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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 15, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
A study on Early Childhood Secondhand Smoke Prevention Education for Young Children's Health Right Promotion
Gwon, Gi-Nam ; Min, Ha-Yeoung ; Yoon, Chung-Sik ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 2006, Pages 187~196
This study aims to 1) develop the Secondhand Smoke prevention program using project approach program for young children aged 4 to 5 years, 2) estimate the influence of project approach program on the prevention of their secondhand smoke, and 3) suggest effective strategies to ultimately encourage a smoke-free environment for them. The participants of an experimental group included a total of 64 preschoolers (42 boys and 22 girls) from one child-care center in Gyeonggi province. The sample of a controlled group was 49 preschoolers (30 boys and 19 girls) from one child-care center in Daegu province. Before and after experiencing project approach program on the prevention of secondhand smoke, each of them was asked to respond to such questions as recognition, attitude, and coping behavior of secondhand smoke. It has revealed that, after the program, those in the experimental group showed greater degree of recognition, more negative attitude, and more active coping behavior of secondhand smoke than those in the controlled group.
Sex-role stereotyping of award-winning and traditional fairy tales
Yi, Soon-Hyung ; Lim, Song-Mi ; Sung, Mi-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 2006, Pages 197~208
In this study, we investigated characteristics of sex-role stereotyping on 150 award-winning and traditional fairy tales (42 award-winning and 108 traditional fairy tales). The results were as follows: The depiction that female characters were rewarded for skills and competence, not for beauty, appeared more frequently in traditional fairy tales than in award-winning ones. Women were portrayed frequently as docile and passive in traditional fairy tales than in award-winning ones. Also, it was more frequently shown in award-winning tales than in traditional ones that male and female characters participated non-equally in physical activities.
A Study on the Composition and Planning Guidelines of Outdoor Play Environment at Child Care Centers in Seoul
Byun, Hea-Ryung ; Choi, Mock-Wha ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 2006, Pages 209~225
The purpose of this study is to research the actual condition of environment and management of outdoor play at child care centers in Seoul, and to present a planning guideline for outdoor play environment. For this purpose, data were collected by a structured questionnaire and subjects were 164 directors of child care centers located in Seoul. The contents of the questionnaire were composed of general facts about the respondent and facility, environmental condition, managerial condition, and director's understanding about outdoor play. The data were then analyzed using the frequency, percentage, mean and crosstab. The major results have shown the following: 1) Most child care centers in Seoul had some space for outdoor play. 62% of them used front yard and 11 % a rooftop. 2) The space usually included fixed play instruments such as slide and complex unit structures, sand play area, and open area. It also had many natural elements as shrubs and earth. 3) 78% of the centers had a schedule for outdoor play. The schedule operates flexibly according to each center's own day schedule. Generally, a time for outdoor play was 21 to 30 minutes. 4) The directors of child care centers thought highly of outdoor play for it contributes to the balanced development of children. They answered that equipments and spaces, program devices, and teacher's understanding are some of the important factors for active outdoor play. 5) Most of them wanted wood-working area (construction activity area), water play area, and cages.
A Study of Coping Behavior with Midaged Women's Crisis
Hong, Dal-Ah-Gi ; Lee, Nam-Ju ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 2006, Pages 227~237
The purpose of this study is to find out midaged women's crisis and ways to overcome it. Another purpose is to improve their qualities of life and to provide basic data to develop their potentials. The results are as follows: First, it shows that socio-demographic characteristics have a significant influence on midaged women's crisis. Those variables include religion, jobs, family-life cycle, income, marriage duration, age, and supporting parents. Second, the variables significantly influencing the coping behavior with the crisis include age, income, religion, marriage patterns, region, marriage duration, family-life cycle, and supporting parents. Third, as a result of this research, their negative expression of action or emotion was higher as they were getting old. The general tendency was that an emotional crisis level was low when rational coping behaviors were high. Therefore, self-esteem or social activity improvement programs should be developed for midaged women.
Association among Religiosity, Self-Esteem and Life Satisfaction of the Elderly
Jeon, Young-Ja ; Park, Kyung-Rhan ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 2006, Pages 239~249
The purpose of this research is to examine the relationship among religiosity, self-esteem, and life satisfaction of the elderly. The subjects of this study are 228 elders living in Busan and Gyeongnam areas, who have religions such as Christianity or Catholicism. The main results of this study are as follows: 1) Elders' health condition, starting age of religion, and social religious activity are revealed to be significant variables which influence their self-esteem. 2) Self-esteem, individual religious activity, and health condition are revealed to be significant variables which influence their life satisfaction.
Effects of Gender and Expenditure on Satisfaction with Foodservice of Western Restaurants
Kang, Jong-Heon ; Ju, Yeong-Ju ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 2006, Pages 251~259
The purpose of this study is to identify main effect of gender and expenditure, and interaction effect of gender by expenditure on satisfaction with foodservices of western restaurants. Accordingly, this study surveyed questionnaires concerning 20 measures of foodservice as well as major subject descriptors. The result of this study was as follows: KMO and Bartlett's test statistics showed that the data well fitted a factor analysis. Results of the factor analysis, average variance extracted estimates, and shared variance showed that the convergent and discriminant validities of 5 factors were supported, and Cronbach's alpha also showed that the internal consistencies of 5 factors were supported. But there was an interaction effect between independent variables and covariate on service quality factor. This study, therefore, used food decor factor, facility factor, food quality factor, and food value factor as dependent variables in two way 3
2 design factorial ANCOVA. It was found that there were no main effects of gender and expenditure on those four factors. It was however revealed that there was an interaction effect of gender by expenditure on food decor factor.
Consumer Consciousness Toward Well-being Trend and Well-being Behaviors
Yoo, Hyun-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 2006, Pages 261~274
The purpose of this study was to explore the well-being behaviors and the consciousness toward well-being trend. The well-being behaviors were composed of 4 dimensions such as regular exercise, purchase the organic agricultural products, use of the air cleaner, and diet for health. The consumer consciousness toward well-being trend was composed of 3 factors such as the marketing criticism, the pursuit of mental richness and orientation for rural life. Especially, the differences of well-being behavior and consumer consciousness toward well-being trend according to socio-demographic variables. The main results were as follows: 1. The well-being trend was extended every consumer, but consumers were not after well-being trends or goods. In addition to consumers thought that well-being trend was stoked by marketers. 2. The well-being behaviors and consumer consciousness were statistically different among groups by the socio-demographic variables.
The physiological properties and sensibility of PET irradiated by ultraviolet rays
Choi, Hae-Young ; Lee, Jung-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 2006, Pages 275~281
The purpose of this study is to investigate hand and sensibility of PET treated by Ultra-Violet (UV). The 4-channel PET knit fabric was treated by a self-made UV instrument in 5cm distance with different time frames-0min, 30min, and 90min. For hand evaluation, mechanical properties were measured by the KES-FB system. The environmental condition was controlled at 29
, 75% (R.H.)-summer standard climate. Twenty female students evaluated 'roughness', 'smoothness', 'wetness', 'stiffness', 'coolness', 'touch', 'preference', and 'comfort'. The outcomes of the experiment are as follows: The surface roughness of mechanical properties showed significant differences and the value of PET irradiated by UV for 90min was highest. The order of primary hand value such as NUMERI and FUKURAMI was in a following order-Untreated > 30min treated > 90min treated. Total hand value showed that PET irradiated by UV for 90min was appropriate for using summer fabric. The results of subjective sensibility were that the untreated and 30min treated PET were recognized as similar and had a good evaluation on 'comfort', 'preference' and 'the sense of touch'. This consequence disagreed with total hand value, because it was considered that subjects' hand sensibility was dependent on the feel of smoothness.
A Study on Color Characteristics of Summer Clothing Textiles Preferred by College Students
Kim, Hee-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 2006, Pages 283~292
The purpose of this study is to analyze and compare the color characteristics of preferred summer clothing textiles, such as shirts, blouse, slacks and skirt. 109 male and female college students evaluated the preference to clothing textiles in previous research and top 10 kinds of textiles were chosen for each clothing item. To analyze the color characteristics of preferred textiles, spectral data were measured with spectrophotometer. By the results, color and color tone, value of L, a, b according to clothing item and season were compared. Chromaticity diagram was drawn, too. The results of this study are as following: 1. Color characteristics of shirts textile college student preferred for summer was PB color and p tone. The textile, in general, represented simple color that is close to achromatic color with light and soft shade. 2. The most preferred color of blouse textiles was G color and It, d tone. The color characteristics of blouse textiles represented stronger and more brilliant than those of shirts. 3. For slacks, colors of preferred summer textiles were mostly B, YR color and p, It.g, dk tone. Therefore, preferred textiles for slacks represented simple bluish or brownish color that is close to achromatic color with light or dark shade. 4. The most preferred color of skirt textiles were Y, R color and It tone. Skirt textiles had various colors compared to slacks. 5. College students generally prefer simple cold color that is close to achromatic color, because shirts and slacks have high frequency of wearing. In color tone, light and soft tone were preferred for shirts, and for slacks, they preferred light or dark tone. Comparatively, blouse and skirt which have low frequency of wearing represented various colors which contain more brilliant and stronger toned warm colors. 6. By the result of analyzing L, a, b value, shirts and blouse textiles showed higher L value than those of slacks and skirt. The textiles preferred by college students were generally close to achromatic color, because values of a, b were very low. This was confirmed with the result of chromaticity diagram. 7. In pattern of preferred textiles, solid textile were preferred mostly for shirt, blouse, skirt and slacks, and stripe pattern was preferred secondly.
Development of Textile Knowledge Checklist and Analysis of Textile Recognition
Kim, Jeong-Hwa ; Lee, Sun-Young ; Lee, Jung-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 2006, Pages 293~301
The purpose of this study is to develop a textile knowledge checklist and to analyze university students' textile recognition. After analyzing reliability, difficulty, and discrimination of questions, we developed a standardized tool to measure textile knowledge. The tool has 72 checklist questions, which can be divided into 4 parts: basic property, comfort, management, and finishing. The level of university students' textile knowledge was 68.91 %. The level of basic property was 75.56%, comfort 70.83%, management 64.5% and finishing 64.74%. The recognition of management and finishing was lower than that of basic property and comfort. There existed a significant difference in the textile knowledge by their gender, major, and school year. To elaborate, females, clothing and textile major students, and juniors and seniors showed higher level of textile knowledge. It seemed that comfort was more professional item than management in textile knowledge.
A Study on Application of Korean Traditional Patterns to the Quilt Design
You, Kyung-Sook ; Lee, Jung-Ae ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 2006, Pages 303~316
The present study deals with developing a new modem design of quilt which is characteristic of Korean traditional patterns. The goal of this study is to make some samples of the pattern as a basic motive of quilt work by using some Korean traditional patterns that could be found in roof tiles, windows, Neung-Hwa (a kind of wood cut for printing book covers), and others. This study examines the concept of quilts, their historical background, and their characteristics. This study also examines traditional patterns that are applicable to the patchy work of quilt, discussing the characteristic of both the Korean patterns and Nubi (Korean traditional quilt). In the process of pattern development, the original patterns were simplified and transformed to apply them to the modem quilt pattern. Fabrics (100% cotton) of similar colors were used to emphasize quilting lines. This study has found followings; 1) The geometric pattern usually consists of dots, lines, and faces. These patterns are suitable for pieced quilts. 2) The curvilinear pattern found in roof tiles or Yi-Dynasty coins, can be easily re-expressed by the applique technique. Combinations of fabrics and motive compositions can express quilts in realistic and creative ways. 3) Addition of Korean traditional quilt techniques, such as parallel lines or swastika stitches, to the traditional object-derived quilt patterns led to the creation of images close to the already existing Korean quilt, Nubi.
A Study on Major Local Foods in Gwangju.Jeonam Area
Kim, Jeong-Ok ; Choi, Cha-Ran ; Shin, Mal-Shick ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 2006, Pages 327~339
We have investigated the distribution of major local foods cultivated in Gwangju City and Jeollanam-Do in order to understand the food culture of Honam region. The local foods were divided into 4 classes: agricultural, aquatic, animal and other products. 124 species of local foods, including 51 agricultural products, 50 aquatic products, 6 animal products and 17 others, were identified from this region. In Jeollanam-Do area, the agricultural products have a variety of fruits and vegetables, and aquatic products have fishes. In particular, rice, cucumber, pear, anchovy, oyster, laver, oyster mushroom, shiitake mushroom, and honey were determined as major local foods in Jeollanam-Do area. Note that Mudeungsan watermelon is cultivated in Gwangju, and sweet smelt and cat fish caught only in Sumjin river and Tamjin river area. In recent years, pumpkin (Cucurbita maxima Duchesne), paprika, kiwi and melon were determined as major local foods in Jeollanam-Do. Furthermore, branding strategy of agricultural and animal products can be said to improve. Wild types of aquatic productions, mushrooms and wild edible greens have been decreasing, whereas cultivated production increasing. The kinds of special local foods in Gwangju City and Jeollanamdo area were influenced by geographical, religious and social factors.
A study on health-functional foods intake pattern of consumers in Busan and Gyeongnam region
Kim, Hyo-Chung ; Kim, Mee-Ra ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 2006, Pages 341~352
This study examined health-functional foods intake pattern of consumers and their recognition of it to prepare a guide for the foods. The data were collected from the adults living in Busan and Gyeongnam through a self-administered questionnaire from September sixth to September thirteenth, 2005. The results of this study were as follows: Most respondents have taken one health-functional food, mainly on purpose to maintain and improve overall health condition. The average of monthly cost to purchase the foods was 79,933 Korean won, and drugstores were the main purchasing place. The value perception about health-functional foods was at the middle, and the recognition level of Health Functional Foods Act established in 2002 was very low. The most important source of information regarding health-functional foods was family, relatives and friends, and two-fifths respondents had difficulties in obtaining information. These results imply that consumers should consult with experts before they take health-functional foods and that public information regarding Health Functional Foods Act should be given to consumers.
The Effects of a group counseling program for career exploration on college students' self-efficacy
Cho, Hea-Joung ; Kim, Mill-Yang ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 2, 2006, Pages 353~362
The purpose of this study is to develop a group counseling program for career exploration and to explore its effects on college students' self-efficacy. Main program activities consisted of 8-week sessions. Equivalent control group pretest-posttest design was employed for this study. 40 college students voluntarily participated in a group counseling of career exploration. Another 40 students were selected for a control group of this study design. The self-efficacy (23 items) was administered to both the experimental and the control groups before and after the 8-week treatments. The results of this research showed that the differences (program effects) of the experimental group in the scale were higher than those of the control group. In conclusion, a group counseling program for the career exploration had significant effects on the career exploration and self-efficacy of college students.