Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 15, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
Study on Peer Pressure, Parental Supervision, Alcohol Expectancy and Adolescents' Drinking Behaviors of 2001 & 2006 -Focusing on the High School Students of Cheong Ju-
Ryu, Na-Mi ; Yoon, Hye-Mee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 6, 2006, Pages 891~903
The purpose of this study was to identify relationships among peer pressure, parental supervision, alcohol expectancy and adolescent drinking behaviors between year 2001 and 2006. Three hundred high school students were given questionnaires each year on their drinking behavior. Findings of this study were; first, a adolescent drinking and the amount drinking has increased during the years. adolescent drinker ratio as adolescent drinkers were 91.3% in 2006 compared to 75.9% in 2001. The average drinking amounts were 40.82 units in 2006 and 24.9 units in 2001. Second, differences were found in adolescent drinking behaviors such as the amount of alcohol consumption, drinking frequency, & problem drinker ratio by gender, and grade. Male students over female students. Third, peer pressure, parental supervision, alcohol expectancy showed significant impacts on adolescent drinking behaviors through 2001 and 2006. Students who lack parental supervision with much higher drinking-related peer pressure along with a higher level of positive alcohol expectancy were observed to be heavy drinkers and problem drinkers. Especially, students who showed belief in alcohol's tension-relieving function and sociability function tended to over-drink, drink more frequently and as a result, experienced more drinking problems. Intervention strategies were discussed.
Parent-teacher differences in the perception of parental expectation and satisfaction on the use of child care service
Lee, Joo-Yeon ; Lee, Sa-Ra ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 6, 2006, Pages 905~917
The purpose of this study was to examine what parents really want to daycare center and how much they are satisfied with the daycare service they use. This study also explored how exactly daycare teachers recognize the parental needs and satisfaction on daycare service. One hundred and seventy one parents who send their child to a daycare center in Seoul, and one hundred and thirty five teachers from the same daycare centers participated in this study. Parents were asked about their needs and expectation on daycare service and the degree of satisfaction on the daycare center (including educational facilities, teacher's role, specific programs, etc.). Teachers provided answers about their understanding on what the parents want and how much parents are satisfied with their daycare center. Results revealed that parents are generally satisfied with the daycare service such as educational programs and educational facilities and teachers' role conducting. However, some parent-teacher differences were found in their perception on the levels and domains of parental expectation and satisfaction with daycare service. The parent-teacher differences would give very practical tips for teachers, who plan and conduct everyday daycare programs and actually interact with children in the setting for better daycare service.
A Case Study on the Relationship between Children's Play Behaviors and Outdoor Play Environments of Child Care Center in Daejeon
Choi, Mock-Wha ; Byun, Hea-Ryong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 6, 2006, Pages 919~935
The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between outdoor play environments and child's play behaviors. The data were collected by field measurement survey, and non-participatory observation from 9 child care centers in Daejeon. The field measurement survey were conducted from June 20 to July 20, 2004, whereas non-participatory behavior observation were conducted from September 2 to October 10, 2004. The major results showed the following. 1) The characteristics of outdoor play environment in child care centers showed that most of them were too small and did not use the adequate surfacing to play various activities. In many cases, outdoor play settings was made of play equipment setting, play props and manipulative settings, and tree/vegetation. 2) Child's play behavior has been focused on functional play activity and construction play activity. 3) The relationship between outdoor play environments and child's play behaviors showed that small outside play environment with monotonous construction and multi-complex play equipments produced functional play behaviors on children. On the other hand, where various play areas were put together, we could observe relatively diverse play behaviors. However, in some cases, despite the small and monotonous play area, diverse play behaviors were observed. These playgrounds at least differed from others in that they provided the place where multi purpose play was possible. This finding shows that multi purpose play areas can be an alternative in small playground environment.
The effect of the extensive program using the storytelling on young children's linguistic creativity
Kim, Su-Yeon ; Kim, Moon-Hee ; Rha, Jong-Hay ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 6, 2006, Pages 937~949
The purpose of the study was to explore the effect of the extensive program using the story telling on young children's linguistic creativity. 20 five-year-olds and 18 four-year-olds from a day care center were selected for this study. After performing pre-test, they were divided into control and experimental group. Children's linguistic creativity was measured using 'Imagining Red' of 'Korean Comprehensive Creativity Test for Young Children' standardized by Chun(2000). 6 books were selected for the extensive program for the promotion of children's linguistic creativity was carried out to experimental group for three weeks. After three weeks, post-test was performed on experimental and control group. The results indicate that the extensive program using the storytelling had an effect on promoting young children's linguistic creativity including the sub-elements such as fluency, flexibility, and originality. As the results of experiencing the extensive program related to storytelling, the linguistic creativity of 5 year olds improved more than that of 4 year aids and that of girls improved more than that of boys. For the developing children's linguistic creativity, various extensive activities need to be programmed.
The relationships between institutionalized children's stress coping behaviors and behavior problems
Lee, Jin-Suk ; Han, Ji-Hyoen ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 6, 2006, Pages 951~959
The purpose of current study was to investigate the relationships between institutionalized children's stress coping behaviors and behavior problems. The subjects were composed of 80 primary school 4th, 5th, 6th graders(45 boys, 35 girls) and 55 middle school 1th, 2th graders(42 boys, 13 girls) who were institutionalized in jeonju. The major findings were as follows: 1) The institutionalized children's stress coping behaviors were significantly different between the groups based on gender, grade, and period in institution. 2) The institutionalized children's problem behaviors were statistically different between the groups based on gender and period in institution. 3) In regression analysis models, active or passive coping strategies were negatively or positively related to internalized behavior problems respectively. Furthermore period in institution was positively related to externalized behavior problems.
A Study on a VoIP Phone Activation for the Special Consumer: Focused on the Deaf Market
Park, Sun-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 6, 2006, Pages 961~971
The purpose of this study was firstly to provide fundamental data on the activation for the IP-based video phone for the special consumer related to the physically handicapped; secondly to inform empirical data for the consumer public policy in the information technology market, specially for the deaf people. The results of study showed that consumer needs extend to not only simple voice communication for general consumers but also special demands for both the handicapped and the elderly. This study also indicated that VoIP's characteristics of technology would be easily applied to the TRS or VRS which can be adapted to the special consumer market so that VoIP service would be optimal technology for the special consumers like the deaf. In order to successfully implement TRS & VRS business, the paper proposed as follows; 1) the provision of VoIP service enable to satisfying consumers in special market such as the deaf market and the elderly market, 2) the necessity of supporting policy by the related law, and 3) the construction of the system inducing interests from the market participants.
A Study of Asset Portfolio and Impact Variables affecting on the Aged
Bae, Mi-Kyeong ; Hong, Gong-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 6, 2006, Pages 973~984
This study examined the asset allocation of the aged and analyzed the impact variables on the portfolio ratio of different kind of finanical assets. The aged was divided three groups, 55-65, 65-75 and 75 over. The results showed that the aged are not likely to invest on risky asset and their assets composed of mostly real estates and bank account. The study include four different assets, such as liquid asset, risky assets, horne equity and other real estates, which reflects the liquidity problems of households asset allocation for the aged in Korea. The aged who do not participate on stock market are likely to have more liquid assets. Households lived in Daegu, Kwangju, ChungCheong and CheonRa tend to have more liquid assets compared to those in Seoul. Total income is appeared having positive relationship with illiquid assets including stock, bonds, and private pension. Age group with 75yrs over tend to have greater mean of illiquid assets and it may caused by the polarization of assets, which gives intuition for the future study.
Analysis of working wives' time according to market income
Nam, Su-Jung ; Yoo, Hyun-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 6, 2006, Pages 985~997
In this study, we grasped the life time structure according to working woman's income using '2004 life time research' of Korea National Statistical Office. Concrete results are shown as follows. First, inspecting the difference of individual characteristic according to income, young women who have higher education level and larger house area had acquired more income. Second, in case of the difference of life time according to income, there was no difference of individual support time, while there was statistically significant difference of working hours, household affairs, leisure time and moving hours. Third, inspecting the individual time of working, household affairs, bringing up and leisure according to income, there was statistically significant difference by age, education level, sense of time oppression, and fatigue cognition. This individual difference was revealed more strongly in medium to low-ranked group.
Development and Evaluation of Financial Management Education Program for College Students
Jeong, Woon-Young ; Hwang, Duck-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 6, 2006, Pages 999~1014
The purpose of this study were to develop a financial management educational program for college students and to evaluate the effect of this program. In order to achieve this aims, a fundamental work to select the educational contents was preceded with a survey of learners' needs, preceding studies. After choice of educational contents, learners' demands on how to manage the educational program was executed in advance. The participants in this study were 500 students, resulting in 460 with usable data. Second, reflection the above mentioned educational contents, a concrete financial management educational program was built. This program consists of 9 domains: financial planning, careers and income, consumer spending, credit use and Credit cards, Managing Taxes, investment planning, risk management and insurance, retirement and estate planning, contribution. The participants for this program implementation were 68 students. Third, to evaluate the effects of the financial management educational program, paired t-test was conducted in using the SPSS package. The result suggested that financial management educational program has a positive effect on financial knowledge, financial attitude and financial management behavior. Several implications based on the findings were suggested.
Analyses of consumers' non-ethical behavior status and the related factors
Kim, Hyo-Chung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 6, 2006, Pages 1015~1023
This study examined the levels of consumers' non-ethical behaviors in the marketplace and the factors affecting each category of them. The data were collected from 222 adults in Busan and Gyeongnam areas through a self-administered questionnaire. Frequencies, Cronbach's alpha, Pearson's correlation analysis and multiple regression analyses were conducted by SPSS Windows. The results from this study were as follows: First, respondents showed the highest level of non-ethical behavior in the no harm/no foul category, while the lowest level in the actively benefiting from questionable behavior category. Second, as the results of multiple regression analyses, age was significant in all categories of non-ethical behaviors. In addition, religion, consumer knowledge and consumer role attitudes were found to be significant in some categories. These results imply that the consumer ethics should be included in the consumer education for more effective consumer behaviors of young generation.
Brand Relationship Quality(BRQ) Perceived by Fashion Product Consumers and its Performance Variables(Part 1)
Chae, Jin-Mie ; Rhee, Eun-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 6, 2006, Pages 1025~1035
Brand Relationship Quality(BRQ) reflects the intensity and viability of the enduring association between a consumer and a brand so it is assumed to be the indicator which can affect brand performance such as brand satisfaction, brand attitude, and brand loyalty. The purpose of this study is to analyze the structural equation model showing the path between BRQ and brand performance. The subjects were women in their 20s to 40s living in Seoul and other metropolitan areas. 482 copies of questionnaire were analyzed by reliability, Pearson's correlation analysis, confirmatory factor analysis using SPSS 11.0 Package and AMOS 5.0 Package. The results showed that BRQ had positive influence on the brand performance-brand satisfaction, brand attitude, brand loyalty. As for the total effect about brand loyalty, BRQ was the most influential variable compared with other variables- brand satisfaction, brand attitude. The indirect impact of BRQ on brand loyalty is bigger than the direct impact of BRQ and brand satisfaction emerged as the important intermediate variable between BRQ and brand loyalty. Therefore, effective marketing strategy can be accomplished according to differential impact of the BRQ facets to induce consumer's satisfaction, which can lead to brand loyalty.
Evaluation of Wear Efficiency and Subjective Wear Sensation According to the Structures of Smart Clothing for the Measurement of Vital Sign
Lee, Hyun-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 6, 2006, Pages 1037~1047
In this paper, various structures of the healthcare smart clothing for real-time measurement of vital sign were suggested. The wearing efficiency was evaluated to find out the best ergonomic clothing in the suggested design. The supplementary effects of the clothing components (princess line, double fabric, cushion) on the stable and tight positioning of sensors to the body were evaluated with wear test. Five experimental clothing for male subject were made with closely-fitted shape and they included two representative structure: one was the integrated type of inner and outer garments and the other was the separated type with two garments. Eight subjects in their twenties were participated in the wear test to evaluate the wearing efficiency of experimental clothing. As results, the clothing structure of the separated garments with the inner and the outer shells were evaluated as more efficient and comfortable. However, the effects of clothing components on the light positioning of the sensors to the body surface were not differentiated each other in the subjective evaluation.
Image Evaluation according to Formative Properties of Hat and the Garment in the Fashion Collection
Jeong, Hae-Son ; Kang, Kyung-Ja ; Jeong, Su-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 6, 2006, Pages 1049~1062
The purpose of this study is to find out the image according to formative properties of hat and garment in the fashion collection. For the study, the 96 stimuli found frequently in fashion collection from the S/S season of 1998 to the F/W season of 2004 were selected. Sets of stimulus and response scales (7 point semantic) were used as experimental materials. The stimuli were 96 pictures with the types of hat(4), the lengths of hair(3), the types of garment(3), the relations between the color of garment and hat(4), and the materials(4) and patterns of garment(2). The subjects were 415 women college students majoring fashion design related fields and living in Seoul and Gyeongsangnam-do. As statistical methods for data analysis, Factor Analysis, ANOVA test, and LSD test were used. The items of the adjectives were classified into 5 image dimensions; attractiveness, gracefulness, concentration, cuteness, and hardness and softness. Among these factors, each dimensional image was affected by formative properties of hat and garment. The image of a hat-wearer was perceived differently according to the hair style and the formative properties of hat and garment even if the type of hat was same.
Paradigm on Designer Jean Paul Gaultier's Fetishism
Byun, Mi-Yeon ; Lee, Un-Young ; Lee, In-Seong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 6, 2006, Pages 1063~1071
Fetishism, which has been a taboo for a long time, is stimulating the modem people's emotions by being reborn as a fashion trend by a number of designers like Jean Paul Gaultier, Vivienne Westwood and Claud Montana. Especially, Jean Paul Gaultier, called the bad boy of the fashion industry, is leading the Paris fashion world by expressing his unique fetish elements with his fantastic and uncommon ideas-males' wearing of skirts, wearing underwear like outer garments. Therefore, this study is aimed at investigating how his fetishism is shown in his works, understanding his fetish fashion world in the modem fashion and offering a new stepping-stone for fashion designers to actively participate in new fashion areas. Its results are as follows. First, it was found that the sensual designer Jean Paul Gaultier has been expressing his unique fetish elements in his collections like the following three styles of fetishism-fetishism by physical emphases, fetishism by items, fetishism by material. Second, the symbols of voluptuous beauty reflecting his own fetishism could be found in his movie costumes, license areas and given plots. Third, the work describing Jean Paul Gaultier's fetishism as a fetish image with the concept of Fantasy of Missing was evaluated as a successful work to express an internal sexual desire.
The Design of Torso Pattern for Foundation Garment
Na, Mi-Hyang ; Son, Hoo-Jo ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 6, 2006, Pages 1073~1081
The development of foundation garment pattern on the typical adult women's body was carried out. By means of the flatted body surface shell, the foundation garment pattern was developed. And its fitting test also performed. The results of this study can be summarized as follows; 1. The investigated Foundation basic pattern was made by the allowing the maximum bust size without any surplus since it was based on the tight-fitted model drawing technique. The investigated the completed pattern was designed in three parts of front and back body, including bust. 2. The result showed by overlapping the torso basic pattern foundation and body surface development selected from body almost the same except for the shift of dart position. 3. The result by overlapping basic pattern 3 existing basic patterns. On the basis of top-bust line showed that the setting up the volume of dart of bust and its waist affect the appearance of model. Especially, it was found that the above result was related to the bust and under bust line. 4. The result of the wearing test of 3 existing basic patterns and basic pattern of this study revealed that the mean values of whole items were higher than average in type P and type E. The fitting & position of under-bust line and extent of wrapping bust showed the high points in the current study and type of P. The result of evaluating the whole appearance in three points(front, side, back) showed different according to the every basic foundation garment pattern.
Hair Damage and Wave Shape according to Dyeing, Bleaching, Permanent Wave Treatment
Kweon, Soo-Ae ; Roh, Joung-Ae ; Park, Yong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 6, 2006, Pages 1083~1089
In this paper, the damage of hair and wave shape in process of the dyeing, bleaching, and permanent hair wave are simulated. The virgin hair that do not process the dyeing, bleaching, and permanent hair wave becomes stable in the scale type. On the other hand, the hair that deals with the dyeing, bleaching, and permanent hair wave is heavily damaged in the scale type. It is observed that the higher pH is decided, the higher the hair is damaged because the scale damage in the bleaching hair is more heavily damaged than the dyeing hair. In case of executing the permanent hair wave, the processing of the plaine rinsing becomes less in the scale damage of the hair and better in the wave form. Therefore, it is found that the processing of the plaine rinsing to improve the wave form and to prevent the hair damage is needed.
The Preference for Attitude of Appearence the Female Teacher's Hair and Make-up Styles focus on the High School Students
Min, You-Suk ; Kweon, Soo-Ae ; Park, Yong ; Lee, Su-Kyoung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 15, issue 6, 2006, Pages 1091~1097
The purpose of this study was to investigate the preference for female teacher's appearance of the high school boys and girls. A survey was conducted on 400 high school sophomores, juniors and seniors in Chungcheong province, who included both boys and girls. And the answer sheets from 396 students were selected for analysis. For data handling, SPSS 12.0 program was employed to make a frequency analysis of every item, and descriptive statistics was utilized for every item as well. In addition, t-test and crosstabs were implemented to look for any possible gaps between the boys and girls. The results were as follows: Boys had a much more interest in the appearance of female teacher's face than girls. High school Students preferred to nature style in hair and make-up. Boys relatively more liked the teachers who were young, elegant and had feminine attraction than girls. Boys preferred to feminine and traditional than girls. But there were significant differences in the preference of hair shape and make-up color between boys and girls.