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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 14, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
The Development of Marital Enhancement Program Based on Reality Therapy
Jeon, Young-Ja ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 2, 2005, Pages 241~250
The purpose of this study is to develop a marital enhancement program based on reality therapy. The program consists of 8 session contents: program orientation, need strength profile between husband and wife, quality world and marital life, perception about marital life, comparison between quality world and perceived world, total behavior in marital life, communication between husband and wife, integration and application. This study mainly focuses on applying counseling theory (choice theory and reality therapy) to family life education for enhancing a conjugal relationship. In this way, participants of Marital Enhancement Program can experience a therapeutic effect as well as an educational effect.
A Study on the Process to Amend Laws Concerning Employer-Supported Child Care and the Improvement of Its Service
Kim, Ji-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 2, 2005, Pages 251~268
This study analyzes the amendment history of Educare Law of Infants and Children, the Equal Employment Opportunity Law, and Employment Insurance Law, and also examines the present status of the employer-supported child care service through secondary analysis of other policy studies. The three laws concerning employer-supported child care can be said to hold in itself two main concepts: employers' obligations to provide child care, and government's financial support and administrative management. In terms of the first concept, laws have been amended to enlarge the number of enterprises legally-responsible for child care service and to relieve the financial burden from them. In terms of the second, laws have been amended to gradually extend the magnitude of government's financial support and to establish the systematic administrative management. Approximately a half of the policy target enterprises, however, is not complying the laws. In addition, employer-supported child care centers are only occupying less than 1% of the whole child care market. Thus, this study evaluates the current employer-supported child care service system and suggests several principles for its improvement.
Mother's parenting-attitudes and children's perceived competences
Park, Sung-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 2, 2005, Pages 269~276
The purpose of this study is to examine, according to sex and grade, the relationship and difference between mothers' parenting attitudes and self-perceived competences of their children. 197 children of the 4th through the 6th grade were selected from an elementary school in Daejeon area. We used the Perceived Competence Scale for Children (Harter, 1982) to measure their self-perceived competence and the Mother's Parenting Attitudes Scale (1990, Lee & Park) to measure parenting attitudes of their mothers. Major findings are as follows: First, there were significant differences in the children's self-perceived competence according to their perception of parental warmth and control. Children with more perception of parental warmth and consistent control considered themselves higher in cognitive and social competences and in self-worth. Boys perceived higher mother's consistent control and positive participation in parenting-attitudes than girls. Girls perceived themselves higher than boys in global self-worth. Next, Out of the three grades the 4th graders indicated more perception of attachment, authoritarian control, and positive participation in parenting attitudes. There was statistically no difference in self-perceived competences of children according to their grades. Finally, there were correlations between mothers' parenting attitudes and perceived competences of their children. Children with more perception of parental warmth, attachment, positive participation, and consistent control showed higher level of physical competence, social competence, and global self-worth.
A Study in The Propensity for Symbolic Consumption of Adolescents
Kim, Young-Sook ; Lee, Kyung-Ok ; Kim, Min-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 2, 2005, Pages 277~292
The objectives of this study are to examine the degree of propensity for symbolic consumption among adolescents and its factors, and to investigate the effects of demographic variables - sex, grade, father's education, mother's education, father's job, mother's job, monthly allowance, monthly household income - self-esteem, and socialization agents variables - parents, friends, mass media - on the propensity. In this study, the propensity for symbolic consumption is defined as the propensity to consume products through their affective, subjective, and symbolic value rather than through their practical and utility value. The data used in this study were collected from 509 adolescents who are in the 2nd grade of middle or high schools in Pusan. The research results can be summarized as follows: 1. The propensity for symbolic consumption were found to have significant differences according to sex, father's education, mother's education, mother's job, and monthly allowance. 2. It differs significantly according to adolescents' self-esteem. That is, the lower self-esteem adolescents have, the higher propensity for symbolic consumption they show. 3. It also differs significantly according to the degree of communication with parents, the degree of accepting friends' view, the degree of communication with friends, the degree of informative influence from friends, and the degree of taking in mass media.
A Comparative Study of Korean and Australian Women's Hair Care Behavior
Ryu, Eun-Hye ; Park, Sook-Hyun ; Kwon, Mi-Jeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 2, 2005, Pages 293~302
The purpose of this study is to compare hair care behaviors between Korean and Australian women whose individual hair characteristics, social backgrounds, and culture were different from each other. Then, this study also aims to provide some basic data for professionals in the field of beauty education and industry. Data were collected through a survey with 208 Australian females and 392 Korean females. Analyses included t-test, frequency analysis, and one-way ANOVA. The results are as follows: The Korean women mostly had black and brown natural hair, and 68.4% of them had color. On the other hand, the Australian surveyees had brown and dark blonde, and 85.4% of them had color. They both were asked why they were using hair products. The Koreans responded that they were for hair moisturization, while the Australians said they were for producing a hair style they wanted. In addition, the Koreans made the most use of a hair conditioner and hair wax, while the Australian women did a hair spray and gloss. As far as the satisfaction with beauty salon service goes, the Australian respondents showed more service satisfaction than the Koreans on average. The homogeneity of the two nations' average points was t-tested. The result indicated that significant differences existed in the hair shop satisfaction with services, such as dyeing, haircut, blow dry, shampooing and massaging, and staff attitudes.
The Analysis of the Lower Part of Dress Forms Using Three-Dimensional Measurement System
Lee, Myung-Hee ; Jung, Hee-Kyeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 2, 2005, Pages 303~312
The purpose of this research is to analyze the lower part of dress forms with different sectional rotation-angles (
) using three-dimensional measurement system and to investigate measurement properties for dress making. The dress forms used in this experiment were size 8 and six types: four from Korea and two from Japan. The instrument and tools for three-dimensional measurement was Whole Body 3D scanner (Exyma-WBS2H). The analysis program used in this experiment was Rapid Form 2004 PP1 (INUS technology, Inc, Korea). The measurement of dress forms was done three times with different sectional rotation-angles and its data were analyzed using SPSS WIN 10.0 Package. The following results were obtained: 1. With mean and standard deviation of each measured part, it was found out that the dress forms from two countries were different in size per each part. For example, the Japanese one was relatively large in middle hip and hip, compared to the Korean one. 2. The 3D analysis of the sectional rotation-angles revealed some differences between the two dress forms in sectional length per each part. 3. With cluster analysis results, it was found that there were definite differences among measurements per each part, especially in
sections. 4. The proportion of the dress forms showed significant differences in the curvature between center and side section of the lower parts. In addition, the shapes on the horizontal section map of the four levels (waist, middle hip, hip, and bottom) were analyzed.
A Survey on Consumption Behaviors of the Fast-Foods in University Students
Cho, Kyu-Seok ; Im, Byoung-Soon ; Kim, Seok-Eun ; Kim, Gye-Woong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 2, 2005, Pages 313~319
This survey was conducted in order to obtain the basic data for desirable consumption habits through investigation and analysis of university students' fast food consumption behaviors. Questionnaires were collected from a total of 374 male and female students living in big or small and medium-sized cities in August, 2004. The contents surveyed were utilization and expenses of fast foods, choice of fast foods, relationship between fast foods and a diet, and characteristics of fast food restaurants. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. The ratio of the surveyees varied according to gender, residence, and the size of a city they're living in. For example, males took up 48.66% of the surveyees, while females did 51.34%. The ratio of residents in apartments and stand-alone houses was 54.81% and 45.19% each. 47.33% of the respondents were living in big cities, while 52.67% of them in small and medium-sized cities. 2. 70.1% of the surveyees responded that they are with friends when having fast foods. There was a highly significant difference between male and female in the type of eating companions (p<0.001). The average number of days that they eat fast foods was 1 to 2 times a week, which accounted for 63.7% of the respondents. However, in the case of eating foods, there was no significant differences between two sexes. 3. 64.2% of the surveyees paid more than 20,000 won to buy fast foods for a week, which showed no significant differences between genders. They tend to split a bill, rather than one person pays all. There was a highly significant difference between genders in paying method (p<0.001). 4. 52.1 % of the respondents chose a menu themselves. Their most favored food was chickens (26.5%), which showed a statistically significant difference between genders (p<0.001). 46.8% of them preferred coke as a drink, which had no significant difference between genders. 42.2% of the surveyees had fast foods between lunch and dinner, which also had no significant difference between genders. The most important factor in choosing a menu was its taste (62.8%), which indicated a significant difference between males and females (p<0.05). 5. The preference to fast foods was due to the influence of western culture (36.4%) and eating-out habits (29.1%), which was significantly different between genders (p<0.05). Those who eat fast foods answered they have normal weight and normal body type (49.5%). 24.3% of them were relatively fat with significant difference between genders (p<0.05). 63.4% of the surveyees thought themselves not picky with foods, and there was a significant difference between genders (p<0.05). 78.3% of them mostly preferred franchise restaurants because they are convenient and cheap.
Antimicrobial Activity of PHB/Chitosan Films and Quality of White Bread Packaged with the Films
Kim, Mee-Ra ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 2, 2005, Pages 321~330
The antimicrobial activity of PHB/chitosan films and the quality of white bread packaged with the films were investigated. Chitosan film showed the highest antimicrobial activity and PHB(L) film also showed high antimicrobial activity against Fusarium solani KCTC 6636 and Penicillium citreonigrum KCTC 6927. White bread packaged with chitosan film had good moisture retention.
of white bread increased but
did little change during storage regardless of the film kind. The TBA values of white bread packaged with chitosan or PHB(L) film slowly increased during storage. The springiness of white bread packaged with PHB(M), PHB(L) and chitosan film was high. The colony forming units of microorganisms for white bread packaged with chitosan film were low during storage. Therefore, PHB(M), PHB(L) and chitosan films were superior to PHB(H) and PHB films as package material for white bread.
An analysis of the Management of University Dormitories to enhance the Welfare of University Students
Kim, Jung-Sook ; Cho, Myoung-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 2, 2005, Pages 331~339
This study analyzes data on the management of university dormitories and provides information to enhance university students' welfare. The data used in this study are from the Korean University Dormitory Administrator Conference, which surveyed 71 universities in a year of 2001, 70 universities in 2002, and 82 universities in 2003. The data analysis was conducted with descriptive statistics, One-way ANOVA, Duncan's multiple range test. The results are as follows; 1. Most dormitories had less than 500 residents, which account for below 10% of each university's overall student enrollment. The fact reveals that the capacity of most dormitories is too small considering overall student enrollment. 2. Freshmen took up the highest rate of the dorm residents and seniors did the lowest. Dorm residents had various kinds of events and parties, such as "Open House" and "Welcome Party." 3. Maintenance expense and price of meals tended to increase, whereas self-government membership fee and deposit for facility use decreased. 4. Minimum needs of the dorm residents were satisfactorily met, but more subsidiary facilities for residents' welfare needed establishing.
Stereotypes of the Poor Drinker Held by University Students
Park, Kyung-Rhan ; Yi, Yeong-Sug ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 2, 2005, Pages 341~350
The purpose of this research is to identify stereotypes toward the poor drinker held by students. Stereotypes toward the poor drinker were examined at two levels: to assess students' beliefs about the traits of the poor drinker and to categorize the traits into stereotypes. The main results of this study were as follows: 1) Students reported 97 traits associated with the poor drinker. 2) Hierarchical cluster analysis of the trait groupings revealed two high-level clusters: a cluster of 35 positive traits and a cluster of 62 negative traits. Within the positive and negative clusters, 15 middle-level categories, 5 positive categories(a kind patriarch, pure, thrifty and diligent, self-controlled, prudent), and 10 negative categories(isolated, dull, passive, not confidant, unsociable, repressed, unstable, egocentric, naive, childish) were identified. This results suggested that students believed negative stereotypes are more typical than positive ones.