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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
An Analysis of the Job and Competency of the Healthy Family Supporter as a Middle Manager on the Healthy Family Support Center
Lee, Yoon-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 4, 2009, Pages 809~824
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.4.809
The purpose of this study is to examine the contents and concept of program for healthy family and provide job opportunity and competency of healthy family supporter. For this research, participants are 51 healthy family supporters as a middle manager. Data were obtained through the survey using a questionnaire developed by the ministry of women and family and headquarter of healthy family support centers in 2007. The research process consists of two parts. One is to suggest their jobs and requirements, the other is to offer their core competency and area for improvement. First, the jobs of healthy family supporters as a middle manager are the generalization of team's work including the planning, management and coordination, training for the staff, and network of social resources. They recognized the planning and management of healthy family support center's goal and course as a strategic job. The requirements for the performance of their duties are having a bachelor's or a master's degree, career more than for 3 years, and a certificate of qualification of healthy family supporters, social worker and family counselor. Second, their competencies are the understanding of education of family life, theory of family counselling, the planning and valuation of program for healthy family, understanding for the variegated family, management of organization, networking with resources, ability of documentation, ability of persuasion and negotiation, management of time, sociality, communication skill, solving the problem, positiveness, cooperative spirit and so on.
Factors associated with Marital Satisfaction and Stability of Married Men and Women
Hwang, Jong-Gui ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 4, 2009, Pages 825~840
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.4.825
The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors associated with marital satisfaction and stability among married men and women. The major findings of this study are as follows: the factors associated with marital satisfaction and stability are different between gender. For married women the positive communication with spouse strongly had positive effect on women's marital satisfaction, while destructive conflict strongly had negative effect on women's marital stability. Otherwise, married men's positive communication with spouse was the most important factor in the marital satisfaction. The emotional support of family-of-origin strongly had effect on men's marital stability. This study reveals that the emotional support from families of origin have a direct effect on needs for affection and autonomy, positive communication, destructive conflict patterns, sexual satisfaction, marital satisfaction and stability. Therefore, the results could be useful resources for family counselors and researchers to develop educational program for married couples.
A Study on the Management and Living Environment of the Group-homes for the Elderly -Focusing on Jeonju and Kwangju-
Ahn, Kyung-Ohn ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 4, 2009, Pages 841~855
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.4.841
The main objective of this study is to examine the situations of group-homes for the elderly and clarify the problems of them. This study investigates the present conditions of welfare facilities and supply conditions. 4 group-homes were surveyed in Jeonju and Kwangju cities. Data was collected through various ways including the survey conducted by facility operators, the measurement of living space, and photo-takings. The major results of this study are as follows: 1) With the introduction of nursing care insurance in 2008, the increase of the demand and supply to group-home will be expected, due to less cost for recuperation. The care of elderly in homelike atmosphere is effective to the elderly suffering from dementia. Therefore, it is proper that the supply of group-homes for dementia will be needed. 2) Group-homes for the elderly are being supplied under the standards of welfare facilities in the present. Separate supply standards, however, are needed because they are not suitable for small scale group-homes. 3) To supply Group-homes for the elderly on a one-unit basis would cause various problems such as economical unreality, personnel distribution and so on. It is necessary to supply more than two units for more efficient management. 4) The management of group-homes for the elderly is financially unstable because the operating funds heavily depend on the users or people who are connected with the facilities through private networks. Therefore, additional support is needed to settle the financial problem. It would be helpful to build the public networking that provides information about the group-home for the elderly for the public. 5) In case of the increase in the supply of the group-home in a residential area, it could be helpful to promote the group-home to the public. 6) The operators state that the main problems of group homes for the elderly lie in financial difficulties and the shortage of professionals and volunteers. The financial, personnel, and material support for personnel and the supervision of management are required for the transparency and effectiveness of the facility management. In addition, the closer network and cooperation system with the community is required. 7) The present living environments for group-homes for the elderly leave much room for improvement, considering the physical condition of the elderly. The more careful selections in the color, shape, material, and equipment of the facilities should be made for the convenience of the elderly users.
The Relationships among Principal's Transformational and Transactional Leadership, Subjective Quality of Life of Teacher, and Organizational Commitment of Teacher in Kindergarten and Day Care Center
Gwon, Gi-Nam ; Min, Ha-Yeoung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 4, 2009, Pages 857~867
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.4.857
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among principal's transformational and transactional leadership, subjective quality of life of teacher, and organizational commitment of teacher in kindergarten and day care center based on the survey data from 203 teachers working in kindergarten and day care center in Kyoungbuk province. The collected data were analyzed by Simple Regression, Multiple Regression in SPSS Win program(15.0 version). The main results of this study were as follows. First, principal's transformational and transactional leadership each exerted positive effects on teacher's subjective quality of life and organizational commitment. Second, teacher's subjective quality of life had a positive influence on organizational commitment. Finally, each effect of principal's transformational and transactional leadership on teacher's organizational commitment was mediated by teacher's subjective quality of life.
University Students' Attitudes toward Valuable Consumption to the Types of LOHAS Lifestyle
Kim, Jung-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 4, 2009, Pages 869~878
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.4.869
The purpose of this study was to review university students' attitudes towards value-based consumption and their influences on it to the types of LOHAS lifestyle. The statistical analysis was based on a questionnaire survey by 275 subjects. Several attitude variables included in the study such as 'attitudes toward LOHAS lifestyle', 'environment', 'charity', 'need of business ethics', 'investment into socially responsible business', and 'good consumption'. By the results of the study, first, students' attitudes and concerns about the environment were positive, however, not expanded to the absolutely positive attitudes for their future society. Second, there is no clear relationship between their participation in the community and their attitudes to the LOHAS lifestyle. Third, university students' consumption was not based on the values of LOHAS, but on the attitudes to their own well-being. Fourth, groups with lower income and with no religious tendency revealed more positive attitudes toward LOHAS lifestyle than other groups. Fifth, there are some relations between LOHAS lifestyle and the individual's economic role performances such as the attitudes to 'environment', 'charity', 'need of business ethics,' 'investment into socially responsible business', and 'good consumption'.
A Study on Clothing Benefit and Its Related Variables of Male and Female Consumers in Their Twenties
Ha, Jong-Kyung ; Kim, Ju-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 4, 2009, Pages 879~889
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.4.879
The purpose of this study was to analyze the dimensions of clothing benefits sought of male and female consumers in their twenties. It also aimed to investigate the demographic characteristics associated with customers types and the relationship among the related variables by the consumers types. The data were analyzed by factor analysis, one-way ANOVA, Duncan test, cluster analysis, and
-test. The results of this study are as follows: 1) The clothing benefits consisted of five factors, which were the pursuit of style, individuality, popular brand, vogue, and practicality. Based on these five factors, respondents were classified into four consumer types, which were style-and-trend-oriented, practicality-oriented, popular brand-oriented, and fashion indifference consumers. 2) In terms of the demographics, there were significant differences in age, gender, and total income among the consumer types of clothing benefits. 3) There was a significant difference in single brand loyalty in terms of the consumers types of clothing benefits. The popular brand-oriented group showed the highest mean in the single brand loyalty, while the practicality-oriented group did the lowest. 4) There were significant differences in the selection of the stores among consumers types of clothing benefits. Specifically, the style-and-trend-oriented group the most selected department stores, while practicality-oriented group chose fashion outlets or online shopping malls the most. Additionally, in terms of the information sources, the style-and-trend-oriented group the most frequently used magazine ads, while the popular-brand-oriented group preferred commercials on TV or radio, direct mail, or flyers from department stores. On the other hand, the fashion indifference group the most frequently used mass media.
A Study on the Sexual Images Expressed in the 21th Century Men's Fashion
Lee, Hyo-Jin ; Kim, Hyun-A ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 4, 2009, Pages 891~902
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.4.891
The purpose of this study is to analyze sexual images in the 21th century men's fashion, including phenomenal formative changes and characteristics. Theoretical framework was developed based on literature reviews. Photo images were collected from collections presented in 2001 to 2008 on the internet sites. By focusing on sexual image. men's fashion design was analyzed. Since 21th century, men have expressed their own fashion sense and sexual image quite freely. Men's fashion has expanded its scope into region which are not exclusively of men's traditional fashion identity realm. The result of this study is as follows: First, Noble Dandyism is common among noble dandies whose desired image is luxurious, soft, and sophisticated. Second, Bisexual Caportism is another appealing 'Youth is beautiful' trend of our modern age. Beyond age and gender, modern people pay a special attention to the Caports look which aims to project an image of healthiness, dynamism, youth, and pure balanced beauty combined with fashion. Third, Macho Narcissism enjoys showing and exposing well-trained and beautiful bodies, compared to the old masculine image which was more known for expressing an authoritative and dominant strength. Fourth, Homme Fatale Vampicism seeks to accentuate deconstructed femininity and bare legs, matted make-up, long and curly hair, especially aims to emphasize sexual charms, which naturally makes its image more fascinating.
UV-protective Clothing Awareness and Purchase Attitudes according to UV Protective Behavior
Kweon, Soo-Ae ; Choi, Jong-Myoung ; Yoo, Joung-Ja ; Kim, Jung-Sug ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 4, 2009, Pages 903~912
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.4.903
The purpose of this study was to analyze potential effects of Koreans' ultraviolet risk awareness and appearance management on their UV protective behaviors in daily life and outdoor activities, and was to investigate in their awareness of UV-protective clothing and their purchase attitudes toward anti-UV protective clothing. To meet the above goals, we have surveyed a total of 262 participants(male and female) residing in Chungcheong province. Findings were as following: As a part of ultraviolet-protective behaviors, it was found that the respondents often relied on applying sun-block cream or shady place before exposition to sunlight. Particularly, it was notable that 30's or older group was more proactive in UV protective behaviors than younger group below 30 years old. There were significant correlations among the respondents' UV protective behaviors, their awareness of anti-UV clothing and their purchase attitudes to anti-UV clothing. Also, there were also significant correlations among their UV-protective means for outdoor activities. That is, more favorable awareness about anti-UV clothing they have is associated with their more active attitudes to purchasing anti-UV clothing and taking anti-sunlight behaviors. It was found that the number of respondents who used cosmetics for outdoor activities was more than that of respondents who used clothing to protect their body from ultraviolet ray. Hence, it will be necessary for follow-up studies to focus on the development and promotion of anti-UV clothing.
Investigation of Design Preference for Developing of Natural Dyeing Underwear -Focusing on Male and Female University Students-
You, Kyung-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 4, 2009, Pages 913~922
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.4.913
The purpose of this study was to investigate and offer useful information on natural dyeing underwear industry through an analysis of 20's purchasing behavior and design preference between male and female. From 600 questionnaires that were distributed, 512 with usable data were coded for further statistical analysis including descriptive statistics(frequency and chi-square test), by using SPSS 12.0 and the major results were as follows. Given that a large number of 20's purchase men's underwear by their parents, and women's of their own. It was found that the underwear for men in their 20's should be developed in an attempt to place greater emphasis on improving functions as an outerwear. It is important to strengthen the design and marketing strategy specially tailored to 20's of natural dyeing underwear products.
A Study on Infant Clothing Purchase Behavior According to the Benefits in Infant Clothing Purchases
Park, Ok-Lyun ; Lee, Ji-Na ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 4, 2009, Pages 923~932
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.4.923
This study aims to present a marketing strategy in the infant wear market with regard to consumer segments by analyzing benefits infant clothing purchases. For this study the consumer's evaluation criteria, usage of information source and characteristics of purchase behavior were analyzed by clustered consumers' groups. The results of the study are as follows: 1) Four factors were revealed as the result of the factor analysis on the benefits in infant clothing purchases. The factors were labeled fashionability, brand value, individuality, and practicality. 2) The result of the cluster analysis showed that it was most appropriate to categorize consumers into four groups based on the benefits of infant clothing purchases. 3) There were a significant difference in evaluation criteria, usage of information source, and characteristics of purchase behavior in terms of buying plan, retail store, purchase frequency, amount money spent, named brand purchase, and vicarious satisfaction among the groups.
A Study on the Perfume Purchasing and Using Behavior According to Men's Fashion Lifestyle
Kim, Yong-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 4, 2009, Pages 933~944
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.4.933
The purposes of this study was to identify perfume purchasing and using behavior according to men's fashion lifestyle. Self-administered questionnaires were used for data collection. The subjects were 317 men aged 19-40. The results were as follows: First, over half of men had purchased at least one perfume during last year and the price was 30,000-60,000won. Men selected perfumes which harmonized with their image or purposes of using perfumes. Men selected a perfume as a present for their girl friends or wives to convey their concern or love. Most men purchased perfumes at department stores and selected after experiencing samples, and by affecting advertisements of newspapers or journals. Over 60% of men possessed at least one perfume and most of them were imported perfumes. Most men used perfume on a special day such as dates or job interviews, and they received perfume as a gift from their girl friends or wives. Most men used perfumes to enjoy fragrances by themselves and preferred sea fragrance most. Second, factors of men's fashion lifestyle were fashion information, individuality, conservativeness, ostentation, activity, and fashion style. Men were segmented into ostentatious consumption group, active group, fashion leader group, and fashion retard group. Third, fashion leader group purchased perfumes more than other groups and fashion retard group purchased the least.
A Study on Success Factors of Apparel Brand
Ko, Eun-Ju ; Shin, Min-Wook ; Kim, Seon-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 4, 2009, Pages 945~958
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.4.945
This study is to examine the factors affecting success of business withhigh accomplishments in customer recognition and financial aspect in the fashion industry. In addition, through survey on consumers and interviews on industry officials who concerned fashion brand, perceived success factors were compared between consumer and industry groups. This study selected a total of 20 brands, which were 5 brands per 4 categories(e.g., women, men, sports and casual wear), with high customer satisfaction and customer loyalty in consumer's perspective and high revenues, revenue growth, and profit rate in 2004 in a financial perspective. The survey on consumer group and interviews on officials in industry were conducted simultaneously. One thousand respondents were obtained from survey on consumers and 40 respondents were obtained from interviews on industry officials. Multiple regression analysis and t-test were used for data analysis via the SPSS 12.0 program. The result of this study was as following. From a consumer perspective, respondents recognized that both consumer satisfaction and brand revenues were positively related to brand factors of consumer, product and marketing. From an industry's perspective, consumer, product and marketing factors affected consumer satisfaction as a brand success factor. In comparison of perception difference in brand success factors between consumer and industry groups, industry group was more likely to concern about the importance of brand success than consumers. In addition, the consumer group perceived the most highly consumer factor as a brand success factor, followed by product and marketing and external environment factors, while industry group did in order of consumer, marketing, product, and external environment factors, which indicated significant difference in perceptions of the two groups. Through this study on consumer satisfaction to improve positive and amicable buying behavior and comparative analysis on difference of perception of consumers and industry on factorsfor financial ability and revenue increase, the foundation for strategy establishment of brand distinction in fashion industry can be provided.
Nutritional Status and Dietary Quality by Their Residing Types in College Students
Yang, Ji ; Sohn, Cheong-Min ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 4, 2009, Pages 959~970
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.4.959
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dietary habit, nutritional condition and quality of everyday meal for college students. The number of the subjects was 102 and they were divided into three groups by their residing types; students living with their parents (n=34), students living in dormitory (n=34) and students living independently off the campus (n=34) Questionnaire, 24hour dietary recall for food intakes, and body composition analysis were used. SPSS program was used for the statistics. In general health matter, the average age for each group of students was
respectively. And heights, weights, muscle mass, body fats and BMI were not significantly different between groups. Results on dietary habit showed that students living with their parents had better meal pattern and regularity for breakfast than other groups. Also, for dietary evaluation, students living with their parents showed better extent of intake of milk than other groups. Evaluation on nutrients intake showed that amount of calcium, vitamin
, folic acid intake in student living independently off the campus were lower than those of the other groups(P<0.05). And MAR(Mean Adequacy Ratio) was not significantly different between groups, however INQ(Index of Nutritional Quality) and NAR(Nutrient Adequacy Ratio) of calcium were lower in off the campus group than other two groups. In conclusion, students living independently had worse eating habits and showed lower intake of calcium than those living with their parents or living in a dormitory. Therefore nutritional education for improving well-balanced dietary habits and optimal intake of nutrients are required especially for students living independently off the campus.
The Analysis of the Elements for the Lively Use of Activity Areas in the Elderly Nursing Facilities
Lee, Min-Ah ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 4, 2009, Pages 971~984
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.4.971
The purpose of this study was to analyse the relations among the residents' characteristics, the policy of the facility, and the physical characteristics of activity areas, and to understand the elements for the lively use of activity areas in the elderly nursing facilities. The results of the study are as follows: First, there was a relationship between the characteristics of semi-public activity areas and the residents' management-control policy. The facilities having semi-public areas of living room type showed more flexibility in time and place and more respects for the residents. Second, the activity areas of connection type were much more used than the compartment type, especially in the facilities having more residents incapable of walking. On the other hand, the facilities having high control for the residents showed high using rate in public activity areas, and all those did not have semi-public areas or showed low using rate in there. Third, in the analysis of the relationship between the physical characteristics and the using rate of activity areas, the public activity areas having compartment type in the spatial composition and hall as a form were likely to have multiple usages. On the whole, the various form of activity areas, the area per residents, openness, accessibility and centrality were having interactions each other for high using rate in activity areas. Especially, many stimulations and the furniture arrangements that were good for the residents' interactions had a function of compensation for the poor physical characteristics of activity areas. This study investigated only the using rates to understand the lively use of the space. For the future study, it is suggested that the detail using behavior of the residents should be examined to understand the influential elements.