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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 15, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
The Effects of the Group Game Play Therapy on the Improvement of Emotional Intelligence and Self-Esteem of Institutionalized Children
Suk, Ju-Yeung ; An, Ok-Hee ; Park, In-Jeon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 5, 2006, Pages 703~718
This study was designed to examine the effects of the group game play therapy(GGPT) developed for enhancing emotional intelligence and self-esteem of institutionalized children. The participants were fifty-seven institutionalized children, residing in D city. Twenty-seven subjects were assigned to an experimental group in which the GGPT is practiced and thirty subjects were assigned to a control group in which a game play is practiced. Each group participated in a sixteen-session program twice a week during eight weeks. The data were analyzed by a SPSSWIN 10.0 program. ANCOVA and F-test were used to examine the effects of GGPT of the experimental group. The major results of this study were as follows. Firstly, the level of subject's emotional intelligence of the experimental group got higher than that of the control group. Secondly, the level of subject's self-esteem of the experimental group got higher than that of the control group.
The study of British Child Care Teacher's Job Satisfaction and Their Job Stress
Cho, Song-Yon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 5, 2006, Pages 719~727
The purpose of this study is to examine the job satisfaction and the job stress of British child care teachers. Respondents, including childminders, were 137 British child care teachers who worked in nursery school, day nursery, creche, and playgroup. In the survey on the job satisfaction of British child care teachers, they were asked to answer two items. In the survey on their job stress level, they were required to rate their job-related stress levels on a 5 point scale of 'Job Stress scale' by Davis et al(2003). The results indicated: firstly, the British child care teachers are much satisfied with their job and have the low level of job stress. Secondly, their job satisfaction depends on who runs the child care facilities, what position they have in the centers, how long they work for child care, what qualifications they have. The levels of their job stress depend significantly on their present position in the centers. Thirdly, the job satisfaction of British child care teachers is explained about 27%, is related to their performing of daily routine, their age, the management of child care centers and qualifications of the teachers.
Family Life and conflicts of Female International Marriage Migrant
Hong, Dal-Ah-Gi ; Chae, Ock-Hi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 5, 2006, Pages 729~741
The purpose of this study is to examine conflicts between female international marriage migrants(FIMMs) and their family members, and living conditions of FIMMs in Korea. The results will be useful in understanding FIMMs' struggles and will help them to develop their adaptive ability to family life. This study analyzed the factors in three dimensions: a Sociodemographic factor, a marriage-related factor and a factor of the migrants' relationship to their family members. All conflicts result from the lack of mutual understanding between the migrants and their family, and the differences between their languages and between their cultures. Of course, FIMMs can not adequately express their feelings and opinions in Korean language. Their loved ones and relatives can not express their feelings in the immigrants' languages, either. It is evident that there are a lot of misunderstandings caused from their language barrier. The public support for the migrants is limited. They live a lonely life and no consideration. Most of them complains that their husbands have no careful concern for their feelings. That seems because most of the Korean husbands have never had education enough to understand their problems in terms of international marriage. A close watch of what can be learned from conflict and complaints of women. However, any sympathy for foreign women's complaints should be evaluated in cultural sides: especially family life education programs for Korean husbands and their family members are required for a good grasp of typical intermarriage issues.
The Perception of Stepfamily Adolescents about Their Stepfamily relationship and the Need for Education Program
Lim, Choon-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 5, 2006, Pages 743~760
The purpose of this study is to identify stepfamily adolescents' emotions related with parental remarriage and the need for education program for them. Forty three stepfamily adolescents in middle and high schools in Seoul were surveyed. As a main result, the most of stepfamily adolescents felt a difficulty in adjustment to stepparent even through more than half of the adolescents perceived the advantage of parental remarriage. The greatest number of stepfamily adolescents wanted an understanding of themselves from parents and agreed the necessity of the educational program for them. 'The understanding of stepfamily', 'The resolution of conflict with stepparent' and 'Stress management' were the popular topics which were demanded as program contents by stepfamily adolescents. Several discussions and conclusions on the main result were suggested.
The Survey of University Students' Attitude and Expectation-Satisfaction on Well-Being Products
Kim, Ki-Nam ; Choi, Jong-Myoung ; Yoo, Hyun-Jun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 5, 2006, Pages 761~773
The purpose of this study was to explore the consumers' attitude and expectation-satisfaction on well-being products, Consumers' expectation, performance and disconfirmation scales were composed 7 items of 5-likert scales. Consumers' Satisfaction on well-being products was measured with one-item-measurement scale, The consumers' well-being attitudes were composed 4 dimensions such as (1)consuming the well-being products, (2)pursuit of mental well-being, (3)criticism about commercial fashion, (4) pursuit of harmony with natural life. The results were as follows: 1. The well-being attitudes were contrast with a positive attitude and negative attitude, Especially, criticism about commercial fashion was highly remarked. 2. There were statistic differences in the consumers' expectation and performance on well-being products, The Expectation was higher than the performance. It means that consumers' high expectation on the well-being products will bring about the lower satisfaction or dissatisfaction. 3. Consumers' Satisfaction on the well-being products was statistically different among groups by the well-being attitudes.
The relationship of factor of feminization in men's fashion and Sex Role Stereotype - the viewpoint of 20's
Lee, Hyun-Ji ; Park, Ok-Lyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 5, 2006, Pages 775~782
The purpose of this study was to investigate the factor of feminization in men's fashion according to Sex Role Stereotype of the viewpoint of 20's
30's womens. The investigators surveyed 284 women who aged twenties and thirties in pusan. For data analysis, we used Chi-Square Test, Factor Analysis, Reliability Analysis, T-test and ANOVA along with SPSS 12.0 package. The results of this study were as follow: First, the result of sex role stereotype according to vital statistics was difference all of variable accept for age. Androgyny type and man type highly showed in most variable. That was showed the change of Sex Role Stereotype. Second, the result of the factor of feminization in men's fashion according to Sex Role Stereotype of the viewpoint of 20's
30's womens were identified as 'pursuit of sense', 'pursuit of fashion', 'pursuit of individuality', 'secession of sex role', 'feminity'. Third, the result of the factor of feminization in men's fashion according to The vital statistics was difference with all of variable except for educational level. Forth, the factor of feminization in men's fashion according to sex role stereotype was difference with all of factor except for pursuit of sense'. Specially, 'pursuit of fashion' and 'pursuit of individuality' were important understanded the factor of feminization in men's fashion in Androgyny type.
Analysis on Shopmaster's Knowledge of Apparel Merchandise and Textile Recognition
Lee, Sun-Young ; Kim, Jeong-Hwa ; Lee, Jung-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 5, 2006, Pages 783~790
The purposes of this study are to analyze shopmasters' knowledge of apparel merchandise and textile recognition and to investigate the effects of demographic variables on them. Shopmasters' knowledge of apparel merchandise was analyzed on a factor basis. Four factors of apparel merchandise were fashion property, material property, function property and management property. The textile knowledge level of shopmasters was 72.44%. Considering each part of textile knowledge, basic property was 74.69%, comfort 72.17%, management 68.36% and finishing 77.33%. The level of recognition in finishing area was the highest and the level of recognition in management area was the lowest. There were significant differences in the textile knowledge by gender and working period. Female's textile knowledge level was higher. The longer the working period is, the higher the level of textile knowledge is. Shopmasters recognized the finishing area better than university students did. But both of the groups didn't recognize the management area well.
Pattern Development of Tight-fitting Pants for Men Using Measurements of Size Korea 2004
Jeong, Yeon-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 5, 2006, Pages 791~802
The construction of athlete's tight-fitting garments by reducing the elastic knit pattern is an interesting subject, which directly influences the performance of the wearer. Therefore, relationships between the reduction rates of the men's pants pattern obtained using measurements of Size Korea 2004 and clothing fitting were explored to improve clothing comfort. Two pattern making methods were developed and the reduction rates were applied to those pants depending on the parts of human body. The four male subjects were university students in the ages of 20 to 24. Subjective wear sensations of the experimental garments were rated using seven Likert scales during 4 consecutive days. While wearing the garments, subjects were kept four various postures including waist flexion and sitting etc by requests of the researchers. Likert type scale was used for the evaluation and 7 point indicates that it gave the best fit as tight-fitting pants. As results, differences in the length and girth between two piece pants pattern(style 1) and one piece pants pattern(style 2) were 0.0
0.3cm. Between two pattern making methods, one piece pants pattern(the style 2) was superior to two piece pants pattern in terms of subjective sensation and fit. Among eight tight-fitting pants, C, D, G, H pants were superior in terms of fitting and stability of waist and hip part to the others. ill case of tight-fitting pants, the reduction rate of the pattern in the course direction, the reduction rate of T2/3(66%) was better than that of T/2(50%), but the reduction rate of the pattern in the wale direction, that of the part of crotch, which was very sensitive part, should be kept the same as suggested earlier by Ziegert(1988).
A Study on the Development of Fashion Accessary Product made with Korean Traditional Paper Hanji II - Focusing on analysis of the related references -
Shim, Joon-Young ; Kim, Yong-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 5, 2006, Pages 803~809
Korean traditional paper 'Hanji' made from the bark of the paper mulberry tree is a good handicraft material because of its high viscosity, durability, dyeability, toughness, flexibility, plasticity, and manipulability. Hanji has been used as a textile material such as cotton wool for protection and keeping us warm from cold weather. However, Hanji has many limitations, while other textile materials have many advantages of such as washability, being sunproof, and fast coloring. The purpose of this study is to review physical properties, formation ability, and dyeability of Hanji as a material of fashion accessary. The contents of this study are composed of 5 parts: 1. To introduce the necessities of this study, 2. To review a historical background of Hanji and to identify its physical characteristics as a fashion accessary material, 3. To review and to compare techniques such as bonding, quilting, knitting, creasing and holding, twisting, folding & braiding, paper pasting, coloring & cutting, and outwashing(?) in making Hanji fashion accessaries, 4. To review dyeing and finishing techniques to increase commercial value, 5. To identify the best fashion accessary materials made of Hanji. The most important characteristics of Hanji as a fashion accessary material are its toughness in a wet state, fast color fixing, and flexibility. Especially weaving and knitting are considered as the most desirable techniques to make fashion accessary products stronger and more practical.
A Study of the Visual Effects and Functional Effect by Variations in Location of the Waist Line of Slacks
Kim, Ye-Kyung ; Lee, Young-Joo ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 5, 2006, Pages 811~821
The purpose of this report was to study visual effect and functional effect of waist line location of slacks for females in 20'. 1. Differences of visual effect of slacks waist line change to be expressed that mature, sexual and casual slacks waist line were W4 or W5, looks like long leg and mature and formal slacks waist line was W1, slim lower part of the body and flat slacks waist line was W4. 2. Analysis result of functional effect difference with the location variation of slacks waist line were as follows. In all motions(M1, M2, M3, M4) W2 that downed 7cm-6cm-6cm from natural waist line was valued as the most comfortable, W1 and W5 were valued as discomfortable, where waist line was too high or too low.
On Ethnic Images shown in Japanese Designers' Collections - Focused on Design Comparison between Issey Miyake and Yohji Yamamoto
Byun, Mi-Yeon ; Lee, Ji-Eun ; Lee, In-Seong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 5, 2006, Pages 823~833
The globalization phenomenon of the 21st century has acted as the catalyst to accept diversity, and a new cultural code, ethnic, has emerged in the modem society by the pursuit of diversity throughout the whole society and culture. Unlike preceding studies focusing on ethnic concepts and design development, this study attempted comparative analyses on ethnic trends shown in the collections of two designers, Issey Miyake and Yohji Yamamoto, who have strong ethnic consciousness. It is considered the comparative analysis on the two designers' collections with ethic images will be a guide to indicate the fashion philosophy of the two designers in the category of Japan, and this will be useful as basic data for the establishment of the globalization identity which is needed in the future fashion industry. The study results are as follows. First, it was found that the ethnic code has been so widely accepted by the world designers in a very positive form to accept foreign cultures that the ethnic code is now showing an aspect of eclecticism. Second, designer Issey Miyake has been pursuing his own ethnic style based on his philosophy to liberate humans through continuous researches and efforts on clothes. Third, Yohji Yamamoto has been pursuing a Japanese ethnic style as a designer who has expressed the unique beauty of Japan from the characteristics of Japanese traditional clothes. Fourth, as a result of comparative analyses on collections, they both have pursued an ethnic style based on the unique national characteristics of Japan, but it was also found that their fashion philosophy has developed differently in the same category of ethnic trend.
The survey of Tween Generation's Clothing Purchase Behavior
Lee, Jin-Hee ; Jeon, Myong-Sug ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 5, 2006, Pages 835~847
The aim of this study is to examine the tween generation's (11 to 15 years-old) clothing purchase tendency. Based on the questionnaire, the data were collected from 187 elementary school students(11 to 12 years-old) and from 293 middle school students(13 to 15 years-old) in Jeonbuk. The data were analyzed with the factor analysis, Chi-square analysis, t-test, F-test. The research shows: the tween generation rarely if ever buy their clothing by themselves, and they usually accompany their mothers when they purchase their clothes. In the 'size fitness', girl tweenage group prefers a perfect fit to an easy one. But boy tweenage group shows a different tendency from them. In the 'fashion adaption', the tweenage group of 13 to 15 year-olds responds in a sensitive way. The 'style', 'design' and 'color' of clothing are the most decisive factors in their purchasing trend. Especially, the boy tweenage group prioritize the factors in the order of 'brand value', 'price' and 'trend'.
Investigation for health food intake to prevent damage of the elderly
Kim, Hyo-Chung ; Kim, Mee-Ra ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 5, 2006, Pages 849~858
This research aimed to survey problems related to the elderly's purchasing trends and habitual use of health food; it was in order to effectively prevent the monetary and health damage to the elderly of health foods. In February 2006, the data were collected from 271 of the elderly people living in Goyang-si, Kyunggi-Do. The results of the study indicated: first, more than 50% of the respondents had much interest in health foods, and 42.8% of them answered they were taking health foods. Second, about 62% of 116 respondents who were taking health foods were taking one kind of them, for the purpose of maintaining and improving their health condition. Third, the major information regarding health foods was acquired from their family members, relatives and friends, or TV, radio and journals. Lastly, 75% of respondents even did not know whether there was a relief system for damage related to health foods.
The Effect of Declaration of its Country of Origin on Consumers' Attitude to Beef
Kang, Jong-Heon ; Lee, Seong-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 5, 2006, Pages 859~866
The aim of this survey is to examine factors that influence on the perceived helpfulness in consumers' predicting its quality and safety when the country of origin (COO) of beef is declared. The data were analyzed that had collected from a consumer survey done in March 2006. 250 consumers living in Suncheon, Jeollanamdo were randomly selected as respondents. Eleven of them did not complete the survey material, so the total number of available samples were 239. All samples were estimated using proc logistic procedure of SAS package. The results indicate as follows: first, the levels of perceived helpfulness of COO in consumers' predicting beef quality and safety depend significantly on he age, the occupation, and the education level of demographic variables. Second, when analysing attitude variables to beef, the levels are significantly correlated with the respondents' ability to acquire information, their trust of information about beef, nd their interest about bovine spongiform encephalopathy(BSE). The proportional odds assumptions of models are not violated at p<0.05. Third, it is the gender, the age, and the education level of the respondents, and the respondents' ability to acquire information which significantly effect on the level of the perceived helpfulness of COO in predicting beef quality. Fourth, it is the consumer's age, their education level, and their trust of information about beef which statistically have a significant effect on the level of perceived helpfulness of COO in predicting beef safety.
The Comparison of Apartment Management System between Korea and America
Kang, Hye-Kyoung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 5, 2006, Pages 867~878
This research is carried out to investigate the Condominium Management System of the states of California and Hawaii, and to examine the similarities and the differences between the Korean Apartment Management System and the American Condominium Management System. The research indicates: first, in Korea the management of apartment units is the Commission of the Representatives of the Occupants, while in America the management of condominiums is the Association of Apartment Owners, an organization of condominium owners in America. Second, it is required that apartment developers should submit such a document as the Public Report in America, which explains various matters concerning legal rights on condominium buildings and the outline of the buildings, to the authorities concerned in Korea. It can help the authorities to accumulate management techniques of the apartment complex, which could efficiently be used in practicing and planning city housing policies. Third, each apartment's management company in Korea is bound to make long term plans for maintenance based on the Housing Law. It is, however, difficult to reserve an adequate amount of money for the reserve fund, because its use is decided according to the maintenance rule which has a criterion different from each and every apartment management. Concludingly, an amendment of the Housing Law in Korea is required, in order to reserve at least 50 percent of the estimated sum of maintenance expense in future like Hawaii State in America.
Remodeling of Japanese house built in Kunsan city
Rhee, Ji-Sook ; Ryou, Ok-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 5, 2006, Pages 879~889
Many Japanese came to Kunsan city and built a lot of houses in Japanese style there in 1900's. Korean have lived in the house according to Japanese's leaving after restoration of independence. This study is purposed to describe remodeling of the houses by case study, through interview, survey and taking photographs. After Korean dwelling at the houses, there are lots of changes of facilities, interior materials and almost all of inside and outside of the houses. It was deduced that the reasons of the remodeling were likely to be different climate, life style between two peoples and economic power.