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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Dec 2004
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Oct 2004
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Aug 2004
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jun 2004
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2004
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
Selecting the target year
The Change of Family Relations by the Internet Use of Housewives. - Focused on the Intimacy among Family Members and the Equality between Couples -
Lee, Hyun-Ah ; Lee, Ki-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 3, 2004, Pages 329~343
The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes of family relations following the Internet use of housewives. The survey was performed on-line and off-line. 582 housewives who used the Internet at home gave valid responses to the questionnaire. The findings of tills study were as follows. First, after having started using the Internet, housewives felt that intimacy among family members has increased while the level of equality between couples unchanged. Second, the change in intimacy among family members has significant differences according to family adaptability and family cohesion. Whether or not other family members used the Internet also affected the intimacy among family members. Third, the change in equality between couples depended on their ability to use the Internet. This suggested that the ability to use the Internet was the core element to an equality. The results of this research suggested several implications for the public policy.
Development of Self-efficacy Enhancement Program for the Adolescent
Cho, Hea-Joung ; Lee, Jung-Yeon ; Lee, Chang-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 3, 2004, Pages 345~359
Self-efficacy is an important variable determining adolescents' behavior. This study was designed to develope a program for improving teens' self-efficacy. The goal of this program was as follows: (1) to improve self-efficacy by enlarge self-knowledge through in- depth search of one's own inner world, (2) to correct one's inferiority impeding one's inner growth, (3) to improve self-efficacy in family relationship, peer relationship, and academic achievement areas. This program consisted of total 6 sessions, supplemented with interpersonal relationships regarding positive family functioning and the impact of peer groups which were found out in recent researches. Specific strategies such as verbal persuasion, mastery experience, vicarious experience and affective arousal were used.
A Study on the Maternal Parenting Stress and the Children's Self Esteem
Choi, Jung-Mi ; Woo, Hee-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 3, 2004, Pages 361~369
The purpose of this research was to delineate the effect of parenting stress of the children's self-esteem. Such variables as the mother's age, her education level and maternal parenting stress were chosen for the analysis. The sample subjects were 659 pairs of fifth/sixth grade of elementary school and first/second grade of middle school and their mothers. The major findings of the research were as follows : First, the children's self-esteem was significantly different to mother's education level but the children's self-esteem not significantly different to mother's age. Second, parenting stress related to temperament, relationship and learning expectation was significantly different to children's self-esteem. Third, the result of stepwise multiple regression analysis on the effects of the maternal variables(mother's age, her education level, parenting stress) to the children's self-esteem indicated that maternal parenting stress related to temperament, relationship and mother education level were the significant contributing factors.
The Self-esteem according to Friendships Characteristics of Elementary and Middle School Girls
Kim, Mi-Ran ; Choi, Jung-Mi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 3, 2004, Pages 371~380
This study investigated about tendency of friendships characteristics and self-esteem of elementary and middle school girls, especially how they differ with respect to grades and how self-esteem differ in terms of friendships characteristics of elementary and middle school girls. The results of this study were as follows: First, regarding general tendencies of friendships and of self-esteem, this study showed that most adolescents had best friends, close friends and a group of friends. Also, almost all had more than three close friends, hung around with a group of friends consisting of 5 to 8 young people, interacted with friends more than once a week. Most adolescents perceived 'social acceptance' as most important, followed by general self-worth, conduct behavioral, cognitive ability, physical appearance and the physical ability. Second, this study showed that there were significant differences in terms of general characteristics and self-esteem based on grade. Third, this study showed there were significant differences in the level of self-esteem according to whether the adolescents had best friends, how many close friends they had, how many had a group of friends, and how frequently they interacted with friends.
Maternal Child Rearing Behavior, Sibling Relationship and Children's Social Adjustment in Group Home and Original Home
Cho, Song-Yon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 3, 2004, Pages 381~391
The purpose of this study was to investigate the maternal child rearing behavior, sibling relationship, and children's social adjustment in group home and original home. Subjects of this study were 159 mothers and their children in Seoul and Gyounggi-do. Mothers responded to 'Korean Maternal Behavior Inventory', 'Sibling Relationship Questionnaire' and 'Social Maturity Scale'. The collected data were analyzed by ANCOVA, Pearson's partial correlation, factor analysis, and Cronbach's
for internal consistency by SPSS PC program(10.0 version). The results were as follows; first, there was a significant difference in maternal rearing behavior between group home and original home. Original home mothers showed higher scores in reasoning guidance, affect, authoritarian control, achievement, overprotection, active involvement, and limit setting. Second, there was a significant difference in sibling relationship among two different homes. Sibling relationship in original home was more worm, intimate, and competitive. Third, there was no significant difference in social adjustment in those homes. Finally, there were different correlations among those homes. In original home, there were significant correlations between maternal rearing behavior and children's social adjustment, but there were no significant correlations between those variables.
Facts and Needs of Comprehensive Child Edu-care Services in Daejeon
Choi, Mock-Wha ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 3, 2004, Pages 393~405
The purpose of this study was to provide the basic data needed for developing comprehensive child edu-care programs that fits the regional needs. Subjects of the survey were the teachers of child edu-care centers in Daejeon. 95 teachers were selected from 20 child edu-care centers, using stratified random sampling method, from all of five municipal districts of the city. Gathered data were analyzed using SPSS 10.0 for reliability, factor analysis, frequency and percentile, mean, standard deviation, paired samples t-test and F-test. The summary of the findings were as follows: First, the result of survey on the child edu-care facts showed that the most child edu-care centers had the focus on caring and education programs of children, while emotional supports for family services and community social services were rather secondary importance. Therefore, to achieve the comprehensive service programs, child edu-care services should be harmonized by the education and welfare approaches. Second, centered around teacher's request, comprehensive child edu-care program that fits the regional characteristics focuses on family service; thus the program requires family group consulting, parents education etc., as well as focusing on community service to utilize local community's human, physical resources and to strengthen the tie between local community and child care services.
The Effect of Kindergarten's Factors on Athletic Movement Ability in
Years Old Children
Oh, Yeon-Joo ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 3, 2004, Pages 407~415
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of kindergarten's factors on athletic movement ability in early childhood. The factors included teacher's perception of athletic movement, length of time for physical activity, and number of athletic facilities in the kindergarten. The subjects consisted of 551 children aged from four to five years in 8 private kindergartens. The instruments used for this study were the obstacle course of Project Spectrum for measuring athletic movement ability, and the questionnaire to investigate the teacher's perception, length of time for physical activity, and number of athletic facilities in the kindergarten. The data from all the tests were analyzed by correlation and regression analyses. The results of this study exhibited that the length of time for physical activity was the most important factor among three factors, and the teachers' perception of athletic movement and the number of athletic facilities in the kindergarten were also deciding factors for the children's athletic movement ability.
Consumers' Non-Ethics Behaviors Depending on their Demographic Characteristics
Kim, Jung-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 3, 2004, Pages 417~423
The purpose of this study was to compare the consumers' ethics depending on consumers' characteristics. From the exploratory factor analysis, consumers' ethics were composed of four sub-factors such as actively benefiting from non-ethic behavior, actively benefiting from illegal behavior, benefiting from passively illegal behavior, and benefiting from others' costs. As results of this study, followings were found: 1) non-city residents, females, and 20's aged group tended to be more non-ethical rather than city residents, males and other aged group, respectively. 2) Group of middle school education tended to behave actively illegal compared with that of the graduate school education. 3) Religious values influenced on consumers' ethics. 4) While the lower income group tended to be actively benefiting more from non-ethic behaviors, the upper income group from actively illegal ones.
A Baseline Study on Housewife-Consumer Education in the Information Society
Kim, Seon-Mi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 3, 2004, Pages 425~440
This study was conducted to provide a foundation for housewife-consumer education programs appropriate in the information society. For this purpose, the authors reviewed existing literature, analysed consumer counseling cases, and conducted focus group interviews. The need for housewife-consumer education was illustrated, and desirable educational contents and methods were proposed. The existing housewife-consumer education programs did not work effectively because the contents were too general, and mostly structured with non-interactive one-way lectures. More effective programs should be designed to accomodate the educational purpose and contents which fitted with the specific needs of housewives as the representatives of the family consumer units. It should also take the family life cycle stages into consideration. The education programs would work better when they were oriented more toward actively participating, locally-based spontaneous small-groups.
Economic well-being and life satisfaction by the comparison of couple's income
Huh, Kyung-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 3, 2004, Pages 441~451
This study categorized the households into four by the comparison of wives' and husbands' earned income, such as one with higher wives' income than husbands' in dual-earner households, with higher wives' income than husbands' in household with unemployed husbands, with lower wives' income than husbands' in dual-earner households, and with lower wives' income than husbands' in household with unemployed wives. This study compared and analyzed the objective and subjective economic well-being, and overall satisfaction of life in those households. Major results are below. First, the amount of expenditures, saving, debt were low in one-earner household with employed husbands, but average propensity to expenditure was high in those households. The amount of saving was low in one-earner households with unemployed husbands, but the average propensity to expenditure and debt were high, resulting in the low status of economic well-being. The amount of saving and monetary assets were high, but average propensity to expenditure and debt were low in households in which wives had higher income than husbands, resulting in the high status of economic well-being. Second, husbands' satisfaction for the level of family income was not different among four groups of households. Wives's satisfaction for those was the lowest when wives' income was higher than husbands', but the highest in households with unemployed wives. Wives' and husbands' expectations for the future economic well-being of the households were negative in households with unemployed husbands. On the other hand, the level of satisfaction of wives and husbands for their life was not different among four groups of households. Finally, four groups of households were discriminated by age of husbands, number of children, debt, and wives' expectation for the future economic well-being.
A Study of Marketing Strategies as a Customer Segmentation in Domestic Bank
Bae, Mi-Kyeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 3, 2004, Pages 453~466
This study reviewed the marketing strategies of domestic banks and introduced the theoretical framework of CRM model. The market segmentation for consumers in several domestic banks was compared and whether those informations were useful for consumers to evaluate the banks fit to their needs and for bank managers to promote their marketing strategies were also analyzed. The results of study showed that the domestic banks seemed to be apparently different in consumer services. This study showed that their private strategies must be somewhat different and it was important to search and keep those VIP's who contributed to their business. It was recommended to build the PB(private banking) center to counsel those VIP's and to analyze customers' characteristics.
A Study on the Sewing Construction of a Girl's Double Robe - Focusing on the Double Robe of Princess Chungyun (1752-l821) in tate Chosun Dynasty
Im, Seng-Im ; Ryu, Bo-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 3, 2004, Pages 467~475
The purpose of this study was to examine the sewing construction of a double robe, the difference between the single and double robe, and the size and construction method of the double robe through a close analysis of a replica to facilitate a better understanding of the robe making in late Chosun dynasty. The results were as follows: 1. There was no significant difference in the design and sewing method between the girl's robe and an adult's even though the girl's robe was much smaller. 2. The girl's robe differed from its modern counterparts in some respects: unlike modem robes, Chungyun's robe consisted of two-layers in which the four layers were sewn together and it could be seen most clearly in the way the collar was stitched only onto the outer layer. The two layers seemed to be put on successively since they were not sewn together. The inner collars of the two robes were sewn together when the maker put on a coat string to the outer robe, and the two robes were put together with hemming and blind stitch at the top of the outer collars to make the robe formally stable, which clearly distinguished the princess' robe from a single, for example, four-layered robe. The robe was constructed using traditional sewing methods including broad stitch, back stitch, hemming, and blind stitch, and each stitch was only about 1 mm wide. 3. The maker of the robe managed to construct a formally stable and aesthetically satisfactory robe with the least amount of fabric and proper sewing methods.
Looking at 'Well-Being' in Terms d Lifestyle: Healthy or Trendy?
Lee, Mee-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 3, 2004, Pages 477~484
This paper is an attempt to discuss theoretical and empirical issues embedded in a rapidly dispersing well-being lifestyle in Korea. Increase of people's interests in health and well-being reflects the fact that Korea has been developed socially and economically to the level for common people to pursue the quality of life beyond survival or basic standards of life. The term, well-being life style, was first constructed and has been dispersed through mass media. Media contributes to popularize health issues and to deliver the importance of lifestyle for health promotion to the general public. Well-being lifestyle, initiated by media and joined with commercialism, however, reveal certain negative sides as well. Health or healthy lifestyle in Western societies has been rooted theoretically in the change of health paradigm and the political emphasis on the lifestyle for health promotion in policy implications. Well-being lifestyle in Korea, in lack of theoretical and institutional foundations, is being substantially formed into distorted consumerism. Based on the sociological theories of stratification, it might be necessary to discuss the well-being consumerism in respect of tension among people with different consuming power and the destruction of solid market principles. Considering well-being consumerism as a risk factor to societal well-being, it is also necessary to examine conflicting or misleading information about well-being and to explore the scientific knowledge and principles. All these discussions and examination need to be done with interdisciplinary efforts. Especially, tasks for developing application principles for everyday life are on hands of researchers in living sciences.