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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 14, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
Development of a maternal beliefs scale on preschool children's education
Song, Myung-Sook ; Ok, Sun-Wha ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 1~13
This study has a purpose of developing a scale to evaluate maternal beliefs on preschool children's education. The subjects were 307 mothers of preschool children in Gwang-ju. The methods for data analyses included a factor analysis for construct validity, Pearson correlations between beliefs and learning-related activities for construct validity, and Cronbach's a for reliability. 4 factors were found, through literature review, in parental beliefs: passive learning, active learning, instruction, and expectation for academic-related skills acquisition. Factor analysis revealed that the 4-factor solution is the best fit. Correlations between beliefs and learning-related activities were statistically significant. Cronbach's a ranged from .65 to .87 for 4 sub-scales. It was concluded that the maternal beliefs scale is acceptable for use.
Relationships between Emotional Competence and Social Adjustment among Korean Children and Adolescents
Park, Young-Yae ; Kim, Kyoung-Eun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 15~25
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between emotional competence and social adjustment among Korean children and adolescents. The subjects of this study were 380 children between fifth and sixth grade ages and 579 middle school students. Their emotional competence was assessed by 'Korean Emotional Competence Scale (Kim et al., 2004),' and also their social adjustment by 'Social Adjustment Scale (Lee, 1994).' The data were analyzed by ANOVA, the Pearson's Correlation, and Regression, using SPSS. The results of this study are as follows: (1) Children's and adolescents' emotional competence and social adjustment had a meaningful difference according to SES, gender, and grade. (2) There was a significant, positive relationship between their emotional competence and social adjustment. Their social adjustment was related more strongly to factors, such as Self-expressiveness, Assertion, and Positive thinking, and also their emotional competence more to Self-adjustment and Emotional adjustment. (4) Social adjustment of children and adolescents was predicted best by Self-expressiveness and Assertion, Positive Thinking, Awareness and Understanding of Emotion, and Consideration factors of emotional competence.
Relationships between Emotional Competence and Social Anxiety among Korean Children and Adolescents
Park, Young-Yae ; Kim, Lee-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 27~34
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between emotional competence and social anxiety among Korean children and adolescents. The subjects of this study were 385 children between fifth and sixth grade ages and 579 middle school students. Their emotional competence was assessed by 'Korean Emotional Competence scale (Kim et al., 2004),' and also their social adjustment was assessed by 'Social Anxiety Scale (Moon & Oh, 2002).' The data were analyzed by ANOVA, the Pearson's correlation, and regression, using SPSS. The results of this study are as follows: (1) Children's and adolescents' emotional competence and social anxiety were relatively high. (2) Their emotional competence had a meaningful difference according to SES, gender, and birth order. (3) Their social anxiety had a meaningful difference according to SES, gender, and birth order. (4) There was a significant relationship between their emotional competence and social anxiety. (5) A regression analysis result of children's and adolescents' social anxiety showed that approximately 11.3% variance could be explained by four emotional competence variables: 'self-expressiveness and assertion,' 'awareness and understanding of emotion,' 'positive acceptance,' and 'collective consciousness.'
Children's Parent-related Stress, Social Support and School Adjustment according to Self-esteem of Children with Handicap & Nonhandicap Parents
Kim, Ki-Ye ; Lee, So-Eun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 35~46
This study investigates the differences in parent-related stress, social support, and school adjustment according to self-esteem of children with disabled and non-disabled parents. The data were collected from 176 students between 4th and 6th grade in Chungbuk area. For a data analysis, mean, frequency, percent, three-way ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation were used. The results show that children's perceived parent-related stress, social support, and school adjustment are varied according to their self-esteem. Those with higher self-esteem were found to have tusker perception level in social support and school adjustment. On the contrary, they were found to have lower level in parent-related stress. The findings indicate further that girls have a closer relationship with their teachers than boys and that children with disabled parents have a closer relationship with their teachers than those with non-disabled parents. However, as opposed to prediction, parental disability itself caused no difference in the level of parent-related stress.
Analysis of Research in the Korean Journals of Play therapy
Park, Soo-Young ; Lee, Jae-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 47~57
We conducted a content analysis of the researches published for a 7-year period (1997-2003) in the Korean Journal of Play Therapy (Korean Association for Play Therapy) and The Journal of Play Therapy (Korean Association of Psychological Rehabilitation for Children). Specifically, we analyzed a total of 156 articles for research contents, instruments, subjects, statistical analytic methods, and references. The results of the study are as follows: First, the principal areas of research activity and publication were specific theoretical review, personality, and adjustment research. Most outcomes, processes, and outcome researches were conducted in a form of case study. Second, typical samples contained 4 to 6 year old children or elementary schoolers. A lot of them were counseling center clients or normally adapted children. Third, 37% of the articles used ANOVA-related statistical analytic methods, and 35% of them used descriptive statistical analytic methods. Lastly, many articles averagely cited foreign references written 11 years prior to domestic references.
The Relationship between 3- and 5-year-old children' private speech and their mothers' scaffolding
Park, Young-Soon ; Yoo, An-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 59~68
The purposes of this study were to investigate the relationship between children's private speech during the individual session and maternal scaffolding during mother-child session. Subjects were twenty 3-year-old children and twenty 5-year-old children and their mothers recruited from day-care centers in Seoul. Mother-child interaction was videotaped for 15 minutes and maternal utterances were transcribed for analysis maternal scaffolding. Individual session of child after 3-5days was videotaped for 15 minutes and children's utterance was transcribed. Subcategories of maternal scaffolding were significantly related with children's private speech during individual session. There did appear to be an age difference in this relationship. In verbal strategy for scaffolding that 3-year-old's mother used, other-regulation and control, praise strategy was significantly related with children's private speech. In verbal strategy for scaffolding that 5-year-old's mother used, other-regulation and control, teaching strategy was significantly related with children's private speech. In maternal physical control strategy, withdrawal of mother physical control the maze task over time was significantly related with children's private speech. Withdrawal of mother physical control 5-year-old's physical performance was significantly related with children's private speech.
Child Care Teacher's Job Satisfaction and Burnout
Cho, Song-Yon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 69~79
The purpose of this study is to investigate child rare teachers' job satisfaction in relation to their burnout and differences in their job satisfaction by demographic variables. Subjects of this study were 285 child care teachers in Chungnam province. They responded to 'Teachers' Work Satisfaction Scale' and 'Teachers' Burnout Scale.' The collected data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA, Pearson's partial correlation, stepwise multiple regression,
test for post hoc test, and Cronbach's a for reliability with SPSS PC program(10.0 version). The results are as follows: First, total job satisfaction was high in teachers with high school diploma and those married. Also, burnout level was high in teachers with high school diploma, those with more than 5 year, those married, and those over 40 years old. Second, the partial correlation coefficient of teachers' job satisfaction in relation to their burnout was -.52. Finally, teachers' burnout and demographic variables explained approximately 31% for total score of job satisfaction and
for subscales of it.
The determinants of consumers' pro-environmental behavior in the stage of purchase, usage, and disposal
Huh, Kyung-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 81~94
With an analysis of recent, nationwide data, this study figured out the level of consumers' pro-environmental behavior and investigated tile behavioral determinants in the hight of purchase, use, and disposal of pro-environmental goods. The major results are as below: Married consumers or consumers in their 40s were more likely to purchase pro-environmental goods. Consumers with high income-for example, over 3 million won per month-were less likely to purchase such goods. Married women or 40s/50s consumers tended not to buy used goods. Males than females, non-married than married, employed than unemployed had a higher pro-environmental behavior in the use stage. Furthermore, in the disposal stage, male than female, married than non-married, young than old, and consumers with low income than high income showed more active pro-environmental behavior. The purchasing behavior of pro-environmental goods was supported by both perspectives of rational behavior and social behavior. On tile other hand, the purchasing behavior of used goods was supported only by rational behavior perspective. It is also revealed that personal value perspective, along with the above two, influences the pro-environmental behavior in the stage of use and disposal. Overall, a high level of pro-environmental behavior was detected in such consumers as rational, public rule-abiding in favor of environmental policy, and also in consumers with strong family values or those with less materialistic value.
Money management behaviors of college students according to credit card usage
Kim, Hyo-Chung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 95~105
This study examined the factors affecting college students' money management behaviors according to credit card usage. The data were collected from 481 college students in Busan and Gyeongnam areas by a self-administered questionnaire. Frequencies, Cronbach's Alpha, factor analyses, t-test, Pearson's correlation analysis, and regression analyses were conducted by SPSS WINDOWS. The results from this study were as follows. First, there were significant differences between credit card usage group and non-usage group in the means for future preparation, stingy attitude, and planned expenditure. However, there was no significant difference in the mean of money management behaviors. Second, for the credit card usage group, the significant variables affecting money management behaviors included sex, grade, experience of consumer education, father's occupation, monthly household income, future preparation, stingy attitude, methods of emotional change, planned expenditure, and negative recognition. On the other hand, for the non-usage group, grade, experience of consumer education, father's occupation, way of success, future preparation, stingy attitude, planned expenditure, and conditional permission were significant. These results imply that financial management education including values about money and consumption patterns should be conducted.
Development of Clothing Size and Grading Increments Chart for Women in Middle Age
Sohn, Boo-Hyun ; Hong, Kyung-Hi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 107~117
The purpose of this study is to develop the size and grading increments chart for the middle-aged obese women compared with normal women in middle age. Seven hundred and thirty three women's data from the 4th National Korean Size Survey for Standardization (1997) were analyzed. It was found that size increment of bust and hip girth of obese women was different from that of ordinary middle-aged women. The rate of coverage for a certain set of size specification and the grading increment value for the clothing of Korean obese women in middle aged group were also suggested. The relative percentage value of grading rule based on the change in bust girth increment of Korean obese women was quite different from that of American women. In conclusion, it was noted that the characteristics of the body size specification of obese women was quite different from those of the corresponding age group, so that the separated size specification and grading rule are needed to be used in the manufacturing process of obese women's clothing.
The Effect of Need on Aesthetic Surgery Attitude and Clothing Attitude of Adolescents
Jeon, Kyoung-Ran ; Lee, Eun-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 119~132
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of adolescents' need on their attitudes to aesthetic surgery and clothing. Subjects were 627 middle and high school students. In this statistical analysis, SPSS 10.0 for Windows Program was used to calculate percentage, mean, and standard deviation. Also, these data were verified by Factor analysis, t-test, One-way Anova, Duncan' multiple range, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and Multiple Regression Analysis. The results of this research were as follows: Adolescents with higher need for achievement showed negative attitudes toward the secret and risk of aesthetic surgery. On the other hand, those with higher need for dominance and exhibition were in favor of the surgery and willing to have it despite its high cost and risk. Individuality of clothing was directly affected by need for achievement and dominance. Adolescents with higher need for achievement and dominance considered individuality as one of the most important factors. And sexual attractiveness of clothing had a positive correlation with both need for dominance and exhibition. Such a fact leaded that adolescents with higher need for dominance and exhibition considered sexual attractiveness as one of the most important factors, along with individuality. As a conclusion, adolescents' need play an important role in explaining the recently observed trends among adolescents in aesthetic surgery attitude and clothing attitude.
A Study on the Effect of Hand and Sensibility image on the Preference to Clothing textiles of College students -Focused on Skirt-
Kim, Hee-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 133~141
This research was designed to investigate the effect of a hand and a sensibility image on the preference to skirt textiles. 131 male and female college students were surveyed and 10 kinds of preferred fabrics were used each as a specimen for all 4 seasons. Factor analysis, t-test, Pearson's correlation, and regression were used for a statistical analysis by SPSS WIN 10.0. The results of this study are as follows: 1. In spring/fall season, 6 factors including 'elasticity/flexibility' were extracted as a hand factor, and 2 factors including 'modern elegance' were extracted as a sensibility factor in skirt textiles. 2. In summer season, 5 factors such as 'unevenness/stiffness' were extracted as a hand factor and 2 factors such as 'modern elegance romantic' as a sensibility image. 3. In winter season, 7 factors including 'elasticity' were extracted as a hand factor and 2 factors including 'modern elegance romantic' as a sensibility image. 4. Significant correlations existed between a hand and a sensibility image in spring/fall, summer, and winter. 5. A sensibility image was one of the important factors in the preference to skirt textiles in spring/fall, summer, and winter.
A Study on the Face Image to Shape Differences and Make up
Song, Mi-Young ; Park, Oak-Reon ; Lee, Young-Ju ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 143~153
The purpose of this research is to study face images according to the difference of facial shape and make-up. A variety of face images can be formulated by computer graphic simulation, combining numerously different facial shapes and make-up styles. In order to check out the diverse images by make-up styles, we applied five forms of eye brows, two types of eye shadows, and three lip shapes to the round-shaped face of a model. The question sheet, used with a operational stimulant in the experiment, contained 28 articles, composed of a pair of bi-ended adjective in 7 point scale. Data were analyzed using Varimax perpendicular rotation method, Duncan's Multiple Range Test, and Three-way ANOVA. After comparing various results of make-up application to various face types, we could find that facial shape, eye-brows, eye-shadow, and lip shapes influence interactively on total facial images. As a result of make-up image perception analyses, a factor structure was divided into mildness, modernness, elegance, and sociableness. Speaking of make-up image in terms of those factors, round form make-up style showed the highest level of mildness. Upward and straight style of make-up had the highest of modernness. Elegance level went highest when eye shadow style was round form and lip style was straight. Lastly, an incurve lip make-up style showed the highest of sociableness.
The Effects of Internet Apparel Store Attributes and Shopping Values on Consumer's Internet Apparel Purchasing Behavior
Lee, Mi-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 155~165
The purpose of this study is 1) to investigate the effects of Internet apparel store attributes, shopping values, Internet usage, and consumers' characteristics on consumers' Internet apparel purchasing behavior; and 2) to identify the influence of Internet apparel store attributes, Internet usage, and consumers' characteristics on the Internet apparel purchasing behavior of hedonic or utilitarian consumers. The data were collected via an online survey. A total of 4,254 Internet users participated in this survey. Only 589 out of the users' reponses were used as a sample for this research, because those users had previously experienced Internet apparel purchasing. Factor analysis revealed five dimensions of Internet apparel store attributes: site design/navigation, promotion programs, trust, product assortment/ information, and customer service. Based on the respondents' shopping value scores, we identified them as hedonic or utilitarian consumers. Through multiple regression analyses, site design/navigation and promotion programs among store attribute variables, hedonistic or utilitarian shopping values, the number of years on the Internet, income, and educational level were found to be significant predictors of Internet apparel shopping frequency. Among them, hedonistic shopping values were the best predictor of Internet apparel purchasing frequency. Based on the Internet apparel purchasers' shopping value, purchasers were divided into two groups. For hedonic Internet apparel shoppers, the number of years on the Internet, educational level, sex, age, and income were significant predictors of Internet apparel shopping behavior. On the other hand, promotion programs among store attribute variables was the only significant factor that affects utilitarian consumers' Internet apparel shopping behavior.
The study on the Shopping behavior according to fashion consciousness of Male Consumers
Kim, Ju-Hee ; Park, Ok-Lyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 167~178
The purpose of this study is to research male consumers' shopping behavior according to their fashion consciousness. For the purpose, the data collected were analyzed by factor analysis, one-way ANOVA, Duncan's multiple range test X2-test, and Pearson's correlation. The results of the study are as follows: 1. Male consumers' fashion consciousness were classified into 4 groups-Impulse Buying Consciousness Group, Brand Consciousness Group, Style Consciousness Group, and Fashion Indifference Group-by the following 6 factors: Impulse Buying Consciousness, Brand Consciousness, Style Consciousness, Trend Consciousness, Price Consciousness, Consumption Expenditure Consciousness. 2. There were significant differences existed among each group according to clothing purchase behavior, shopping orientation, and use of information sources. 3. There were a relationship among male consumers' fashion consciousness, their use of information sources, and their shopping behavior including clothing shopping orientation.
A Study on the Practice and Strategy of the Social Marketing in fashion Business
Kwon, Mi-Jeong ; Lee, Gye-Suk ; Lee, Soon-Deuk ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 179~192
The purpose of this study is to investigate into the practical cases of social marketing and to seek the practical strategy in fashion business. These practical cases were investigated through theses, professional books, fashion magazines, fashion newspapers, daily newspapers and web site, etc. The results of this study were as follows : 1. The social marketing by decision-making is able to practice and to set up a strategy in consumerism, humanism and environmentalism. 2. The social marketing by feedforward is able to practice and to set up a strategy in business strategy and product strategy. 3. The social marketing by administrative is able to practice and to set up a strategy in product development, price decision, distribution management and advertisement & promotion. 4. The social marketing by total system is able to practice and to set up a strategy in marketing planning and self-audits system.
A Study of Customer Satisfaction upon to the Service Quality in Restaurants
Jung, Kyoung-Ock ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 193~208
The purpose of this study is to find out not only customer demands and satisfaction with service quality in restaurants, but the difference between customer satisfaction and employee practice. This study also identifies the factors affecting customer satisfaction. For the purpose, 116 copies of a questionnaire for employees and 213 for customers were analyzed with frequency, percentile, mean, multiple regression analysis, T-test, one-way ANOVA, and Duncan's Multiple range test, using SPSS/WIN 10.0 program. The major findings obtained in this study are as follows: First, customer demands were affected mostly by educational level among socio-demographic variables. Second, customer demand for service quality was not fully being met, considering customer satisfaction level. Third, employee practice was generally above customer satisfaction. Fourth, One of the variables that chiefly affect customer satisfaction was demand for information and facilities.
Analysis of Organotin Compounds in Fish and Shellfish from Guryongpo Harbor
Kim, Mee-Ra ; Kim, Sung-Hong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 209~216
The concentrations of organotin compounds in fish and shellfish from Guryongpo harbor were analyzed. The concentrations of TBT, DBT and MBT in fish were in the range of
(average 28.65 ng/g),
(average 26.99 ng/g) and
(average 85.18 ng/g), respectively. The BT compound concentrations in intestine of fish were higher than those in muscle. Overall ranges of TBT, DBT and MBT concentrations in shellfish were
(average 50.94 ng/g),
(average 42.79 ng/g) and
(average 53.71 ng/g), respectively. The BT compound concentrations of shellfish were higher than those of fish. The concentrations of TPT and DPT in fish were
(average 2.33 ng/g) and
(average 0.15 ng/g), but MPT was not detected. The concentrations of TPT, DPT and MPT in shellfish were in the range of
(average 17.45 ng/g),
(average 3.91 ng/g) and
(average 0.25 ng/g), respectively. In addition, the MBT ratio was highest among BT compounds, but the TPT ratio was the highest among PT compounds. Taken together, the concentrations of organotin compounds in fish and shellfish from Guryongpo harbor was not higher than those from other harbors in Korea.
Microbial changes and physico-chemical properties of beef and pork loin with microwave treatment
Lee, Kyong-Ae ; Byoun, Kwang-Eui ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 217~221
In this study, the effect of microwave treatment on physico-chemical properties and microbial changes of beef and pork loin was investigated. Beef and pork were heated in microwave with an adjusted electric output at 500 W and operating frequency 2,450 MHz. The beef and pork samples were treated with microwave for 10 s or 20 s at 50% duty cycle. Drip losses and TBA values of beef and pork samples increased due to the microwave treatment. The samples became darker and more yellowish through microwaves, whereas their redness was unchanged. Microbial content of beef and pork samples declined as the treatment time increased. When pork samples were heated in a microwave oven, organisms were reduced by 2 log cycles in 20 s. It was concluded that a 20 second-long microwave treatment can great1y enhance the microbial safety of the pork sample.
Voluntary Activity of the Elderly in Cheongju
Cho, Myoung-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 223~232
The purpose of this study is to investigate voluntary activities of the elderly. Two hundred and eight older Cheongju residents were selected, and a questionnaire was used to collect data. The results are as follows: The number of participants in voluntary activities was relatively small. The main reasons for negative attitudes toward voluntary activities were significantly different according to sex, educational level, marital status, health status, economic level, religion, and life satisfaction. By using a cluster analysis, the elderly could be divided into four groups. Among them, a group with positive attitudes participating in volunteer activities was more likely to include males or those educated, healthy, and affluent. Based on the results of this study, it is revealed that participating in volunteer activities provides problem solutions and self development for elderly people.
College adjustment of Female students
Ahn, Ji-Yun ; Lim, Hee-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 1, 2005, Pages 233~239
This study was conducted to investigate how much influence home environment and satisfaction degree with a undergraduate major have on female students' college adjustment. For this purpose, 190 undergraduate females participated in and completed all measures, and we analysed the data with SPSS computer programs. The results of this study are as follows: First, home environment and college adjustment have a positive correlation. Also, the students' satisfaction degree with their majors and college adjustment are positively correlated. Second, their satisfaction degree with a major was found to be different according to what year they are in. Third, the students' college adjustment was found to be different according to the satisfaction degree with their majors. Fourth, the female undergraduates' college adjustment was found to be different according to their home environment.