Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 17, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
The effect of adolescents' sex-role trait, attachment with parent on the self-efficacy of the middle school students
Lee, Shin-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1037~1049
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.6.1037
The purpose of this study was to find the influences of adolescents' sex-role, attachment with parents on self-efficacy of middle school students. The subjects were 281 students. Frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, Cronbach's
, t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression were examined for statistical analysis. The results of this study were as follows. 1) It was shown that the student have a high level attachment to their parents and especially to their fathers. The androgyny was expressed a high among the students' sex-role trait, The students' self-efficacy level was relatively high. 2) It was expressed a significant correlation among adolescents' sex-role trait, attachment with parents and self-efficacy. Especially a high correlation between adolescents' sex-role trait and self-efficacy. 3) The students' self-efficacy level was significantly different according to the sex-role trait, attachment and gender. 4) The relative influence toward the students' self-efficacy was shown in the order of impotance as follows: sex-role trait, attachment with a mother and gender.
Relationships Among Stress Coping Strategies, Emotion Regulation Ability, and Behavior Problems in Children from Low-income and Middle-income Families
Kim, Byeng-Og ; Lee, Jin-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1051~1063
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.6.1051
This study was to investigate the relationships between stress coping strategies, emotion regulation ability and behavior problems with children from low-income families and middle-income families. Subjects were 171 children from low-income families and 228 children from middle-income families, 4th - 6th grade in elementary school. The major findings are followings: (1) The level of emotion regulation ability in children from low-income families was lower and active stress coping strategies were less than children from middle-income families. In the behavior problem, children from low-income families were higher than children from middle-income families. (2) The stress coping strategies(active/ social support) in children from low-income families were related with internal behavior problem(anxiety /withdrawal). And the emotion regulation ability was related to the children's behavior problem. (3) Regression analysis model showed that emotion-regulation ability was the most influential factor to the children's behavior problem, and children from low-income families with aggressive coping strategy showed hyperactive behavior problem. So, the education/therapy programs for children from low-income families have to be developed and practiced in schools, local children centers and so on.
The Validation of the Estimate Adolescents' Parents Attachment level by the Bird's Nest Drawings
Kim, Gab-Sook ; Jeon, Young-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1065~1077
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.6.1065
The purpose of this study was to verify whether BND test was an appropriate tool for diagnosis of attachment security and to investigate difference of responsive Characteristics to the Bird's Nest Drawings according to parents attachment degree. The subjects in the study were 525 students, selected from senior high schools in D-city. The instruments used were parents attachment scale and Bird's Nest Drawings, and Discriminant analyses and crosstab analyses were used. The results were as follows. First, attachment indicators in the Bird's Nest Drawings discriminated according to group of parents attachment. Second, for male student, there was a significant difference placement nest, eggs, entire birds family, quality of line and tree picture according to attachment to father. For female student, there was a significant difference eggs, entire birds family, quality of line and tree picture according to attachment to father. For male student, there was a significant difference nest contents, placement nest, eggs, entire birds family, quality of line and tree picture according to attachment to mother. For female student, placement nest, space, nest size, eggs, entire birds family and quality of line according to attachment to mother.
Analysis about Developmental Differences of Children's Understanding of, Moral Judgment for, and Emotional Reactions to Different Types of Lies
Park, Young-Ah ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1079~1091
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.6.1079
This study investigated developmental differences of moral evaluation for different lies. The subjects were 170 6-, 8-, and 10-year-olds. Children's understanding of, moral judgment for, and emotional reactions to antisocial lie, white lie, and trick lie were assessed. Major findings were as follows: 1. Children's understanding of lies was increased with age. Children understood well in definition for antisocial lie, whereas they understood poorly in definition for trick lie. 2. There were differences of children's moral judgment for lies according to age and lie types. Six- and 8-year-olds rated trick lie as the least serious lie type, whereas 10-year-olds rated white lie as the least serious lie type. 3. Children anticipated the greatest negative emotional reaction to antisocial lie, and the greatest positive reaction to trick lie by all ages. There was no difference of positive emotional reaction between antisocial lie and white lie for 6- and 8-year-olds. But 10-year-olds anticipated greater positive emotional reaction to white lie than antisocial lie.
Low- and middle-income preschoolers' pretend negotiation in social pretend play
Sung, Mi-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1093~1103
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.6.1093
The purpose of this study is to investigate low- and middle-income preschoolers' pretend negotiation. Pretend negotiation of 78 five-year-old children were analyzed by children's sex and their socioeconomic status. Dyads were participated in social pretend play session during 20 minutes. The play session was videotaped and the videotaped data were transcribed. Each transcript was analysed according to the modified version of Howe et al. (1998)'s coding schemes. Results showed that children from middle-income families were higher in directive and responsive pretend negotiation than children from low-income families. And girls from middle-income families were higher in pretend negotiation (play role) than girls from low-income families.
The influence of income and emotional closeness with father/mother on middle and high school-adolescent's alienation
Min, Ha-Yeoung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1105~1114
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.6.1105
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of income and emotional closeness with father/mother on middle and high school-adolescent's alienation The subjects were 327 middle and high school students who lived with two-parent in Keoungbok and whose household income was lower \4,000,000. The data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and stepwise multiple regression(using SPSS 12.1). Major findings were as follows: 1) Middle and high school students's alienation was difference. The level of the high school adolescent's alienation was higher than the middle school adolescent's alienation. 2) Middle and high school students's alienation was differed by level of income and emotional closeness with father/mother. The lower level of income and emotional closeness with father/mother, the higher level of adolescent's alienation. 3) Among the income, emotional closeness with father/mother, the income was more influential predictor on high school-adolescent's alienation. But the income was not a significant predictor of middle school-adolescent's alienation. emotional closeness with father was more influential predictor on middle school-adolescent's alienation.
The Influence of Adolescent's Perceptions of Parental Authority and Parenting Behaviors on Teen's Autonomy in China and the United States
Lim, Ji-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1115~1124
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.6.1115
Although parent-child relationships are fundamental aspects of human development across all societies, this relationship is also shaped in significant ways by culture. Therefore, the present study sought to determine whether adolescent autonomy was predicted in a similar or differential manner by several parent-adolescent variables consisting of parenting behavior, parental authority, and parents' educational attainment in samples of Chinese and American adolescents. The sample for this study included 418 Chinese adolescents and 226 American adolescents. Utilizing structural equation modeling, the results revealed that the effect of paternal authority on adolescent autonomy development is indirect, with the indirect effect being mediated by the authoritative parenting behaviors for both cultural groups. Therefore, the analyses for Chinese and European American youth generated similar association patterns, such that parenting behaviors served as a mediator in the relationship between paternal authority and adolescents' autonomy development. The significance of this present study is to contribute to existing knowledge in the field of adolescent development and to the literature on how parental behaviors and authority in collectivistic societies and individualist societies influence adolescent development.
The Perception toward Qualification and Teachers' Sense of Efficacy of Early Childhood English Teachers - Focused on Visiting English Teachers in Preschools -
Ki, Kyung-Hwa ; Ahn, Sun-Hee ; Lee, Soon-Eung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1125~1133
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.6.1125
The purpose of this study was to explore the perception toward qualification of early childhood English teachers and their teachers' sense of efficacy. The samples consisted of 201 early childhood English teachers in Seoul, Daejeon, Daegu, Gyeonggi area. A sample of early childhood English teachers completed a series of questionnaires. The collected data were analyzed with t-test, F-test, correlation. The results showed that most teachers were women between 30 to 40 years old, university graduate with job experience less than 3 years. In addition, half of teachers in this study majored on English studies or early childhood education and child studies. This study found that early childhood English teachers thought themselves to be qualified as a English teacher and early childhood teacher. And they rated teachers' sense of efficacy to relatively high. There were differences on the scores of qualification of early childhood English teacher and teachers' sense of efficacy according to education level and major. And years of job experience were positively related with the perception of qualification of early childhood teacher and teachers' sense of efficacy.
Relationships of Family-of-origin Functioning with Self-differentiation and Psychological Well-being among College Students
Chung, Hye-Jeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1135~1149
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.6.1135
The main purpose of this research was to examine a causal model concerning the direct and the indirect effect of family-of-origin functioning on psychological well-being through self-differentiation. The gender differences in the levels of the variables and the correlations among the variables were also examined. Participants were 587 female and 268 male students enrolled in nine different universities. The causal model was tested through structural equation model by using AMOS 8.0 program. The result showed that the levels of self-differentiation and psychological well-being were higher for males than for females, and that the three variables were positively associated to each other for both males and females. The result also indicated that male students' perception of family-of-origin functioning directly influenced their psychological well-being as well as indirectly through self-differentiation, while females' family-of-origin functioning had only a direct effect on their well-being. Results were discussed in terms of the applicability of self-differentiation to Korean college students and of the importance of family-of-origin functioning to improve students' mental health.
A study on consumer competency and the related factors among female marriage immigrants
Kim, Hyo-Chung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1151~1165
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.6.1151
This study examined the current status of consumer competency such as consumer knowledge, consumer role attitude, and consumer skill and the related factors among female marriage immigrants. The data were collected from 220 female marriage immigrants living in Yeungnam region. The results of this study were as follows. First, the mean for consumer knowledge was 5.555, the mean for consumer role attitude was 4.067, and the mean for consumer skill was 3.841. Second, the results of t-tests and ANOVA showed that there were differences in the category of consumer knowledge according to age, educational level, marriage duration period, and Internet contact frequency. And the differences were found in age, educational level. communication with family about consumption and TV contact frequency for consumer role attitude, whereas in age, educational level, marriage duration period, employment status, communication with family about consumption and communication with friends about consumption for consumer skill. Third, according to the regression analyses, educational level was significant for consumer knowledge. Additionally, communication with family about consumption and TV contact frequency were significant for consumer role attitude, and age, educational level, communication with family about consumption and communication with friends about consumption were significant for consumer skill.
Evaluation of the Clothing Store Attributes in the Department Using Importance-Performance Analysis
Yang, Lee-Na ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1167~1180
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.6.1167
The purpose of this study was to take the gauge of the importance-performance of the clothing store attribute in the department store. The survey was administered to customers of department stores in Deajeon city and frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis, and importance-performance analysis were used to analyze the data of 37 clothing store attributes. The findings of this study were as bellows: 1. 8 factors were distracted from 37 clothing store attributes by factor analysis (Factor 1: goods, Factor 2; store's facility and environment, Factor 3; salesman and service, Factor 4; brand, Factor 5; price, Factor 6; store's atmosphere, Factor 7; convenience of the transportation and access, Factor 8; promotion and advertisement) 2. as results of importance-performance analysis, 10 attributes were shown in area I (high importance and high performance) which needed a strategy of Keep Up the Good Work, 6 attributes in area II (low importance but high performance) fitted a strategy of Possible Overkill, 12 attributes in area III (high importance but low performance) corresponded to a strategy of Concentrate Here, and finally a strategy of Low Priority was needed to 9 attributes in area IV (low importance and low performance).
The Study on Consciousness and Attitude about Wedding Ceremony of Wedding Vender
Kim, In-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1181~1195
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.6.1181
This study based on Sa rye pyun ram(四禮便覽) by Lee Jae which are Chosun Dynasty book about the rules in a wedding ceremony. And the research examine into the understand how to the procedure, the true meanings about korea traditional wedding and general opinion of wedding custom. The instrument is the questionnaires, which is analyzed finally through data processing with 129 of wedding venders. The data analyze by making use of SPSS program were frequency analysis, ANOVA,
-test, pearson's correlation analysis. The summary of a result is as follows. First, the wedding awareness of wedding venders about Eou hon(議婚) is on a high level but Nab chae(納采) is low. Second, wedding venders are knowing with "Hon suh ji(letter), four season cloth, blue-red satin, shell goods" in a Nab peau(納幣) and with "jujube, beef, chicken, Gu jel pan(accompaniment to a drink), alcohol in a Peau back(幣帛). Third, wedding venders are answered that acceded to "Peau back" and "traditional wedding ceremony' but needed no "gifts & cloths for wedding". Forth, the understanding of wedding procedure (婚禮節次) is on a low, especially Bon ray(本禮).
A Study on the TV media star conformity and Information source by the Types of fashion involvement
Ha, Jong-Kyung ; Kim, Ju-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1197~1204
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.6.1197
The purposes of this study were to categorize the fashion involvement of male and female college students in their twenties and to investigate the relationship of the types of fashion involvement to the conformity to TV media stars and information source. The data were analyzed by factor analysis, one-way ANOVA, Duncan test, cluster analysis, cross-tabulation analysis. The results of this study are as follows; 1. Fashion involvement was categorized into four factors; pleasure, fashionableness, symbolism, and availability. The conformity to TV media stars was categorized into fashion conformity, star imitation, interests in TV programs, and interests in stars. Information source was divided into mass media, product information, and personal information. 2. There were significant differences in the conformity to media stars and information source by the different types of fashion involvement. 3. The results for the correlation between the conformity to TV media stars and information source showed that there were significant correlations with all of the factors.
The Design Development of Korean Paper Fashion Material through Manual Work
Byun, Mi-Yeon ; Lee, In-Seong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1205~1213
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.6.1205
Material is a factor for maximizing formative aspect among fashion design factors. Therefore, central axis of modern fashion is performing various trials for escaping from existing cloth and searching for artistic value. Especially, Korean paper is a formative material, which is manufactured through traditional manual work in Korea. The material is used in various fields on the basis of its aesthetic feature. Especially, fashion field performs handcraft activity on the basis of mulberry pulp, which is a prime material of Korean paper. Because the activity can be reinterpreted by world designers, who want to find motive of fashion material in the third world, it is necessary to perform experimental study for developing expressive form on the basis of diversity of Korean paper material. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to perform experimental study by focusing on the development of Korean paper material in order to express formative feature. The study purposes are as follows. The first purpose is to reinterprete the theory through actual work of fiber formation using Korean paper in the current flow where art and design field are fused and compromised. The second purpose is to suggest vision of material development on the basis of formative feature to fashion world focusing its eyesight to Asia and the third countries. The study results are as follows. First, Korean paper has been evaluated as proper material for the fusion of design and art because of its handicraft feature, long-term preservation, heat insulation, absorption, diversity and eastern feature. Second, the study performed various trials for artistic dress material by developing 12 Korean paper works and suggested the development of new material on the basis of formative feature of modem fashion industry.
The Related Factor on a Work Environment of Hairdressers and a Subjective Symptom of Respiratory Organ
Lee, Gye-Suk ; Lee, Myoung-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1215~1224
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.6.1215
This research has measured the indoor environment of thirty hair salons, which are located on Gunsan-Si, Jeonlabbuk-Do, from April 1st to April 30th 2005, to examine the related factors on a work environment of hairdressers and a revelation of respiratory symptom, and has polled 260 hairdressers and 350 office workers. After measuring the physical environment of hair salons, the room temperature, the relative humidity and the illumination was in an agreeable range, and 60 percent of hair salons depended on the natural ventilation through the windows. The levels of acetone, toluene and xylene, which were measured at the hair salons, were all under the safety standards (p<0.05), but these are still harmful and volatile matters, so they can be bad for your health by the contact of skin and respiration. The harmful factors that affect a revelation of respiratory symptom were the group who has many exposures of permanent wave or bleaching/dyeing and not many experiences of hairdressing work, the group who smokes every day, and the group who never exercises at all (p<0.05). This result shows that there are possibilities of health problem for hairdressers from the constant and repeating hairdressing works with the exposure of chemicals such as the permanent, bleaching and dyeing. so that hairdressers recognize that they need appropriate ventilation facilities for their agreeable indoor-environments. And also, to prevent the direct exposure of chemicals as much as they can, they need to have an active management of an individual health care by wearing gloves, mask or something like that.
The effect that the composition handling of aromatherapy and abdominal massage treatment reaches the middle-aged woman's body ingredient transformation
Kim, Yean-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1225~1236
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.6.1225
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of aromatherapy, showing how the composition handling of aromatherapy and abdominal massage treatment reaches body ingredient transformation. The subjects for this research were total 18 middle-aged females in Seoul; aroma massage group of 7 females, aroma inhalation and water bathe group of 5 females, abdominal massage group of 6 females by jojoba oil without any medical effect. This clinic trial was held from July 1, 2008 to Aug.14, 2008. I held this clinic trial under the same condition after and before this clinic. A standard tape and OLYMPIA 3.5 of S hospital were used at the body measuring for subjects after and before clinic trials. I got Average and standard deviation by data analysis by SPSS Win. Ver.14.0. I did paired t-test for the comparison of before and after, and repeated measure ANOVA for between two groups or among three groups'. The verification was held Duncan Test. The results of this study were as follows: 1. Body mass quotient (F=2.86, p= .063) and Body region (F=1.34, p= .279) among three groups showed no meaningful difference, but weight meaningful difference and aroma massage group showed the greatest difference of body measure change quantity. 2. In change quantity of abdomen girth, Waist circumference and WHR, abdomen girth (F=4.56, p= .012) and Waist circumference (F=4.37, p= .031) showed a meaningful statistical difference. The result of subsequent inspection showed that there was a meaningful difference among three groups and aroma massage group was best. 3. In Cell quantity, Body region quantity and Muscle volume, Body region quantity (F=2.76, p= .182) and Muscle volume (F=3.12, p= .054) showed no difference, but Cell quantity (F=3.79, p= .040) showed a meaningful difference. In the comparison of three groups there was no difference, but aromatherapy group showed more change quantity than any other group. According to the result of this study, the composition handling of aromatherapy and body massage was effective in the decrease of Abdominal fatness and Waist circumference, Weight and the increase of Cell quantity. so I suggest that woman use this therapy in the program of obesity management for her health improvement.
Group Art Therapy Program of Low-income Broken; Effects, on Depression, Anxiety and Impulsivity
Kim, Kui-Bok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 17, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1237~1248
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2008.17.6.1237
This is to study the effects of the program of group art therapeuties for the low-income bracket children's melancholy and uneasiness. The experimental group is 19 children at their option of all 38 children in P child center at J city, Jeonbuk. The program has been going on after-school hours program at the facilities at 16times from May. 4 to August. 17, 2007. I have made the before-medium-after examination the COD, RCMAS and K-MFF through Repeated Measures ANOVA. The result is as follows, The melancholy of experimental group in comparison with that of control group is reduced by control group 0.42 and experimental group 2.67. And in lower rank group, the melancholy of experimental group for control group is dropped in the same way. In uneasiness, by the decrease of control group 0.10, experimental group 0.33, the uneasiness of experimental group for that of control group is decreased. In all drive, the drive of experimental group for that of control group is decreased by control group 0.12 and experimental group 0.33. And similarly, in all lower field, the drive of experimental group is reduced for that of control group. It is through our help to learn the proper way that they express their experience before the group members, listen to another person's story with attention, recognize their own and other's emotion, and are aware of feeling and action.