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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Dec 2007
Volume 16, Issue 5 - Oct 2007
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Aug 2007
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Jun 2007
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
The relationship between preschooler's temperament, father's child-rearing involvement, and mother's child-rearing stress
Lee, Su-Mi ; Min, Ha-Yeoung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 2, 2007, Pages 219~225
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.2.219
The purpose of this study was to clarify how preschooler's adaptive temperament and father's child-rearing involvement may be related to mother's chid-rearing stress. The subjects were 320 mothers whose children were 3, 4 or 5 age preschoolers attending day care centers in Keoungbok. Statistical techniques were Pearson's correlation, hierarchical multiple regression(using SPSS 12.0). The results of this were as follows. 1. Mother's child-rearing stress was negatively related to preschooler's adaptive temperament. 2. Mother's child-rearing stress was negatively related to father's child-rearing involvement. 3. The Multiple Regression analysis showed that preschooler's adaptive temperament and father's child-rearing involvement were significantly predictive to mother's child-rearing stress. And preschooler's adaptive temperament was the stronger predictor of mother's child-rearing stress than father's child-rearing involvement. There was no significant interaction effect of father's child-rearing involvement and preschooler's adaptive temperament on mother's child-rearing stress.
The Relationships between Social Knowledge about Hypothetical Social Dilemmas and Interpersonal Problem Solving Strategies of 4- and 5-year-olds
Sung, Mi-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 2, 2007, Pages 227~235
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.2.227
This study investigated 4- and 5-year-olds' social knowledge and interpersonal problem solving strategies according to their sex, age, and hypothetical situation, and the relationships among them. Subjects were 116 preschoolers (73 boys and 43 girls; 68 four and 48 five-year-olds). Results showed that preschoolers had the higher scores of freindliness in potential entry situations than in support situations. Also, 4-year-old children were higher in forceful problem solving strategies than 5-year-olds. Furthermore, children's social knowledge assertiveness scores were positively related to their relevant problem solving strategies in conflict situations, while children's social knowledge friendliness scores were negatively related to their forceful problem solving strategies in conflict and potential entry situations.
Waldorf and Theme-based Program Analyses of Five-year-olds' Activities of Early Childhood Educational Programs
Moon, Chae-Lyun ; Chong, Young-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 2, 2007, Pages 237~250
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.2.237
This study was to provide date for developing a effective educational program which would be helpful for teachers to understand children's daily activities more properly. From two kindergartens, 20 children were observed for 3 consecutive hours. The observer followed the target child, gathering data during 30-second "windows". This observation lasted for three hours per day and each child was observed 60 times. The proportion of major activities such as education, play, work, and conversation in children's daily activities was compared. Results showed that children of Waldorf program were more exposed to and engaged in play than children of Theme-based program, whereas children of theme-based program were exposed to and engaged in academic activities than those of Waldorf program.
The Influence of Mother's Depression, Parenting Stress, Infant Cry, and Infant Temperament on Family Function
Kim, Su-Won ; Jang, Mi-Kyung ; Kim, Yu-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 2, 2007, Pages 251~257
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.2.251
The combined impact of maternal depression, parenting stress, infant cry, and infant temperament on family functions was examined. The sample included 257 mothers in the near communities. Questionnaires completed by the mothers who had 0-36 month old children were used to measure depressive symptoms in mothers, infant cry, infant temperament, parenting stress, and family function. Maternal depression, parenting stress, infant crying and infant temperament had negative influence on family adaptability and family cohesion. Mother's depression had negative effect particularly on infant cry. Infant cry had positive effect on infant temperament. Infant temperament had high direct effect on parenting stress. As a result, it had negative influence on family function.
A Study on Self-differentiation, Marital Conflict and Marital Satisfaction among Couples'
Han, Young-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 2, 2007, Pages 259~272
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.2.259
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of couples' self-differentiation by marital satisfaction according to couple's gender. The participants of the present study were 728 couples who lived in Chonbuk province. The data were collected by self-administered questionnaire method. Self-differentiation scale was consisted of such factors as emotional reactivity, I-position, emotional cut-off and fusion with others. The results of this research were as follows: First, there was significant difference in the level of total self-differentiation between husbands and wives. Second, there was significant difference in the levels of marital conflict and of marital satisfaction to levels of self differentiation. Third, self differentiation in both husbands and wives had an direct effect on marital satisfaction and stability through marital conflict. Fourth, marital conflict in both husbands and wives had a direct effect on marital satisfaction.
A study on the difference of parent's consumer socialization function perceived by children according to consumption behavior patterns of children
Kim, Hyo-Chung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 2, 2007, Pages 273~283
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.2.273
The purpose of this study was to identify consumption behaviors among children and to examine the differences according to sociodemographic characteristics, factors related to allowance, and parents' consumer socialization function perceived by children. The data were collected from 291 elementary school students in Busan. The results of this study were as follows. First, regarding parents' consumer socialization function perceived by children, the level of child's participation and influence in consumption decision-making was the highest, whereas the level of parent-child communication about consumption was the lowest. Second, consumption behaviors among children were identified into 5 groups: impulsive consumption group, rational allowance management group, friend-dependent purchase group, planned purchase group, and effective goods management group. There were significant difference among them according to child's sex, allowance amount, allowance frequency, parents' guidance about allowance usage, parents' check after allowance usage, and 3 categories of parents' consumer socialization function perceived by children. These results imply that consumer education for parents should be developed and activated to improve consumer socialization function of parents.
A Study on the Tendency to Employment of Elderly
Yi, Yeong-Sug ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 2, 2007, Pages 285~298
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.2.285
The purpose of this study is to find out specific ways to invigorate the employment of the elderly. To achieve this goal, attitude and information about elderly employment were required, and the groups divided based on them were found. The results of the research are as follows: 1. Attitudes toward employment of the elderly was considerably positive. Among the attitudes, the attitude toward employment-support was the most positive, and the attitude toward employment-motive was relatively less positive. 2. The extent the elderly possessed information about employment was comparatively limited, and quite a low score was shown in knowledge of employment-information of the elderly, which means the elderly are not exposed to the ways to get employed. 3. The groups were divided in four type: passive-stagnation, positive-adjustment, lack of information-work oriented, retirement oriented. Of the employed, the positive-adjustment were the most and the passive-stagnation were the least, while the lack of information-work oriented were the most and the retirement oriented were the least of the unemployed. The result that the lack of information-work oriented were the most of the unemployed shows the choice of unemployment was not an intended one.
A study of the determinants according to Avatar using motive
Lee, Hyun-Jung ; You, Doo-Ryon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 2, 2007, Pages 299~313
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.2.299
The purposes of this study were to find the actual condition about decoration of avatar systematically, classify each motive, considering the variety of the motive for avatar, and to analyse the important variables that they have an effect on Avatar using motive. The results were as follows; First, in result executing the factor analysis about the features of Avatar using motive, it revealed the factors like 'Pleasure-oriented', 'Other-oriented', 'Superiority-oriented' and "Individual expressive-oriented" motive. Second, the users on the basis of the Avatar using motive were divided into four groups respectively, that is 'Multipurpose purchasing group', 'Superiority group', 'Individual expressive group' and 'Passive-purpose group'. The most numbers of the respondent were belong to 'Multipurpose chasing group (N=179). On the other hands, the least numbers of the respondent were belong to 'Individual expressive group (N=93). Third, it was conducted by the crossing analysis and ANOVA about the consumer's group. And the result showed the significant difference in Avatar adornment experience, consuming expense, possession item's number, gender, age, friend, mass media and self esteem.
Economic burden and its related determinants of private education among pre-school children
Kang, Lee-Ju ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 2, 2007, Pages 315~331
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.2.315
The purpose of this study is to examine current situations about and factors related to expenditures of private education among pre-school children and to provide policy implications useful for future pre-school children education. The subjects of the study were parents of pre-school children under seven years of age, who lived in Seoul and Incheon area. The survey was conducted using parent questionnaire. The major findings of the study are: First, 86.8% of parents of pre-school children use private education and the average expenditure on it was 154, 446 won. Second, major factors determining their private education expenditure are educational level of parents, parents' job characteristics, household income, and region. Third, the most important reason for using private education among parents is to improve and excel in academic performance of their children. Forth, the higher the parents' expected returns from private education are, the higher the expenditure level of private education is. Fitth, the results of the logistic regressions showed that parents' attitudes toward private education was the most important factor in determining household economic burden associated with private education. The odds were 5 times greater for the parent group with strong desire for private education than for the parent group without it and 1.2 times greater for the parent group with high-expected returns from private education than the parent group without it. In conclusion, systematic, universal educational policies need to be developed to provide and support all the parents with pre-school children, given that their current economic burden is substantial. By providing such support, we can help parents focus on public education. This study examining current situations about and determining factors related to private education expenditures among pre-school children collected data limiting only Seoul and Inchoen area, therefore, future studies need to include data collected nationwide for generalizability of the findings. As well, development of more elaborated survey instruments and analytical methods would advance our understanding in the field.
Effects of Financial Knowledge and Financial Management on Objective Financial Well-Being and Subjective Financial Satisfaction
Cho, Dong-Pil ; Yang, Se-Jeong ; Bae, Mi-Kyeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 2, 2007, Pages 333~348
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.2.333
The study examines the relationships among financial knowledge, financial management, and objective financial well-being and subjective financial satisfaction. The data used in the study was 331 households from the survey in both Seoul and Kyeonggi-Do. The data analysis was dome using the SAS-PC program and several statistical techniques were utilized such as frequency, and multiple regression analysis. The results of the study were as follows; The results from multiple regression analysis providing the information about the relationships between two variable after controlling other effects on the variables, showed that, the households with more financial knowledge tended to do more on both financial management plan and financial management implement. The households doing more on financial management implement were found to have more subjective financial satisfaction, while those doing more on financial management plan were found to have more objective financial well-being. Also, a positive relationship was found between objective financial well-being and subjective financial satisfaction.
The Consumption Experiences and Perceived Quality of Life of Korean Housewives through the Experiential Sampling Method-focused on shopping activity
Yoo, Hyun-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 2, 2007, Pages 349~365
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.2.349
The purpose of this study was to explore the Korean housewives' consumption experiences and perceived quality of life. Perceived quality of life was composed of four dimensions: motivation, affect, efficiency, and activation. The study results are: 1. Housewives spare their time for physiologic activities(22.9%), household activities(20.1), and personal activities(10.1%) in sequence. 2. Although the motivation that housewives do shopping activities is coming from a sense of duty, the perceived quality of life during shopping is showing far more positive affect than the perceived quality of life during other activities. In this context, shopping activities are interesting in that they are thought of a kind of entertainment as well as work. 3. With an analysis of covariance, housewives' perceived quality of life has an effect on everyday life in that 4 perceived qualities of life such as motivation, affect, efficiency and activation has a significant effect on flow and it has a significant effect on satisfaction.
The Relation between the Perception of Price and the Propensity to Conspicuous Consumption in the Purchase of Clothing of College Students
Park, Sang-Mi ; Lee, Eun-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 2, 2007, Pages 367~380
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.2.367
This study investigates the perception of price and the propensity to conspicuous consumption in the purchase of clothing among college students and the relation between the perception of price and the propensity to conspicuous consumption. The data for this study were collected from 1,015 Korean college students. In order to analyze the data, statistical methods such as frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, factor analysis, ANOVA, scheffe-test, Pearson's correlation, and Cronbach's a were used with the SPSS statistical package program. The major study findings were as follows. 1. The perception of clothing price among college students was classified into five factors: high price-oriented, discount-oriented, high quality-price rate-oriented, low price-oriented, and effectiveness-oriented. 2. The propensity to conspicuous consumption of clothing among college students was classified into four factors: brand name conspicuousness, conspicuous pursuit of vogue, symbol of their social position, and imported goods conspicuousness. 3. High price-oriented and discount-oriented were different significantly according to sex, age, father's educational level, monthly income, monthly allowance amount. High quality-price rate-oriented and low price-oriented were different significantly according to sex, father's educational level, monthly income, monthly allowance amount. Effectiveness-oriented was different significantly according to sex, age. 4. Brand name conspicuousness, conspicuous pursuit of vogue and imported goods conspicuousness were different significantly according to sex, age, father's educational level, monthly income, monthly allowance amount. Symbol of their social position was different significantly according to sex, age, father's educational level, monthly income. 5. High price-oriented, discount-oriented and high quality-price rate-oriented have the highly positive correlation with four factor of propensity to conspicuous consumption of clothing. Low price-oriented has the negative correlation with four factor of propensity to conspicuous consumption of clothing. Effectiveness-oriented has the lowly positive correlation with four factor of propensity to conspicuous consumption of clothing.
An Analysis on the Military Look of the Milan Collections
Chu, Mi-Kyung ; Kim, Hye-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 2, 2007, Pages 381~393
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.2.381
This study was intended to analyze and investigate a diversity of aesthetic values expressed in the military look of the Milan collections by using content analysis method to find what design characteristic and image emerged concretely in the later 20th century. A total of 334 military look works shown in fashion magazines such as Vogue and Collezioni Donna over the period between 1996 and 2000 were collected as research data, which were classified into 5 categories such as item, silhouette, color, color coordination, fashion image. The results were summarized as follows: first, it was found that coat was the most preferred item in expressing the military look image. Second, it was found that the straight line was the most preferred silhouette, which indicates that it was the most suitable silhouette in expressing the bisexual image of the military look. Third, in the colors of the military look, achromatic colors such as black and white were found to be of the highest frequency, which shows that achromatic colors continued to be proposed as fashionable colors around 1996 and this influence was reflected in the military look. Finally, in terms of the item of color coordination, monochromatic coordination accounted for more than half of the military look, through which it could be explained that designers utilized it greatly to make an effective expression of the masculine image.
A Study of Clothing Value and Make-up Behavior of Women
Choi, Su-Koung ; Kang, Koung-Ja ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 2, 2007, Pages 395~405
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.2.395
The women selected by random sampling were classified into four groups by their body cathexis and Make-up attitude in order to investigate differences in Clothing Value and Make-up behavior. The result are as follows. Cluster was classified into four groups: positive congruity(G1), positive incongruity(G2), negative congruity(G3), negative incongruity(G4). Four groups showed meaningful difference each other between the peculiarity of Clothing value and Make-up behavior. Make-up behaviors were different at the peculiarity of minutely divided groups under the standard of physical satisfaction and Make-up attitude, and they showed difference in the influence of value affected to each behavior. So it was testified that Make-up behavior can be different depending on the value of respective persons.
The Effect of Dot Pattern on Dress's Wearer Image -On the Neutral coloration-
Kim, Sun-Mi ; Kang, Kyung-Ja ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 2, 2007, Pages 407~419
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.2.407
The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of four clothing cues dot pattern size and ground field of color area ratio on dress's wearer image. The experimental materials developed for this study are a set of stimuli and response scales(The 7-point semantic). The stimuli were 30 color pictures manipulated with the combination of dot pattern size, dot pattern on background of color area ratio and neutral dress's using computer simulation. The subjects were 180 female undergraduates living students in Gyeong-nam. The result of this study are as follows: Image factor of the stimulus was composed of 5 different components (visibility, gracefulness, attractiveness, cuteness, womanly). Especially, Neutral color combination independently influenced the every components. In regarding the effect of interaction between each variable, the combination of dot pattern on background of color area ratio, dot pattern size on the combination had cuteness, womanly.
A Study Related to Adolescent Girl Students' Appearance-Related Attitude and Clothing Attitude
Lee, En-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 2, 2007, Pages 421~432
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.2.421
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between appearance-related attitude(attitude toward appearance, body satisfaction) and clothing attitude, and to examine how clothing attitude was influenced by appearance-related attitude. The method of this study was survey research by using questionnaires. Subjects were 700(middle school students 217, high school students 227, university students 256) girl students located in Junrabookdo province. In this statistical analysis, SPSS 11.5 for Windows program was utilized to calculate frequency, mean, factor analysis, cronbach's
, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, multiple regression analysis. The results of this research were as follows: The results of analysing the factors to the response clothing attitude emerged five dimensions(fashion pursuit, gender attractiveness, self-expression, aesthetic, and modesty). University school girls' students showed higher attitude toward appearance, body satisfaction, clothing attitude except of modesty. Clothing attitude variables except of modesty had positive correlations with appearance-related attitude. However, modesty of clothing had negative correlations with appearance-related attitude. As a conclusion, adolescents' appearance-related attitude constituted important characteristics which could affect clothing attitude directly.
Assessing the Mediating Effects of the Factors on the Relationships between Customers' Past Behavior and Intention to Exit in Western Restaurant
Kang, Jong-Heon ; Pyo, Gil-Tack ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 2, 2007, Pages 433~442
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.2.433
The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating role of attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control on the relationships between past behavior and customers' intention to engage in exit of dissatisfaction responses. Results of the study demonstrated that the past behavior significantly improved the predictability of the voice of dissatisfaction response intentions. Furthermore, the mediating analyses indicated that the influence of past behavior was mediated by mediator. In the contests of exit behavior, the effect of past behavior on intention to exit was mediated by attitude, subjective norm and perceived behavioral control.
A Study of the Housing Characteristics and Apartment Choice as a Social Class
Ha, Jeung-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 2, 2007, Pages 443~454
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.2.443
Survey questionnaires were conducted on housewives under 60 who had bought an apartment in Daegu. The data used in this study is collected Dalseo-Gu, Soosung-Gu and Buk-Gu by means of cluster sampling and from those chosen samples I use convenience sampling. The data were analyzed by SPSS WIN 10.0 program. The purpose of this study is to examine housing characteristics and apartment choice as a social class closely in order to improve value of apartment and to provide housing plan of apartment supply which is distinguished by a social class and moreover, to achieve efficient marketing strategy according to a recent recognition that housing is a kind of commodities. Objective and subjective measure of value are used to classify a social class. Objective measure of value includes scale apartment, a form of possession, a price of apartment, an occupation of husband, family income and academic background and subjective measure of value includes the standard of living out of people's own head. These measure of value are classified by giving consequence to each item with reference to ISC (index of status characteristics) of Wanner. There is a difference of housing characteristics and apartment choice as a social class as a consequence of this study. Therefore, this study suggests repeatedly that it should need not standardized housing supply but apartment supply of diverse demand desire because there is a difference of housing characteristics and apartment choice as a social class.