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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 17, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
The factors Related to Delinquent Behaviors among High School Students
Je, Mi-Soon ; Choi, Won-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 5, 2008, Pages 807~819
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.5.807
The purpose of this study was to find out the factors which were related to the delinquent behaviors among 2nd years high school in Geoje, Korea. The subjects were 618 high school students. Data were collected by self-reported questionnaires from March to April, 2007. Data were analyzed by SPSS WIN 12.0 program with mean, standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis test, Scheffe's test, Pearson's correlation, and stepwise multiple regression. Students' delinquent behaviors differed by experience of smoking, experience of drinking, harmony of family, mother's education, father's smoking mother's smoking, academical class, satisfaction of school-life, friends who smoked, drank alcohol, did drugs, and punished friends. Students' stress and depression had positive correlation with their delinquent behaviors. The result of stepwise multiple regression showed that punished friends, experience of smoking, depression, father's smoking satisfaction of school-life were significant related factors to delinquent behaviors among high school students. It is necessary for home, school, and community to cooperate with each other in preventing high school students from delinquent behaviors.
The Effects of family Related Mathematical Inquiry Activities Based on Daily Experiences on the Young Children's Mathematical Abilities
Kim, Seong-Mi ; Ahn, Jin-Kyeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 5, 2008, Pages 821~833
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.5.821
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of family related mathematical inquiry activities based on daily experiences on the young children's mathematical abilities. 38 three-years old children were selected from kindergarten in K City, Jeon-buk Province. Children were divided into 19 children for experimental group and 19 children for control group. And for the 5 weeks, the children in the experimental group participated in family related mathematical inquiry activities based on daily experiences. The Stanford Early School Achievement Test were used as both pre-test and post-test for the children's mathematical ability. And the data were analyzed by Independent-Sample t-test and ANCOVA. The results shows that the family related mathematical inquiry activities based on daily experiences had enhanced the children's mathematical abilities.
The effects of maternal depression and adolescent's self-esteem on the adolescent's social anxiety
Choi, Sun-Yoon ; Lee, Ji-Min ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 5, 2008, Pages 835~845
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.5.835
The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of maternal depression, adolescent's self-esteem and adolescent's sex, grade, birth order on the adolescent's social anxiety. for this purpose, data from 334 middle school students and their mothers were collected. frequency, percentage, Cronbach's a, MANOVA and multiple regression analysis were used for data analysis. The main results were as follows. First, there were not significant differences of adolescent's social anxiety according to adolescent's sex, grade and birth order. Second, there were not significant effects of adolescent's sex, grade, birth order and maternal depression on three subordinate factors of adolescent's social anxiety, but adolescent's self-esteem had significant effects on fear of negative evaluation, social avoidance and distress(new), and social avoidance and distress(general) as subordinate factors of adolescent's social anxiety.
Process analysis of poverty influencing on child abuse and noglect - Analyzing mediating effect of parent's depression and family relationship
Kim, Kwang-Hyuk ; Kim, Ye-Sung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 5, 2008, Pages 847~859
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.5.847
Purpose of this research is to analyze process through which poverty influences in child abuse and neglect. Data come from Seoul Panel Study of Children 2004-2005 and analysis method is Structural Equation Modeling. Results demonstrate that poverty has a direct influence on child abuse and neglect. Also poverty influences through process variable such as depression of parent and family relationship. And depression of parent influences child abuse and neglect through family relation. finding from this study suggest that societal support for poor families can prevent child abuse and neglect. Specially, such societal support need to be centered to low income family and family process.
A study of Father related Variables Influencing Children's Self-esteem and School Adjustment
Kim, Hae-Do ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 5, 2008, Pages 861~872
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.5.861
The purpose of this study was to investigate the father related variables on children's self-esteem and school adjustment. Father related variables were father's child-rearing involvement, fathers parenting behavior and father-child communication style. The subjects were 236 - 5th and 6th graders of elementary schools in Daegu. The major finding were as follows: First, children's self-esteem was affected by father's child-rearing involvement, fathers parenting behavior and father-child communication style. Second, father's parenting behavior has great effect on children's self-esteem than any other variables. Third, children's school adjustment was affected by father's child-rearing involvement, fathers parenting behavior and father-child communication style. Fourth, father-child communication style has great effect on teacher adjustment than any other variables. father's parenting behavior has great effect on pee. adjustment than any other variables. father-child communication style has great effect on school education adjustment than any other variables. Father's child-rearing involvement has great effect on school rule adjustment than any other variables.
The Effects of family of Origin Experiences and Self-Differentiation on Marital Relationship and Parent-Child Relationship in the Nuclear Family among Married Men and Women
Cho, So-Hee ; Chung, Hye-Jeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 5, 2008, Pages 873~889
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.5.873
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of family-of-origin experiences(parents' marital adjustment and affectionate relationship with parents) and self-differentiation on the nuclear family relationships(marital adjustment of married men women, and affectionate relationship with child). Data were collected using self-administered questionnaire method with 159 married men and 193 married women. The results showed that first, married men and women perceived the level of family-of-origin experiences lower than that of nuclear family relationships, and there were significant differences in the level of marital adjustment across sex, age, marital status, and income. Second, there was significant positive correlation between family-of-origin experiences and self-differentiation, between family-of-origin experiences and the nuclear family relationships, and between self-differentiation and the nuclear family relationships. Third, multiple regression analyses indicated that parents' marital adjustment and emotional cutoff were the powerful predictors of marital adjustment of married men women. Finally, women's affectionate relationship with child was predicted by such variables as affectionate relationship with parents, fusion with others, and emotional fusion, whereas men's affectionate relationship with child was predicted by such variables as affectionate relationship with parents, emotional reactivity, and I-position.
Case study on the conflicts faced by the husbands married female Immigrants
Chae, Ock-Hi ; Hong, Dal-Ah-Gi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 5, 2008, Pages 891~902
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.5.891
Some Korean men choose to marry a foreigner expecting that marriage will solve all their problems. Therefore, this case study is to provide basic information on how to prevent conflicts in the marriage and how to get used to the marriage life. first, it is apparent that these match-makings between Korean men and married Female Immigrants are commercialized and are based on the two parties' convenience. Second, it is more possible that the issues with the role of husband/wife and the allocation of household labor stem from the cultural differences from international racial differences rather than Korean men are authoritative or patriarchal. It seems that the foreign brides from the third world countries choose to many Korean men with only a single purpose to financially help their parents. While neither willing to share household labor nor providing what is expected to be a wife, they demand financial assists for their parents or choose to get a job at a factory to make money. Third, the husbands expect their wives to learn Korean since there is not much opportunity to learn the wives' language and the culture. Also, the textbooks are rare to find for the languages. Moreover, the husbands do not have the enthusiasm or the ability to team due to age Fourth, the Korean men are rather psychological, financial, social victims than domestic abusers.
Daily Emotional Experiences, Depression and Stress According to the Recreation Program at Regional Children's Center
Yoon, Young-Mee ; Lee, Wan-Jeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 5, 2008, Pages 903~914
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.5.903
The objective of this research was to investigate whether emotional experience and change in depression and stress in the regional children center was affected by participating in the recreation program. For the objective of research, pre-post test control group design was carried on to 21 primary school pupils and middle school students who participated in the regional children center after school. Children's emotional experience, depression and stress that children experienced while they stayed in regional children center were measured. The experimental group showed low negative emotion and high positive emotion after participating the recreation program. It can be concluded that the recreation activity in the regional children center is effective in diminishing the children's depression and stress.
Play Therapy for abused brother and sister
Choi, Jung-Mi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 5, 2008, Pages 915~925
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.5.915
This research is based on two cases study of brother and sister who experienced difficulties due to their parent's abuse. The brother and sister play therapy was conducted for sixteen sessions. Each of the therapy and the activity sessions ran 90 minutes weekly. The purpose of this study is to decrease problematic behaviors and to improve self-confidence of abused brother and sister. As a result, the brother's and sister's self-confidence lowered by past negative experiences has been improved, poor social relationship patterns have changed and need for growth as a good person has arisen. The results of research indicate the effectiveness of play therapy to abused brother and sister.
Consumption Value according to College Students' Self-Efficacy Typology
Park, Eun-Hee ; Ku, Yang-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 5, 2008, Pages 927~938
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.5.927
The purpose of this study was to classify self-efficacy typology and analyze the relationship between self-efficacy and consumption value of college students as consumers. Data were gathered by surveying college students living in Daegu and Kyungbook area using convenient sampling. 513 questionnaires were used in the statistical analysis. Data were analyzed by frequency, factor analysis, cluster analysis, correlation analysis, ANOVA, and Duncan-test. The findings are as follows. The self-efficacy typologies of college students were classified into three groups such as challenging confident accomplish oriented, stable uncertain accomplish oriented, and stable accomplish oriented. In the relationship of the self-efficacy was related to the sub-variables of consumption value. The self-efficacy oriented group showed different all the sub-variables of consumption value factors.
The Employment Status and Household Economic Life of the Elderly in Ulsan
Seo, Jung-Hee ; Huh, Eun-Jeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 5, 2008, Pages 939~950
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.5.939
The purposes of this study are 1) to investigate the employment status of the elderly(i.e., whether the elderly is employed or not) in Ulsan, 2) to analyze the differences in household economic life between employed and unemployed old People, and 3) only for the employed old people, to compare the monthly earnings and job satisfaction by the work time of per day and by the regular employee or temporary employee. for this study, semi-structural questionnaires were distributed to 500 old people in Ulsan, in September, 2006. The results indicated that only 25% of the respondents were employed, and the employment status of the elderly was related to sex, age, education level, marital status, household composition, number of dwelling persons, and number of children. for household economic life, employed old people had higher household income and monthly allowances than unemployed old people, while they spent more on clothing, but less on food than unemployed old people. Regular old employees had higher monthly earnings and job satisfaction than temporary old employees. And the old employees working for more than 8 hours per day had higher monthly earnings than those working for less than 8 hours, but there was no significant difference in job satisfaction between the two groups.
A study on the interest of cosmetic surgery by women's lifestyles: in Ulsan area
Bok, Mi-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 5, 2008, Pages 951~962
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.5.951
The purpose of this study was to analyze the co-relation with the types of lifestyle and interest of cosmetic surgery. The data were collected from 500 womens in Ulsan area. Frequencies, Cronbach's alpha, K-means Cluster analysis, T-test, one-way ANOVA and MCA were conducted by SPSS win 12.0k program. The results from this study were as follows: First, the types of women's lifestyles in Ulsan were divided with 4 groups such as the active leader, the display of originality, the loss of enthusiasm, and the prudent housekeeper. Second, interest of cosmetic surgery shows the difference in age and married or not. Interest of young single women was highest. Third, the display of originality group was highest in interest of cosmetic surgery among 4 groups. And the next was the active leader group. fourth, influences to the interest of cosmetic surgery was decreased both in age and lifestyle groups after excluding all the other variation factors. However, the interest was high in the 20th aged women and the display of originality group.
Fundamental Relationship between Reduction Rates of Stretch Fabrics and Clothing Pressure
Jeong, Yeon-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 5, 2008, Pages 963~973
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.5.963
Clothing pressure is closely connected with the degree of comfort of an athlete's tight-fitting garments. Therefore, the construction of sports garments is very important to the wearer's athletic performance. In this study, the fundamental relationship between the reduction rates of stretch fabrics and clothing pressure was explored with the aim of improving clothing comfort and obtaining a systematic pattern reduction for women's tight-fitting bodysuits. A women's bodysuit pattern was obtained by the draping method using a dressform. The basic pattern was divided into four parts and changed into reduced pattems according to the amount of fabric stretch determined by ASTM D2594. Clothing pressure was measured using an air-pack-type pressure sensor (model AMI 3037-2) at 20 locations (shoulder, 9 locations; bust, 5; and armhole, 6). Among the 15 garments tested, the mean pressure of the A1 bodysuit was 4.60
, and that of the C5 bodysuit was 22.98
. The mean pressures of the bodysuits with reduction rates of 10% and 20% were below 10
, while those of suits with reduction rates of 30%,40%, and 50% (except C5) were below 20
. The pressure at the shoulder was 9.50
, which was higher than that at the bust (3.34
) and the armhole (0.95
). The mean pressures of the 15 bodysuits were divided into five groups using analysis of variance (ANOVA), and were found to be significantly different (p<0.001). Regression analysis afforded the following expression: mean pressure (
) = 1.607 + 0.369[reduction rate (%)].
A study on the characteristics of female shoes in 2000's
Chae, Min-Jung ; Koo, Kyo-Jong ; Chae, Jin-Mee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 5, 2008, Pages 975~987
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.5.975
The purpose of this thesis is to conduct a thorough research on shoes of 2000s, understand the changes and analyze the differences and the characteristics of the shoe designs of the past and present in order to predict and indicate the future direction of the women shoe designs. The shoes of the millennium not only kept the old fashioned shapes but also showed futuristic shapes. With the increasing importance of shoes in fashion, shoes with various images were created. As far as the materials are concerned, natural materials and artificial materials were both used. The colors were vivid and the futuristic colors. On the other hand, pastel toned colors and romantic colors were used in many different designs and shapes regardlees of the seasons. Straps and hills differed from the oldies. Heavy decorations were added to strap shoes to form a whole new design and hills show geometrical platforms or the avantgarde like heights. Feminine images overwhelmed the shoe designs of the millennium. To elaborate, Pumps displayed feminine images the most for it showed a high frequency number regardless of the seasons. Shoes are presented in aesthetical perspective rather then functional or practical perspectives that are based on human nature. Cultural, social, environmental and some part religious factors had a great influence on the evolution on the shoes. Especially in the 2000s, future oriented concepts were implemented on shoe designs, resulting a wider range of expressiveness and in the end leading to a more creative shoe designing. Changes in shoe designs could be pointed out in many ways according to the shapes materials, colors, modeling of decorations or also with the diverting trends.
The storage space and the degree of residents' satisfaction for kitchen in apartment house
Her, Ji-Hye ; Lee, Min-Ah ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 5, 2008, Pages 989~999
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.5.989
The purpose of this study was to supply the basic data for the plan of the storage space in the kitchen by investigating the actual condition of the use and residents' satisfaction. The questionnaires were distributed to 136 families of the local apartment in South Chung-Cheong Province of Korea. The results were summarized as follows; first, among the furniture for storage, the upper and lower space have been installed in every furniture. The general tablewares were stored in the upper part of the kitchen and the frequently used goods for cooking were largely stored in the lower part. Second, in the method of reforming the kitchen space, it showed highest figure in case of purchasing the shelf and there were many cases of storing things by using the subsidiary storage furniture and boxes and it came to the conclusion that the housewives have a tendency to solve the storage problem by using the less expensive, simple and passive ways. Third, in the degree of satisfaction for the space for storage, it showed that the respondents were a little bit dissatisfied with the size of storage space, the position of furniture for storage, the convenience for using and the storage rapacity. Among the furniture for storage in the kitchen, the degree of satisfaction for the upper and lower parts was a little bit low, but it is higher for the others. For the plan of storage space, the aesthetic appreciation reflects visually being in order was considered to be the important factor.
Analysis on Influencing factors and Actual State of Indoor Air Quality by Cooling in Private Institute Classrooms
Choi, Yoon-Jung ; Lee, Hye-Jin ; Lee, Ji-Youn ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 5, 2008, Pages 1001~1013
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.5.1001
The purpose of this study were to make clear the actual state of indoor air quality by cooling in private institute classrooms and to analyze influencing factors on indoor air quality. The measurements of physical elements and observations of architectural characteristics and living conditions were carried out in each 1 classroom of 5 private institutes. Measuring elements were indoor temperature, relative humidity,
, HCHO, CO, and
concentration. As results, the averages of indoor temperature each classroom were
. 3 classrooms were lower than the Maintenance standard(
) of School Health Law. The means of relative humidity were 48
63%, all classrooms were ranged within the standard(30
80%). The means of
concentration were 2.1
, all classrooms were kept within the standard(100
). The means of HCHO concentration were 0.02
0.16 ppm, 2 classrooms were exceed the standard(0.1 ppm). The means of CO concentration were 1.4
3.6 ppm, all classrooms were kept within the standard(10ppm). The means of
concentration were 1,593
3,819 ppm, all classrooms were exceed the standard(1,000ppm). The results of analysis on influencing factors of the physical elements are as follow; the air conditioner set of temperature, personal necessities like hair spray, teacher's smoking in corridor, windows and doors opening time, the number of students, and volume of classroom.
A Study on Brand Trust of Color Cosmetics According to Lifestyle of 20~40s Woman Consumer
Kim, Mi-Hyun ; Lee, Hye-Joo ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 5, 2008, Pages 1015~1026
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.5.1015
This study explores the attributes of the color cosmetic products and prices, and their effects on the brand trust. In doing so, our sample population has been segmented according to their lifestyle on color cosmetic to understand the group differences. Based on the previous researches, we have chosen four important characteristics of the customer's lifestyle. The number of iteration on factor analysis revealed that our sample population can be formed into three different groups. The significant group differences resulted on the following study variables; the product functionality, the product fragrance/color, the product vessel design, the price value, the price information, the price rationality. Also, from the product aspect, the product functionality, the product fragrance/color, the product vessel design, explained the significant portion of the Y variance. While, on the aspect of price, the value, the rationality, and information in order, significantly contributed on the brand trust.
A Cytotoxicity of Carrier Oil and Essential Oils on Cells by Using of Aromatherapy
Yu, Byong-Soo ; Kim, Sha-Sha ; Yun, Young-Han ; Kim, Ki-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 5, 2008, Pages 1027~1035
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.5.1027
Essentail oils and carrier oils are generally used for Aromatherapy. Therefore the toxicity, possibilities of irritations and sensitive reactions and injury of essential oils must be considered for clients and therapists. So that, in this studies a toxicity of jojoba and 4 species essential oils (fennel, mandarine, tea tree and cedarwood) were investigated by the measurement of MTT-assay and sirius red staining. Liver, kidney and brain tell were chosen for the cell viability assay and observation of morphological change. In the result, no cytotoxicity was observed on live., kidney and brain cell at concentration of 0.01
jojoba oil. And lysis and nucleus breaking were not observed at same concentration of jojoba oil on live., kidney and brain cell. fennel oil was showed 50% of cell viability and inhibited cell growth on liver, kidney and brain cell at relatively high concentration compared with the other oils. 50% of liver, kidney and brain cell viability and delayed cell growth of tea tree and mandarine oil were revealed at lower concentration than fennel oil. In cedarwood oil, 50% of liver cell viability at concentration of 0.00067
was showed, but cell viability and cell growth of kidney and beam cell were effected at the lowest concentration compared with other oils. So that, jojoba oil as using of carrier oil may be not harmful. And 3 essential oils from the fennel, tea tree and mamdarine may have very low toxicity, but cedarwood may be used carefully for inhalation. And over dosage of concentrated cedarwood oil should be not directly touched and exposured, and absolute essential oils must be diluted with carrier oils for topical and systematic massage.