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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 14, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
Attitudes and Expectations of Well-being Improvement toward the Employer-supported Day Care Service of Dual-earner Parents
Kim, Sun-Ae ; Han, You-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 3, 2005, Pages 351~363
This study examined the relations between dual-earner parents' attitudes toward the employer-supported day care service and their expectations of well-being improvement. The data of this study were collected from 271 dual-earner couples. The main results of this study were as follows: 1) Dual-earner parents showed more positive attitudes toward the employer-supported day care service. 2) Significant difference by sex was observed in dual-earner parents' attitudes toward the service: Mothers displayed more positive attitudes than fathers. Also, either being positive or negative in the attitude differed according to the respondents' income and job. 3) Parents' attitude toward the day care service was significantly correlated with expectations of well-being improvement. The more positive attitudes they showed about the service, the more expectations of well-being improvement they reported, and vice versa. 4) Positive (employers, parents, children) and negative (parents) attitudes were significant variables predicting parents' expectations of well-being improvement.
Mother's Parenting Stress and Child's Emotional-Behavioral Problem on the Developmental Patterns of Children's Play
Chung, Gil-Jung ; Bae, Yun-Joung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 3, 2005, Pages 365~378
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship among mothers' parenting stress, children's emotional-behavioral problems, and development of children's play patterns. For this study, we observed 81 5-year-old children attending a kindergarten in Southern Chungcheong province. The results of this study are as follows: First, as the mothers felt more parenting stress, the children showed more emotional-behavioral problems. This means that there exists a positive relationship between two factors. Second, aggression, oppositional defiance, and attention deficit among the children's emotional-behavioral problems had a significant, negative influence on the frequency of non-play and parallel play, while they had a significant, affirmative effect on the frequency of group play. Consequently, this study found that mother's parenting stress and child's emotional-behavioral problems affect the development of child's play patterns both directly and indirectly.
Child-Mother Attachment and Emotional Intelligence in Early Childhood
Lee, Ju-Lie ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 3, 2005, Pages 379~386
Bowlby has proposed that child-mother attachment is important in the child's representation of self. In this study, the child's emotional intelligence was examined in connection with child-mother attachment with a sample of 5-year-olds. The quality of attachment was assessed based on the child's behavior on reunion following a separation, using a SSP (Strange Situation Procedure) system devised by Main and Solomon. The emotional intelligence was assessed with Lee's Scale for young children. The results show significant connections between child-mother attachment and the emotional intelligence. Specific areas of emotional intelligence are related to particular patterns of attachment. Namely, securely attached children are assessed significantly higher than the unsecurely attached, not only in the ability to identify and control their own emotions, but also in the ability to control others' emotional state. Also, securely attached children perceive their social competence significantly higher.
Job Satisfaction and Burnout of Early Childhood Educational Teachers
Moon, Chae-Lyun ; Lee, So-Eun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 3, 2005, Pages 387~399
The purpose of this study is to investigate the differences of early childhood teachers' job satisfaction and burnout by variables and to analyze the relationship between the two subject matters. Then this study will serve to improve overall quality of early childhood education through fair comprehension about them. We surveyed 333 teachers in total, 171 public/private kindergarten teachers and 162 preschool teachers. A questionnaire by ECJSS of Jord-Bloom(1989) and Fleischer(1985) was used to measure the degree of job satisfaction, along with the version MBI(Maslach Burnout Inventory) by Maslach and Jackson(1981), adjusted by An, youngkil(I992) and Seo, jiyoung(2002), to check the degree of burnout. It was found that job satisfaction was higher among the surveyees of old age or with more education/less working hours. Small salaries, however, was one of the causes of low job satisfaction. Emotional burnout was shown in the surveyees of old age or with good education/career records. On the other hand, exhaustion from a lack of accomplishment was shown in single, young and low paid teachers. Thus, burnout and job satisfaction had a highly negative coefficient of correlation, meaning that job satisfaction gets high when burnout gets low.
Mothers' beliefs on the whole language approach and self-reported home literacy practices with their children
Song, Seung-Min ; Lim, Ae-Ryon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 3, 2005, Pages 401~409
The purpose of this study is to investigate mothers' beliefs regarding children's literacy development and self-reported home literacy practices with their children. The instrument used for this study measured mothers' beliefs toward the whole language approach against the traditional approaches in children's literacy development. The total number of 340 mothers participated in this study who are sending their children to daycare centers of kindergartens in Seoul and its suburban area. Mean, Standard Deviation, frequency, Spearman's rho, and Kendall's tau were employed to analyze the data. The results showed that mothers' beliefs on the whole language approach have relationships with their home literacy practices, and their demographic characteristics - such as mothers' education, their spouses' education, and income - were also related with mothers' beliefs. The results of this study explore the inter-relationship of mothers' beliefs with home literacy practices, and also the importance of mothers' belief system on children's literacy learning at home.
A suggestion for new parental roles according to children's developmental stages: The changing parental roles and practices
Rha, Jong-Hay ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 3, 2005, Pages 411~421
This current study was designed to explore the meaning of being a mother and a father in contemporary Korean society by examining their roles perceived by mothers and fathers with children at different developmental stages. A total of three hundred and ninety four couples with children aged from one to seventeen years were recruited for the study, and they were asked to complete a set of questionnaires about paternal and maternal roles each. A modified version of Generative Fathering Scales by Lee et al.(1999), was used to measure the roles perceived by fathers and mothers in two areas: (1) parenting responsibilities and (2) involvement in childrearing practices. The parental roles, as expected, were viewed differently by the surveyees with children at different ages: the younger child/ren a father has, the more involvement he emphasizes in childrearing. These results indicate that the roles of mothers and fathers should be considered in the context of developing children.
A study of consumption patterns for high-income households -Six Major Expenditure Categories-
Bae, Mi-Kyeong ; Park, Kwang-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 3, 2005, Pages 423~432
This study reviewed the consumption patterns of high-income households and analyzed the ratio of major 6 expenditure categories including food at home, food away from horne, education, clothing, entertainment, and housing expenditure to total expenditure. We employed data from two different years (1997 and 1998) so that we could investigate the influence of the economy depression on the patterns and items ratio of consumption, For this purpose, the Daewoo Panel data were used. Also, data analysis was done with descriptive statistics, t-test, and regression analysis. The regression analyses were used to investigate the determinants of the high-income households' consumption patterns. The results of this study showed that food away from home, among 6 consumption items, seemed to be significantly affected by the depression, but still high-income households seemed not to lessen education expense. We included independent variables such as age, income, job, gender, debts and the likes. It was found that the age of reference person affected the amount of expenses for food, clothing, and entertainment. Other independent variables influenced different consumption categories. The results of this study would be useful for marketing strategies of fashion industries.
Effects of bleaching time and hydrogen peroxide concentration on hair damage
Kim, Chung-Wun ; Chun, Hong-Sung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 3, 2005, Pages 433~439
In this study, we investigated the morphological and physical changes of hair after bleaching treatments with different concentration of hydrogen peroxide in bleaching agent (3, 6, 9, or 12%) and various treatment time (10, 30, or 60 minutes). Tresses of virgin black hair were bleached using a commercial ammonium persulfate-hydrogen peroxide solution. The tensile strength of virgin hair treated with a bleaching agent depended on the concentration of hydrogen peroxide and the treatment time. As the concentration of hydrogen peroxide in bleaching agent went high and the treatment time increased, the tensile strength of the hair increased but the extension degree decreased. The virgin hairs which were not treated by bleaching agent showed morphologically healthy cuticle, whereas the bleached hairs showed swelled and damaged cuticle patterns. The swelling of the hair and the breaks of the cuticles increased positively by the concentration of hydrogen peroxide and the treatment time. These results suggest that exposure to more concentrated hydrogen peroxide with other bleaching components may lead to more severe hair damage.
A Study on Effect of CRM according to Customers' Response -Focused on clothing product customers of department store of Daejeon area-
Park, Hye-Sun ; Park, Sun-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 3, 2005, Pages 441~451
The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors of CRM(Customer Relationship Management) activity and the difference in CRM effects according to customers responses. The investigators interviewed the buyers of three department stores in Daejeon area and surveyed 468 people aged over 20 who had ever shopped at those stores. For data analysis, we used factorial analysis, multiple regression analysis, path analysis, and ANOVA, etc., along with SPSS 10.0. The results of this study are as follows: 1) Six CRM activity factors were identified as 'Benefit & Information,' 'Service,' 'Customer Invitation,' 'Customer Contact,' 'Special Management,' and 'Purchase-related Help.' 2) Customer satisfaction of CRM-positive group was affected by such factors as 'Service,' 'Customer Invitation,' and 'Special Management,' and also customer loyalty directly by 'Customer Satisfaction' and 'Benefit & Information.' On the other hand, customer satisfaction of CRM-less-positive-group was influenced by the factors such as 'Service,' 'Purchase-related Help,' 'Customer Contact,' and 'Special Management,' and also customer loyalty directly by 'Customer Satisfaction' and 'Service.'
The Study on the 'Yeonji' Cosmetics and Make-ups I - Focusing on the origin of Make-up and the beginning of 'Yeonji' Cosmetics -
Park, Chun-Soon ; Jung, Bock-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 3, 2005, Pages 453~466
The purpose of this study is to investigate the origin of make-up and the beginning of 'Yoenji' cosmetics. The result of this study is as follows: 1. The origin of make-up can be summarized as being originated from the sexual display to maintain tribes and incantatory religion for their existence. The reason for the preference to Yeonji in make-up is that Yeonji has a characteristic of red in color, which seems to hold effective for the sexual display of human beings. 2. The origin of Yeonji (焉支; Safflower) was from Egypt, but its inception as a cosmetic product was with Huns. 'Yeonji' was a term of Hungro race, and was also called Unji (焉支), Yeonji (燕支), Inji (姻支), Urji (閼氏), following the similarity of the sound. These terms were not only the interpretation of the Hunnish sound into Chinese, but also allegorical expression. Unji (焉支), Yeonji (燕支), and Inji (姻支) meant Safflower. Urji(閼氏) meant 'Empress' or 'Wife,' which was pronounced Yeonji (燕支) and Asi (閼氏).
Program for the Selection of Brassieres Depending on Breast Types
Lee, Hyun-Young ; Jeong, Su-Kyung ; Hong, Kyung-Hi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 3, 2005, Pages 467~473
The integrative Internet program was developed for the selection of optimal brassiere components according to the breast types of middle-aged women. In this program, a customer is classified into a certain group through three steps of a discriminant analysis. Three variables used in the analysis include breast volume, radii of curvature of under-breast curve, and a distance between inner breast points. Using individual data of three variables, the optimal brassiere components, i.e. brassiere cup size, curvature of front panel and wire, distance between cups, are suggested for each customer. Discrimination of breast types using only 2D measurements is also included for those who do not have easy access to a 3D measurement device.
The Analysis of Manufactured Jacket Pattern for Obese Women in Their Middle Age
Sohn, Boo-Hyun ; Hong, Kyung-Hi ; Park, Se-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 3, 2005, Pages 475~483
The ready-made clothes for obese women are not manufactured systematically due to the diversity and scarcity of their body shape. In this study, we first analyzed and classified 104 obese women's body shape to select four representative subjects. Then, the four subjects participated in wearing test to evaluate the performance of the jacket patterns which are available in the market and widely-used at the same time. The characteristics of the jacket patterns for obese women were also investigated. As to the highly rated jacket in terms of body motion, it was found that difference between the breast width to axilla and the breadth to anterior midaxilla is larger than the other jackets, and the breast width of front body is wider than what of back width. It was noted, however, that the armhole depth and the width of obese women' jackets should not be determined indirectly by the magnitude of the girth around bust, waist or hip as in the case of regular sized women's. It is because body proportion of obese women is different from that of standard sized women.
Studies on Changes of Isoflavone and Nutrients during Germination of Soybean Varieties
Jeon, Su-Hyeon ; Lee, Kyong-Ae ; Byoun, Kwang-Eui ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 3, 2005, Pages 485~489
The purpose of this study is to investigate changes of isoflavone and nutrients during germination of soybean varieties and to determine the optimal germination condition for soybean processing. After 5 days' germination, water content of the soybeans increased in the order of Poongsannamoolkong> Sinpaldal#2> Black#1> Jinpumkong. Ash content was higher in the order of Poongsannamoolkong> Sinpaldal#2> Jinpumkong> black#1 soybean. All varieties of the soybean samples increased in ash content during germination. Crude fat content was higher in the order of Poongsannamoolkong> Black#1> Jinpumkong> Shinpaldalkong. Crude protein content was higher in the order of Shinpaldalkong> Black#1> Jinpumkong> Poongsannamoolkong. Polypeptide subunits separated from the SDS-PAGE of the entire proteins were showing comparatively high level in the range of 2-16KD in Jinpumkong and 2-21KD in Poongsannamoolkong till the first day of germination, 2-25KD in Sinpaldal#2 till the second day, and 6-27KD in Black#l till the third day. Changes of total isoflavone contents during germination showed different patterns in soybean varieties: Jinpumkong and Black#1 had the highest total isoflavone content on the fourth day of germination, Poongsannamoolkong and Sinpaldal#2 on the first and the second day of germination, respectively.
A study of residential environment and life for aging society - The condition of the living relationship between parent and child and its trend -
Lim, Hi-Kyung ; Imai, Noriko ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 3, 2005, Pages 491~504
This research studies the residential environment of the elderly and its trend. Our main focus is on the residential condition and its type between parents and their child/ren in korea which has already entered the aging society. The results are as follows: (1) This paper finds that the residence type of the households with elderly people becomes multifarious, as in a two-generation household, a couple and their single child, a couple family, etc. (2) The parents living separately from their child/ren account for 63.3%, which is becoming predominant in the residence type of the elderly. On the other hand, those living with their child/ren take up merely 24.5%. Thus, we can infer that the number of the parents with the former type is on the increase. (3) The residence type in reality is different from the one intended by elderly people, so we can estimate future change in the residence type. (4) The residence type varies, as in living together with young family, living separately from young family, separation at a distance, etc. In conclusion, we need appropriate living programs for each various residence type between elderly people and their children.