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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Dec 2007
Volume 16, Issue 5 - Oct 2007
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Aug 2007
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Jun 2007
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
A development of family life education program focused on single-fathers
Song, Hyun-Ae ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 1~15
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.1.001
Single-parent families are on the rise because of the death of one parent for various disasters and rapid rise of divorce, single-parents suffer various stress such as economical difficulties and emotional confusion like domestic duties, nurturing, remarriage originated from the lost of one spouse. Especially the purpose of this study was to develop family life education program focused on single-fathers. This program was developed in the viewpoint of the family consolidation. The program was composed of 3 dimensions; the stress management from domestic duties, the guideline of child nurturing, and the good remarriage. And the trial method and assessment method were suggested. The advantages of this program were the objects and contents : This program put the focus in the single-fathers which were ignored in other researches, and in the source of anxiety of single-fathers originated daily family life. This program will provide useful data for an intervention of proper welfare policy of single-father families.
A comparative study on parenting stress between mothers who have young children with and without disabilities
Yang, Yeon-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 17~26
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.1.017
The purpose of this study was to compare parenting stress between mothers who have young children with and without disabilities. The subjects of this study were 100 mothers who take care of disabled children and 123 mothers who take care of non-disabled children. The children's ages were from 3 to 6 years. The results of this study were as follows; First, the mothers who have disabled children have more parenting stress than those who have ordinary children. Second, the mothers who have developmentally disabled children had more parenting stress than mothers who had other disabled children. Children's and mothers' ages had an influence on the parenting stress of the ordinary mothers. The mothers who had children with and without disabilities got less parenting stress as the mothers received more higher parenting efficacy, parent role satisfaction, marital satisfaction and family support.
The Effects of Social Support and Coping Styles on Quality of Life in Abused Wives
Kim, Jeong-Ran ; Kim, Kyeong-Shin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 27~37
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.1.027
The purposes of present study were to investigate relationships among wife abuse, social support, coping styles, and quality of life, and to examine how abused wives' social support influences coping and quality of life. The subjects were consisted of 144 abused wives in Gwangju, Korea. The major findings are as follows; 1. Problem-focused coping and seeking of social support were different by the wife abuse. 2. Abused wives' quality of life was positively related monthly income, social support, problem-focused coping, and wishful thinking coping. 3. The results of the hierarchical regression analysis indicated that the social support had the strongest impact on abused wives' quality of life. And the problem-focused coping, monthly income, and emotion-focused coping. These variables accounted for 32% of variance of abused wives' quality of life.
Influence of sexual values and sexual knowledge on ego-identity of adolescents
Min, Ha-Yeoung ; Kim, Kyong-Hwa ; Lee, Young-Mi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 39~47
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.1.039
The purpose of this study was to clarify how sexual values and sexual knowledge may be related to ego-identity of adolescents. The subjects were 303 adolescents who attended middle or high school in Seoul and KeoungGi province. The survey was based on questionnaires completed by 146 boys and 157 girls. Statistical techniques were t-test, Pearson's correlation, simple regression, hierarchical regression. The results of this were as follows. (1) Boy and girl adolescents' sexual values was associated positively with ego -identity. (2) Boy and girl adolescents' sexual knowledge was associated positively with ego-identity. (3) Boy adolescents' sexual values and knowledge exerted direct effects on ego -identity. But girl adolescents' sexual knowledge exerted indirect effects on ego -identity mediated by sexual values.
Working Females' Perceptions and Evaluations on Employer-Supported Child Care Service: Centered on Professional Working Females
Hwang, Hae-Shin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 49~59
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.1.049
The purpose of the present study was to examine how working females evaluated and perceived the employer-supported child care services, and how the evaluations and perceptions were different depending on their socio-demographic characteristics. A survey was administered to 164 working females, mostly, in professional jobs, to investigate their satisfaction to the employer-supported child care service and current child care policy. Major findings are as follows: Working females showed higher degrees of satisfaction on the employer-supported child care service and showed lower degrees of satisfaction on the current child care polidy. The more they work in professional jobs and the more they have high educational background, the more they showed satisfactions to the employer-supported child care services.
Case Study for Vietnamese Marriage Immigrants' Adjustment to Korea
Cahe, Ock-Hi ; Hong, Dal-Ah-Gi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 61~73
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.1.061
This study looks into their process to wedding for Vietnamese brides and the motives of their marriage of whom are living in rural areas near an urban city, and the difficulties of their living in Korea. The mist significant motive of their marriage for the Vietnamese brides if financial reasons. They also think that Korean men are well-off and reliable and that the men's occupations or the age are any matter to be considered. As for the Korean men married to Vietnamese brides, the mist significant motive of their marriage is that Vietnamese brides are considered to be good-natured hardworking, sincere and respectful of the elderly. The wedding process usually takes place in 5-6 days through matchmaking, and the background of their Korean man gets inflated by their matchmaking agency. Some of the most significant difficulties for their life in Korea are due to the language barrier, their husbands' incompetence for a living, conceptions before the young brides get adjusted to Korean living. Most significant support networks are their husbands/families, and their neighbors, relatives and friends that can share Korean cultures and Vietnamese cultures with them. At last, the local communities should continuously offer them educational opportunities for Korean language and social/ cultural understanding.
A study on the Financial Strategies in Elderly Households
Park, Jin-Yeong ; Kim, Young-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 75~87
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.1.075
The purpose of this study was to classify the financial strategies in elderly households. The data of 4,577 households with all ages and 1255 elderly households is from the Korean Labor and Income Panel Study(2000, 2003). The data were analyzed by various statistical methods such as frequency, mean-test, Duncan's multiple range test, k-mean cluster analysis and logistic regression. Findings were as follows; First, the classified household financial strategy types were Residual(44.3%), Financial Assets(24.0%), Informal Institutional(19.7%), Diversified Portfolio(7.6%), Real Estate(4.5%). Second, the criteria of classification of the financial strategies were relative, not absolute. Third, households(both elderly households and all households) that employed a diversified portfolio strategy had the greatest net wealth.
A Study of the Core Characteristics and Contribution of Consumer Experiential Marketing
Kim, Woo-Sung ; Huh, Eun-Jeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 89~101
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.1.089
This study deals with classification of various approaches regarding consumer experience, core characteristics, and contribution of experiential marketing. This study classifies seven approaches regarding consumer experience into 4 broad views (1)experience as experiential brand concept, 2)experience as a behavior, 3)experience as a behavior focusing on an affect, 4)experience as a holistic experience. Each of these 4 views of experience as well as the seven approaches is further explained in details. Five core characteristics of experiential marketing are suggested: l)forming a deep relationship between a customer and a brand, 2)being related to personal final values, 3)holistic experience with a brand, 4)fun, pleasure, and immersion, and 5)keeping customers through customer satisfaction and giving impression to a customer. Five propositions based on these core characteristics are suggested. The contribution of experiential marketing is suggested.
The Effect of Materialism and Conspicuous Consumption on Purchase of Fashion Luxury Goods and Counterfeits
Park, Hye-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 103~110
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.1.103
The purposes of this study were to investigate the effect of materialism and conspicuous consumption on purchase of fashion luxury goods and counterfeits, and demographic variables' effect on these fashion purchase behaviors. For this study, 386 women aged over 20 were surveyed. The data were analyzed with frequency, factorial analysis, multiple regression analysis, ANOVA, etc., using the SPSS 10.0. The results of this study included; 1) The materialism was divided three factors: 'Pursuing of Happiness', 'Pursuing of Possession' and 'Disinterest of Possession'. 2) The conspicuous consumption was divided two factors: 'Pursuing of Recognition' and 'Pursuing of Fashion'. 3) The purchasing of fashion luxury goods was positively affected by 'Pursuing of Recognition' and 'Pursuing of Fashion' which were the conspicuous consumption factors. And the purchase of fashion counterfeits was affected positively by 'Pursuing of Happiness' and 'Disinterest of Possession', which were the materialism factors, and by 'Pursuing of Fashion', which was the conspicuous consumption factor. And 4) Age and income affected the purchase of fashion luxury goods and counterfeits.
Clothing and Cosmetics Purchasing Behaviors by Gender and Major of University Students
Kim, Hye-Kyung ; Kim, Jung-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 111~121
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.1.111
The purpose of this study was to examine university students' clothing and cosmetics purchasing behaviors according to gender and major. For the study, 337 university students living in Chonbuk area participated in this survey research. The data were analyzed utilizing SPSS statistics package. Exploratory factor analysis, reliability test, and t-test were used. Five factors in each clothing and cosmetics purchasing orientation were generated from the factor analysis. According to gender and major, clothing and cosmetics purchasing behavior were significantly different. Female students showed more impulsive, rational, and economical purchasing orientations than male students did. On the contrary, male students showed more independent and convenient purchasing orientations. The students with fashion design major showed higher tendency in impulsive and rational clothing purchasing orientations than non-fashion design major students. Finally, clothing and cosmetics purchasing behaviors were significantly different by gender and major in terms of information usage and expenditure for clothing and cosmetics.
A Study on the Clothing Behaviors and Wearing Sensation of Women's Ready-to-wear
Lee, Young-Ju ; Kim, Jeam-Hae ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 123~135
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.1.123
The purpose of this study was to investigate the clothing behaviors and wearing sensation of ready-to-wear of the elderly woman who residing in the Pusan and Kimhae. The subjects were elderly woman who assessed the wearing sensation of slacks, jacket 1(1-2button), jacket 2(over 4button), and jumper. The results were as follows: 1. In the analysis of the clothing behaviors factors, the factor 1 was the concern about the appearance, the factor 2 was mental dependency about the clothes, the factor 3 was the satisfaction about the clothes and the factor 4 was the concern about the fashion. 2. As for the wearing sensation of the slacks, waist and thigh of the slacks was large and slacks length and crotch length was long. As for the wearing sensation of the jacket 1, over the age of 70 years was more satisfied than under the age of 70 for the wearing sensation of bust, waist, hip, and sleeve length. As for the wearing sensation of the jacket 2, under the age of 70 years was more satisfied than over the age of 70 for the wearing sensation of sleeve length and location of the armhole. As for the wearing sensation of the jumper, the area showed significant difference in waist. Jumper was larger than jacket.
A Study on the Work Efficiency of Pattern Making of Woman's Tailored Jacket by PDS
Do, Wol-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 137~143
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.1.137
The purpose of this study is to prove the work efficiency of PDS by measuring the work time on the process of pattern making of woman's tailored jacket. Also compared to the manual work time, PDS work efficiency is estimated according to experience difference. The YUKA CAD system was used. Through analysis of PDS Process, work time was measured by stop watch. Also the appearance of the 2 jackets was evaluated by a pool of evaluators consisted of graduate students and experienced professional modelist. The results were as follows: The work efficiency of PDS is higher than the work efficiency of manual work. There were significant differences of work time between work types in the expert and inexpert group. A study compared the work efficiency by PDS work type with those by manual work type according to experience difference and found that the work efficiency by PDS in the expert group was 25.3%, in the inexpert group was 35%. There were significant differences of work time between experience groups in PDS work, the work efficiency of expert group to inexpert group in the total pattern making time by PDS was 36.7%. There were no significant differences of appearance of tailored jacket between work types.
A Study on the Chinese University Women's Appearance Management Characteristics and Clothing Purchasing Behavior
Wang, Ya ; Kim, Yong-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 145~157
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.1.145
The purpose of this study was to identify Chinese university women's appearance management characteristics and clothing purchasing behavior. A self-administered questionnaire was used. Research period was 15th - 30th March. Frequencies, percent, factor analysis, cluster analysis, ANOVA, chi-square test were done. The results of study were: 1. The factors of appearance management characteristics were food management, skin care, weight control & tooth correction, nail & hair care, and use of identity kits. The factors of clothing selection criteria were outlook & appropriateness, management & service, fashion & brand, and individuality & price, and factors of information resources were marketer oriented & neutral and consumer oriented & store. 2. Chinese university women were segmented into positive appearance management group, food & skin management group, nail care & identity kits using group, and appearance management stagnated group. Positive appearance management group selected their clothing to pursuit individuality & relaxation, fashion, and conformity, considered fashion or brands more, used various information sources. Food & skin management group purchased their clothing for conformity. Nail care & identity kits using group considered management & service of clothing more, utilized consumer oriented & store information more. 3. Positive appearance management group were younger, and spent more pocket money and for their appearances. Food & skin management group were older, but nail care & identity kits using group were older. Appearance stagnated group spent less pocket money and appearance management.
Brand Relaionship Quality(BRQ) Perceived by Fashion Product Consumers and Its Performance Variables for Fashion Product Types
Chae, Jin-Mie ; Rhee, Eun-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 159~171
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.1.159
The purpose of this research is to analyze the difference of Structural Equation Model which shows the path between BRQ and its performance variables according to purchase product types-fashion brand types, clothing item groups. The subjects were women in their 20s to 40s living in Seoul and Metropolitan areas, and 482 copies of questionnaire were analyzed. Multi-Group Analysis of AMOS 5.0 Package was used to investigate structural equation model according to fashion brand types and clothing item groups. The results of this study were as follows. As for fashion brand types, there appeared to be significant differences between high price brand type and medium-low price brand type for three paths, namely brand satisfaction to brand loyalty, BRQ to brand attitude, and brand attitude to brand loyalty. However the verification of structural equation model according to clothing item groups showed no significant differences between formal wear and informal wear. Consequently, BRQ was proved to affect brand satisfaction and brand loyalty, and brand satisfaction was the important intermediate variable between BRQ and brand loyalty. As consumers were likely to show the difference of structural equation model according to the price of purchase goods, differencial marketing strategy would be suggested.
A Tentative Study on Sizing System for Children's Shoes
Jeon, Eun-Kyung ; Kwon, Sook-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 173~181
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.1.173
This is a tentative study to provide prototype of sizing system for children's shoes. For this study, 364 elementary school girls from KyungIn and YeongNam areas were participated in the measurement. The results of the analysis on four measurement items related to foot can be summarized as followings: 1. All of the foot related items were increased according to their growth. Especially, foot length, foot width, and toe width showed a high correlation. 2. The result also revealed that the current sizing system can cover only 70.9% of children in measurement, which means that a new sizing system is required. 3. We suggested a new standard size for foot size/foot circumference based on the results above according to current sizing system, and a new standard size for foot circumference/foot width based on ISO standard. The results of this study would be helpful in the design of sizing system of children's shoe if applied with the raw data of the Size Korea recently measured.
Measuring the Mediating Effects of Nausea and Learned Food Aversion on Relationships Linking Food Neophobia to Appetite and Food Rejection
Kang, Jong-Heon ; Ko, Beom-Seok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 183~191
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.1.183
The purpose of this study was to measure the effect of nausea and learned food aversion on relationships linking food neophobia to appetite and food rejection. A total of 250 questionnaires were completed. Path analytic model was used measure the effect of mediator. Results of the study demonstrated that the path analytic result for the data also indicated excellent model fit. The influences of food neophobia on nausea and food rejection were statistically significant. The influences of nausea on learned food aversion and appetite were statistically significant. The influences of food neophobia on learned food aversion and appetite were not statistically significant. The influence of nausea on food rejection was not statistically significant. Moreover, nausea and aversion played a perfectly mediating roles in the relationship between food neophobia and appetite. Aversion also played no mediating role in the relationship between food neophobia and food rejection.
The Effect of Follow-up Nutrition Intervention Programs Applied Aged Group of High Risk Undernutrition in Rural Area(II)
Park, Mi-Yeon ; Chun, Byung-Yeol ; Jeong, Gu-Beom ; Oh, Hyun-Mee ; Lee, Jung-Hyun ; Park, Phil-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 193~204
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.1.193
This research has done for 67 undernutrition people of the aged men and women that are practiced follow-up nutrition intervention programs for 9weeks. The result of health related status, eating habit, food attitude and food intake for 2days is as following. 37.3% of objected old people are drinking, 20.9% of those are smoking and 29.9% of those are exercising. 55.2% of objected old people of the second intervention program about self-rated health say good. Sleeping hours of 25.4% of objected old people is from 6 to 8 hours. Meal amount and appetite above 98% of objected old people, compared to those of before sixty age, are decreasing and similar. 67.8% or 70.1% of the objected old people, compared to those of before sixty age, say same in sweet and salt taste. More significantly increased food group in after intervention than before intervention is vegetables and animal foods. There is no difference between management group and comparison group by ANCOVA analysis. DDS and DVS in management group are no significant differences between before intervention and after intervention.
Awareness on Food Additives and Purchase of Processed Foods containing Food Additives in Middle School Students
Kim, Eun-Jung ; Na, Hyeon-Ju ; Kim, Young-Nam ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 1, 2007, Pages 205~218
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.1.205
The purpose of this study was to provide informations on what middle school students know and think about food additives, and their purchase behavior of processed foods containing food additives. The data were gathered by questionaries from 360 students attending in the 3 randomly selected middle schools around Gyeonggi Province. The valid 340 out of 360 questionaries were analysed by SPSS/WIN 12.0. As a result, the middle school students showed low interest in 4 kinds of representative food additives such as synthetic seasoning, artificial sweetener, artificial dye, and synthetic preservative. They thought that the food additives is necessary but not improve the quality of food, and may have harmful effects on health. The students who has mother of university graduate, and taught by text book A showed the highest interest. Most students rarely checked the indication of food additives on the processed food package, and they hardly put any effort to avoid the processed foods containing food additives. According to the results of this study, the students were not aware and did not know about the food additives enough, and needs to be educated more and in detail in home economics class.