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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 5 - Dec 2003
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Sep 2003
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Jul 2003
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
Social Support and Child Rearing Methods in Female-Headed Single Parents
Cho, Song-Yon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 5, 2003, Pages 579~593
The purpose of this study was to investigate the social support, understanding of the children's problem in the female-headed single parents, and their child rearing methods. To obtain this purpose, in-depth interview was conducted to 8 female-headed single parents from March 3 to April 5, 2003. The contents of interviews were recorded and analyzed by qualitative method. The results were as follows: First, female-headed single parents were stuck for the social support and the relationships with parents-in-law were ruptured, especially. Secondly, female-headed single parents had well known about their children's daily life. Third, in the early stage of female-headed single parents, they had expressed the stresses in their hardship of life to their children, but it decreased whenever they were accustomed to their life.
The Relationship between Autonomous Supervision Performance and Role Performance by Kindergarten Teacher
Seo, Jeong-Bok ; Chong, Young-Sook ; Jang, Hye-Ja ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 5, 2003, Pages 595~604
This study was designed to investigate the difference in the autonomous supervision and role performance according to the socio-demographic factors of the teachers. Also, the relation of the autonomous supervision and the role performance was examined. This research was conducted using the questionnaire to 394 teachers of national, public, and private kindergarten in Chung-buk province. Data were analyzed with the SPSSWIN program by the frequency, percentage, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe post-hoc test and Pearson's correlation analysis. The results were summarized as follows: First, levels of autonomous supervision of kindergarten teachers were high in general and there were significant differences according to the institution, age, scholastic ability, and the career. The accomplishment in the public kindergarten was higher than that in the private one. Moreover, the higher the teacher's age, career, and scholastic ability, the higher the accomplishment. Second, levels of role performance of the kindergarten teachers were excellent, but the levels of role performance were higher in the public kindergarten than in the private one because the public teachers who did not transfer much had more chances of continuous education and higher responsibility. The role performance of teachers was found to be relatively higher in the kindergarten in countries than in cities because there were more public kindergartens than private ones in countries. Third, there were significant correlations between the lower factors of autonomous supervision and the role performance of the kindergarten teachers. Because the various types of the autonomous supervision can help the teacher's role performance, various types of the autonomous supervision which fit the developmental stages of the teachers will be desirable.
Study on Development of Household Analysis and Diagnosis Program for Enhancing the Family Welfare - Focusing on Household of Middle-aged Full-time Housewives -
Song, Hye-Rim ; Lee, Seung-Mi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 5, 2003, Pages 605~618
The purpose of this study was to develop the household analysis and diagnosis program for the enhancement of family welfare focusing on the household of middle-aged full-time housewives. From the review of related literatures, the following areas of total family life were selected ; household management, time use, housing, household materials, finance, communication and decision making. Considering that the program subjects were middle-aged full-time housewives, the preparation for elderly life and the identity as housewife, one of the healthy family members, are appended. The progresses for the development of household analysis and diagnosis program were as follows: 1. to select the useful area of family life, 2. to make the indicators which explain the status of family life, and 3. to decide the scales for the diagnosis. This program has various uses such as the development of self-evaluation program, program for various family life course. Through this program the strength and weakness of family life can be found and the planning for the enforcement of family life can be practiced.
Study on Research for the Safety Education in Kindergarten
Park, Yong-Keel ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 5, 2003, Pages 619~634
The purpose of this study was to the real situation of the safety education in the kindergarten by investigating the actual condition of the safety education and kindergarten teachers' knowledge about it. Questionnaire was adopted to obtain data required for pertinent analysis. The subjects were 234 kindergarten teachers located in Choongnam and Daejeon province. SPSSWIN v10.0 was utilized to calculate percentage, mean and standard deviation and to conduct t-test, one-way ANOVA and Duncan's multiple range test. The main results of this study were as follows. There was a significant difference between the actual condition of the safety education and kindergarten teachers' knowledge about it according to demographic variables. Especially, these differences were due to teachers' academic career, age, teaching experience, and the experience of bringing up children by themselves. The importance of the safety education must be emphasized. There were urgent needs to develop the way of teaching and the program about the safety education.
The Effect of Korean Traditional Outdoor Play on Children's Emotional Intelligence
Kim, Yeong-Joo ; Lee, Jin-Sook ; Oh, Mi-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 5, 2003, Pages 635~645
To examine the effect of traditional outdoor play on children's emotional intelligence, the effectiveness of the traditional outdoor play program was evaluated in the kindergarten. Participants were 44 kindergartners randomly divided into two groups: experimental group and control group. The activities of traditional outdoor play were carried out twice in a week in the experimental group, and only the regular activities of kindergarten program in the control group for 12 consecutive weeks. The data were analyzed by paired t-test, independent t-test. Major findings are as follows: First, the program affected on the children's emotional recognition and expression about the self identity and importance, while there were no significant differences in the children's emotional regulation and self-motivation. Second, traditional outdoor play program affected on the children's emotional recognition and empathy in others, relationship and social skill significantly. These results showed that educational and funny traditional outdoor play contributes to children's emotional intelligence and development.
Procedure Evaluation and Follow-up Evaluation on the Conjugal Violence Intervention Program
Lee, Jung-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 5, 2003, Pages 647~658
This research was focused on evaluating the intervention program for preventing the recurrence of conjugal violence. It was based on family system perspectives because the conjugal violence was considered as the result of dysfunctional interactions between spouses. Especially, a follow-up study was conducted by the telephone interview one year later after the program ended. There were some findings as follows: First, the physical violent behaviors never reoccurred, but the verbal ones still continued. Second, this program had an effect on decreasing the recurrence of conjugal violence.
The Effect of Children's Peer-Relationship and Teacher-Child Relationship on Social Competence
Jeon, Kyung-Ah ; Lee, Jin-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 5, 2003, Pages 659~668
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of children's peer-relationship and teacher-child relationship on the social competence. The subject of this study consisted of 115 children aged
attending child care centers in Jeon-ju. Peer-relationship was assessed by the peer nomination measure. The teacher-child relationship and the social competence were evaluated by teacher's questionnaire. The results of this study were as follows : There were significant differences according to sex in teacher-child relationship and social competence. Social competences differed among popular, rejected and neglected children's groups. Teacher-child relationship significantly related with the social competence : The intimacy was positively and the conflict negatively related with the social competence. Intimacy, conflict, anxiety of teacher-child relationship accounted for 58% of the social competence variance. Intimacy of teacher-child relationship appeared to be the most important variable.
Study on Consumer Counselors' Work Performance, Satisfaction and Willingness to Sustain the Work
Huh, Kyung-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 5, 2003, Pages 669~685
This research examined the work performance by consumer counselors, evaluations of their counseling work, the level of their satisfaction, and willingness to sustain consumer counseling work among Consumer Agencies and also identified the variables influencing the evaluation scores on those. The results were summarized as follows. First, the evaluation scores on the work performance of consumer counseling were generally high and they turned out to be generally satisfied with their work. On the other hand, most counselors responded that they would continue their counseling work. Second, there were differences in evaluation scores about speed and specialized area of counseling among Consumer Agencies. Counselors who worked for the Korea Consumer Protection Board recorded high scores in those both criteria. There were differences in the willingness of counselors to continue their counseling work among Consumer Agencies, too. Third, the evaluation scores in six areas of counseling tasks were high when the degree of satisfaction of counselors were high or when agencies treated the counseling important. Fourth, when counselors earned more salaries and owned the experience of in-firm training and when the Consumer Agencies highly valued counseling as consumer tasks, the degree of satisfaction among counselors increased. Finally, when counselors were old, major in consumer science, and held regular work-schedule, they exhibited high degree of satisfaction in their counseling work and they showed greater willingness to sustain their counseling work.
Study on Day-care Teacher's Personal Science Teaching Efficacy
Han, You-Me ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 5, 2003, Pages 687~697
This study was conducted to investigate the antecedents of teachers' science teaching efficacy in day-care setting. Also, this study aimed to identify relationships between day-care teachers' personal science teaching efficacy and their perspectives on early childhood science education. The subjects were 176 day-care teachers in rural area of ChoongCheongNam-Do. The survey method was used to collect data from the day-care teacher. The instrument were Rigg & Enochs(1990)'s Science Teaching Efficacy Belief and Kim(l998)'s scales for the Goa1s in Early Childhood Science Education. Main results were as follows: 1. Day-care teachers' personal science teaching efficacy were significantly related with the personal variables such as teachers' education, in-service science workshops, science book reading, science-related hobby but not with teachers' age, pre-service science credits and total years of teaching experience. 2. Among the environmental variables, science activity areas were significantly associated with day-care teachers' personal science teaching efficacy. However, location of day-care center, age of children, number of children, teacher-child ratio, facilities for science education and scheduled time for science education did not affect it. 3. Day-care teachers of high content- and process-oriented goals in early childhood science education were highly efficacious teacher, while the teachers of low content- and process-oriented perspectives gained the lowest score. However, the content-oriented teachers and the process-oriented teachers did not differ in terms of day-care teachers' personal science teaching efficacy.
The Relations of Children's Self Esteem and Gender Equality Consciousness of Their Father by Children's Perceptions
Hong, Dal-Ah-Gi ; Lee, Nam-Ju ; Chae, Ock-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 5, 2003, Pages 699~712
The purpose of this study was to explore the gender relation of children's self esteem and gender equality consciousness of their father by children's perceptions. The data for this study were collected from 805 middle school girls in Jeonbuk province. Respondents answered by self-reported questionnaires. The major findings were as follows : 1) The gender equality consciousness were influenced by all the factors like the educational background and occupation of parent, the type of marriage, living level and grade of children except the type of family. 2) Children's self-esteem level was found to be above average. Parent-child related variables affected on children's self-esteem but children's self-esteem in school was not affected by the parent's education level. 3) The self-esteem and the gender equality consciousness showed a strong correlation, but on the other hand, the whole self-esteem and the self-esteem in school were mainly affected by the gender equality consciousness of fathers.
The Relationships among Maternal Social Networks, Maternal Expectation for Their Own Children and Self-esteem and Emotional Intelligence of Children
Park, Young-Yae ; Won, Hyo-Jong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 5, 2003, Pages 713~735
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the characteristics of maternal social networks on maternal expectation for their own children to examine the path that social networks had an effect on the self-esteem and the emotional intelligence of children through maternal expectation for their own children. The data used in this study were collected from 524 fourth to sixth graders and their mothers residing in Daejeon using structured questionnaire. The major findings of the study were as follows : (1) Among social network characteristics, proportion of friends and neighbors, proximity, direction and interference had a negative effect, and proportion of mothers of child's friends, frequency of contact, intimacy, emotional support, service support had a positive effect on maternal expectation for their own children. (2) Among social network characteristics, proportion of mothers of child's friends had a direct effect and proportion of friends, neighbors, and mothers of child's friends, proximity, frequency of contact, intimacy, direction, emotional support, service support, and interference had an indirect effect on children's emotional intelligence through maternal expectation for their own children. (3) Among social network characteristics, proportion of kin and mothers of child's friends, intimacy, service support, material support and interference had a direct effect, and proportion of neighbors and mothers of child's friends, proximity, frequency of contact, direction, service support had an indirect effect on children's emotional intelligence through maternal expectation for their own children.
Research on the Preference for Underwear and Textiles of College Students according to Season
Kim, Hee-Sook ; Cho, Shin-Hyun ; Na, Mi-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 5, 2003, Pages 737~746
This research was designed to investigate the preference for underwear and textiles of college students according to season. One hundred and nine subjects majoring in fashion design were surveyed about the most favorite materials among underwear textiles according to each season. The extent of preference was compared by season. The results of this study were as follows: 1. The most important purpose of wearing underwear was the hygienic performance in summer and the insulation in winter. 2. The most favorite textile of underwear was cotton regardless of season and the most favorite type of underwear was fashionable underwear in summer and insulating underwear in winter. 3. The most preferred material underwear was white jacquard knitted with cotton 30's yarn for summer and white and gray melange plain knit made with cotton and polyester blended 38's syro-spunned yarn for winter. 4. From the results about the factors influencing on the preference for the textiles of underwear, color, touch and cool sensation were the positive factor in summer, while insulation and pattern were comparatively affirmative factor in winter. 5. From the results about the sensibility factors influencing on the preference for the textiles of underwear, 'comfort', 'refined', 'naive' were the positive factor in summer, while 'comfort', 'naive', 'refined' were comparatively affirmative factor in winter. From the above results, hygienic and fashionable underwear is required in summer and thin and insulating underwear in winter for young people. Additionally, in textiles, cotton and cotton blended, comparatively light and simple patterned material is recommended for underwear.
Diagnosis of Office Occupant's Adaptation Level for Thermal Environment
Kim, Yang-Weon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 5, 2003, Pages 747~754
The actual clothing conditions were surveyed to diagnose clothing condition of Korean female in the view point of the adaptation to the thermal environment according to seasonal changes. Then, clothing microclimate, physiological responses, and subjective sensation were investigated through wearing trials on human body in climatic chamber based on the results from the survey. Factors to evaluate validity of clothing condition were clothing weight, clothing microclimate, physiological response of human body, and subjective sensation. The results were as follows: 1. Clothing weight per body surface area of the season was
in fall, and
in winter. Cold - resistance of Korean female in office was superior to Japanese, inferior to residents of rural areas of Korea, and similar to male in office. However, in heat - resistance, female in office was inferior to residents of rural areas of Korea. 2. In spring, fall, winter, clothing microclimate temperature was a little higher than that in summer. Therefore, it was not a desirable wearing condition even though the clothing microclimate was comfortable zone. 3. Mean skin temperature of female in office was including within the range of Winslow's comfortable zone, but the range of comfortable zone in mean skin temperature of female was more narrow than Winslow's. Thus, it has problem for female to adaptation to thermal environment.
Fashion Display by Automatism Techniques of Surrealism Paintings
Lee, Eun-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 5, 2003, Pages 755~766
The surrealism for the revelation of the unconscious realms shares the inner world of mentality with modern fashion display for the visual expression of sensation each other. The analysis of the influence which automatism technique of surrealism exerts on fashion display showed as follows : 1) The automatism technique elevated the dramatic effect of the sales room by scraping the perspective, or the principle of visual arts. 2) It maximized the effect of subject of the display by coinciding surrealism with realism. 3) The technique which distorts the things heralded the strong message to customers by letting them keep away from the fixed idea. 4) Humorous expression of display brought about the effect of sales stimulation by giving astonishment, shock and exaggeration. 5) Expression of surrealism and realism caused customers to feel shock, illusion, fantasy. 6) The automatism technique expressed the high-tech image, and free expression by revealing the diversity of subject. 7) Display hinted from nature satisfied the mental desire of the human beings to be assimilated with nature. The formative characteristic presented the new possibility of combination of display with arts through the avant-garde sensation. Sale's room, or the marketing space was to be sublimated to three dimensional art space, which enhanced the image of sale's room, furthermore meeting the demand of moderner's lifestyle.
Classification of Side Somatotype of the Trunk by Analysing Photographic Data
Jung, Myong-Seok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 5, 2003, Pages 767~776
The purpose of this study was to classify side somatotypes of the trunk by analysing photographic data. Then their distribution according to the age groups was studied. The subjects were 315 females of 18 to 49 year-old. Thirty one photographic measurements were taken to each subject. The factors affecting the side somatotype of the trunk were obtained by principal component analysis, vertical size, posterior/anterior depth and neck posture. The side somatotypes of the trunk were classified into 4 types and their differences were shown by analysing photographic data. The side silhouettes of 4 types were compared with balanced type. By suggesting the canonical discriminant function with the unstandardized canonical coefficient, individual somatotype of the trunk could be discriminated from the photographic data of anterior neck height, anterior waist height, posterior waist depth, buttock height, and anterior depth at the level of back protrusion. The frequency distribution of the side somatotypes of the trunk according to the age groups could be applied for clothing construction and the rate of clothing production.
Study on the Perception of Somatotype for Men's Lower Body in the 60s and the 20s
Lee, Young-Ju ; Kim, Hyun-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 5, 2003, Pages 777~786
The purpose of this study was to compare the perception of men's lower body shape in the 60s with that in the 20s. On hundred and seven men in the 60s and 178 men in the 20s participated in the survey and measurements. The results were as follows : 1. It was perceived that men in the 60s had broader girth but lighter weight than men in the 20s. The research revealed that men in the 60s was more satisfied with their lower body shape than men in the 20s. 2. It was also found that the ideal size of men in the 60s was broader in the girth of their waist and hip, shorter in their height, and lighter in their weight compared to men in the 20s. 3. It showed a difference in the satisfaction with their body shape between men in the 60s and the 20s. The satisfaction with their lower body shape of men in the 60s was more affected by their perception than by their real measured size. On the other hand, the satisfaction of men in the 20s was affected by their perception as much as by their measured size. 4. If we look at the perception and satisfaction in relation with their body types, we found that there was a difference in the girth of their waist, abdomen, hip, and weight depending on their body types. And men in the 20s showed greater differences in their perception and satisfaction depending on their body types, compared to men in the 60s. 5. The measured size of men in the 20s had greater differences depending on their body types than that of men in the 60s. On the contrary, the ideal size of men in the 60s had greater differences than that of men in the 20s.
Study on Somatotype Analysis and Somatotype Discrimination of the Children's Upper Body
Kim, Hyun-Jin ; Lee, Young-Ju ; Hong, Jung-Min ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 12, issue 5, 2003, Pages 787~795
This research studied several somatotypes for children's upper bodies in order to suggest the basic data of bodice patterns of children's clothing. By extracting the component factors from the children's bodices, they were classified into several somatotypes to recognize an individual body type. Three hundred and fifty eight children's wears were estimated as research objects to analyze their somatotypes for the 44 items representing upper bodies through anthropometric measurement and photometric measurement. The results are as follows : 1. Seven factors were extracted as a result of factor analysis. 2. Data were classified into three types as a result of cluster analysis : Type 1 was characterized as low fat body, small skeleton size, and forward belly ; type 2 as high fat body, normal hight, backward shoulder, and the lowered shoulders ; type 3 as medium fat body, tall height, somewhat crouching back, and the rising shoulders. 3. As a results of the discrimination analysis for the three types, the highly discriminated items were height, width of bosom, front center length. weight, width of waist or the length of waist. One could discriminate one's own body type by obtaining the classification function from these five items.