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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 17, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
The effect of economic difficulty on children's quality of life - focused on mediation effect of parent-child and peer relationships -
Choi, Eun-Hee ; Son, Young-Bin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 3, 2008, Pages 367~375
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.3.367
The purpose of this study is to examine the mediation effects of relationships of parent-child and between-peers based on the effects of economic difficulty on quality of life of elementary school students. Data was obtained from students (N= 493) at seven elementary schools in Choongbuk Province and analyzed with SPSS 12.0 and Structural Equation Modeling with AMOS 5.0. The major findings are as follows: economic difficulty gives a direct effect on elementary students' quality of life and is mediated with parent-child and between-peers relationships. Also, economic difficulty influences children's quality of life when a parent-child relationship is combined with a between-peers relationship. On the basis of these results, this study suggests that welfare centers and elementary schools have to teach students to have desirable sense of value. Also, schools need to provide education programs for parents to improve parent-child relationship and various activities for students to develop between-peers relationship.
A Study on Parenting Efficacy and Parenting as a Teacher of the Volunteer in the Kindergarten
Lee, Sae-Na ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 3, 2008, Pages 377~387
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.3.377
The study is to research their parenting efficacy and parenting practices of a parent teacher as a volunteer(PTV) in the kindergarten. The subjects were mothers (N=127) in Choongbuk Province who had had volunteer education as a teacher assistant. The data were collected by their completing a questionnaire about Parenting efficacy and a Parent As A Teacher inventory (PAAT). The results include as follows: firstly, in PTV's parenting efficacy, 'the type of educational institution children are attending' is an important variable. Secondly, 'mother's educational background', 'father's educational background', and 'the type of educational institution children attending' are important variables in volunteer parents' parenting practices. Besides, 'mother's educational background' and 'participation motivation in volunteer activity' are important variables in parenting practices of 'control/permission' and of 'teaching/learning', and in general parenting practices. Finally, 'parenting efficacy', 'mother's educational background', and 'the sex of children' are important variables in volunteer teachers' parenting practices.
Early Childhood Teachers' Perception about Early Childhood Music Activity
Kim, Ji-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 3, 2008, Pages 389~397
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.3.389
This study is investigating the perceptions of early childhood teachers on early childhood music activity. The subjects are early childhood teachers(N=217) working at kindergartens and day care centers in Jeonbuk Province. The data were collected from a questionnaire and analyzed with the tests of frequency, Cronbach's
, t-test, ANOVA and Duncan. The results are as follow: first, the early childhood teachers are being aware of importance of infant music activity in the order of "aesthetic exploration", "artistic expression", and "art appreciation". Second, according to teachers' working place, the teachers have no differences of perception in early childhood music activities, while, according to children's age in the class which the teachers are taking charge of, they show differences of perception in the activities of "exploring movements " and "respect for artistic expression". Third, according to the early childhood teacher's career, they have difference of perception in "singing" activity only, while according to their education level, they have no differences of perception in all music activities. According to teachers' age, they have differences of perception in the activities of "aesthetic exploration", "exploring sound", and "singing".
A Qualitative Study on Difficulties of Teachers and Young Children in the Operation of the Full day Public Kindergarten Classes Regrouped in the Afternoon
Seo, Hyun ; Lee, Seung-Eun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 3, 2008, Pages 399~411
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.3.399
The study purposes to survey teacher's and child's difficulties which full day classes of public kindergarten regrouped in the afternoon time are having. The subjects are 4 full day class pre-service kindergarten teachers and 8 full-day class children in G Metropolitan City and in J Province. Data were collected through in depth interviews and participatory observation. According to the results, the variables of teachers' difficulties in managing full day classes regrouped in the afternoon time are "living as an outsider without a sense of belonging", "living as a false teacher rather than a real class teacher", and "living as a teacher giving specialty and aptitude education". The variables of children's difficulties are "moving like a migratory bird", "watching the clock and the door", and "being unable to concentrate". The study is expected to be useful as one of basic findings for desirable management of kindergarten full day classes regrouped in the afternoon time.
A survey on the evaluation of curriculum and young children by kindergarten teachers
Youn, Jin-Ju ; Ahn, Jin-Kyeong ; Kim, Ji-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 3, 2008, Pages 413~423
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.3.413
The purpose of this study was to consider the evaluations of curriculum and young children by kindergarten teachers. The investigation subjects for questionnaire were 637 (the directors, vice-directors, the head teachers, and teachers) who were selected by proportional stratified sampling method for population and the subjects for interview were 11 teachers out of previous subjects who have worked at Jeolla-Do. The questionnaire was based on preceding studies and the propriety of contents was validated. The followings are results of this study. First, according to the purpose of curriculum, more than half of kindergarten teachers answered that they do perform evaluation to validate the young children's developmental process and there were statistically no significant differences by variables of kindergarten teachers. This study was to see whether they perform the evaluation results of curriculum or not, they relatively perform and there were statistically differences by kindergarten teacher's working location, establishment type, level of education and age. This study was to see whether they reflect the evaluation results of curriculum, and it was revealed as they relatively reflect. Also, there were statistically significant differences by kindergarten teacher's working location. And, kindergarten teachers requested the appropriate evaluation curriculum that also requires the adequate education for teachers and organized supporting system as a implication plan. Second, as of material types for children's portfolio evaluation, teachers collect activity products at most, then activity picture, observation, standardized test, teacher's journal, recording or tape-recording, post-interview and data that were collected at home. And, kindergarten teachers requested the appropriate evaluation method and the supply of human resources as a implication plan for young children's evaluation.
A study on the difference in the perception of Daejeon city officials about the gender mainstreaming
Lee, Kab-Sook ; Sohn, Jin-Hyeon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 3, 2008, Pages 425~437
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.3.425
The global trend for women's policy has selected gender mainstreaming to change unequal gender relation. The gender mainstreaming means that the gender perspective is integrated into all policy processes to accomplish gender equality. In other words, 'gender' should be considered as a basic factor such as classes, regions, and races when a policy is established and implemented. The government has implemented various gender mainstreaming policies to integrate gender perspectives. This study is to examine officials' perception about various gender mainstreaming policies. The survey was conducted for Daejeon city officials (699 men and 457 women). Officials' perception is very important, because it is an important means used as a tool in shaping and implementing policies. Variables such as gender, age, position, length of service, work place, etc. were chosen and the differences between variables were analyzed. The analysis showed that gender mainstreaming policies were perceived as ones only for women. Therefore, various education programs according to gender, age, position and length of service should be developed to improve the effectiveness of gender mainstreaming policies. In addition, education programs for officials to improve gender sensitiveness should be developed and expanded.
The case study of sand play therapy for a middle-aged woman with depression
Moon, Chae-Lyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 3, 2008, Pages 439~455
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.3.439
The purpose of this study is to find the sand play therapeutic effect for a middle-aged woman who shows the depression because of her husband's debauchery. The client showed psychological conflict, also her children appeared the schoolwork problem and regression. For the pre-test, HTP, KED, SCT and MMPI were used. As a result of analysis she was under heavy stress and chose to sleep as a mean to forget herself. The sand play total sessions were 19. The subject of the sand play therapy were analysed the sessions into the chaos stage, the struggle stage, ego/self axis stage and the adaptation stage. Sand play therapy helps the client's positive change and accept in the sand play. The sand play therapy was effective and significant to cure to middle-aged woman with depression.
Attitudes and practices toward economic lives and their economic educational environment among the elementary school students
Km, Jung-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 3, 2008, Pages 457~467
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.3.457
The purpose is to explore elementary students' attitudes towards money and the effects of parents' educational involvement on children's economic behaviors. The subjects are elementary students(N= 123) from first grade to sixth grade. The survey consists of question items of money ethics, attitudes towards money, consumer ethics, parents' attitudes toward economic education, and children's economic practices such as management of allowance, income, saving and savings account. The results are as follows: first, the elementary students show the double standard in attitudes to money, thinking of money as positively being important, at the same time, as being negative social value. Second, the parents play positive models in children's economic education. However, their efforts are not enough so that their children could have desirable economic habits. Therefore, economic education is first needed for the parents and then for children.
The Visual Illusion Using the Adequate Ease Distribution of Jacket Pattern for the Middle Aged Women of Obese Figure
Sohn, Boo-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 3, 2008, Pages 469~483
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.3.469
Body image is important as it is related to self-esteem and can be enhanced by clothing and the degree of enhancement is related to clothing fit. The purpose of the paper is to find the adequate ease distribution of jacket pattern for the obese women who want to slenderize their shape by optical illusion. Subjective evaluation of the visual appearance we collected and, at the same time, 3D clothing air volume was observed for the nine types of experimental jackets with different ease distribution. As results it was found that jacket pattern for the obese women is that the front width of pattern is wider than what of back width in waist and abdomen. It was also noted that there was distance between clothing and skin in the girth around hip of jacket. 3D scanner clearly demonstrated the distribution of ease is useful to find the pattern variables responsible for the slender appearance of the obese women. The ready-to-made clothes for the obese women's clothing should be manufactured systematically in due consideration of the diversity and scarcity of the obese women's body shape.
A study on the relationship between fashion consumption style and the related variables of male and female consumers
Ha, Jong-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 3, 2008, Pages 485~492
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.3.485
The study is to provide the types of fashion consumption of male and female university students and to analyze fashion involvement to the types and students' source of fashion information. Then the correlations were examined between fashion involvement and source of fashion information. The data were analyzed by a factor analysis, one-way ANOVA, Duncan test, cluster analysis, cross-tabulation analysis. The results are as follows: 1. The awareness about fashion consumption is classified into five factors: "hedonic consumption", "impulsive consumption", "brand loyal consumption", "prudent consumption", and "independent consumption". The fashion involvement to the types is categorized into four factors; "pleasure", "trend", "image", and "risk awareness". The source of fashion information is categorized into "mass media", "product information", and "personal information". 2. The fashion consumption is classified into three types: "an independent consumer type", "a brand loyal/ prudent consumer type", and "an impulsive consumer type". 3. In the fashion involvement to the types and the source of fashion information, there is a high correlation between the factors of "mass media" and "trend", "product information" and "pleasure" and "personal information" and "trend".
Advertising effects of the affect induced by TV fashion advertisements
Park, Hye-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 3, 2008, Pages 493~500
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.3.493
The purposes of this study were to investigate the factors of affect induced by fashion advertising and to analyze the effects of affect on advertising effects: advertising preference, brand preference, and purchase intention. A total of 400 college students were surveyed in September, 2006, using 4 TV fashion advertisements(Bean pole, Bang bang, Nike, and Adidas). The data were analyzed with factor analysis, multiple regression analysis, ANOVA, Scheffe Test, Cronbach's
, and path analysis, using the SPSS 12.0. The results were as follows; 1) Two factors of affect were identified: 'pleasure' and 'domination and arousal'; 2) There were differences of induced affect factors, advertising preference, brand preference, and purchase intention among 4 TV fashion advertisements; 3) Advertising preference was more affected by 'pleasure' than by 'domination and arousal'; 4) Brand preference was affected by advertising preference, 'domination and arousal' and 'pleasure' in order of significance; and 5) Purchase intention was affected by brand preference, 'domination and arousal', advertising preference, and 'pleasure' in order of significance.
Development of Golf-wear Design depicted on Natural Image used by Natural Dyeing
Jang, Ae-Ran ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 3, 2008, Pages 501~509
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.3.501
This research intends to help local small fashion industry to outgrow its limitation, preserving and developing environment-friendly dyeing tradition in Jeju renowned for persimmon juice dyeing. The study, then, aims to develop eco-friendly golf-wear designs, with maximizing advantages of natural dyeing (with persimmon juice, indigo plant, gallnut, cochineal, turmeric, and loess) such as rot-proofness, bacteria-proofness, stench-proofness and block of ultraviolet rays. The results are as follows: first, natural fabrics such as muslin(cotton 100%), linen(linen 100%) and spandex(mixed cotton 98%, polyurethane 2%) were developed into eco-friendly ones colored with various natural dye sources. Second, four kinds of golf-wear design were developed to stand out golf wear's natural image, focused on classic, neo-minimal style. The characteristic details and design elements of sportswear were added to basic golf wear design. Therefore, it is hopeful that those designs of naturally dyed golf wear for women could be utilized for other various purposes in the future.
A Study on the Vegetable Intake-Related Factors and Moderated Variables
Kang, Jong-Heon ; Jeong, Hang-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 3, 2008, Pages 511~519
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.3.511
The purpose is to investigate the factors moderating the relationships between food choice motives such as health concern, weight control and ethical concern, and vegetable intake. Data were collected from adult people(N=290) in Jeonnam Province for finding the correlation of the food choice motives and the moderated variables as food involvement and food neophobia with vegetable intake. Moderated regression analysis was used to analyse the survey data. The results indicates that the moderated variables of food involvement and food neophobia significantly affect vegetable intake. However, the food choice motives of health concern, weight control, ethical concern do not have significant effects on vegetable intake. The findings can help adult people prefer healthy eating.
Analyses on the dieters' characteristics and the factors determining diet practice in college
Kim, Mee-Ra ; Kim, Hyo-Chung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 3, 2008, Pages 521~532
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.3.521
The study aims to examine college students' practice characteristics related to diet and to identify factors determining their diet practice. The subjects were college students (N=387) in Youngnam region; a questionnaire survey was conducted in May, 2007. The data were analyzed by SPSS Windows. The results are as follows: first, the ratio of female students going on a diet is higher than that of male students. Second, according to the BMI, female students more regard themselves as being overweight than male students do, although they are underweight or normal weight. Third, in the interest in diet, almost half the students think of themselves as being "somewhat" or "much" concerned about diet. Fourth, the binary logistic regression analysis shows that the significant factors affecting female students' diet practice are the variables of "grade", "interest in diet", "body image evaluation in the individuals", "information/education requirement on dietary guidelines", and "necessity to go on a diet". On the other hand, the significant variables affecting male students' diet practice are the variables of "to take diet- or health-related courses", "interest in diet", "diet knowledge", and "diet practice".
The methods of resident participation for community revitalization in civil renaissance
Rhee, Ji-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 3, 2008, Pages 533~540
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.3.533
Since late 1990's the urban decline phenomenon has risen in most provincial cities in Korea. Many lively discussions have also risen about how to revitalize declined urban center. In small cities, especially resident participation is very important to revive their old vividness. The study then reviewed literatures published from 1995 to 2007 regarding resident participation in urban center revitalization for community reinvigoration. This study consists of four parts. The first part defined concepts of community and of resident participation, and included discussion about resident participation codes. In the second part, the problems about community formation and community facilities were scrutinized through preceding researches. The third and last parts suggested some propositions and strategies to draw resident participation into urban center revitalization.
A Study on the Use of Balcony Areas to Improve Fire Escape for Residents in Apartments
Lee, So-Young ; Lee, Myung-Sik ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 3, 2008, Pages 541~552
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.3.541
With the increase of apartments and expansion of balcony areas, fire safety issues are becoming more important. Many researchers have conducted a lot of researches to reduce vertical flame spread in the balcony when an apartment unit is in fire. However, there have rarely been studies to use balcony area as a space for fire escape and evacuation. The study aims to examine the conditions of balcony use in apartments in order to find out prevention elements from fire escape and evacuation, and to investigate residents' satisfaction with balcony. For this study, questionnaires were collected from apartment residents and workers of architectural planning and construction companies. The findings show as follows: first, the balcony is generally used as a storage in each apartment unit nowadays. Second, when fire breaks out, many storage items could disturb residents' safe escape by blocking escape route, and easily promote to spread flame vertically in the balcony.
The Change of Hair by Dyeing Treatment after Perm Operation and The Perm Operation after Dyeing through Nutrition Treatment
Park, Yong ; Kweon, Soo-Ae ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 3, 2008, Pages 553~562
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.3.553
These days hair perm and dye is a modern trend that women prefer to create their own image and personality. However, chemicals for hair perm and dye are easy to damage hair. This study, then, is to find out some effective skills to minimize hair damage when hair perm and dye is done in a same time. The subjects were 200 hairs picked from five healthy women in their twenties which have not been permed and dyed since one year and more ago. The experimental group was divided into two groups: 1)the perm- nutritional treatment- dye (PNT) group 2)the dye- perm- nutritional treatment(DPN) group. After experiments, the states of "hair scale", "hair damage", and "color tone in dyed hair" were compared between two groups. The results are as follows: to lessen hair damage when hair perm and dye is done in a same time, nutritional treatments must be necessarily used on hair. To make hair colored more clearly when hair dye is done, it is more desirable to use nutritional treatments on hair.