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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Dec 2007
Volume 16, Issue 5 - Oct 2007
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Aug 2007
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Jun 2007
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
The Effects of Integrative Art Therapy on Interaction Promotion of Mother and Child with Developmental Disorder
Park, Cha-Young ; Hong, Eun-Joo ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 6, 2007, Pages 1069~1082
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.6.1069
The purpose of this study is to examine how integrative art therapy affected the interaction of children with developmental disorder with their mothers from the viewpoint of object-relation theory that accentuated mother role for the promotion of mother-child interaction, and based on earlier studies on mother-child interaction and the interaction of children with developmental disorder with their mothers. The subjects in this study are five selected children and their mothers who used B and G social welfare agencies in Gyeonggi province. They are at the age of five and six in Western age, and have difficulties interacting with their parents. When a social maturity test is conducted, their social age ranged from 2.1 to 3.9, and as Portage Test is implemented, their developmental levels of sociability, cognition and language were identical to those of younger children who were at the age of one to 3.5. The major findings of the study are as follows. First, the children who suffered from developmental disorder and participated in this study showed a positive change in their interaction with their mothers. Second, as for connections between each session and mother-child interaction, most of them came to interact with their mothers better as the program came to an end.
The early childhood teacher's recognition and demand on children's language education - focused on purpose, contents, method, evaluation and the required facts of children's language education
Youn, Jin-Ju ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 6, 2007, Pages 1083~1095
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.6.1083
This study had been done to investigate that early childhood teacher's recognition and demand on children's language education and 20 early childhood teachers were interviewed individually who work at state-owned/ public-owned/ private-owned kindergardens residing G, I, and K cities in Jeollabuk-do. First, the purpose of language education was recognized on the formations of essence, concept, expertise, technique and attitude toward language. Second, the contents of language education must be selected by children's experience that they encounter in ordinary life based on oral language and written language. Besides, early childhood teachers strongly felt the necessity of new contents of language education, although they thought of insufficiency of their knowledge on the issue. Third, the method of language education was mainly accomplished by teaching material and objects. Besides, they were aware of looking for new organized teaching methods and also concerned of the importances of teacher's attitude and group formation method. Fourth, the evaluation of language education must be acquired by desirable evaluation method that was based on the recognition of children's unrealistic language capabilities, even though they had recognized the difficulty to do because of knowledge insufficiency. They also showed the tendency of negligence on the evaluation of language education. Fifth, the required facts for early childhood teachers on language education were development and supply of teaching materials, demand on teacher's education and appropriate evaluation method, and cognitive changes on language education by public toward the written language.
A study on related factors of parent's participation intention for early childhood secondhand smoke prevention
Gwon, Gi-Nam ; Min, Ha-Yeoung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 6, 2007, Pages 1097~1105
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.6.1097
This study aims to 1) examine the difference of parent's participation intention for early childhood secondhand smoke prevention depending on sex, education level, income level, and smoking or nonsmoking of parent, parent's knowledge and attitude of early childhood secondhand smoke 2) estimate the influence of independent factors on parent's participation intention for early childhood secondhand smoke prevention centering around factors stated previously, and 3) suggest effective strategies to ultimately encourage parent's behavior for early childhood secondhand smoke prevention. A total of 279 parents with four- and five-year-old day care children participated in this study. The following are the main results of this study. First, the higher the level of income parent had, the higher the level of participation intention for early childhood secondhand smoke prevention parent had. Second, nonsmoking parent exhibited higher level of participation intention than smoking parent. Finally, parent's knowledge and attitude of early childhood secondhand smoke had influence on parent's participation intention for early childhood secondhand smoke prevention, but parent's attitude had a high degree of influence on parent's participation intention.
A Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Study on Bullying/Victimization and Overt/Relational Aggression: Focused on gender
Sim, Hee-Og ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 6, 2007, Pages 1107~1118
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.6.1107
This study explored the consistency of bullying, victimization and aggressive victimization, the relationships between bullying, victimization and aggressive victimization and overt/relational aggression, and the relationships between bullying groups and overt/relational aggression with gender. The subjects were 4th grade children and 2 years later they were contacted again. Instruments were the Bully-Behavior Scale, the Peer-Victimization Scale and the Peer Nomination Instrument. Bullying, victimization and aggressive victimization were decreased while there were consistencies in overt and relational aggression from 4th to 6th grade. In the correlation analysis, male victims at Time 1 were negatively related to overt and relational aggression at both Time 1 and Time 2. Female bullies were positively related to relational aggression at both Time 1 and Time 2. In the cross-sectional relations of overt aggression with bullying groups, there was a gender difference. In the relational aggression with bullying groups, only bullying groups had a significant difference. In the longitudinal relations of overt aggression with bullying groups, only gender had a significant difference. Males appeared to be more overtly aggressive than females. In the relational aggression, bullying groups, gender, and the interaction between bullying groups and gender had significant differences. Female bullies were more likely to be relationally aggressive than other groups.
The Difference in University Students' Beliefs of Appropriate Education and Child Rearing Attitudes Before and After Pre-parents Education Class
Ahn, Hey-Jun ; Song, Seung-Min ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 6, 2007, Pages 1119~1130
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.6.1119
The purposes of this current study were to develop a pre-parent education class for university students and to examine the difference in their beliefs after the program. The subjects of this study were 86 students who were selected from one university in Kyunggido, South Korea. Students had pre-test and post-test to measure the changes caused by the program. Two instruments were used: Beliefs of Appropriate Education and Child Rearing Attitudes. The results of this study were as following: In the post-test, students showed higher scores on affectionate child rearing attitudes. More specifically, students endorsed expression of affection toward a child, positive mother-child relationship, emotional involvement, giving a child equal right after having pre-parent education class. In terms of beliefs on appropriate education, in the post-test students became put more value on process, child, play, experience- oriented learning compared to their pre-test scores. In sum, this pre-parent education class is an effective one, which improve future parents' beliefs and attitudes on appropriate education and child rearing practices.
The effect of parenting behavior and parent-child communication on internet use among school-aged children
Jang, Young-Ae ; Park, Jung-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 6, 2007, Pages 1131~1140
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.6.1131
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of parenting behavior and parent-child communication on internet use among school-aged children. The subjects were 215 children whose grade are 3rd and 5th selected from an elementary school in Incheon. The statistics used for this data were t-test, one-way ANOVA(Duncan's test), and stepwise regression. The findings from the present study suggested that academic achievement and birth order turned out to be significant variables on children's internet use, except for sex and grade. Results of the stepwise regression analyses that the etiologic model of this study was more proper, and parenting behavior is more effective variable than parent-child communication in predicting internet use among school-aged children. Implications based on this study are as follows; In order to decrease the degree of school-aged children's internet use, parents should do less permissive parenting behavior and problematic communication with their children.
Analysis about Developmental Changes of Children's Metamemory
Park, Young-Ah ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 6, 2007, Pages 1141~1152
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.6.1141
The purpose of this study was to investigate developmental changes of metamemory. The subjects were 120 5, 7, and 9 year-old children. All children performed metamemory tests which were composed of person variable, task variables, and strategy variable. There were significant age differences in metamemory awareness. As for person variable, prediction accuracy was increased with age. As for task variables, older children recognized aims of tasks, whereas younger children perceived salient properties of tasks. Also, as for strategy variable, number and complexity of strategy for memory retrieval were increased with age.
A Case Study of Family Art Therapy to Improve a Runaway Middle School Girl's Self Esteem, Child-Parent Communication, and Family Relationship
Kim, Hyo-Suk ; Choi, Wae-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 6, 2007, Pages 1153~1168
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.6.1153
The purpose of this study is to investigate if and how much a family art therapy can influence a runaway middle school girl's self esteem, communication with parents, and family relations. Study subjects are a middle school girl (called S) and her parents, receiving a total of 13 sessions of art therapy from January 3 to March 28 of 2007, held at P-kindergarten located in Kyungbuk province, with each session of 90-120 minutes. Research instruments adopted for the study are a comparison between pre-test and post-test regarding S's self-esteem and a measure of dynamic relationship between S and her parents determined by KFD (Kinetic Family Drawing) in pre- and post-tests. The results are as follows. First, family art therapy shows its effect on the runaway middle school girls' self-esteem. Second, family art therapy proves to be effective on child-parent communication. Third, family art therapy displays positive influence on family relations.
Exploration of related variables to teacher strategy and child strategy of teacher-child interaction about play rules in kindergarten
Wee, Su-Kyeng ; Park, Eun-Hye ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 6, 2007, Pages 1169~1183
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.6.1169
The purpose of this research is to explore the strategy of teacher and the strategy of child in teacher-child interaction according to related variables. The participants of this research are 2 classroom teachers and their 54 5-year-old kindergarten children(27 boys and 27 girls). To collect the data, child's classroom activities were observed and videotaped using event sampling 90 times(30 times per beginning, middle, and end). Repeated test, two-way ANOVA, Scheffe test used for data analysis. The results of this research were as followed; First, over time there were differences between strategies of teacher and strategies of child during teacher-child interaction. Second, in child variables there were differences in strategies of teacher and strategies of child during teacher-child interaction according to child's gender. Third, in environment variables there were differences between strategies of teacher and strategies of child according to play rules and play areas.
the Comparison of attitudes toward the family financial management between the internationally married husbands and wives in Chunlabuk-do
Kim, Jung-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 6, 2007, Pages 1185~1195
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.6.1185
The purpose of the study was to compare the attitudes toward the family financial management between the internationally married husbands and wives in Chunlabuk-do in order to search the strong and healthy family. As results of the study, the followings were found; Females were perceived that family finance was difficult than males and their wants to job was strong. Female's attitudes toward family financial management was more positive than males'. Males felt very strong responsibility to family finance. The types of family financial management were differently perceived by both couples. The both couple's parental financial management of the family was different each other. Also both of couples reported the conflict with the family finances.
Analysis the Types of Consumer Damages Incurred by Using a Digital Contents
Nam, Su-Jung ; Lee, Eun-Hee ; Park, Sang-Mi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 6, 2007, Pages 1197~1209
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.6.1197
The advance of digital contents industry shifts the focus of consumptions; from analogue to digital ones. It gives significant impact on individual life as well as overall society and culture, and it leads to the increased consumption of digital contents. Nevertheless, current digital contents industry fails to secure the sufficient consumer protection systems including relevant rules and laws which regulate the distribution, use, and other transaction activities of digital contents and the efforts, on the part of contents providers, to provide information to consumers and to protect them. Digital contents, by its nature, is different from the existing products so that its nature is likely to cause unique consumer problems totally different from the offline transactions and the electrical transactions of existing products. This study, therefore, aims to identify the possible problems which may be incurred by consumers in their use of digital contents, specify the types of consumer damages, and provide the underlying materials to improve the systems related to digital contents and take legally complementary measures for consumer protection. To identify the types of consumer damages, this study analyzed the results from consumer counselling cases, experts opinion survey, and FGI. For consumer damage cases, this study analyzed the consumer complaints received by open consumer counselling sites of the Korea Consumer Agency and Seoul Electronic Commerce Center. For experts opinion survey, it conducted questionnaire survey of the group of experts from digital contents manufacturers or providers, and those who treated consumer damages directly. For FGI analysis, it organized a panel of students and employees who had used digital contents to understand the types of consumer damages. The results of this study can be summed up as follows. Based on the results from consumer counselling cases, experts opinion survey, and FGI analysis, the consumer damages related to digital contents can be classified, in their nature, into economic or financial damages (25 cases), emotional or psychological ones (15 cases), time-related ones (7 cases), physical ones (4 cases), and privacy-related ones (i.e. leakage of personal data)(3 cases). More specifying the types of damages, damages can be subdivided into contract-, charge-, maintenance-, use-, individual-related ones and other ones. Among them, both contract- and charge-related damages appeared only in the economic or financial damages, whereas user-specific individual damages appeared only in physical and emotional or psychological ones. On the other hand, maintenance- and use-related damages and other ones were observed in both categories of economical or financial damages and time-related ones. Use- and privacy-related damages, in particular, caused emotional or psychological damages.
Evaluation of Commercial Mould Brassieres for Women with Poor Breasts
Lee, Hyun-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 6, 2007, Pages 1211~1221
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.6.1211
To provide the basic information of the brassiere development for women with poor breast, we performed the survey on their wearing habits for brassieres by comparing the poor breast type women and the normal breast type women. Also, to suggest the advanced design methods for the mould brassiere for the poor breast women, we conducted the subjective wear test of commercial mould brassieres and measured the local thickness for mould cup under various loads. As the results, the good fitness of cup and wire, the natural wear silhouette, and the adaptation of soft and stretchy material for mould cup were very important to design the comfortable brassiere for the poor breast type. The good-fitness of upper cup was the key factor for the satisfactory wear appearance of brassiere and the cup should be designed not too thick at the upper and the bust point regions.
Assessing the Effect of Moral Concerns for Animals, Texture, Color and Satiety on Meat Avoidance
Kang, Jong-Heon ; Bae, Seong-Sik ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 6, 2007, Pages 1223~1230
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.6.1223
The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of moral concerns for animals, meat texture, color in meat and satiety from meat on meat avoidance, and to assess the effect of meat avoidance on meat consumption. A total of 250 questionnaires were completed. Structural equation model was used to measure the causal effects of constructs. Results of the study demonstrated that fit of the restricted model is significantly worse than that of the unrestricted model, in which more parameters are estimated. The effects of moral concerns for animals, meat texture, and satiety from meat on meat avoidance were statistically significant. The effect of meat avoidance on meat consumption was statistically significant. Moreover, meat avoidance played a mediating role in the relationship between moral concerns for animals and meat consumption. Meat avoidance also played a mediating role in the relationship between satiety from meat and meat consumption. This study suggested that the consumer decision-making process for meat products is best modeled as a complex system that incorporates both direct and indirect effects on meat consumption. This study believed the evidence presented supports this position. Moreover, this study appeared to be a worthy area of pursuit.
A Study on the Patterns of Nutrient Supplement Usage and its related influencing factors of High School Students in Chonbuk Area
Cha, Youn-Soo ; Kim, Jong-Sun ; Rho, Jeong-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 6, 2007, Pages 1231~1241
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.6.1231
This study was conducted to investigate the nutrient supplement use and its related influencing factors by high school students in Chonbuk area. Self administered questionnaires were collected from 489 (urban: 268, rural: 221). Statistical data analysis was completed using a SPSS v. 10.0 program. The results are summarized as follows. According to the general characteristic of subjects, the job and education level of parents and family monthly income respectively affected the nutrient supplement use of subjects (p<0.001). According to the living area, taking a nutrient supplement of parents and nutritional information respectively affected the nutrient supplement use of subjects (p<0.001). About 42.2% of subjects, who taking a nutrient supplement, responded to take a traditional medicine type, and 24.4% of them a multivitamin. Their mothers were important recommended person. The main reason for taking was 'to recommended from parent' (38.5%) and 'recovery from tiredness' (29.6%). The main reason for not-taking was that they were health, therefore nutrient supplements were not necessary. In the future about 43.7% of urban and 33.9% of rural area responded to take a nutrient supplements (p<0.05). These findings show that the behaviors of nutritional supplement usage by subjects are not reasonable, and their supplement usage tends to be affected by general characteristics. Therefore, nutritional understanding and education that are intended to from reasonable behaviors toward nutritional supplement usage of adolescents should be provided with considering the relationship between general characteristic of subjects and supplement usage.
A Comparative Study on Furniture Design Guidelines for the Elderly
Rhee, Ji-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 6, 2007, Pages 1243~1250
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.6.1243
The purpose of this study was to compare government guidelines and foreign guidelines related to furniture design for elderly. Future elderly will increasingly accustomed to the provisions of improved housing, education and welfare in comparison with our forebears. Also, there will be upgrading and different need for elderly furniture in our market. The results were as follows. The height of bed was based on the height of wheelchair seat, commonly. A adjustable bed was recommended for abled and disabled elderly. A pull-down shelf, drawer, empty space under chest, folding or sliding door in wardrobe and so on were recommended as a elderly furniture. It were good adjustable sink on human scale. There were need the empty space under sink for wheelchair users, one-touch or lever faucet, etc. There have given a little furniture design guidelines for elderly in Korea until now. But those guidelines haven't been considered enough human scale of elderly including wheelchair user. Because the close investigations have not made about abled and disabled elderly for their furniture design. So first of all, the government should be examined elderly physical size more accurately for elderly furniture design. The guideline for elderly furniture design should be for abled elderly and the disabled, too.
The effect of sex education program on high school girls' knowledge and attitude toward sex
Jeon, Young-Ja ; Lee, Hyun-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 6, 2007, Pages 1251~1268
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.6.1251
The purpose of this study is to develope sex education program for high school girls and to verify the effectiveness of the program in terms of improving the knowledge and attitude of them after executing the program. The subjects of study are 126 girls from K high school in Changwon city and they are divided into an experimental group and control group, and each group has 63 students. The program is executed 8 sessions during 8 weeks and the necessary time is 50 minutes for each session. The experimental group who has received sex education shows higher level of sex knowledge after sex education than control group, and the experimental group shows higher level of sound attitude toward sexual matters after sex education. The effect of education regarding sexual knowledge and attitude in an experimental group are lasted even after the education is finished. Conclusionally, these results shows that the sex education program which is developed for this study is effective.
A Study on the Relationship between Awareness of Gender Equality and Practice of Housing Education Contents in University Students
Kwark, Kyoung-Sook ; Han, A-Reum ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 16, issue 6, 2007, Pages 1269~1278
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2007.16.6.1269
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the awareness of gender equality and practice of housing education contents in Technology Home Economics Subject of university students. Subjects were 488 university students located in JunBuk province. In this statistical analysis, SPSS 11.5 for Windows program was utilized to analyze frequency, t-test, one-way Anova, Duncan test, Ward's method, Pearson's correlation coefficient. The results of this study were follow: First, the university student's gender equality appeared a little above the middle level. Female student's gender equality was higher than male. Second, the university students' practice of housing education contents appeared at the middle level. Male students appeared to be higher than female at 'support and repair of housing' unit. Third, the higher university students have awareness of gender equality, the better they practice of housing education contents. Group one recording where the gender equality is high 'Living quarter application', 'Indoor environment and equipments' units the practice of housing education contents was high. Forth, correlation of variables differed significantly between university students' practice of housing education contents and the awareness of gender equality. As a conclusion, university students' awareness of gender equality play an important role in practice of housing education contents in their real life. These results should be provide fundamental information for improving of housing education contents in Technology Home Economics Subject.