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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Dec 2004
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Oct 2004
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Aug 2004
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jun 2004
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2004
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
Selecting the target year
Family-related Variables Influencing the School Maladjustment of Middle and High School Students in Changwon
Ryu, Kyung-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 2, 2004, Pages 195~213
The researcher worked with 1001 middle and high school students so as to inquire into the family-related variables affecting the adolescents' school maladjustment from the results of the average, standard deviation and multiple regression analysis. The followings were the major findings. 1. The study activity was the first thing that the subjects did not adjust among their school life and the relationship with teacher, with opposite-sex friends, the rule-keeping and the friendship were the next in the order. 2. The researches on family-related variables affecting the school maladjustment were performed by gender (male / female), gender/school(male and middle / male and high / female and middle / female and high), school(middle / high) and system(academic / vocational). The most influential variables were the structural environment one in case of male students and male and middle school students; the parent-relationship one in case of female students, female and middle school students, female and high school students, middle school and vocational high school students; and the physical environment one in case of high school students, male and high school students and academic high school students.
Effectiveness of Pre-parents Education Program for Undergraduate Students through Filial Therapy
Jang, Mi-Kyung ; Lim, Won-Shin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 2, 2004, Pages 215~224
The purpose of this article was to describe the effectiveness of group filial therapy program for undergraduate students in the period of their pre-parenthood. The goal was to enhance empathy in adult-child interaction, to facilitate students' sensitivity to the child, and to reduce children's behavioral problems. The program was implemented once a week for 8 weeks. Each session was implemented for 120 minutes. The subjects were 13 undergraduate students(22-24 years old) and 13 children(4-10 years old). Pre and post-tests were implemented. After 8 week intervention program, there were significant differences between pre and post-tests. The undergraduate students improved in their empathy in adult-child interaction and enhanced sensitivity to child.
The Spatial Composition by Block Plan of the Free Elderly Facility in Jeonbuk Province
Lee, Min-Ah ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 2, 2004, Pages 225~235
The purpose of this study was to evaluate and to analyze the spatial composition by block plan of the free elderly facility and to provide basic information for building up the detail architectural guidelines. The results of the study were as follows: Elderly welfare law needed to control the poor physical environments of the free elderly facility such as the residential space for more than 4 individuals. The facility of single building type should strengthen the informal support networks through the dispersion of public spaces or should encourage moving of the residents through the outdoor space, especially in rural area. On the other hand, the linking type needed to focus on the administrative spaces on the first floor for the managerial convenience, and to group and disperse the public/recreational spaces to decrease the unnecessary moving of the residents and staffs. The passageway linking building to building should directly connect each administrative space or public space so that elderly used them without any inconvenience. In the dispersion type, which is suited to rural area, the lounge, dining hall, and the place for the staff on duty should be located in the same as the residence building for the convenience and the safety of the elderly residents.
Effects of Emotional Intelligence and the Sense of Humor in Institutionalized and At-Home Children on their Aggressive Behavior
Suk, Ju-Young ; An, Ok-Hee ; Park, In-Jeon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 2, 2004, Pages 237~250
This study explored the effects of emotional intelligence and sense of humor in institutionalized and at-home children on their aggressive behavior by using a path model. The participants in this study were 62 institutionalized children and 98 children reared at home, residing in an undisclosed city. The institutionalized children had a lower level of emotional intelligence and sense of humor than children at home. Also, the institutionalized children had a higher level of aggressive behavior than at-home children. Effects of emotional intelligence and sense of humor on the aggressive behavior were significantly different between institutionalized and at-home children.
A Study on the Differences between Mothers and Children in Gender-role Attitudes and their Perceptions on Gender-role Socialization
Lee, Joo-Yeon ; Han, Sae-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 2, 2004, Pages 251~261
This study investigated the differences between mothers and children in their gender-role attitudes and their perceptions on gender-role socialization. The data was collected from 167 6th graders and their mothers in Seoul. Boy's gender-role attitude was found significantly different from that of mothers while girl's gender-role attitude was more consistent with that of mothers than boys. In their perceptions on gender-role socialization, mothers reported that they emphasized both feminine and masculine behavior for their children. However, children reported that their mother emphasized feminine behavior for girls and masculine behavior for boys.
Effect of Drinking and Smoking on Skin Health and Make-up
Lee, Sun-Hee ; Choi, Ga ; Na, Young-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 2, 2004, Pages 263~269
This study was conducted with the aim of providing the basic data for an informative and educational program designed to give a guideline how to keep and care the skin healthy and proper. Female freshmen, enrolled in colleges in Jeonbuk provincial area, were surveyed about their status of health and way of skin care and make-up. The results of research were summarized as follows: First, 268 students(65.4%) were 19 years old or younger. Among the respondents, 219 persons(54.4%) lived in small or medium cities and 271(66.1%) showed less than 20 of body mass index(
). Second, there were statistically significant correlations between dwelling place, drinking habit(p<0.05), and subjective health status(p<0.05) with health, skin care and make-up habit. Third, drinking, subjective health status appeared to be significant variables affecting facial skin(p<0.05) and health status(p<0.01), respectively. Forth, smoking and regular meal seemed to affect the length of make-up(p<.05) and smoking esd strongly connected with the extent of make-up. The way of thinking about cosmetics were affected by the habits of drinking(p<0.05) and smoking(p<0.01), respectively. Drinking habit was the significant variable of health affecting on the belief in the effect of cosmetics. Fifth, skin health was negatively correlated with drinking and smoking habits and positively with subjective health status, BMI(
) and frequency of make-up. Sixth, healthier state of facial skin appeared to be happened with statistical significance(p<0.01) in rural areas than in urban areas and with a person of higher than 20 of BMI(
) than of less than 20 from the regression analysis. It has been estimated that there were meaningful correlations between the status of health and make-up among female freshmen. Accordingly, the concept of health reinforcement can be adopted to skin care and skin maintenance, so various and comprehensive approaching methods were required to improve and reinforce the skin management and cosmetic culture.
A Study of Consumption Practices and Needs for Cosmeceuticals of Female University Students
Yun, Ji-Joo ; Kweon, Soo-Ae ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 2, 2004, Pages 271~282
The purposes of this study were to research the behavior of consumption and needs about the female university students to provide useful information which would help finding the marketing source of cosmeceuticals. The sample was consisted of 464 female university students who had experiences of using the cosmeceuticals. Data were analyzed by factor analysis, frequency, x2-test, t-test, ANOVA(LSD) using SPSSWIN. The results were as follows: When the female university students purchased the cosmeceuticals, they considered the effectiveness and the price, so were satisfied with good effect and low price. The most important marketing methods in cosmeceuticals for female university students were through the internet and mail order shopping. Whereas, demerit factors of internet shopping were founded to be the complexity of exchange or refund and the little chance of free samples for trial. The good marketing strategies might be sending trial samples, future payment system after trial period, and/or supporting the event held in the university. Besides, it might be a consideration to have an event for the improvement by public trial. Anti-aging cosmeceutical was the most preferred item for female students, sun protection and whitening cosmetics next in order. Therefore, a target customer for cosmeceuticals might be lowered in age. The purchasing cost system and therapeutic effect of cosmeceuticals had to be developed for 20's. It was necessary to be safe and effective. The factors affecting the level of satisfaction for cosmeceuticals could be categorized into 4; market environment, simplicity of purchase, product merit and additional service. The needs for cosmeceuticals showed significant differences according to grade and kinds of product.
Effective Control of Cellulite Influencing the Balance of Human Body
Ro, Hyo-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 2, 2004, Pages 283~290
This study was conducted to find out the concept, characteristics, reasons and the kinds, the effects on the body of cellulite and to provide the effective control methods. Formation of cellulate was mostly due to the genetic reason, usually happened after the period of puberty. It was more important to prevent rather than to cure after the cellulite formation happened. The effective ways of preventing it might be to drink enough water and to improve the liver function by restricting the excessive drinking, not to wear too tight-fit dress and high heel shoes. To control the cellulate effectively, diet control, exercise and esthetics had to be balanced together.
Clothing Shopping Orientations and Utilizations of Information Sources according to Values of Male Consumers Aged between the 20's and the 30's
Kim, Ju-Hee ; Park, Ok-Lyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 2, 2004, Pages 291~300
The purposes of this study were to research the clothing shopping orientations and the utilizations of information sources according to values of male consumer aged between the 20's and the 30's. The data were analyzed by factor analysis, one-way ANOVA, Duncan's multiple range test, x2- test, Pearson's correlation. The results of the study were as follows: 1. Male consumer's values were classified into 2 factors, and consisted of three groups. 2. There were significant differences among groups according to demographics variables. 3. Clothing shopping orientations were classified into 6 factors and information sources were classified into 3 factors. 4. There were relationships between male consumer's values, clothing shopping orientation, and utilization of information sources.
Bathing Culture Studied via Historical Literature -History of the Three States, Prehistory of the Three States, History of Koryo, True Records of Chosun Dynasty-
An, Ok-Hee ; Kim, Hak-Min ; Kim, Hyun-Ji ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 2, 2004, Pages 301~316
In this study, 2,238 incidents from History of the Three States, Prehistory of the Three States, History of Koryo, True Records of Chosun Dynasty had been analyzed in order to examine the bathing styles of Koreans. The results were as follows. In the period of Three States, baths were taken for the purposes of cleanness, remedy, and beauty culture as well as etiquettes. And spa, rainwater, rivers, streams, and bath tubs were used. In the period of Koryo, it included not only reasons for etiquettes as in the period of the Three States but also reasons for medical care and daily life. In spa, temples, and homes, baths were taken by using perfumes and towels. In Chosun Dynasty, daily baths were for hygiene, health, and bodily charms. Before religious ceremonies, they made sure that they took baths, and spa baths were popular for the medical care. The ways to take baths included the order which area was the first to be washed, time, and areas concretely, and seasons, weather, and conditions of body were considered before taking baths. Moreover, the places included natural places such as streams, reservoirs, rivers, as well as artificial places such as temples, places for envoys, and palaces. Especially, in spa areas, bathing buildings were constructed. Considering all these, baths were taken for the purposes of ceremonies and medical care in the period of the Three States, and daily baths took down their roots in the period of Koryo. In the period of Chosun Dynasty, spa baths for cures, prays and rituals, hygiene and bodily charms were considered as a reason. How to take baths and means were decided carefully. Therefore, the results above demonstrated that baths took down their roots in people's daily life in Korea since the period of Koryo.
The Impression Evaluation d the Dress's Wearer in Relation to Neutral Tone, Skirt Width and Length Variation
Chio, Su-Kyung ; Kang, Kyung-Ja ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 2, 2004, Pages 317~328
The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of three clothing cues(neutral tone, skirt width, and skirt length of dress) on the impressions of females. The experimental materials developed for this study were a set of stimuli and response scales. The stimuli were 20 color pictures manipulated with three clothing cues by drawing. The 7-point scale designed for visual evaluation of impression formation about females included 29 bipolar adjectives. The subjects were 240 undergraduate female students in Chinju city. The results of this study were as follows: By analyzing the impression of female figures by neutral tone, skirt width, and length, five factors including ability.activity, elegance, attractiveness, concentration of attention, and tenderness were identified. Among these factors, ability.activity and elegance were proved to be more important. Each impression of neutral tone with skirt width. length have significant effects on tenderness. Each impression of skirt width.length with neutral tone have significant effects on ability.activity.