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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Dec 2004
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Oct 2004
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Aug 2004
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jun 2004
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2004
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
Selecting the target year
The Stress, Coping, and Life Satisfaction Perceived by Mothers with Disabled Children
Park, Hye-Jin ; Park, Kyung-Rhan ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 625~636
The purpose of this study is to examine the types of the stress and coping behaviors perceived by mothers of children with disabilities, and to investigate factors affecting their life satisfaction. For this study, we surveyed 239 mothers living in the city. The results are as follows: First, we can categorize the stress into parental stress, economic stress, child developmental stress, physical stress, and emotional stress. Second, we can classify the coping behaviors into active efforts, avoidance, and emotional diversion. Lastly, life satisfaction of mothers of children with disabilities tends to depend on such factors as emotional stress, husband's support, parental stress, emotional diversion coping, economic stress, school- children, and their education.
The influence of parental strain on the marital adjustment of employed mothers after transition to the parenthood and the buffering effect of social support
Koh, Seon-Ju ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 637~646
The purpose of this study is to examine the relation between parental strain and marital adjustment of employed mothers after their transition to the parenthood, and to investigate buffering effect of social support on the relation. The parental strain variables (physical strain and emotional strain) appear to be significant predictors of marital adjustment for employed mothers with first baby. The analysis on interaction effect indicates that social support can be a positive buffering indicator. A comparison reveals that mothers with high physical strain have significantly higher marital adjustment than those with low strain. But in the context of high social support, the difference of marital adjustment between the two mothers is reduced.
Mother's Occupational Background, Role Satisfaction, and Young Children's Social Competence
Kim, Hoe-Jin ; Chong, Young-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 647~658
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between mother's occupational background, their role satisfaction, and their young children's social competence. The subjects of this study were 360 working mothers having 3 to 6-year-old children and 56 teachers of the children drawn from 8 preschools and 7 kindergartens in Cheongju city. The results obtained from this study were summarized as follows : First, mother's occupational background was significantly different according to mother's age, educational level, job type, mother's income, family finances and the existence of a supporter for bringing up children. Second, mother's role satisfaction was significantly different according to mother's income and the existence of a supporter for bringing up children. Third, children's social competence was significantly different according to children's sex, age, mother's age, educational level, job type, mother's income and family finances. Finally, there were significantly meaningful correlations between mother's occupational background, their role satisfaction, and their young children's social competence.
The Individual Variables, Family and School Environmental Variables That Affect Victimization by Peer Aggression among Adolescents
Lee, Young-Sun ; Lee, Kyung-Nim ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 659~672
This study examines different individual, family, and school environmental variables that affect victimization by peer aggression among adolescents. The sample consists of 868 seventh and eighth graders. Statistics and method for data analysis include Cronbach's alpha, percentage, means, standard deviation, Pearson correlation, multiple regression, and hierarchical regression. The major findings of this study are as follows: First, adolescents, both withdrawn and aggressive, have lower achievement in school work. Boys experience more direct victimization by peer aggression. Adolescents, especially boys, often experience indirect victimization by peer aggression, when they become withdrawn, own lower self-esteem, and have lower achievement in school work. Second, adolescents have more direct victimization by peer aggression when their parents are negligent of them. Also, adolescents seem exposed to indirect victimization by peer aggression when they receive more physical and emotional abuse and negligence from their parents. Third, adolescents experience more victimization by peer aggression-whether it's direct or indirect, when they cannot get adjusted to peer relations and get teachers' supervision. Fourth, as to direct victimization by peer aggression, withdrawal, one of the individual variables, is the most reliable prediction followed by gender, negligence, adaptability in peer relations, aggression, and teacher's supervision in sequence. For indirect victimization by peer aggression, withdrawal is the most reliable prediction followed by adaptability in peer relations, gender, physical and emotional abuse, and negligence in sequence.
A Study on the Grandparents' Role in Their Relationship with Grandchildren in Adolescent
Lee, Yeong-Sug ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 673~681
The purpose of this study is to examine grandparents' role to their grandchildren, the role type, and the variables that influence the role. For this purpose, data were collected from 542 grandparents through questionnaire. The main findings are as follows: 1. The most frequent role activity that grandparents perform include 'advising their grandchildren to be successful,' 'encouraging them to study hard,' 'having them help housework,' and 'teaching them how to behave', whereas the least one is 'to teach things such as cooking, paduk, and chess.' 2. Supporting role, educating role and raising role are three types of grandparents' role activity to their grandchildren. 3. One of the significant variables affecting their role level is living arrangement of grandparents. In addition, age, economic level, and educational level are partially effective variables in grandparents' role, along with whether they work or not, how often they meet their grandchildren, and how old their grandchildren are. However, it is not among significant variables whether they are healthy, or whether they are paternal or maternal.
Children's Perception of Interparental Conflict, Child abuse, and Children's Depression
Kim, Jeong-Ran ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 683~690
This study was designed to investigate the relationship among perceptions of interparental conflict, child abuse, and children's depression. The subjects for this study include 964 children who live in Gwangju city and Jeonnam area. The results of this study are as follows: First, conflict characteristics have a significant influence on child abuse. Second, conflict characteristics and child abuse significantly influence the appraisals of self-blame and threat. Third, conflict characteristics indirectly affect the children's depression. Child abuse and appraisals of self-blame and threat have a direct influence on the children's depression. Lastly, child abuse and appraisals of self-blame and threat mediate the association between interparental conflict characteristics and children's depression.
The Influence of Family Functioning on the Exposure of Domestic Violence in Children
Kim, Kyeong-Shin ; Kim, Jeong-Ran ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 691~699
The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between family functioning and family violence. The SPSS 10.0 for Windows was used to analyze data obtained through 1,044 children who live in Gwangju Chonnam area. Major findings are as follows: 1. Wife abuse and child abuse showed significant difference according to family cohesion, family flexibility, and family-system types. 2. In family violence non-experience group, 'balanced family' was found in 36.2% of the sample and 'extreme family' in 7.8%. In family violence experience group, 'balanced family' was found in 12.7% of the sample and 'extreme family' in 15.4%. 3. There were significant negative correlations between family functioning and family violence. Family cohesion and family flexibility had significant negative correlation with wife abuse and child abuse.
College student's beliefs about support for old parents according to familism and their child-rearing experience
Kim, Young-Joo ; Kong, In-Suk ; Lee, Ju-Lie ; Min, Ha-Young ; Lee, Jum-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 701~709
A cultural model can change as times go by within one ethnic group. For example, a strong familism has existed for a long time throughout a history of Korea, but it is, just like most social values, now in the midst of a rapid change. Accordingly, Koreans' belief about family values and responsibility for supporting their old parents are changing, too. Especially, supporting parents was one of the highly-estimated traditional values, but it seems to no longer exist. However, one's own rearing experience might be a moderator of association of his or her familism with the ebbing value. Therefore, we aim to address the following research question: What is the relations among college student's familism, their own rearing experiences, and their beliefs about supporting old parents. A total of 155 college students participated in this study. Data were analyzed by SPSS. T-test and ANOVA were used for data analysis. The findings are that college students' beliefs in supporting parents are significantly influenced by their familism and rearing experiences: Those with a strong familism and warm rearing experience have solid beliefs in supporting parents.
Psychological well being of children with working mother's depending on the type of after school care and parental attitude
Oh, Sun-Young ; Choi, Jung-Mi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 711~721
This study is about the influences of the type of after school care and the degree of mothers' affection and monitoring toward their children on the psychological well being of children with working mother. For this research 437 children attending an elementary school with working parent were chosen. The major finding were as follows: First, the results of the findings on whether there were differences in the psychological well being of these children depending on the form of after school care showed that there were significant differences between loneliness and self-perceives competence felt by children. Second, the results of the findings on whether there were differences in the psychological well being of these children depending on the mother's affection and monitoring showed that there were significant differences between loneliness and self-perceives competence felt by children. Third, Multiple regression analysis shows, no matter what type of care a child gets, a mother's affection is the most effective variable which influence toward a child's psychological well being.
An Ethnographic Case Study on Full-Time Housewives' Strategies for Identity
Kim, Seon-Mi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 723~739
This study examines how full-time housewives manage family resources, make decisions, handle pressures, and negotiate the constraints of everyday life in a society that places unrealistic expectations upon them. We approached housewives with an assumption that they are individuals who think, strategize, and solve problems. We also imagined that they are capable of speaking for themselves and making choices under situational and personal limits. Eleven full-time housewives were interviewed on how they experience their marriage, child (or children), family, and society. Their narratives were then analyzed to sort out the strategies the women employ to maintain their identities. The narratives demonstrate the women's will and agency as they work to resolve the contradictions from their daily life, and reveal individual differences in their midst, despite the fact that they had been often considered homogeneous.
The status of parents' education and their perception for young children's safety
Hong, Myoung-Hee ; Chong, Young-Sook ; Jang, Hye-Ja ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 741~749
The purpose of this study was parents' perception on young children's safety life, safety accident, and safety education and provided basic data of administrating parent education for young children's safety. Subjects of this study were 620 parents (310 fathers and 310 mothers) of young children attending at four public kindergartens and two day care centers located in C city and D county. The results of the study were as follows: First, regarding parents' perception on young children's safety life, parents thought that their perception and attitude would mostly affect young children' safety life. Second, with regard to parents' perception on safety accident, half of parents experienced such safety accident as accident during play, traffic accident, accident in dangerous places, accident from dangerous matters, accident in sport activities, fire, and electric shock. Third, most parents looked upon safety education as very important one, and fathers were more satisfied with the safety education administered by kindergartens. Fourth, with regard to parents' perception on parent education for young children's safety, most parents thought that parent education for safety would be necessary. They ranked traffic and play accidents as the most important contents of safety education.
A study on the present status and development direction of after-school facilities in Cheonan
Kim, Sun-Ae ; Roh, Hyouk ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 751~763
This study aims to identify children's after-school facilities in Cheonan, to evaluate their programs, and to further suggest desirable directions of those programs. During this study, we found that the facilities in Cheonan are much less in numbers and no better than we expected. Especially, it is shown that most of the study rooms there are evaluated as relatively the worst facilities in terms of space organization, health care and safety, daily schedule and management, and program evaluation process. In conclusion, this study proposes that such facilities should be greatly expanded and improved in the program development as well as in the working environment. We also propose to newly establish a regional center which supports and certifies educational programs of each after-school facility.
Cross-Cultural Comparison of Materialism and Hedonic & Utilitarian Shopping Value : Using Korean, American, and Japanese College Students
Seo, Jeong-Hee ; Huh, Eun-Jeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 765~776
The objectives of this study are to compare the levels of materialism with hedonic-utilitarian shopping values among 645 college students in Ulsan and Seoul, Korea; Columbus, Ohio, USA; and Nagasaki, Japan, and to analyze the impact of materialism on hedonic-utilitarian shopping values. As for the levels of hedonic shopping values, the students in Japan and Ulsan had the highest of all, whereas for the levels of utilitarian shopping values, those in Ulsan had the highest. For the levels of materialism, the students in Ulsan had the highest of all and those in Seoul had the lowest. And three scales in the materialism had a different influence on hedonic-utilitarian shopping values.
A survey on the reason for low acceptability and proposal for its improvement for protective clothing in pesticide applicators
You, Kyung-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 777~785
We intend to analyze reasons for low acceptability of protective clothing in pesticide-spraying farmers in Korea, and to use the information for designing new clothing with better acceptability. To understand the attitude of farmers toward wearing protective clothing during spray, a survey was performed on 256 farmers. It is evident that the stress, which is caused by inadequate body temperature regulation, and its accompanying physiological responses are two of the leading factors for the low acceptability of protective clothing. Although the cost of clothing is not an important factor currently, low cost clothing is desirable in the future. Fancy of design is unimportant for new clothing. The results are discussed in conjunction with a desirable research focus for new types of protective clothing. Efforts should be made to ameliorate thermal stress through protective material development and garment design.
The Comparison of Fabric Images between On-line and Off-line by Fabric Types and Characteristics
Kim, Hee-Sook ; Cho, Shin-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 787~798
This research was designed to compare clothing fabric images between on- and off-line by fabric types and its characteristics. 125 subjects who have a fashion design major evaluated the fabric image of various 16 kinds of specimens on- and off-line. Frequency, x2-test, t-test, and Pearson correlation were used for statistical analysis by SPSS WIN 11.0. The results of this study are as follows: 1. The advantage of on-line shopping includes low price and purchasing convenience, etc. On-line shoppers mostly purchase clothing items, such as T-shirt and slacks. In most cases, texture of fabrics provides a main cause for the shoppers' discontentment with internet shopping. 2. The results of t-test for the difference of the evaluation score show that plain or pile weave and highly thick or thin fabrics-for example, Organdy, Corduroy, Nylon Taffeta, Plush, etc.-have a large difference between on-and off-line image. On the other hand, medium-thick twill weave-for example, Tweed, Flannel, etc.-or patterned weave-Chiffon, Dobby fabric, etc.-shows a small difference. 3. The results of correlation of the evaluation score indicate that wool twill fabrics like Tweed, Saxony, and Polafleece show a high correlation between two kinds of evaluation score. In texture preference, no correlation exists between on-line and off-line. 4. With an analysis on fabric image evaluation by fabric characteristics, smooth, shiny pink Satin was found the most positively-evaluated item in all evaluation fields except in pattern preference and individuality. On the other hand, thick olive green Corduroy was evaluated most negatively in the fields of elegance, luxury, and feminine. 5. When compared with real ones, thin fabrics provide a different on-line fabric image. For example, Nylon Taffeta and Organdy were evaluated positively on-line because of luster and pastel tone color. However, lusterless uneven cotton Seersucker was evaluated negatively. 6. Real fabrics preference is more negative than on-line ones. In addition, patterned or unique fabrics display a high agreement between the two kinds of images.
A Study on the Costume of Geometric Pattan in Edo Period
Park, Kyoung-Mee ; Park, Ok-Ryun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 799~809
Our study found that the types and forms of patterns of Japan, although they are similar to those of Korea and China, hold their own distinctive aesthetic awareness. They were made so, because the Japanese had not simply copied the patterns from other countries and also had changed them in various ways for ages. Especially, geometric patterns were widely used on some types of kimono costumes and belts in Edo period. One of the most widely used patterns was called Suk Chup Mun, and Tatewaku pattern was another. The San Gil Mun and Chil Bo Mun pattern was least used. In the patterns combination, that of animal and plant patterns was general. A single geometric pattern was not used, but if any, it was in Sima patterns and latticed patterns. On the other hand, the combination of geometric and plant patterns was more frequently used as composite patterns than any other pattern, such as geometric pattern with home tools, or one with animal patterns or nature patterns. The geometric patterns that had appeared in Edo period were combined in paintings along with animal and home tools patterns, so it could become a representative pattern of the age.
Orientalism showed in Korean modern fashion
Lee, Eun-Young ; Park, Ha-Na ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 811~819
The purpose of this study is to examine orientalism in Korean modem fashion by Korean fashion designers. Orientalism in fashion has been widely known to people by the efforts of many researchers, but that in Korean fashion wasn't. We thus study the aesthetic meaning of Korean orientalism, and extend it to oriental fashion as well as meaning of modem orientalism shown in Korean fashion. For this study, we categorized the orientalism in Korean fashion as follows: 1) mix orientalism; 2) natural beauty with non technical skill; 3) humorous beauty; 4) color beauty.
Characteristics of Residential Buildings designated as Korean National Treasures
An, Ok-Hee ; Park, Jin-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 13, issue 5, 2004, Pages 821~831