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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 14, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
A survey on parental education in kindergartens of Daejeon
Rha, Jong-Hay ; Kim, Soo-Youn ; Ahn, Young-Kyu ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 505~519
The purpose of the study is to survey on the parental education practiced in kindergarten context and to investigate the need for the parental education of personnel involved. To satisfy these purposes, 179 mothers and 175 fathers with 3 to 5 year olds, and 186 teachers and 59 directors of the kindergarten business were asked to complete a survey questionnaire designed for the study. The results indicate that for the present, most kindergartens in Daejeon have practiced parental education programs including weekly letters and parents' day. New subject- appropriate programs development is needed, though. The three groups of subjects had differing views on the need for parental education. The views tend to differ by socio-economic status of each group member, thus indicating the importance of developing and adopting various parental education programs and methods according to the difference. It will contribute to maximizing the effect of the education. Data collected in the study were expected to be used for the development of effective parental education programs.
Fathers' Involvement in Parenting, Role Satisfaction, and Young Children's Social Competence as a Function of Socio-demographic Variables
Hwang, Soon-Young ; Chong, Young-Sook ; Woo, Soo-Kyeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 521~529
The present study was to find out the differences of fathers' involvement in parenting, role satisfaction, and young children's social competence according to fathers' socio-demographic variables, and the relationships among fathers' involvement in parenting, role satisfaction and young children's social competence. The subjects of the study were 175 five-year-old children and their fathers from public kindergartens in Chongju, Jecheon, and Danyang. Questionnaires used in the study were the measures of father's involvement in parenting(Lee, 1999), role satisfaction(Cho, 1998), and young children's social competence(Han, 1997). Data were analyzed with frequency and percentage, mean and standard deviation, t-test, F-test, LSD post hoc test, and Pearson's correlation coefficient using SPSS program. Results of the study were as follows: First, there were differences in father's involvement in parenting, role satisfaction, and young children's social competence according to father's level of education, job, and income. Second, there were significant positive correlations among father's involvement in parenting, role satisfaction, and young children's social competence.
A Study on Childcare Support Service Corresponding to the Increase in Married Women's Economic Activities
Koo, Myung-Sook ; Hong, Sang-Ook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 531~546
This study is to examine current child care support policies and their limitations and to make some suggestions by means of statistics and previous literature. Major findings are as follows: First, As the women have younger children, the effect is more negative. Second, a maternity leave of Korea is 90 days, which is below ILO standard. Moreover, it is not well supported by the companies they work for. Third, the increasing number of men has spent a paternity leave since the pertinent law was enforced in 2001. The rate of spending the leave, however, is not as high as expected, because it has not yet been decided whether the leave would be paid or not. Lastly, the number of the employer-supporting child care center is rather few due to the legal standard of the facility and the expense that a company should cover. Only 46.5% of the companies that has been appointed to obligatorily establish the center now operate the facility. Therefore, child care support policies should be reformed or improved to help reduce married women's child care burden obviously hindering women from being employed, and this will consequently promote their economic activities. It is also urgently required to expand the application of the parental leave in terms of both object and scope. It is important that employers and employees get ready to compromise each other on the wage issue during the leave. In addition, the flexibility in period and form of the parental leave and the connection of working places with local community for better child care service must be taken into consideration.
The Effects of Mother's Self-Efficacy and Parenting Behavior and Children's Achievement Motivation on Children's Self-Efficacy
Park, Hyun-Jung ; Lee, Kyung-Nim ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 547~559
The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of mothers' self-efficacy, parenting behaviors, and children's achievement motivation on children's self-efficacy. Subjects were 591 fifth- and sixth-graders and their mothers in Busan. Statistics and methods used for data analysis were Cronbach's alpha, Pearson's correlation, Multiple Regression, and Path Analysis. Several major findings of this study were as follows: 1) Any difference was not found by sex in children's general and total self-efficacy. Girls' social efficacy, however, was higher than boys'. 2) Achievement motivation had a direct positive effect and was the first positive contribution factor to the self-efficacy of both sexes. 3) On boys' self-efficacy, mothers' own had an indirect positive effect through achievement motivation, and their parental role efficacy had a positive effect, direct or indirect, through their affective parenting behaviors and the boys' achievement motivation; also mothers' affective parenting behaviors had an indirect positive effect through achievement motivation, and their controlling parenting had a direct negative effect. 4) On girls' self-efficacy, mothers' own had a direct positive effect, and their parental role efficacy had an indirect positive effect through their affective and controlling parenting behaviors and the girls' achievement motivation; also mothers' affective parenting behaviors had a positive effect, direct or indirect, through achievement motivation, and the controlling parenting had a negative effect, direct or indirect.
Consumers' purchase behavior and satisfaction in auction cite
Huh, Kyung-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 561~575
This paper searches Internet auction sites to study consumer willingness to reuse and consumer satisfaction, along with its frequency of usage and evaluation. This study also examines the differency in the frequency of usage, the number of products purchased, consumer satisfaction and willingness to reuse, and evaluation of the auction sites according to the characteristics of consumers' socio-economic factors and the auction site itself. Determinant variables is investigated in the level of consumer satisfaction. The results of this study are as below: First, consumers used auction sites frequently, especially when they were in their 20s, intended to purchase clothes, and thought the delivery time would be short. In addition, consumers were more likely to purchase products, with low income buy first pay later, and short deliberation. Second, consumers, unemployed and in their 50s, sell-purchase among consumers were less likely to have a willingness to reuse the auction site. However, consumers with an experience to buy clothes or products with a price between 50,000 and 100,000 won were more likely to have a willingness to reuse the site. Third, consumer satisfaction with auction sites were higher among those who were females; responsible as a consumer; full of experiences; and received the product within a short period of time. Lastly, the willingness to reuse auction sites was positively related to the following type of consumers: single, employed, and responsible as a consumer.
A Study on Consumer Problems in the Contents of mobile game - Focused on analyzing the bulletin board on the mobile game sites -
Park, Mi-Hye ; Kang, Lee-Ju ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 577~592
This study analyzes the comsumer complaints that are listed on bulletin board (or Q & A page) of mobile game sites in order to search for comsumer problems in the contents of mobile games. This analysis includes 3,664 cases of complaints on 17 mobile game sites. The finding indicates that they can be categorized into 10 types of complaints: game errors, how to play, game quality, game capacity, fee inquiry, excessive fees, lack of information, refund, unfulfilment of promises, game support. The problems with the game itself account for 54.8% of total complaints, and unsatisfaction from game fees and others take up 25.5% and 19.7% respectively. Therefore, we suggest that first, the quality of mobile games and consumer education be improved, second, information about game fees be provided to consumers more sufficiently in a proper manner, and lastly pertinent regulations on consumer damages compensation and adhesion contracts be established.
A Study on the Meaning of Consumption Culture of Community Currency Movement: Focusing on "Hanbat-LETS" Participants' Consumer Behavior
Chun, Kyung-Hee ; Rhee, Kee-Choon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 593~611
The purpose of this study is to explore the consumption cultural meaning of Community Currency Movement - a substitute currency institution - through an analysis of consumption behaviors and attitudes of Hanbat-LETS participants, who are recognized as the most active among Korea Community Currency Movements. The analytical method adopted in this study is the participation and observation method, along with the Focus Group Interview. Major findings are as follows: Hanbat-LETS participants experienced the following consumption behaviors and attitudes: economical consumption behavior creating the currency value, sustainable consumption behavior, consumption behavior shared with community, consumption behavior free from the need of competition and ownership, satisfaction from offering one's property, equal status and relationship among members, merry and happy attitude toward life. Community Currency Movement implies the consumption cultural meaning as followings: emergence of alienation through the realization of community society, practice of environment-friendly value, activation of region economy, development of one's ability and means of redemption of unemployment, construction of trustworthy society via trust.
Households' Financial Status Estimation with Financial Ratios
Huh, Kyung-Ok ; Han, Su-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 613~629
This research analyzes household financial structures and ratios to understand factors of household utility. Its main themes are as following: First, what kinds financial structures are found at each level of income? Second, how are they different by the level of income? Third, what factors contribute to appropriate financial ratios? The themes are supported by the texts on financial ratios from both inside and outside of Korea and proved by the Korean Labor and Income Panel Survey, the fifth annual edition. The households are exempted that do not support the household principle record in the principle and household economy record. Accordingly, this survey is from a financial structure analysis of 3,762 households. The analysis utilizes SPSS Window (Version 10.0) program. The following are the results: First, the income level 4 and above, in which the increasing number indicates a higher level of income, are highly ranked on the income-expense level and the asset-debt rate. Also, level 4 has a strong financial structure, whereas level 1 does not. Apparently, the management of the household is complicated by debt redemption and a lower level of assets. Second, Ratio 1, Ratio 2, Ratio 4, and Ratio 5 are different by the level of income. Third, the level of income contributes to the appropriate financial ratio. The financial safety and prospective financial structure at each income level is an important variable. Households with a high income, in particular, have to balance their finances and capital, reducing liabilities and increasing the total assets. In other words, the family must hold assets to enhance efficiency according to the character and income level of the household. This research is a useful resource for such a decision-making as to improve household financial structure stability. Also, it can be adopted to evaluate financial products for specific households and be used for economic and social welfare planning to predict how households influence the nationwide economy.
A Study in the Preference of Coloration in Traditional Korean Dress of Korean and American Students - On the Tone Variation of Red Jacket -
Kang, Kyung-Ja ; Choi, Su-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 631~643
The purpose of this research is to compare, according to tone variation of a red jacket, the preference of female college students from Korea and the U.S. for coloration in the traditional Korean dress. The results of the research can be summarized as follows: As to a vivid skirt according to tone variation of red jacket, students of both countries showed the different view in the preference for coloration of vivid red skirt and vivid. dark red jacket, and vivid orange skirt and dull red jacket, and vivid yellow skirt and light dull red jacket, and vivid violet skirt and dull red jacket. As to the light skirt according to tone variation of red jacket, student of both countries showed the different view in the preference for coloration of light red skirt and light red jacket, and light orange skirt and light red jacket. As to the dull skirt according to tone variation of red jacket, student of both countries showed the different view in the preference for coloration of dull red skirt and vivid light dull dark red jacket, and dull yellow skirt and light dull red jacket, and dull yellow skirt and light dull red jacket, and dull green skirt and dull red jacket, and dull violet skirt and vivid light dull dark red jacket. As to the dark skirt according to tone variation of red jacket, student of both countries showed the different view in the preference for coloration of dark red skirt and dull dark red jacket, and dark orange skirt and vivid light dull red jacket, and dark yellow skirt and dull red jacket. As to the neutral skirt according to tone variation of red jacket, student of both countries showed the different view in the preference for coloration of white skirt and vivid red jacket, and dark gray skirt and light red jacket.
Thermophisiological Responses and Wearing Comfort of the Lining Fabrics of Summer One Piece Dress
Kweon, Soo-Ae ; Choi, Jong-Myoung ; Kim, In-Wha ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 645~651
The purpose of the study was to investigate the thermophisiological responses and subjective wearing comfort for the six lining fabrics of one-piece dress in summer environment. There were significant differences in the microclimate, the mean skin temperature and the subjective wear comfort for the lining fabrics. The mean skin temperature of rayon and acetate were lower than that of synthetic fiber. The wearing comfort of rayon and acetate were better than that of synthetic fiber. There were clear correlations between the mechanical properties and the subjective wear comfort of lining fabrics. The hygroscopicity and density of textile affected the humidity and tactile sensation of dress, and they were important factors determining the wearing comfort of one-piece dress.
An Analysis of Ready-to-Wear in Madam Brand Sizing System of Jackets for Middlescence Women
Kweon, Soo-Ae ; Kim, In-Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 653~663
The society advance of a development of the science technique and women from the industrialization, women prefered the tailor-made clothes to the convenient ready-made clothes in the aspect to be economic and save time in the clothing habits. After marriage, middle age women change the comparison of their body due to the pregnancy and birth, the body girth of them increases compared with young woman, the winding of the waist comes to be small and they show the feature of body which the vibration thickness and the brachial girth grows bigger. The reason is that the problem on the fitness of the ready-made clothes comes into being. According to this result which analyzes a ready-made clothes body of the jacket-brand which does the middle age woman to the target in research, actual purchasing age appears than the age which most companies do to the target so that it is high, and though the body is divided in KS standard, the measurement distinguished without the body and most companies were producing the jacket. There was many case to select a fitting model Among a designer or within firm employee with the similar body and measurement. It was revealed that high rate of mending relation of a sale jacket of the company. Research about the body of the ready-made clothes is thought by continuing over there.
Studies on the preference of weft knit fabrics
Ju, Jeong-Ah ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 665~671
This study aims to examine the effect of structural properties, subjective textures, sensibilities, and objective handle on the preference for weft knit fabrics, and then to provide useful information in planning and designing knit fabrics through predicting the preference. We made 20 plain knit fabrics, as specimens, with a combination of 5 kinds of wool/rayon fiber contents and 4 kinds of stitch loop length. For the subjective evaluation of textures, sensibilities, and preference, we used the questionnaire that had been developed in the previous study. The data analysis was conducted with Pearson's correlation analysis, ANOVA, Duncann multiple range test and regression analysis. The results are as follows: In relationship of structural properties and preference, we could not recognize any difference in whole ranges of wool/ rayon fiber contents and in 7.5mm and less stitch loop length. On the other hand, we could find the decrease of preference in over 7.5mm stitch loop length. As to subjective textures and sensibilities, a multiple regression analysis of preference indicated a higher determination coefficient by sensibilities than by textures. But there were little correlation between a objective handle and preference of weft knit fabrics.
Study of Comparison in Sewing Techniques of Skirts by Brands
Choi, Young-Soon ; Lee, Byung-Hong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 673~681
Sewing is an important process in clothes-making. It is directly or indirectly connected to a factor of fitness, as is the case of pattern making and design. The purpose of this study is to compare and analyze the sewing methods for tight skirts currently being sold by twelve clothing companies on the market. For the purpose, the skirts, which was released in 2002 Fall season, was physically disassembled and then every sewing detail was closely investigated. The major findings are as follows: All sorts of the skirts show different sewing methods in hemlines, back slits, and zipper. Hemlines and zippers, hand-sewn, are often used by high-price brands. Brands that emphasize trends usually use machine sewing. Specifically, the sewing methods applied in the allowances at the upper part of the back slit show significant differences among brands. One method leaves allowances enough in both sides for the stability of the skirts, another trims both allowances very closely, and the other trims only left-side allowance down to the edge of the back slit. This study findings will be helpful not only in understanding sewing techniques for skirts and improving its quality, but also in offering more comfortable and superior clothes for consumers.
Clothing Shopping Orientations and Purchasing Practices for Dress Shirts of Male Office Workers
Kim, Kyung-Hee ; Cho, Kyeong-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 683~692
This study was intended to analyze the clothing shopping orientations and purchasing practices for men's dress shirts. It was conducted by means of convenience sampling survey with male office workers who usually wear dress shirts at work and who also live in Seoul, Geonggi, and Chungcheong area. The data collected were analyzed by frequency analysis, cross-tabulation analysis, factor analysis, t-test, and ANOVA using SPSS. The results are as follows: 1) Clothing shopping orientations were classified into six factors: brand oriented; planned; enjoying; expediency oriented; negative shopping; and low price oriented. There were partially significant differences in clothing shopping orientations according to the surveyees' age. 2) The surveyees prioritized low price and expediency in clothing shopping, but they also showed low interest in brands. 3) The criteria for purchasing were in the order of size, color, comfort, and design. There were also partially significant differences in the estimation criteria for dress shirts according to marital status and age. 4) Most respondents tended to purchase 3 or 4 pieces of dress shirts a year, paying 30,000 to 50,000 won for a piece, usually at department stores. 5) When they purchase a dress shirt, they always considers its size. In the case of married men, however, it is the laundry tag that they do care about.
The Supply of Household Appliances and their Use
Chae, Ock-Hi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 14, issue 4, 2005, Pages 693~707
This study investigates the over time changes in the ownership of kitchen items, electric or non-electric, and examines the patterns of the usage and ownership of the items after categorizing them as followings: cooking appliances, kitchen appliances directly related to storing food, food processing kitchen items, and dining items. The research findings are that refrigerators and rice cookers, among the electric items, had spread to almost every households by 1990s and at the same time about thirty non-electric kitchen items had been used. Refrigerators had been used by more than 100% of the households by 2000, and on top of that, twenty or more electric kitchen items such as Kimchi fridge and freezer had been used. In the case of non-electric kitchen items, approximately 50 to 70 sorts of them are used, which indicates an increase than in 1990s. Rice cookers and gas stoves, among cooking appliances, are recognized as the essential item, and they are actually frequently-used items. As to kitchen appliances related to storing food, each household owns one of the refrigerators and Kimchi fridges, and again they are both the frequently-used. As far as food processing kitchen items are concerned, each household owns at least one or more blenders and hand blenders, six or more knives, and five or more pans. Each household owns seventeen or more rice bowls and soup bowls and twenty-four or more plates. Small plates are more frequently used than large ones.