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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 15, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
Comparative study on the satisfaction and actual conditions of playgrounds in kindergartens and child care centers in Daejeon
Choi, Mock-Wha ; Byun, Hea-Ryung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 4, 2006, Pages 527~539
The purpose of this study was to investigate the satisfaction and current conditions of playground environment in kindergartens and child care centers in Daejeon. Data were collected from 112 directors of kindergartens and child care centers through a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed by using of frequency, percentage, mean, reliability analysis, crosstab, independent sample t-test, multiple regression. The major results showed the following. 1) 89.3% of subjects(100.0% of kindergartens and 79.7% of child care centers) have a playground. Most of playgrounds were located in the front yard. The playground's play equipments/areas were usually composed of slides, sand play areas, benches, empty playing fields, swings. Flowers/plants, shrubs were most of the natural factors of the playgrounds. 2) Slides and swimming pools of play equipments/areas were rated highest on the satisfaction level. Grass, flowers/plants, and shrubs as the natural factors of the playgrounds, were rated highest on the satisfaction level. 3) The playground was divided into 5 categories, which were made of manufactured play equipment settings, manipulative settings, rest settings, natural settings, adventure settings. Manufactured play equipment settings were rated highest on the satisfaction level. 4) Among 5 categories of the playground's play area, manufactured play equipment settings showed valid variables to playground's satisfaction level.
Influence of parents' parenting values and beliefs on preschoolers' problem behaviors
Lee, Eun-Ju ; Min, Ha-Yeoung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 4, 2006, Pages 541~549
The purpose of this study is to clarify that parents' values and beliefs in bringing up their children deeply relate to their children's problem behaviors, The subjects are 267 preschoolers attending kindergarten in Daegue area, Statistical techniques are Two Way ANOVA, Scheffe' test, Pearson's Correlation and Regression, The results of this study are as follows: (1) Problem behaviors of preschoolers are significantly related to parents' values, Preschoolers whose parents have a higher level of values have a lower level of problem behaviors. (2) Problem behaviors of preschoolers are significantly related to parents' beliefs, Preschoolers whose parents have a higher level of beliefs have a higher level of problem behaviors. (3) The Multiple Regression analysis shows that parents' parenting values and beliefs are crucially predictive of preschoolers' problem behaviors. Especially, parents' parenting beliefs is more relevant to preschoolers' problem behaviors than parents' parenting values is.
The Influence of Children's Familiarity with a Task and Teachers' Feedback on their Problem Solving Performances
Pae, Jin-Hee ; Hwang, Hae-Shin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 4, 2006, Pages 551~561
The purpose of the study is to examine the influence of children's familiarity with a task and teachers' feedback on their problem solving performances. It was assumed that children's' problem solving performance would be different depending on the children's familiarity with a task and the feedback from teachers. The study also examined whether children's' problem solving competence would be different depending on their gender and age. The experiment was conducted with two experimental tools. The subjects were 58 children who were 5 to 6-year-old, enrolled in kindergartens in Koyang city in Kyunggi province. The collected data were processed with SPSS 11.0 program to get the average and the standard deviations, and with one-way ANOVA and two-way ANOVA with repeated measures. The results of the experiment are as follows; First, children's' problem solving competence was different depending on their age. Older children showed higher performance than younger children, while there's no difference in children's performance depending on their gender. Second, the teachers' feedback didn't influence children's problem solving performance. Third, children showed higher performance when familiar tasks were provided, compared to when typical tasks were provided. Finally, this study found that children's task familiarity has an influence on their problem solving performance.
A Study on the Improvement and Current Status on Child Counseling Works in Korea
Chung, Min-Jung ; Lee, Sang-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 4, 2006, Pages 563~572
The purpose of this study was to analyze on child counseling service of child welfare policy in Korea. Child counseling services are the most primary services in child welfare. The services have a function of supporting and reinforcing children, so they can grow positively through a desirable relationship with their parents in their family. As child welfare facilities operated politically in Korea, we discussed in this study about the current status of public/private child counseling centers. Through such discussion, we analyzed the current child counseling works in Korea and suggested a future direction of such works. The main results obtained were as follows. First, There were 41 guidance centers for children in Korea, and public guidance centers were 6, and private 35. Second, There were much more guidance centers in Holt Children's Services than in any other centers. Third, In terms of the occurrence of the cases, common children were about 56%, and nonintervention of abuse children were about 13.7% of the total cases. In conclusion, political and systematic support on the establishment of professional public child counseling centers with specialized experts and facilities must be provided in order to activate universal child counseling services for both protection-needed and ordinary children. Furthermore, such political and systematic support must be provided to the establishment and fluent operation of private child counseling centers.
A Study on Hairstyle in Northern Nation of Ancient China
Park, Chun-Sun ; Kim, Il-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 4, 2006, Pages 573~583
Hair styles for human being develope according to the natural environment. Chinese hair styles have been changed from tousled hair to pigtailed hair, later additional style of shaved hair, became pigtailed. Each hair style for people, however, is based on each people's culture and history. Thus, the same changed had not been applied to each culture simultaneously. Hairstyle for Yao(遼) Jin(金) Yuan(元) that is a representation of ancient northern tribe, is summarized as follow; Tung Hu'(東胡)s inferior, Khitai(契丹)'s hair style is tousled hair and Sushen(肅愼),'s inferior, Jurchen(女眞) has partial shave and left 2 strand of pigtail. Hun'(匈奴)s inferior, Mongol(蒙古) has hair in top and shaved head except both sides and rear. One style is circular shape of braided hair at both sides. The other is one strand pigtail at the rear head, which is the original shape for Man'(滿) pigtail later.
A Study of Design Preference and Purchase Behavior by Segmentation of Fashion images on Sportive style
Park, Sook-Hyun ; Lee, Jeong-Min ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 4, 2006, Pages 585~595
The purpose of this study is to classify the fashion images on sportive style, to find out the difference between the image of sportive style which consumers prefer and the image of sportive style which they want to show and, finally, to analyze their purchase behavior. This research is done with survey method. The subjects of the survey are 835 females in their twenties or their thirties in Pusan area. The data are analyzed with factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha,
-test, and frequency analysis. The results of this study are as follows: first, sportive style is classified into Sexy, Romantic, Active and Modem image. Second, the results of analysis on consumers' preferring image and their wanting-to-show image to the above-mentioned image classification are as follows: firstly, the subjects' most preferring image and the image which they most want to show is Modem in1age. The second is Sexy image. But the subjects preferred having Modem image. Secondly, consumers' Individuality and apparel's Function are the important reasons to choose the sportive style. Thirdly, Modem image is the most preferred in the images of street wear. Sexy image and Active image are the preferred in the images of sports wear. Third, It is a vivid tone and a dark tone that is the color tone of sportive wear which consumers prefer. They prefer a logo- patterned sports wear, too. The consumers obtain most information on sports wear from sports wear stores. Silhouette is the most decisive design element in consumers' purchasing. The sports wear brands which the subjects prefer are Adidas and Nike.
The Study in the Preference of Korean and American Students with the tone Variation of Green Jacket and Skirt Color
Kang, Kyung-Ja ; Kim, Sun-Mi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 4, 2006, Pages 597~609
The purpose of the research was to compare the preference of coloration of traditional Korean dress according to tone variation of green jacket by Korean and American women college students. The results of research can be summarized as follows. Korean students preferred skirt of vivid red color and light green jacket, but American students did not like it. Korean students did not like the skirt and jacket of same color, but American students preferred it. Both Korean and American students preferred skirt and jacket of different tone. Korean students liked skirt of dull blue and jacket of light dull green, skirt of dark blue and jacket of vivid, dull green. American students liked skirt of vivid violet and jacket of vivid dull, dark green. They also liked skirt of light yellow and jacket of light green, light skirt of blue, violet and jacket of light, dull, dark green, skirt of dark blue and vivid, light, dull gueen, skirt of dark violet and jacket of dull, dark green.
The Visual Evaluation of Face Image according to Color Coordination of Makeup
Jeong, Su-Jin ; Kang, Kyung-Ja ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 4, 2006, Pages 611~622
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of eyeshadow color (brown, purple, and blue), lipstick color (red, orange, and purple), and lipstick tone(vivid, light, dull, and dark) on the makeup image. The experimental materials used for this study were sets of stimulus and response scales (7 point semantic). The stimuli were 36 color pictures manipulated with the combination of eyeshadow color, lipstick color, and lipstick tone using computer simulation. The subjects were 216 female undergraduates living in Jinju city. The data was analyzed by using SPSS program. Analyzing methods were ANOVA and Duncan test. The result of this study are as follows. Image factor of the stimulus was composed of 4 different components (attractiveness and gracefulness, visibility, cuteness, and softness), Among them, the attractiveness and gracefulness and the visibility were important. Each dimensional image was affected by color coordination of eyeshadow color, lipstick color and lipstick tone. Therefore, the face image through matching eyeshadow and lipstick could be varied by the eyeshadow color, lipstick color and tones.
A Study on the perception of Hairless Head dummy for Development of Various Hair Design
Lee, Jin-Hee ; Kim, Sang-Eun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 4, 2006, Pages 623~630
The purpose of this study is to do research hairdressers' knowledge of hairless head dummy's brand name, and to suggest and develop various hairless head dummy for the students who are learning hair styling in the colleges and the academies, for the hairdressers working in the beauty salons. Using only one and same kind of hairless head model is not appropriate for hairdressers and students being trained hair styling skill, because people have a variety of head shapes. Three hundred twenty nine persons who live in Iksan area are selected as subjects. The results of the study are as follow: by the analysis of subjects' knowledge of hairless head dummy's brand name, most of them didn't know it exactly. This study deduced that there is a significant relation between the utility of hairless head dummy and subjects' intention of purchasing the dummy. To put it in detail, in case of college students, there is little significant difference between them. But in case of academy students, there is. By the regression analysis, especially, in case of hairdressers working in beauty salons and academy students, four conditions did significantly matter in their purchasing the dummy: first, whether the respondents owns it, second, whether it is helpful to themselves, third, whether they have ever used foreign products and, finally, whether they have intention to purchase various hairless head dummys or not. In conclusion, it depended on each group position whether their knowledge of brand names of hairless head model affects their purchase of the dummy or not.
The Analysis of Wearers' Impression to Combination of their Body Type with Neutral Tone Wear - focused on Pants-
Paeng, Suk-Kyung ; Kang, Kyung-Ja ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 4, 2006, Pages 631~646
The purpose of this study is to find out its effect on wearers' impression formated by combination of their body type with neutral tone clothing. The experimental materials developed for this study are a set of responses to stimulus in scales(7-point semantic). 45 pictures used as stimulus are, through computer simulation, manipulated to five wearers' body type and nine neutral tone wear. The subjects are 276(?) female undergraduate students in Kyung-nam area. Factors on wearers' impression suggested as responses to the stimulus consist of 5 different demensions (Tenderness, Cuteness, Attractiveness, Elegance, Intrepidity). The results of this study are as follows: first, combination of their body type with neutral tone wear significantly affects the formation of wearers' impression in the factor of Tenderness, Attractiveness, and Intrepidity (?); to the factor of Attractiveness, wearers' body type is rather more related than wearers' neutral tone wear is. Second, the harmony of their body type with neutral tone wear has a significant effect on wearers' impression in the factor of Cuteness. According to those results, the combination of wearers' body type with neutral tone wear has significant effects on the formation of wearers' impression.
The Distribution of Clothing Microclimate on the Upper Body
Kim, Yang-Weon ; Hong, Kyng-Hi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 4, 2006, Pages 647~650
The factors affecting clothing comfort are temperature, humidity, and air velocity of clothing microclimate which is the temperature and the humidity between the skin surface and the innermost garment, clothing pressure and clothing texture to the skin. This study was designed to estimate the distribution of clothing microclimate on the upper body. All the data of this study were collected from volunteered male subjects in the controlled climate chamber laboratory in which the temperature was
, the relative humidity
, and the air velocity 30cm/sec. All subjects should wear long-sleeved inner wear and pants woven in 100% cotton. Clothing microclimate temperature at 16 sites on the chest and 16 sites on the back was measured. The results were as follows: the distribution of the clothing microclimate temperature on the upper body was
on the breast and
on the back. While a mean temperature on the chest was 33.3
, it was 33.1
on the back.
Quantitative Analysis of the Size and the Structural Factors of the Feet for Elementary School Girls' Shoe Design
Jeon, Eun-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 4, 2006, Pages 651~658
This study was performed to provide the analysis on their size and the structural factors required in the process of design and manufacture of school girls' shoes. 371 elementary school girls in Kyungin and Youngnam area were participated in the size measurement. 25 foot items and 6 main body items were measured directly or indirectly using a digital photography. The results of the study are as follows: first, by most of measured items, the range of their foot size was very wide from the size of toddlers to adults'. That shows that the change of school girls' foot size occurred with their growth is pretty big. Second, from the structural factor analysis on 25 foot items, five factors were extracted such as 'the size of the foot', 'the volume of the foot,' 'the height and inclination of the foot,' 'the shape of the foot,' and 'the inside and outside inclination of the foot'. Third, from the cluster analysis, three clusters were classified: Cluster 1 was the group of 10 to 11 year old girls who had big-sized feet. The elementary school girls in the fourth to sixth grade belonged to this group. Cluster 2 consisted of girls who had small-sized and big-volumed feet. Cluster 3 had medium-sized and slim-shaped feet. Most of 6 to 7 year old elementary school girls belonged to this group. The above-mentioned results imply that many continual researches are required on children's shoe production reflecting the change of elementary school girls' feet size owing to their growth. The quantitative data on elementary school girls' feet size in this study could be used as basic information for the development of children's shoe design and its production.
Measuring Preferences for Leaf Mustard Kimchi across Visit Purpose
Kang, Jong-Heon ; Jeong, Hang-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 4, 2006, Pages 659~667
The purpose of this study is to identify the combinated factors of leaf mustard kimchi which confer the highest utility on tourists, and to establish the relative factors of importance in terms of tourists' contribution to total utility to their tour purpose. Conjoint model,
analysis, Max. Utility model, BTL model, Logit model, K-means cluster analysis, and one-way ANOVA analysis are used for this study. The findings from this study are as follows: First, the Pearson's R and Kendall's tau(
) statistics shows that the model fits the data well to the tourists' visit purpose. Second, when they choose a sightseeing place, tourists' taste for food renowned in the local area is a very important factor. Third, the leaf mustard kimchi some tourists most prefer has light red color and mild taste, and they buy it in a shaped packing, at a cheap price and directly at the kimchi factory. The leaf mustard kimchi the other tourists most prefer has light red color and highly pungent taste, and they buy it in a shaped packing, at a cheap price and directly at the kimchi factory. Fourth, by the results of BTL model and Logit Model analysis, some tourists most prefer an experimental model of leaf mustard kimchi which has light red color and mild taste. They want to buy it in a shaped packing, at a cheap price and directly at the kimchi factory. The other tourists most prefer an experimental model of leaf mustard kimchi which has light red color and highly pungent taste. They want to buy it in a shaped packing, at a cheap price and directly in the kimchi factory. Finally, the writer hopes this study will provide the kimchi marketers with some insights into the types of popular leaf mustard kimchi designs that could be successfully developed.
Effect of black rice flour replacement on physicochemical, textural and sensory properties of Yackwa
Lee, Kyong-Ae ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 4, 2006, Pages 669~674
In this study the properties of Yackwa partially replaced wheat flour with black rice flour were examined in the three factors: the physicochemical, the textural and the sensory. When the amount of black rice flour increased, dehydration and oil absorption of Yackwa decreased while frying it. The color of black rice flour Yackwa was darker yellowish than that of wheat flour Yackwa. When black rice flour was added more in making Yackwa, the results are as follows: first, its hardness increased, second, the external and internal color of Yackwa got significantly darker, finally, its greasiness decreased. As a result, up to 20% of wheat flour may be replaced with black rice flour without diminishing acceptability.
An Analysis on the Actual Conditions of Kindergarten Outdoor facilities in Korea
Koh, Mi-Kyung ; Ryue, Sook-Hee ; Na, Jung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 4, 2006, Pages 675~689
The purpose of this study is to examine the actual conditions of kindergarten outdoor facilities in Korea, based on their establishment types and their located areas. The subjects for the survey were 6,819 kindergartens, and the subjects for sample-depth survey were the 10% of the total group, The study was conducted with an online survey and an on-the-spot survey, Spss 12.0 was used for statistics analysis, Most outdoor facilities of kindergartens in Korea consisted of playgrounds with soil or sand and complex playing equipments, The rate of Kindergartens' owning and utilizing their educational equipments was high. The educational utility of kindergarten outdoor facilities was high, too, but the needs of public kindergartens and that of private kindergartens were different. The 3% of private kindergartens had playgrounds on the roof, so they needed to be inspected periodically by the authorities. The kindergartens attached to the primary schools needed independent playgrounds of primary schools, Most kindergartens are required to explore diverse paving materials of their playgrounds and to develop outdoor equipments for childrens' creative playing.
A Study on the function and Management Models of American Homeowners Association for Introducing Residential Area Management System in Korea
Park, Kyoung-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 4, 2006, Pages 691~701
The purpose of this study is to find out a way to apply the strength of American homeowners association to Korean housing management system through literature review on the legal basis, organizational composition and functions, and management models of homeowners association. Following is distinctive characteristics of American homeowners association. 1) Homeowners association is a juridical entity which 'Condominium Act' obliges residents to join. 2) The board of directors is decision maker. The covenant, however, gives residents right to act in committees. 3) Homeowners association has self-governing functions such as management of common spaces, permission of new construction and taxation. 4) Types of management are volunteers' self-management, association-employed management, full agency management, and some mixed types. Residents pay management charge by month or by quarter. This study suggests as follow. 1) It is needed for Korea to legislate the law to regulate the management system of detached houses. 2)Management system of Korea can be more efficient with volunteers' committees for active participation. Above all, architectural control committee is essential in the circumstance that reform of apartment is popular these days. 3) The management entity is recommended to have some self-governing function to talk about taxation policy with local governments.