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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Relation of Cause and Effect between the Elderly's Image and Ageism Experience
Shin, Hak-Gene ; Jeon, Sang-Nam ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 6, 2009, Pages 1169~1179
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.6.1169
The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of the elderly's image or appearance to ageism. In this study, image included factors such as image management, external image and self and other's acceptance. To investigate the cause and effect of image to ageism, we purposely collected 315 samples from 4 senior welfare centers in Jeonju and exploited SEM (Structural equation modeling) for 297 cases excluding some cases with missing values. According to the results, first, we found that oneself and others' acceptance of the elderly's external image decreases the experience of ageism. Second, the behavior for image management resulted in oneself and others' acceptance of the image. Third, the behavior for image management positively influenced the external image. Fourth, the elderly's external image caused positive effects on oneself and others' acceptance of the image. Fifth, behavior for image management showed decreasing effects of the ageism experience.
Study on the Factors Relating and the Abuse of Immigrant Women
Kim, Min-Kyeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 6, 2009, Pages 1181~1198
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.6.1181
The purposes of this study were to find the general trends of individuals, marital relation, migrated-cultural variables and abuse, and to analyze the effects of the individual, marital relation, and migrated-cultural variables on the abuse. The subjects were 174 immigrant women. The data was analyzed with frequency, t-test, ANOVA and multiple regression by SPSS. The major findings were as follows; Physical abuse amongst immigrant women was significantly different according to residence and income factors, psychological abuse was dependent on residence and native country, sexual abuse was dependent on education level, and total abuse was dependent on residence and native country. The level of abuse (range 1-4) was 2.07, Psychological abuse was the highest with 2.23, physical abuse was next with 1.92 and sexual abuse was 1.78. All the abuse types were influenced by the husband's alcohol behavior, communication efficiency, marital conflict, and knowledge of Korean culture. In conclusion, it is important to protect immigrant women who have been abused. So understanding, reasonable coping, prevention programs and counseling of abuse victims were provided to immigrant women.
The Relationships among the Mother's Parenting Behavior, Home Environment and Stress of Male Child
Jung, Hyun-Jung ; Moon, Hyuk-Jun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 6, 2009, Pages 1199~1208
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.6.1199
The purpose of this study was to understand a mother's parenting behavior and home environment in relation to the stress of a male child. The subjects were 200 mothers of 4-6 years old children in early childhood programs located in Seoul and Gyeonggi province. Instruments used in this study were the Mother's Parenting Behavior Scale (Park Seong Yeon & Lee Suk, 1990), Home Scale (Jang Yeong Ae, 1981), and Children's Usual Stress Scale (Yeom Hyeon Gyeong, 1998). Data was analyzed by descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation, and multiple regression analysis. Results indicated that (a) stress was shown to be higher if the mother's parenting behavior was authoritarian and over-protective, (b) children of lower economic background showed a higher stress level than middle and upper economic background subjects, and (c) the mother's educational background, authoritarian and over-protective parenting behavior and quality of the family background were meaningful variables for children's stress.
The Effects of Maternal Emotion Expression, Temperament and Self-Esteem on Emotion Regulation among Children
Lee, Kyung-Nim ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 6, 2009, Pages 1209~1219
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.6.1209
The purpose of this study examined the path model of maternal emotional expression, temperament and self-esteem on emotion regulation among children. The subjects were 487 5th and 6th graders. Data was gathered through questionnaires reported by children and their mothers and analyzed by structural equation modeling. The results showed that children's 'activity level' temperament and maternal negative emotional expression directly affected maladaptive emotion regulation. Children's 'emotionality' temperament and maternal positive emotional expression directly affected adaptive emotion regulation. Children's 'approach-flexibility' temperament and self-esteem directly affected both maladaptive and adaptive emotion regulation. Maternal emotional expression and children's self-esteem mediated between children's temperament and emotion regulation. Additionally, the most important variable predicting children's maladaptive emotion regulation was the children's 'activity level' temperament, and the most important variable for adaptive emotion regulation was the children's 'emotionality' temperament.
The Study on Constructing Child Care Teacher Education Programs for Enhancing Infant-Teacher Interaction and Analyzing Its Effects
Kim, Hyoun-Ji ; Cho, Bok-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 6, 2009, Pages 1221~1235
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.6.1221
The purpose of this study is to examine the infant-teacher interaction and its possible effects. The subjects of this study were 24 child-care teachers from Jungup City, Korea. Among them, 12 teachers participated m the program as an experimental group. The program processed 8 sessions in total, a session a week and 90 minutes for each session. The data was collected by questionnaires of infant-teacher interactions and videotapes of their linguistic and behavioral interactions between infants and teachers. The collected data was analyzed by t-tests, wilcoxon signed-rank tests, and video content analysis. As a result, the teachers in the experimental group showed more significant enhancement than teachers in the comparison group in relation to the post-test of positive linguistic interactions between infant and teacher and teacher' positive reaction.
20s-30s Men's Cosmetics Purchase Decision Factors
Jeon, Hyang-Ran ; Jae, Mie-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 6, 2009, Pages 1237~1246
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.6.1237
This study was designed to identify and compare the consumption value and interest in appearance with regard to the comparison of men's cosmetics purchase decision factors. We conducted a survey among 259 men who have experienced the re-purchase of men's cosmetics. All data was analyzed with the SPSS Windows 17.0 program in terms of frequency, percentage, means, standard deviations, paired-t test, Cronbach
, factor analyses, and multiple regression. In summary, three findings emerged from this study. First, men's cosmetics purchase decision factors included two subfactors: product quality factors (price, quality, skin compatibility, fragrance) and image factors (trend, brand image, consciousness of others, diversion). Second, a paired-t test revealed that the consideration toward the image factors of a first time purchase decision was lower than the re-purchase decision factors. However the consideration toward the product quality factors of a first time purchase decision was not different from the re-purchase decision factors. Third, the product quality factors were positively influenced by distinction factors of appearance and functional value. And social value, emotional value, and curiosity value were found to be effective in the image factors at the first time of purchase and re-purchase. Also, the product quality factors of re-purchase decisions were influenced by the satisfaction of the first time purchase. This study will contribute to provide some information for marketers in understanding men's cosmetics purchase decisions and to offer basic data for marketing strategies and product development.
Exploratory Study on the Social Responsibility of Fashion Brands
Jung, Yoon-Young ; Lee, Jin-Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 6, 2009, Pages 1247~1256
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.6.1247
The purpose of this study was to make a close inquiry into the types and characteristics of social responsibility of fashion brands, perceived by consumers in the condition that a systematic frame of social responsibility of fashion brand didn't exist. To achieve the purpose, the study carried out literary survey and FGI (Focus Group Interview) which were qualitative research methods. The study carried out interviews with 9 experts majoring in fashion and 4 staff members in charge of fashion companies. The results of the study were as follows: (1). There were five types of social responsibility activities of fashion brands: fund raising activities, scholarship/cultural volunteer activities, consumer protection activities, recycling/environment-friendly activities, and ethical responsibility activities. (2). Out of the social responsibility of fashion brand, recycling/environment-friendly activities was valued above everything else. It implicates that we should pursue economic profits and sustainability at once by recognizing the importance of environmental management and improving enterprise management. As stated above, it is thought that fashion brand companies should fulfill their social responsibility strategically for long-term profits of fashion brand by grasping and improving the present conditions of social responsibility of fashion brand.
A Study on the Degree of Interest in Appearance by Women's Lifestyle Group
Park, Ok-Lyun ; Park, Ju-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 6, 2009, Pages 1257~1266
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.6.1257
The developments of consumption culture and mass media have caused consumers to take a greater interest in appearance, and as a result, the appearance related industry has been rapidly developed. Since appearance serves as a means to attain a smooth and successful social life, women invest a lot of time in cultivating their appearance more prominently than others and are more agreeable to the criteria of beauty in society. This study is to analyze the degree of satisfaction of appearance in teens to women in their 50s as classified by their lifestyle. For the data analysis, the statistical program, SPSS WIN 14.0 was used. First, the results of examining the degree of interest in appearance, the degree of bodily satisfaction, and the degree of bodily importance showed that the interest in appearance was highest in the fashion pursuing group. The degree of bodily importance was highest in the economy-oriented group. Second, appearance management attitudes showed significant differences m hair attitudes, makeup attitudes, skin attitudes, face-lifting attitudes, and clothing attitudes, depending on the types of lifestyle. Third, it could be seen that the conservative-oriented groups were doing more skin care management than the other groups.
Analysis On the Classification of Breast Types and the Breast Volume of Women in Their Twenties
Kim, Yeo-Won ; Kweon, Soo-Ae ; Sohn, Boo-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 6, 2009, Pages 1267~1276
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.6.1267
The purpose of this study is to classify breast types and to inquire about characteristics depending on breast types of women subjects in their twenties. We researched size items affecting breast volume and regression equations for the prediction of breast volume, and thereby, we will be able to provide some basic data, useful to the development of the brassiere depending on breast types. As a result of categorizing the types of three breast types, "type 1" was characterized by big and greatest protrusion of the breast with large breast volume and a large bust, while "type 2" was characterized by flat breasts with the least breast volume and least bust, and "type 3" was characterized by breast location apart from the center front line. Breast volume is significant in establishment of the brassiere cup depending on breast type. Five items such as, the circumference of the breast, the length of the upper breast, the depth of the breast point, the length of the shoulder point-breast point, and the length of the inferior breast were extracted through regression equations for breast volume.
A Study on the Equity Evaluation of the Traditional Casual Brands and the Relationship Between Mother Brand Equity and Extended Brand Attitude
Shin, Su-Yun ; Yoo, In-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 6, 2009, Pages 1277~1288
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.6.1277
Building strong brand equity has been the most effective method to extend market share and ensure profits. Brand extension strategy by using well-established mother brand names also becomes the most efficient way to enter a new market. The first objective of this study is to conceptualize and evaluate fashion brand equity. The next purpose is to investigate the relationship between mother brand equity and extended brand attitude. The survey was conducted from the 15th to the 26th of June 2009. We conducted a survey with 200 university students and 182 samples were analyzed. The data was analyzed by SPSS 12.0 with reliability analysis, frequency analysis, factor analysis, regression analysis and One-way ANOVA analysis. The results of this study are as follows. Firstly, the factors of brand equity based on customers were "Brand Satisfaction", "Brand Reliability", "Brand Personality/Value", "Brand Characteristic", and "Brand Edge". Secondly, the order of brand equity based on customers in this study was Polo, Beanpole and Tommy Hilfiger. Lastly, results revealed that brand extension was positively influenced by all factors of mother brand equity.
The Effects of Webpage Background and Store Brand on Consumers' Responses in Online Shopping
Park, Min-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 6, 2009, Pages 1289~1302
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.6.1289
The Differentiation and Characteristic Analysis of Body Types for the Middle-Aged Plus-Size Women
Park, Soon-A ; Koo, Mi-Ji ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 6, 2009, Pages 1303~1314
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.6.1303
The purpose of this study lies in examining the characteristics of differentiated body types for plus-size women and obtaining basic data for the wide-ranging choices of ready-made clothing in a consumer's place. The results of this study displayed no significant differences for subjects in their 30s and 40s in comparison to standards by ages but showed a significant difference with subjects in their 50s when compared with the data from Size Korea (2004). Research data in the height and length categories were lower, and the majority of data from the other categories were higher. In order to analyze the characteristics of a plus-size woman's body, 4 factors were differentiated into 3 types with 17 categories: Factor 1 was the element of the thickness of the trunk, factor 2 was the element of the thickness of the lower body and legs, factor 3 was the element of shoulder size and factor 4 was the element of the upper body length. The accumulation rate was shown to be 74.47%. The characteristics for each type were as follows: Type 1 is a body type with a relatively thin waist, small width and girth of upper body and curvy lower body, type 2 is the average body type, and type 3 is a body type with big breasts and abdominal obesity. The standard body type belonged to type 2. According to the correspondency test between age and type, the characteristics of type 1 corresponded relatively close to the measures of subjects in their 40s and relatively far from subjects in their 30s to 50s while type 2 and type 3 appeared to be similar to subjects in their 50s.
Dyeability with Silk Fabrics and Chemical Composition of Natural Dye Pinux
Manufactured from Pinus Radiata Balk
Song, Kyung-Hun ; Mun, Sung-Phil ; Kim, Dae-Sung ; Hong, Young-Ki ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 6, 2009, Pages 1315~1321
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.6.1315
The chemical composition of natural powder dye
manufactured from Pinus radiata bark and dyeability of dyed silk fabrics with
were examined. It is made up of the optimum dyeing condition of silk fabric according to the dyeing concentration, dyeing time, and dyeing temperature. Also, we examined the colorfastness and antibiosis of dyed silk fabrics to washing, rubbing, perspiration and light. For the analysis of the chemical composition of
, the total contents of phenolic compound, proanthocyanidin(PA) and anti-oxidative activities of the dye were analyzed. As a result, it was found that the main components of the
manufactured from Pinus radiata bark is proanthocyanidin, mostly a flavonoid containing a procyanidin structure, and it consists of approximately 63% phenol. As a result of examining the dyeability of silk fabrics with
, it showed that the dyeability was best under the conditions of the concentration of dye
(wt/v%), dyeing time of 90 minutes, and dyeing temperature at
. It was found that the colorfastness of dyed silk fabrics, colorfastness to washing, perspiration for acidic and rubbing were as good as grade 4 or 4-5. However, the colorfastness to light was low at grade 1, the same as the results of other natural dyed fabrics. As a result of the antibiosis measurement for the
-dyed silk fabrics, it showed high antibacterial properties to Staphylococcus sureus at 99.6%.
Analysis on Attitude and Education Need for Food Safety of High School Students in Gyeongbuk Province
Kim, Eun-Jung ; Kim, Hyo-Chung ; Kim, Mee-Ra ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 6, 2009, Pages 1323~1336
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.6.1323
This study examined the attitude and education need for food safety of high school students. Data were collected from 297 high school students in Gyeongbuk province through a self-administered questionnaire on December, 2008. Frequency, t tests, one-way analysis of variance, Duncan's multiple range tests, and chi-square tests were conducted using SPSS V. 14.0. Many respondents answered that the foods produced and distributed in Korea were not safe enough. Over a third of the respondents replied that the produced and distributed foods were not safe because of unsanitary food processing. They pointed out food additives threatened food safety the most, which was followed by heavy metal contamination, and endocrine disruptors. Most respondents mentioned difficulties in acquiring information concerning food safety, and obtained information from the media, such as TV and radio. The respondents required a high level of education regarding food safety, and preferred movie clips and broadcasting media the most. Finally, they pointed out food-related government organizations to be the most efficient educational institution for food safety.
Comparison of Dietary Habits, Exercise, Recognized Body Shapes and Weight Control between Obesity and Underweight of Adolescents
Moon, Sun-Soon ; Lee, Yang-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 6, 2009, Pages 1337~1348
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.6.1337
This study was conducted to determine major factors underweight and obesity by comparing and analyzing dietary habits, exercise and weight control of obesity and underweight of Adolescents. The subjects were 26,039 students and they were divided according Body Mass Index(BMI). The collected data was analyzed through frequency, percentage, chi-square test. The results were as follows. 1) Among the male students 67.3%, 32.7% and among the female ones 82.7% and 17.3% were included in the underweight and the obese groups, respectively. 2) For dietary habits, the rate of skipping breakfast(12.5%, 13.6%) was considerably higher than those of skipping lunch and dinner. 3) The females and the obese group received more stress, felt more unhappiness, grief, depression and thought more suicide than the males and the underweight group, respectively. 4) The underweight group had higher rate of strengthening exercise of males and females. 5) For self-recognized body shape, while in the underweight group had a wrong image of their body shape, while more males in the obese group had a distorted self body image. 6) Measures to control weight were regular exercise, reduced amount of diet, and the obese group controled their weight more actively than the underweight group of the male and the female students. 7) From these results, appropriate mental health programs and education programs about health knowledge, properly self-recognized body shape and measures to control weight were considered to be necessary.
A Survey on Stages of Dietary Behavior Change and Nutrient Intake Status of Old People in Islands Areas According to Depression Degree
Park, Pil-Sook ; Park, Kyung-Ok ; Jeong, Gu-Beom ; Chun, Byung-Yeol ; Choi, Mi-Wha ; Park, Mi-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 6, 2009, Pages 1349~1361
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.6.1349
The present study was designed to analyze the relationship of dietary behavior change and nutrient intake status owing to a depression degree for 143 people over 65 years old living in Echeong and Hansan islands area, South Korea. The depression degree was classified into non depression, minor depression and depressive disorder groups using. The Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale for 143 subjects. The results are as follows; the depression degree significantly made differences according to sex (p<.001), marital status (p<.05), self-related economic status (p<.001) and living expenses (p<.05). The stage of dietary behavior according to the depression degree was as follows; the non depression group was 57.6%, the minor group was 46.8% and the depressive disorder group was 27.1% of the subjects. The intake frequency of the cereal group (p<.05) and fruit group (p<.01) was significantly different among food group intake status owing to the depression degree. Mean adequacy ratio(MAR), MAR, and MAR of the depressive disorder group were significantly lower than that of the non depression and minor depression groups. Each average of MAR, MAR, and MAR for the subjects were
. Concerned about the nutrients over 1.0 index of nutritional quality(INQ) 8 nutrients of protein, Phosphorous, iron, zinc, vitamin A, vitamin
, niacin and vitamin C belonged to the non depression group. Additionally, 6 nutrients of protein, Phosphorous, iron, zinc, vitamin
and niacin were included for minor depression and depressive disorder groups.
Actual State of TVOC and HCHO Concentration in Newly Built or Remodeled Kindergarten
Choi, Yoon-Jung ; Park, Eun-Bi ; An, Ji-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 18, issue 6, 2009, Pages 1363~1374
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.6.1363
The purpose of this study was to determine the actual state of the indoor air quality in newly built or remodeled kindergartens by TVOC and HCHO concentration and teachers' responses. The field measurements on the levels of TVOC and HCHO were carried out in six classrooms of newly built or remodeled kindergartens before their opening. The interviews with teachers of subject kindergartens were carried out at the end of the first semester. The contents of the interviews were teachers' subjective responses and symptoms of the kindergarten pupils on the Sick New-School Syndrome. The results are as follows; the mean value of TVOC concentration in the classrooms of kindergartens ranged from 0.10ppm to 0.42ppm, which can theoretically exert a harmful influence on residents. The mean value of HCHO concentration ranged from 0.00ppm to 0.03ppm, which does not exceed the standard. The TVOC concentrations of the more ventilated kindergartens were lower than the others. Also, the classrooms with high concentrations of TVOC showed negative responses or symptoms in teachers and kindergarten pupils.