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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 17, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
Relationship of Male Salaried Employee's Marital Communication on Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment
Lee, Hyun-Ju ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 1~12
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.1.001
The purpose of this study is to examine influences of male salaried employee's marital communication on their job satisfaction and organizational commitment. The subjects of this study were 279 married male employees from 10 companies. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, one way ANOVA, Scheffe & Pearson's correlation with SPSSWIN(ver 12.0). There were significant differences according to the young married couple who has school background high, under 10 years of the length of their service in Marital communication And there were positive correlations among the marital communication which were communication agreement, communication contentment and communication smoothness and job satisfaction.
The Effects of Undergraduate's Optimism and Family-control on Their Awareness of Caregiving for the Elderly
Park, In-Jeon ; Choi, Wae-Sun ; Kim, Ae-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 13~26
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.1.013
The purposes of this study was to examine the effects of undergraduate's optimism and family-control on their awareness of caregiving for the elderly. The subjects for this study were 374 undergraduates from 4 universities in G city. The collected data were analyzed with SPSS WIN(ver. 12.0) program, and frequency and percentile, mean and standard deviation, t-test, correlation analysis, multiple regression, and path analysis were utilized. The main findings of the study were as follows. The undergraduate's degree of optimism and family-control, and their awareness of caregiving for the elderly were slightly higher than the average. In addition, the undergraduate's optimism and family-control were differed according to their 'existence and/or nonexistence of religion', and their awareness of caregiving for the elderly was significantly different depending on 'existence and/or nonexistence of religion', and 'existence and/or nonexistence of living together with their grandparents'. It was also found that the undergraduate's awareness of caregiving for the elderly was directly influenced by their family-control, whereas their awareness of caregiving for the elderly was indirectly influenced by their optimism via family-control.
The Study of the Effect of Self-Differentiation Degree on Stress Level and Stress Coping Strategies in College Students
Bae, Ok-Hyun ; Hong, Sang-Ook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 27~34
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.1.027
The purpose of this study is to study how college students cope with their stress and how the level of their self-differentiation affects degrees of stress and stress-coping strategies. The questionnaires were handed to 497 college students at Y university in Gyeongbuk Province and the data were analyzed in terms of Cronbach's
-coefficient, frequency and percentage, t-test, and regression analysis by using the SPSS statistical package. The results of this study were as follows: 1. For stress level, degree of self-differentiation and stress coping strategies of the college students, the average scores were 3.56, 2.53 and 3.49, respectively in 5-point Likert Scale, indicating that the students possess the above-average score for the degree of self-differentiation and stress-coping strategies and the below-average score for stress levels. 2. From examination of difference verification of stress levels based on the degree of self-differentiation and effect of degree of self-differentiation on stress levels, it was found that the higher is the degree of self-differentiation the lower is the stress level. 3. From examination of difference verification of stress-coping strategies according to the degree of self-differentiation and effect of degree of self-differentiation levels on stress coping strategies, we found that the students of higher degree of self-differentiation exercise the more active stress coping strategies. These results show that the degree of students' self-differentiation is a significant variable that influences their stress levels and stress control methods. It is thought that students' self-differentiation functions to minimize their stress and to actively cope with their stressful situation and that a high degree of self-differentiation is a significant mediator variable that is beneficial to students' mental health. It follows from the above observations that while college students in this study seem to possess good degrees of self-differentiation and stress coping capabilities and low stress levels they need to seek for the ways to improve their degree of self-differentiation by seeing into themselves and relationships with others around them. Parents, schools and consultation agencies are required to take an active hand to educate and encourage them to cope with their stress positively.
The Development of Evaluation Tools for Young Children's Math Ability based on Content Standards of NCTM
Kim, Ji-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 35~43
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.1.035
The purpose of this study is to develop evaluation tools for young children's mathematical ability based on the content standards of NCTM and to verify the suitability of the tools. The tools consist of 5 sub-tests with 90 items, including number and operation, algebra, geometry, measurement, data analysis and probability. The tool analysis was examined with 300 three-to five-years-old children and 31 math education professionals. The results of this research are as follows : First, in order of age the passing rate increased. The gap between high and low score group reveals a statistically meaningful difference. Second, the internal consistency reliability coefficient, Cronbach
, is .96. Test-retest reliability is around .90. The concurrent validity correlation between this tools and Choi Hye-Jin's test(2003) is .85. The analysis of the content validity was proved appropriately by math education professionals.
An Explorative Study for the Stress and Difficulty of the Principal on the Day-Care Centers
Kim, Su-Yeon ; Rha, Jong-Hay ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 45~56
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.1.045
The purpose of this study was to provide data for the stress and difficulty of the principal on the day-care centers. For this purpose, we had interviewed with 154 principals on the day-care centers in Daejeon and Chungcheong-do. The principals reported that they had stress about administration of day-care center normally. Their stress was different by the type of the center, the number of the class and their sex. They had difficulties in administrating teachers, managing the center, relating with the authorized officials, and finances. For the governing their center expertly, they needed to improve the quality of teachers, to amplify the financial support, and so on.
Beauty-Fashion Program of CATV Audiences' Consumption Stories by a Narrative Analysis
Yoo, Hyun-Jung ; Song, Eu-Gene ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 57~80
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.1.057
The contemporary consumers have insatiable desires for material and outward appearance. In terms of the desire for outward appearance, people recognize that a beautiful outward appearance can be made by an artificial effort. Subsequently, the interest in a beauty and fashion has been increased. In addition, a cable TV shows a beauty and fashion program targeted for women in 20s to 30s. This study tried to examine the stories on experience of consumption by consumers watching a beauty and fashion program in a women specialized channel of a cable TV. The total number of narrators who participated in this study was 11. Among them, we formed 26 narrative plots on the basis of interviews for 7 persons who could use Labov's structural analysis. The result of analyzing narrators' narrative plots was as follows: First, although narrators received the information on beauty and fashion through a channel which became the target of this study, they applied such information into an ordinary life by transforming such information. Second, narrators thought that their confidence and superiority could be expressed through a beauty and fashion. Third, narrators' consuming life showed a showing off-type consumption and an objective consumption. Fourth, narrators have a gap between the behavior orientation and real actions. And they experiences various trobles on consumption life. Fifth, through the interview for narrators, a trend of reconsidering their consuming life was found out.
Vanity type and Attitude toward Fashion Luxury Products of Female College Students - Focused in Ulsan, Pusan, and Kimhae -
Seo, Jeong-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 81~93
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.1.081
Female college consumers are orientated toward vanity and fashion luxury products in consumer society. The purpose of this paper was to investigate the relationship of vanity type and attitude toward fashion luxury products. The data were collected from 517 female college students in Ulsan, Pusan, and Kimhai. For data analysis, descriptive statistics, factor analysis, cluster analysis, and MCA were used. Results of cluster analysis identified the vanity type of the female college students into non-vanity group, positive viewer, and vanity group. Above two third of the total sample were the vanity group and the positive viewer. The non-vanity group, was comprised the smallest proportion of female college students. Attitude toward fashion luxury products was classified into four factors; involvement for fashion luxury, superiority of the fashion luxury, hedonic and conspicious consumption, and negative response. The attitude toward fashion luxury products was significantly different across the 3 vanity type. The results of this study provide insights into female college consumers' increasing demands toward fashion luxury brands. Consumer education should be implemented for the vanity group, and personal financial management education program is needed in liberal arts curriculum.
The Preference about F/W Knit Wears according to the age
Park, Sun-Chun ; Lee, Young-Ju ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 95~103
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.1.095
From the research which it sees the knit which is the competitive power it will be able to be sufficient the craving of the consumers who are changing be light from the which provides the fundamental data for production the F/W season knit wear it tried to know the age unit preference moral difference of item. The conclusion of the research which it the same. From all age unit pullover possession at 5 working for living, the jacket the ratio of the person whom it does not have entirely appeared most highly. The age unit knit wear twenties meaning item preference from, thirties and forties appeared with the item which pullover prefers most, fifties selected a cardigan case, an ensemble and the jacket and it prefers with the fact that. It appeared with the style which it prefers most from case P1, P2 all twenties of pullover, the cardigan proposal case appeared with the style which it prefers most from C1, C2 all fifties. From the jacket it appeared with the style which the J1 prefers from fifties-forties. Each age especially the F/W season knit wear the result which examines the wearing objective against, twenties become popular, thirties expression of individuality, forties convenient of activity, fifties for the convenient of activity complement of activity the knit wear with the fact that it wears.
The Changing Aspect of Appearances in Male Fashion Magazines
Park, Su-Jin ; Park, Kil-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 105~114
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.1.105
This study aims on observing the social recognition and its aspects for men taking care of their outer appearances at current point where men are rapidly rising as the main consumer in the beauty industry while their interest for outer appearances are increasing. Therefore, we observed the overall trend and changes in social recognition for male looks by analyzing the contents of articles in fashion magazines that play the critical role of spreading the trend while suggesting and delivering the diverse trend changes to the public to correspond to the individual and concrete demands of certain class segmented into gender, age, hobby, and more. As a result, articles related to outer appearances were divided into fashion, cosmetic and skin, hair and scalp, body figure care, cosmetic surgery, and others, and among them, fashion category took up the highest ratio. Also, articles related to outer appearances increased even more according to the change in time, where articles related to fashion and hair increased while articles of other categories decreased.
Pattern Development of Skate Pants Allowing for Dynamic Movement and Postures
Jeong, Yeon-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 115~126
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.1.115
The construction of an athlete's tight-fitting garments is very important to the wearer in terms of athletic performance. Therefore pattern development of tight-fitting garments must allow for the full range of human movement and postures. In this study the relationship between the construction of a skate pants pattern and clothing fitting was explored with the aim of improving the comfort of the clothing. The four male subjects were university students between the ages of 20 to 24. Subjective wear sensations of the experimental garments were rated using a seven-point Likert scale on four consecutive days. While wearing the garments, subjects were asked to take five different postures including waist flexion, sitting and others. A Likert-type scale was used for the evaluation, with 7 points indicating the best fit in tight-fitting pants. Results showed differences in the front-rise length and back-rise length between basic pants(A) and modified pants(B,C,D) were -5.16cm and +5.64cm. Comparing the basic pants pattern(A) with modified pants pattern(B), the latter was superior to basic pants(A) in terms of pressure sensation and closeness of fit, but there was no significant difference. Among the four tight-fitting skate pants, A and B pants were superior to the others in terms of fitting and stability of waist and hip sections. In the case of the skate pants, the number of cutting lines in the pattern had an influence on clothing comfort. A minimum cutting line for tight skate pants was better than a maximum cutting line in terms of clothing comfort.
Wearing Satisfaction and Improvement Needs of the Caregiver's Uniform
Kim, Jin-Sun ; Kweon, Soo-Ae ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 127~139
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.1.127
The purpose of this study is to examin wearing satisfaction and needs of the caregivers' uniforms. The questionnaire survey was conducted on 303 who are serving in the geriatric hospital and general hospitals in Seoul and Gyeonggi, Chungcheong region. It was coherently found on the whole that the irrelevance to the fitness of size system influenced the discomfort, and the relation between discomfort and satisfaction revealed negative-correlation, and the higher the discomfort is and the lower satisfaction is, the higher their improvement needs are. Particularly, the higher the discomfort on the fitness of size system is and the lower its satisfaction is, the higher the improvement needs on the size system and activities are. As a result, the clothing construction and the selection of materials for the complement of the fitness and discomfort's incongruity is required. Namely, the yoke of the back area and the various detail for the activity, the materials satisfying stretch, good-touch, antibiotic functionality, and the expansion of the size system are needed.
Assessing the Causal Relationships among Hedonic belief, Ambivalence, Subjective norm, Attitude and Meat Consumption Behavior
Kang, Jong-Heon ; Jeong, Hang-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 141~150
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.1.141
The purpose of this study was to assess the causal relationships among hedonic belief, ambivalence, subjective norm, attitude and meat consumption behavior. A total of 318 questionnaires were completed. Structural equation model was used to measure the causal effects of constructs. Results of the study demonstrated that fit of the restricted baseline model is significantly worse than that of the unrestricted proposed model, in which more parameters are estimated. The effects of hedonic belief, ambivalence and subjective norm on attitude were statistically significant. The effects of hedonic belief, subjective norm and attitude on meat consumption were statistically significant. The effect of attitude on intention was statistically significant. Moreover, attitude played a mediating role in the relationships between hedonic belief and meat consumption, between ambivalence and meat consumption, and between subjective norm and intention. This study suggested that the consumer decision-making process for eating meat products is best modeled as a complex system that incorporates both direct and indirect effects on meat consumption. This study believed the evidence presented supports this position. Moreover, this study appeared to be a worthy area of pursuit.
A Study on the Quality of Ramyon Made from Korean Wheat and Arrowroot(Pueraria thunbergiana B) Starch
Hwang, Eun-Hee ; Kim, Kee-Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 151~158
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.1.151
This study examines the cooking quality, rheology, and sensory characteristics of ramyon noodles made from Korean wheat and arrowroot starch. The control was made from Australian standard wheat(ASW) and the sample was made from Korean wheat. The ratios of arrowwood starch in the sample group were 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, 25%, and 30% respectively, and the result was as follows: the yield of the arrowwood starch was 18.8% and moisture level was 14.2%. The lightness(L), redness(a), and yellowness(b) of ASW were 92.07, 1.44, 10.22 respectively, whereas those of Korean wheat were 92.05, 1.55, 11.01, which means the two kinds of wheat showed very little difference in lightness, but Korean wheat had higher degrees of a and b than ASW. The color value of arrowroot starch is L 72.65, a 3.44, b 12.92, so it has a lower degree of lightness and higher degrees of a and b than two kinds of wheat. Dried ramyon displayed a lower degree of lightness and higher degrees of a and b than cooked ramyon, but the first decreased and a increased as we increased the ratio of arrowroot starch in it. The weight of dried ramyon did not show a significant difference among the groups. On the other hand, the weight, volume, water absorption, and the turbidity of cooked ramyon increased as we increased the amount of arrowroot starch in it. The maximum weight, solidity, and elasticity of the control group were greater than those of ramyon made from Korean wheat, but its brittleness was lower. The two groups showed the same degrees of hardness, adhesiveness, and cohesiveness. The maximum weight, solidity, and adhesiveness of the control group increased as we increased the amount of arrowroot starch in it, and the hardness and brittleness were great when the ratio of arrowroot starch was 20%; elasticity was greatest when the ratio of arrowroot starch was 15, 20, and 25%; its adhesiveness and cohesiveness did not depend on the amount of arrowroot starch in it. In the sensory characteristics evaluation, the items that showed significant differences include: appearance (p<0.01), color(p<0.01), smell(p<0.001), transparency(p<0.05), and overall acceptability(p<0.05). The ramyon earned the highest score in appearance when the ratios of arrowroot starch were 5%, 15%, and 20%. As for color and smell, it earned the highest score when it contained 20 and 25% of arrowroot starch. The transparency decreased as we increased the amount of arrowroot starch, and overall acceptability was highest when the ratio of arrowroot starch was 15%. There was a significant difference in overall acceptability between the control and the sample group. As for the loosing speed and chewiness, there was no significant difference between the two groups. When we look at the result of various tests to evaluate the cooking quality, rheology, and sensory characteristics of ramyon noodles, ramyons that contained 15 to 25% of arrowroot starch earned the high scores, and of these the one with 20% of arrowroot starch earned the highest score on all accounts.
Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Nutrient Intakes of Obese Middle School Students in Korea - Focused on Namwon city, Jeonbuk -
Park, Jung-Suk ; Park, Eun-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 159~170
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.1.159
This study was carried out for the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in obese middle school students. The subjects were 104 obese adolescents of 4 middle schools in Namwon city, Jeonbuk. Average age of the subjects was 12.2 years old, BMI of mild obesity group, moderate obesity group and severe obesity group were 24.6kg/m2, 27.5kg/m2, and 31.8 kg/m2, respectively. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in obese students was 2.9%. And the person who has more than 2 out of 5 symptoms was 22.1%, and more than 1 was 39.4%. The prevalence of each symptoms were abdomen obesity(46.2%), hyper triglyceride(23.1%), high blood pressure(20.2%), high HDLcholesterol(2.9%), but the hyper glycemia had not been found. Nutrient intakes of 3 groups were not significantly different, energy was 1817.9kcal, carbohydrate was 265.7g, protein was 72.2g, and fat was 51.9g. Nutrient adequacy ratio(NAR) of protein, phosphorus, iron, vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B1, niacin, vitamin C was proper, except calcium. Seventy point two percent of the obese students knew 'obesity is a disease', and 49.0% of the subjects didn't know the complication of the obesity. Only 27.9% of the obese adolescents took nutrition education class, but 51.9% of them thought nutrition education was necessary. We suggest that the nation enforce the policy for early detection and treatment of obesity for adolescents. Obese students and their parents should take nutrition education.
The Study on the Health of Aroma Therapeutist
Kim, Mi-Ok ; Suk, Kui-Duk ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 1, 2008, Pages 171~179
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.1.171
This study focuses on 130 estheticians currently working in and around Daegu and Gyeongbuk region, in order to find out the current state of affairs and side effects related to aromatherapy. This paper is based on a survey. SPSS win 11.0 program was used for the analysis of descriptive statistics and independent t-test. According to the result of analysis, about 33% of the estheticians have had allergy experience. And in terms of installation of an air ventilation fan, which is the most important facility in an treatment room, more than half (50.8%) replied they did not have one. There was a statistically significant difference between those estheticians suffering from allergy and those who did not, in symptoms of stuffy nose/rhinitis (P<0.01) and dry skin/itchiness (P<0.5). (Allergy symptoms from the 33% of estheticians were limited to those which occurred after he or she began career) On work related symptoms, those who had work history at hospitals/clinics or apothecaries were compared. A statistically relevant difference was confirmed between those estheticians with therapy experience and those who had none, in all symptoms except headaches and drowsiness/weariness. In other words, there was difference in symptoms such as dryness of skin/itchiness (P<0.01), stuffy nose/rhinitis, dry throat, tension/nervousness, dizziness, tired eyes(P<0.5), nausea, having trouble with focusing, and fatigue(P<0.1). Those estheticians who had a history of treatment especially suffered most from dryness of skin and itchiness. The rate of regular check-ups and the use of masks, employed for self protection, was lower than average (amounting to 5 points), with the use of masks especially having the lowest average (1.7) points.