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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 15, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
Preschoolers' peer interaction type and joint problem-solving performance depending on a partner's age
Kwon, Hye-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 1, 2006, Pages 1~15
The purpose of this study is (1) to investigate how children's peer interaction type and joint problem-solving performance differ, depending on a partner's age, in such a situation as they are asked to solve problems with their peer and (2) to investigate relationship between children's peer interaction type and joint problem-solving performance. Results reveal that children's problem-solving performance receives more benefit in the interactions with older peers, rather than those with younger ones. It can also be improved by higher level of collaborative interactions such as abstract collaborative explanations in joint activities. It is influenced positively by collaborative interactions, expecially when the children are in the same age groups. Results here were discussed in terns Piagetian and Vygotskian theories.
Children's emotionality and behavior problems depending on their institutionalization
Sung, Mi-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 1, 2006, Pages 17~29
This study investigated the behavior problems of children, both institutionalized and home-reared, depending on their sex, age, and entry to institution. The subjects included 621 children (274 institutionalized, 347 home-reared; 298 boys and 323 girls; 209 preschoolers, 223 first to third graders, 189 fourth to sixth). The data collected were analyzed with t-test, 3-way ANOVA, Scheffe test, and Pearson's correlation. Children's emotionality had two sides: Positive (happiness) and negative (sadness, anger, and fear). Measures of behavior problems included internalization (anxiety, immaturity, withdrawal, physical symptom) and externalization (hyperactivity, aggression). The results of this study indicated that the institutionalized were higher in negative emotionality than their counterparts, whereas the home-reared higher in positive emotionality. The institutionalized children also had higher externalizing problems than the home-reared. Furthermore, children's negative emotionality was positively related to their internalizing and externalizing behavior problems, while their positive emotionality was negatively related to the internalizing behavior problems.
Relationships between Children's Aggression and the Variables as Individual, Family, and School Adjustment
Lee, Kyung-Nim ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 1, 2006, Pages 31~44
This study examined relationships between children's aggression and the variables such as individual, family, and school adjustment. For this study, individual variables included age, self-esteem, and game-addiction tendency. Family variables included mother's controlling parenting, child-abuse, parents' marital conflict. As for school adjustment, teacher relations, peer relations, classroom and rule adjustment in school were examined. The sample consisted of 642 children of the fifth and sixth grade in Busan. Statistics and methods used for data analysis included frequency, percentage, Cronbach's alpha, factor analysis, two-way Anova, Pearson's correlation, and Hierarchical Regression. Several major results were found from the analysis: First, boys' aggression was higher than girls'. But no age difference was found in children's aggression. Second, game-addiction tendency had a positive correlation with children's aggression. In addition, self-esteem had a negative correlation with boys' aggression. Third, mother's controlling parenting had a positive correlation with children's aggression. Child abuse had a positive correlation with boys' aggression, and parents' marital conflict with girls' aggression. Fourth, teacher relations, peer relations, classroom and rule adjustment in school had a negative correlation with boys' aggression. In addition, rule adjustment in school had a negative correlation with girls' aggression. Fifth, game-addiction tendency, rule adjustment in school, self-esteem, mother's controlling parenting and teacher relations in school were important variables predicting boys' aggression. On the other hand, game-addiction tendency and rule adjustment in school were important variables predicting girls' aggression.
The relationship between efficacy belief and role performance of childcare teachers
Kim, Hyoun-Ji ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 1, 2006, Pages 45~53
The goal of this study is to examine the relationship between efficacy belief and role performance of childcare teachers, and also to utilize the results as the basic data for teacher education. The subjects were 205 teachers at 48 childcare centers located in Jeonlabuk-do area. The instruments employed included efficacy belief, teachers' role performance, experiences, and age. The data were analyzed by t-test, Pearson correlation, and Regression Analysis. The results of this study are as follows: First, the role of child carer was the vest performance through childcare teachers' role. Second, the role of instructor, counselor, researcher, and others was significantly different among the types of childcare institution. Third, the social position of ability and personal teaching efficacy belief were correlated positively with teachers' experience. The activeness, the social position of ability, general teaching efficacy belief, personal teaching efficacy belief, and the role of child carer, instructor, counselor, researcher, and others were correlated positively with teachers' age. Fourth, the role of child carer, instructor, counselor, researcher, and others was correlated positively with the activeness and the social position of ability, whereas it was correlated negatively with failure anxiety. Lastly, the activeness was the most powerful variable influencing teachers' role performance.
A Study on Development of Child-care Program - on the Basis of Mothers' Demands -
Park, Young-Ah ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 1, 2006, Pages 55~69
The purpose of this study was to provide data for development of child-care programs. For this purpose, mothers' demands were investigated. The subjects included 403 mothers with children enrolled in child-care centers located in Yangju city, Gyeonggi-do. The data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, cross tabs, t-test, and F-test. The major findings of this study were as follows: First, satisfaction with child-care centers was positive. Second, the major reasons for dissatisfaction with child-care centers came from facilities and program contents of inferior quality. Third, mothers emphasized the importance of teachers' role and social-emotional development as quality criteria for child-care programs. There were differences in mothers' demands according to their demographic characteristics.
A Comparison of Young Children's Multiple Intelligence Area and Social Behaviors in Montessori and General Programs of Day Care Centers
Jeon, Oh-Sook ; Chong, Young-Sook ; Jang, Hye-Ja ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 1, 2006, Pages 71~81
The purpose of this study is to examine the differences in young children's multiple intelligence and social behaviors based not only on Montessori and general programs of day care centers but also on their gender and social- demographic factors. The subjects were 329 young children (182 boys and 147 girls aged from four to five) from two day care centers in Cheongju city. The instruments used in this study were HAPI (Hillside assessment of Perceived Intelligence) to measure the surveyee's multiple intelligence and Park & Lee's scale to measure their social behaviors. The frequencies, percentiles, mean, standard deviations, Cronbach a, t-teat, F and LSD were used to analyze the collected data through SPSS WIN program. The results of this study are as follows: 1) As for young children's multiple intelligence, there are differences according to young children's gender, order of birth, parents' level of education and teacher's working period out of social-demographic factors. 2) As for the young children's social behavior, there are differences according to young children's gender, mother's level of education and teacher's working period out of social-demographic factors.
A study on the Satisfaction of QOL in Daily Living Environment - in the area of Hongseung-gun -
Park, Hyun-Ok ; Lee, Han-Na ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 1, 2006, Pages 83~93
The purpose of this research is to analyze the perception and satisfaction of QOL (Quality of Life) in daily living activities in the area of Hongseung-gun. The subjects included 467 residents in the area. The results of this study are as follows: First, the factors affecting the satisfaction with daily living activities were three types such as social system & welfare service, living convenience & cultural service, and public administration & medical service. Second, those who are young, females, highly educated, and holding professional jobs showed lower satisfaction of QOL than their counterparts. Lastly, the surveyees were more satisfied with public administration & medical service than social system & welfare service and living convenience & cultural service. The results of this study can be applied to the decision-making of public administration and welfare-policy.
Attitudes of Housewives towards the Elderly
Cho, Myoung-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 1, 2006, Pages 95~106
The purpose of this study is to investigate the attitude of housewives towards the elderly people. Three hundred and eighty-one housewives were selected, and a set of questionnaire was used to collect data. The Instrument for this study consisted of 20 item semantic differential format. The results are as follows: Housewives hold a slightly negative attitude towards the old. The main reasons for that were significantly different according to their educational level, religion, economic level, and marital satisfaction. By using a cluster analysis, the housewives could be divided into four groups. Among them, a group with positive attitudes towards the old had an experience living with parents. Based on the results of this study, it is revealed that the data on the attitudes of housewives towards the elderly will offer valuable information in developing education programs to change their negative attitudes.
The Development of Consumer Education Programs for Premarital Couples through Analyses on Consumption Expenditure and Consumption Culture of Marriage
Kim, Jung-Eun ; Rhee, Kee-Choon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 1, 2006, Pages 107~128
The purposes of this study are to explore the consumption expenditure and consumption-cultural meaning in the process of marriage and to provide consumer education programs for premarital couples. For the purpose, this study uses a qualitative analysis including an in-depth interview and a participant observation. Major findings are as follows: Consumers preparing for their marriage experienced quite a different consumption context, which should be said an exceptional practice from the economic point of view. As the agency businesses for marriage becomes one of the fast growing industries, the marriage of Korea is now under the rule of popular consumption culture. Thus, the exceptional consumption abuse during a marriage process brings about the imbalance in consumers' daily life after wedding ceremony. In this point of view, we can see the importance of consumer education programs for the marriage process. The latter half of this study is devoted to propose the desirable model of the consumer education program for premarital couples.
A Comparative Study of Korean and Australian Women's Hairstyle Behavior and Preference
Park, Sook-Hyun ; Ryu, Eun-Hye ; Lee, Soon-Deuk ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 1, 2006, Pages 129~139
The purpose of this study is to compare the hairstyles between Korean and Australian women, who have different individual hair characteristics, social backgrounds, and culture from each other. Data were collected through a survey of 208 Australian females and 392 Koreans. Frequency analysis, t-test, and two-way ANOVA were used to analyze the data. The results are as follows: Korean and Australian women maintain a hairstyle for six months or less in most of the cases. They preferred a hairstyle with bang, and the elderly especially a shorter hair length. Choosing their hairstyles depended on such factors as hair length, dyeing, form of face, harmony with clothing, and social status. There was no difference, however, in a preferred hair length. Korean women possessed brown and black hair colors in a descending order, whereas Australians light blonde and brown in a descending order as well. There was a big difference in the preference for a permanent wave. Korean women preferred to give a volume or curl to their hair, while Australians wanted to have a straight hair. According to the study on a hairstyle behavior, it was found that there were differences in fashion and individuality between two countries and also in dependency among age groups, whereas no differences existed in beauty.
A Study on Clothing Involvement and TV media-related Influential Factors
Ha, Jong-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 1, 2006, Pages 141~148
The purpose of this study is to analyze the dimensions of clothing involvement of female undergraduates in Busan and some influential factors of TV on the clothing involvement. This research also shows the correlations among variables and the differences in clothing involvement and TV media-related influential factors by the customer types. The results of this study are as follows: 1. The clothing involvement is categorized into five factors: pleasure, fashionableness, symbolism, danger awareness, and disinterest in clothing. Four TV media-related influential factors are identified: conformity to entertainers' clothing, interest in entertainers, interest in TV-watching, and imitation of entertainers. 2. An analysis of correlation between clothing involvement and TV media-related variables shows that there is a correlation between conformity to entertainers' clothing and various clothing involvement factors as fashionableness, symbolism and pleasure. A factor of interest in TV-watching is related to symbolism and interest in clothing. A factor of imitation of entertainers is related to fashionableness and disinterest in clothing. 3. An analysis of the differences by the customer types leads to four types of categorization. Type 1 shows low interests in clothing and TV media-related variables. Type 2 demonstrates high clothing involvement and interest in TV-watching. Type 3 is classified as a high involvement/ conformity group, which not only shows high involvement in pleasure and symbolism of clothing but also high conformity to entertainers' clothing. And lastly, type 4 is an disinterest group but it shows high interest in TV-watching, entertainers and imitation of entertainers.
A Study on University Student's Clothing Disposition Behavior Depending on their Personality and Environmental Consciousness
Jeong, Yu-Jeong ; Park, Ok-Lyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 1, 2006, Pages 149~156
The followings are the findings of a study on university student's clothing disposition behavior depending on their personality and environmental consciousness: 1. University student's personality factors were classified into perceived consumer effectiveness, globalism, alienation, conservatism, and a sense of social responsibility. 2. The personality factors are found to have significant influences on both economic and altruistic disposition behavior. 3. In terms of the economic disposition behavior, people in the groups with high environmental consciousness tend to trade unused clothing with other things rather than to sell them for the benefit of economic gains. With regard to the altruistic disposition behavior, they also tend to give the clothing to their close people, for example family members or relatives, rather than to donate them to churches or charitable organizations.
A Study on Perception and Satisfaction of High School Students for Saenghwal Hanbok School Uniforms
Yoo, Jung-Ja ; Kweon, So-Ae ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 1, 2006, Pages 157~168
This research is to investigate the perception and satisfaction of high school students for Saenghwal Hanbok school uniforms. With this study we will be able to provide useful information for clothing companies as well as schools which are planning to introduce Saenghwal Hanbok as a uniform. The research subjects included 446 high school students of Chungcheong and Gyeonggi areas. The results of this study are as follows: 1. Male students evaluated Saenghwal Hanbok affirmatively in terms of its activity convenience. Female students, on the other hand, thought highly of it in such aspects as modern beauty, aesthetic color, distinction, symmetry, wearability, tidiness, color harmony, color unity, decoration details, and suitability for special occasions as well as modem daily life. 2. The satisfaction with Saenghwal Hanbok as a school uniform stayed, on an average, below a mid-level. It appeared that high schools with long history showed more interest than comparatively newly-established schools. Also, students with obesity liked Saenghwal Hanbok more than normal students. 3. The students' demand for price cut was highest among other demands of Saenghwal Hanbok school uniform. In addition, almost all items including wearability, material, color, activity convenience, and patterns appeared to need more improving.
A Study of Body Satisfaction and Clothing Consciousness among American Women between the Ages of 60 and 90
Jung, Myoung-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 1, 2006, Pages 169~176
This study explored elderly American women's body satisfaction and clothing consciousness with the methods of survey and body measurement. To that end, I first investigated their self-perception of body size and body satisfaction and also the relationships between those, along with the relationships between body measurements and body satisfaction. Then, I analyzed the differences in elderly women's body satisfaction and clothing consciousness among different body type groups. For the last, I examined the degree of their body thinness or obesity and ideal body size in order to explore the standard for ideal body shape among elderly women. Elderly American women were satisfied with most of their body parts except waist circumference and weight. Body satisfaction with stature, weight, and hip circumference was correlated to both size perception and body measurement. Body satisfaction with thigh circumference and leg length was correlated to size perception, and also that with waist circumference and neck length to body measurement. Size perception showed differences among body types, but body satisfaction did not show notable differences among body types. There were significant differences between real size and ideal one. Elderly American women thought that clothing was important in their everyday life.
A Study on Middle School Students' Interests in Housing Education Contents of Technology Home Economics Subject - Based on Jeonbuk Province -
Kwark, Kyoung-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 1, 2006, Pages 177~185
The purpose of this study is to research middle school students' interests in the housing education contents of Technology Home Economics Subject - to classify the contents into three units, we have application of living space, indoor environment and equipments, support and repair of housing. This study has a subject of 529 middle schoolers living in Jeonbuk province. In this statistical analysis, SPSS program was utilized to analyze percentage, mean and standard deviation. These materials were also verified by t-test. The results of this research were as follows: Middle school students' interests in housing education contents stayed at a mid-level. There was a significant difference in contents interest according to their gender - boys appeared to have a higher interest than girls. On the basis of these results, it can be suggested that these results offer fundamental information for improving students' critical practice in their real life. Since this study has conducted a limited research with a topic of housing education only, it is essential that further research covering a wider array of themes be done in the future.