and brown, ivory beige, khaki, casual image-energetic, comfortable, active and red, yellow, blue family. The classification of fashion images according to various criteria were as follows. According to sex: feminine-elegance, romantic, pretty and masculine-mannish, dandy, military. According to time: past-conservative, traditional, classical, and present-modern, contemporary, sophisticate. According to formality: formal-formal wear of classic, elegance, mannish, dandy style and informal-natural, casual. According to intelligence, the elite style-modern, elegance, classic, sophisticate and the public style-casual, natural.
Sizing System of Head Gears for Men
Lee, Jin-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 4, 2003, Pages 553~558
The purpose of this paper was to design the sizing system of the head gears which would be a guide of men for selecting their head gears of suitable size. This study was carried out on 214 men and was done by cluster analysis with two variables(head circumference and bitragus to vertex arc length). The results were as follows : First, most of measurements were larger in men than in women. Second, the suitable numbers of size were found that 5 sizes were proper by cluster analysis with two variables. After the design of sizing system, the cover ratio was investigated in order to decide whether it is proper or not. Third, in the cover ratio, the 5 sizes were the highest in all of them.
A Study on Lower Body Type of Adult Males for Tight-fit Slacks Pattern Making
Do, Wol-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 4, 2003, Pages 559~570
The focus of this research was concerned with studying lower body type for Korean adult males. To understand the features of men's lower body required to organize an optimal sizing system for men's tight-fit slacks, information from the measuring values based on research on the physical standard of the nation(l997) were summarized; in addition, a factor analysis and a cluster analysis among multivariate analyses were performed. In terms of the need for appropriate fit in motorcycle wear, basic lower body parts applying to each item had to be taken into consideration to enhance sizing suitability. In the case of the length of the lower limbs, the inclusion of protectors plays an important role in affecting sizing. The factors related to the lower body were defined as follows: Factor 1 was the vertical dimension of the lower body, Factor 2 was the horizontal dimension of waist and hip, Factor 3 was the horizontal dimension of the lower limbs, Factor 4 was the length of hips, and Factor 5 was the ankle height. The lower body part was also divided into 3 clusters. Cluster 1 referred to the smallest stature and skeleton structure among the 3 body types. Cluster 2 represented the biggest stature, with a thin lower limbs body type. Cluster 3 represented a medium stature but with a large skeleton structure of lower limbs, a muscular type. In conclusion, Cluster 2 appeared most in the 20s age groups, but Cluster 3 appeared most in each of the 30s, 40's, and 50's age groups.
Study on the Sizing System of Head Gears
Lee, Jin-Hee ; Do, Wol-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 4, 2003, Pages 571~578
The purpose of this research was to provide basic information for enhancing sizing suitability in terms of the need for appropriate fit in head gear. The method for this research was to survey about sizing system of head gear, basic measure part, repair service. The subject of this study were 15 head gear companies. The results of this research were as follows : 1. In the sex target analysis according to company type, most of fashion brand companies were producing woman's head gear. In case of the company to produce man's head gear, sizes appeared variously. On the other hand, the sports brand companies were producing unisex head gear and safety helmet companies were producing man's one. 2. The number of size of head gear manufacturing companies were under 3 sizing system. This means that the sizing system of current head gear manufacturing company isn't various. 3. While the measuring part using currently in the company was head girth, one to be considered necessary for manufacturing of head gear except the head girth was head height.