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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Influences of Stereotypes and Emotions Toward Women Immigrants by Marriage on Social Distances
Jeon, Young-Ja ; Jun, Ye-Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 2010, Pages 1~13
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.1.001
The purpose of this study was to investigate the social distance of college students toward women immigrants by marriage and influencing factors. The considered factors were stereotypes, emotions and socioeconomic variables. The subjects were 324 college students and the data were collected during October 15-29, 2007. Findings of this study are as follows: the college students' scores of social distance toward women immigrants by marriage were less than midpoint (3.0), which means that the social distance of college students toward women immigrants by marriage was not that high. The college students' score of negative stereotype and positive stereotype were very similar. The score of sympathetic emotion was a little higher than negative emotion and positive emotion. To find the factors affecting social distances, regression analysis was executed. The social distances of students were influenced by negative emotions and positive emotions toward the women immigrants by marriage. Stereotypes toward women immigrants by marriage did not have a significant influence on social distances. These variables accounted for 44% of the variance of social distances.
Grandmothers' Caregiving Satisfaction of Raising Grandchildren and the Related Variables
Yi, Yeong-Sug ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 2010, Pages 15~26
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.1.015
This study was conducted in order to understand grandmothers' satisfaction of caring for working mothers' children and the influence of related variables with regard to living arrangements. The data were collected from 245 grandmothers who have been caring for their grandchildren for more than 6 months. The data were analyzed by mean, t-test,
-test, and hierarchical multiple regression. The results were as follows: First, Degree of satisfaction was lower in grandmothers who were living with their children than those who were not. Second, the variables affecting the grandmothers living with their children were economic status, extent of care giving activities, and social support, wherein social support proved to be the most influential. In the case of those not living with their children, the significant variables were motive and social support, motive being more influential. This result indicates that affecting variables differ by the grandmothers' living arrangements, and thus the strategy to enhance their care giving satisfaction should differ as well, based on the findings.
A Study on the Coping Behavior of Mathematics Anxiety Depending on the Grade, Sex, Mathematics Achievement, and Mathematics Anxiety in Elementary School Students
Lee, Sae-Na ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 2010, Pages 27~38
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.1.027
The purposes of this study were to find out coping behavior to mathematics anxiety depending on grade, sex, mathematics achievement, and mathematics anxiety in elementary school students and to find out the variables influencing coping behavior to mathematics anxiety. 991 students (grade: 4, 5, 6) completed questionnaires about mathematics anxiety and coping behavior to mathematics anxiety. Their home room teachers completed scores of the mathematics achievement test of their students. Data were analyzed by F-test, t-test, correlation and step wise multiple regression. The results of this study were as follows. First, there were statistically significant differences in coping behavior to mathematics depending on grade, mathematics achievement and level of mathematics anxiety except for sex. Second, the level of mathematics anxiety was the most important factor in coping behavior to mathematics.
A Study on Meta-Parenting of Mothers with Preschool Children
Han, You-Me ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 2010, Pages 39~49
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.1.039
This study introduces the construct of meta-parenting or a superordinate category of effortful cognition, including anticipation, assessment, reflection and problems. Also, it aims to analyse meta-parenting in terms of demographic variables and investigate how it relates to other cognitions on parenting and parenting behaviors. One hundred seventy three mothers of preschool children were surveyed on Hawk's (2007) Meta-Parenting, Sameroff and Feil's (1985) Concepts of Development, Stipek, Danniels, Galluzzo, & Milburn's (1992) Activities Sub-scales. They also commented on their views of appropriate methods of child-rearing and the starting age of extra-curricula activity and the number of extra-curricula activities. The main results were as follows: Mothers showed the highest score on assessment followed by anticipation, reflection and problems while these four components of meta-parenting were highly correlated to each other. Among demographic variables, only the mothers' age and education were linked to some component of meta-parenting. Meta-parenting was correlated with complexity of thinking but not with views on appropriate methods of child-rearing. Also, meta-parenting was associated with formal and informal activities at home and the beginning time of providing the extra-curricula activity with the total number of extra-curricula activities provided at present.
Exploratory Study on Selecting Priority Regions for the Expansion of Public Child Care Centers
Shin, Na-Ry ; Song, Shin-Yeong ; Lee, Eun-Gyoung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 2010, Pages 51~61
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.1.051
The purpose of the current study was to select vulnerable regions with insufficient child care services based on an in-depth investigation of diverse regional characteristics and to establish a practical goal for the expansion of public child care centers through identifying priority regions in foremost need of public child care centers out of the vulnerable regions. The vulnerable regions were selected from both urban and rural areas with particular criterions to determine their critical situation. First of all, the number of children aged zero to five, private and public child care centers, and capacity and enrolment of the regional child care center were selected from towns (Eup) and townships (Myeon) within rural areas and neighborhoods (Dong) within urban areas to calculate the capacity fulfillment. Specifically, a dense population of low-income families inhabited within urban areas defined the region's vulnerable status for the analysis, whereas poor accessibility of a child care center within rural areas correspond to the lack of child care services. The analytical result displayed that a total of 456 towns and townships did not acquire child care centers. Out of 456 towns and townships, 162 were selected as priority regions. On the other hand, 546 neighborhoods corresponding to upper 30 percentiles of urban area where children receive basic subsidy for low income families were selected as vulnerable regions. Out of 546 neighborhoods, 243 were selected as priority regions according to the analytical result.
Analysis of Structure and Process of Childcare for One Year Olds
Min, Hae-Jung ; Rha, Jong-Hay ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 2010, Pages 63~74
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.1.063
The purpose of the study was to examine the actual conditions of caregiver-infant ratios, group-room activity areas, evaluations of infant programs and caregiver-infant interactions based on structural and process indicators which are major factors of infant care. The subjects were 20 caregivers and 91 infants from 14 infant classes of 13 day care centers in Daejeon. An actual survey was conducted on caregiver-infant ratios and group-room activity areas, and teaching-learning plans for infants and daily schedules were gathered for the evaluation of infant programs. The caregiver-infant interactions were observed every one minute for a total of 20 minutes using Lee Wan Jeong's "Evaluation Measure of Caregiver-infant Interactions"(1999). The results of this study were as follows: First, caregiver-infant ratios ranged from 2.5 to 7 infants per caregiver, resulting in the difference of the number of infants. Second, the 14 classes for one-year-old infants were arranged in three different ways; 5 classrooms with distinctive activity areas, 2 without any divided areas and 7 containing a mix of partial activity areas. Third, in teaching-learning plans for infants, there were a large number of topics related to seasonal features and experiences while the fewest were about basic life habits. Fourth, in the caregiver-infant interactions, caregivers used more positive interactions and linguistic modeling than sensitive responses to infants and social interactions.
Development and Evaluation of Family Integration Education Programs for Multi-Cultural Families
Hong, Dal-Ah-Gi ; Chae, Ock-Hi ; Lee, Nam-Ju ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 2010, Pages 75~89
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.1.075
The purpose of the study is to integrate multi-cultural families with special needs and situations into family living and Korean social groups. Nowadays there has been an increase in the number of international marriages. According to these changes, there are a variety of social problems such as cultural conflicts, domestic violence, difficulty in communication, and bad relationships between family members because of misunderstandings. These social problems can be alleviated by a family integration education program for multi-cultural families. This program was developed in order to help immigrant women in their initial settlement and to provide them with information on mutual culture of family living. The contents of the program consist of how to live a harmonious, understanding and hopeful family life. The method of evaluation is to survey the immigrant women's self esteem and conduct an interview. The results of the evaluation are to promote a positive relationship between family members. Also the family agreed to promote favorable sentiments toward each other. The program also had meaningful consequences for the improvement of the immigrants' realistic expectation of marriage and conflict resolution skills. I am hopeful that more elaborate programs for multi-cultural families will be developed in order to maximize the effect with appropriate education and support systems.
Metro-sexual Consumption in Accordance with Identity of Gender Roles, Self-esteem and Cultural-Social Attitude Toward Appearance
Nam, Su-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 2010, Pages 91~102
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.1.091
This study conducted a survey with 300 male respondents in their 20s to 50s, in order to examine the influence of personal variables, identity of gender roles, self-esteem and social-cultural attitude towards appearance on metro-sexual consumption. The findings are as follows: First, the majority of respondents experienced metro-sexual consumption in passive ways, such as purchasing cosmetics or perfume. Second, self-esteem differed by classification of identity of gender roles and the self-esteem was the most highly rated in non-classified, followed by in femininity, masculinity and androgyny. On the other hand, the non-classified group appeared to have the most highly social and cultural attitude toward appearance. Lastly, when examining the effect of personal variables, identity of gender roles, self- esteem and social-cultural attitude toward appearance on metro-sexual consumption, the results showed that the younger respondents who spend the highest monthly expenses on appearance, belong to the androgynous group and have the social-cultural attitude, are more likely to have a greater tendency towards metro-sexual consumption.
Effect of the Attributes of Selection Toward Family Restaurants on the Consumer's Satisfaction and Intention of Revisiting the Restaurant Among Single Workers in Their 20's -Focusing on Lifestyle and Motives-
Kim, Young-Sook ; Sim, Mi-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 2010, Pages 103~117
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.1.103
The purpose of this study was broken down into four sections. First, this study identified both single workers' lifestyles and their motives for going to restaurants. The study classified the consumers and then confirmed the attributes of selection that the consumers considered important when eating out at family restaurants. Second, the study analyzed the consumers' lifestyles, motives for going to restaurants (user motive), and the attributes of selection for the restaurant. Third, the study analyzed how the attributes of selection toward the family restaurant affect the consumer's satisfaction and the consumer's intention of revisiting the restaurant. Fourth, the study analyzed how consumer satisfaction affects the intention to revisit the family restaurant. After the execution of the aforementioned four steps, the study was successful in meeting its purpose: to provide information to enhance the satisfaction of the consumer and to provide foundation material for consumer policy. In regards to the analytical method, this study performed a Frequency Analysis, Factor Analysis, Reliability Analysis, Cluster Analysis, ANOVA Analysis, and Multiple Regression Analysis. The analytical results from the study are as follows. Lifestyle was categorized into 4 factors and 4 clusters. User motive was grouped into 3 factors and 4 clusters. The attributes of selection for family restaurants were categorized into 4 factors. Based on the lifestyle cluster, the attributes of selection for family restaurants showed a statistically significant difference. In addition, based on the cluster of user motive, the attributes of selection for family restaurants showed a statistically significant difference. Lastly, the attributes of selection for family restaurants were found to affect both the intention of revisiting the restaurant and consumer satisfaction after the consumers used the restaurants.
A Study on Satisfaction and Formative Appropriateness of Leisure Sports Jumpers For Elderly Women
Lee, Hyo-Jin ; Kim, Jin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 2010, Pages 119~126
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.1.119
We need to develop a target market for elderly women by increasing the ratio of functional apparel. The purpose of this study was to provide basic data for developing a Leisure Sports Jumper and improving the quality of life of clothing for female elderly consumers. This study reviewed the current situation on the production of the functional Leisure Sports Jumper for the elderly women in literature. For the experimental study, we selected Leisure Sports Jumpers from five apparel brands, and evaluated a sensory test on 20 subjects representing the average body shape of the elderly women aged from 65 to 75. After the first sensory test, we manipulated the patterns for samples of the Leisure Sports Jumper. In the second sensory test, visual and cognitive appropriateness of the Leisure sports jumpers were assessed by the elderly women. The results of the study were as follows: the Leisure Sports Jumper of brand 'C' showed the highest appropriateness in terms of neck, armholes, and sleeves among the 5 brands. The Leisure Sports Jumper of brands 'B' and 'D' showed the lowest appropriateness in the width of the armpits among the 5 brands. Except for the length of the Leisure Sports Jumper, the margin, location of the pocket, and armholes had the lowest score in the first test showing over 3.5 points.
Clothing Behavior by Value Group of Baby Clothes Purchasers
Park, Ok-Lyun ; Lee, Ji-Na ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 2010, Pages 127~136
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.1.127
This research subdivided the groups of baby clothes purchasers by consumer value factors in order to study clothing behavior by the value group of baby clothes purchasers and to examine differences in shopping propensity, pursuit benefits, evaluation criteria, and utilization of information sources depending on the value groups 1. A total of three factors - the pursuit of a stable life, the pursuit of achievement, and the pursuit of pleasure - were derived by conducting a factor analysis on the value dimensions of baby clothes purchasers. The value types of baby clothes purchasers were classified into three groups - the group of the pursuit of achievement, the group of the pursuit of stability and pleasure, and the passive group as the result of conducting cluster analysis on the basis of three types of personal value factors. 2. In the difference of shopping propensity by the value group, the group of the pursuit of achievement and the group of the pursuit of stability and pleasure were found to be the group having economical shopping propensity. In the difference of pursuit benefits by the value group, the passive group appeared to be the group in pursuit of fashion, and it could be seen that the group of the pursuit of achievement and the group of the pursuit of stability and pleasure were highly interested in the pursuit of individuality and practicality. 3. In the evaluation criteria of clothes by the value group of baby clothes purchasers, the group of the pursuit of achievement was found to consider physical criteria as important evaluation criteria, and the group of the pursuit of stability and pleasure was found to consider aesthetic criteria as important evaluation criteria. In the utilization of information sources by the value group of baby clothes purchasers, the passive group was found to be influenced most by market-oriented information sources.
The Effects of the Structure and Sensible Characteristics of Fabrics on the Texture Image and Preference On-line
Kim, Hee-Sook ; Cho, Shin-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 2010, Pages 137~147
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.1.137
This research was designed to compare the subjective evaluation of texture image and preference by structure and sensible characteristics of women's suits fabrics between on- and off-line. 78 subjects who majored in fashion design evaluated the sensibility image and preference of 15 various kinds of specimens on- and off-line. Factor analysis, t-test, Pearson correlation and regression were used for a statistical analysis by SPSS WIN 13.0. The results of this study were as follows: 1. Women's suits fabrics were classified according to five sensibility image factors: 'classic', 'sophisticated', 'natural', 'characteristic', and 'practical'. 2. The results of the t-test showed that there were no differences between the on- and off-line evaluation of sensibility images. 3. The analysis of correlation indicated that the 'classic'-'sophisticated' and 'natural'- 'practical' sensibility images show a significant correlation between the two kinds of evaluation. 4. The results of regression revealed that 'sophisticated', 'characteristic' and 'practical' sensibility images had an effect on the purchase preference of women's suits fabrics. 5. 'Sophisticated', 'characteristic' and 'classic' sensibility images had an effect on the tactile preference of women's suits fabrics. 6. The structural characteristics of fabrics: thickness, weave and weight had an effect on the 'classic' sensibility image. Thickness had an effect on the 'sophisticated' sensibility image and fabric count had an effect on the 'characteristic' sensibility image.
A Study on Color Image of TV News Anchor Woman's Jackets
Lee, Eun-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 2010, Pages 149~156
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.1.149
TV news anchor woman's appearance, voice, expression, and clothing, etc., have an influence on the reliability of the article to be reported. Among these, clothing is the most crucial factor in forming an anchor woman's image, especially the clothing color factor. This study is aimed at providing the basic foundation for anchor woman when they select the clothing color by analyzing the clothing color image on the screen. For this purpose, the KBS and MBC 9 o'clock news desk and SBS 8 o'clock news of the local major news programs were selected. With the collection of 300 pieces of news clips related to anchor woman's clothing from January to December 2008, they were classified into F/W seasons and analyzed by the clothing color. The surveying method of clothing color was to capture the anchor woman's clothing among the news clips, then pick the representing color by applying Adobe Photoshop, and researching the formed
value of color chips. The surveyed color was transformed into value of distant cell, H V/C, and the results were analyzed. As a result, it showed that the White system for anchor woman's clothing during the S/S seasons is most frequently picked, followed by the Red system. In F/W seasons, Gray system is the most favored, then White and Red, respectively. It was revealed that the most frequently selected colors for upper-wear by anchor women in the three broadcasting stations was an achromatic color, such as White or Gray, and then the chromatic color, Red. It shows that there is no big difference in season. The Inner-wear color matched the jackets which were also achromatic in color, white and black being the most favored in the S/S seasons, and in the case of chromatic colors, Red was the most favored. In addition to this, identical coloration with jacket, coloration with similar color, or single color as clothing color were no less frequently adopted. During the F/W seasons, identical coloration accounts for 26%, the most popular colored being White and Red. It was found that the coloration with achromatic colors are highly favored in the three major broadcasting stations alike.
Analysis on Awareness and Practices for Diet according to Lifestyles of College Students
Kim, Hyo-Chung ; Kim, Mee-Ra ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 2010, Pages 157~165
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.1.157
The purpose of this study was to investigate the awareness and practices for diet according to the lifestyles of college students in Youngnam region. The data were collected by self-administered questionnaires during May 2007. One hundred-ninety samples were analyzed by SPSS Windows. Frequencies, Cronbach's alpha, factor analysis, cluster analysis, one-way analysis of variance, Duncan's multiple range test and chi-square test were conducted. The results were as follows. Lifestyles were categorized into four factors by factor analysis: popularity-seeking type, body-management-seeking type, convenience-seeking type and healthy-seeking type. In addition, the respondents belonged to one of four groups by cluster analysis: body-management-seeking group, popularity-seeking group, convenience-seeking group, and healthy-seeking group. There were significant differences in perception about individual body images, concern of diet, awareness of diet necessity and knowledge and practices for diet among the four groups. That is, the body-management-seeking group showed the highest levels of concern of diet, awareness of diet necessity and the practice of fasting therapy. Additionally, the healthy-seeking group showed the highest level of practice of exercise therapy.
Analysis on Consumer Use and Perception on Labeling of Cooking Utensils Made of Plastic and Glass
Kim, Myung-Shin ; Kim, Hyo-Chung ; Kim, Mee-Ra ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 2010, Pages 167~177
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.1.167
This study examined consumer perception and use on labeling of cooking utensils made of plastic and glass to get information about improving the labeling. The data were collected from 505 adults in Seoul, Busan, Daegu, Daejeon, Incheon, and Gwangju. The data were analyzed by SPSS Windows V.14.0. Frequencies, t tests, one-way analysis of variance, and Duncan's multiple range tests were carried out. Many respondents checked off 'precautions in use' more than any other notice when they purchased the cooking utensils made of plastic and glass. Respondents were dissatisfied with the letter size and intelligibility of foreign language on the labeling. Most respondents preferred 'tag' for most cooking utensils made of plastic and glass. In addition, on necessity of precautions for each category of plastic cooking utensils, frying pans, plastic baskets, plastic water buckets, plastic seasoning bottles, the frying pan showed the highest need for 'do not place close to the fire'. Plastic cups and plastic containers showed the highest in 'whether utensils could be used in the microwave oven and accompanying precautions', and plastic cutting board showed the highest in 'matters relating to washing before use.' In the case of cooking utensils made of glass, 'precaution on shock' was the highest for glass cups and mugs and 'whether utensils could be used in the microwave oven and accompanying precautions' was the highest for glass pans, dishes and containers.
Intake of Processed Food and Perceptions of Food Labeling in Middle School Students
Goh, Eun-Kyung ; Park, Eun-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 2010, Pages 179~189
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.1.179
The purpose of this study was to investigate intakes of processed food and use and understanding of food labeling by middle school students in the Chonbuk area. Self-administered questionnaires were completed by 912 middle school students. Questionnaires included questions regarding general characteristics of the students, intakes of processed food, perception of food labeling, and knowledge of food labeling. Data were analyzed by SPSS 11.5 statistical software. Significant differences between genders were tested by the
-test and the t-test. The frequency of processed foods being consumed at least two times per day was 31.0%, once a day was 30.5%, once a week was 26.0%, and eating rarely was 12.5%. Most frequently consumed processed foods were milk and milk products, bread and biscuits, and candy and chocolates. When the subjects bought processed foods, they read the general facts 3.1 out of 5.0 points, where the scores for females (3.2) were higher than the males (3.0) at p<.001. The subjects read the nutrition facts 2.7 out of the 5.0 points, and the scores of the females (3.0) were again higher than the males (2.5) at p<.001. The subjects recognized the necessity of general facts(3.5) and nutrition facts(3.4) of food labeling, but, only 33.9% of the subjects had received food labeling education. The accuracy rate of the food labeling knowledge of the subjects was not high, the accuracy rate ranged from 19.3% to 76.8%. Therefore, it is necessary to develop school programs for middle school students to provide education on processed foods, food labeling, general facts and nutrition facts.
Effect of Addition of Enzyme-Resistant Rice RS3 on Quality and Textural Characteristics of Madeleine
Kim, Wan-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 2010, Pages 191~201
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.1.191
This study attempted to examine the application of retrograded starch (RS3) isolated from rice flour into Madeleine which is easy to make, supply enough energy and micro nutrients with adequate drinks, and prevent an adult disease. This could be a popular food to anyone regardless of age and gender who avoid rice and become high value-added, processed rice foods. For this, control Madeleine was made from wheat flour and an experimental one was made from 5 or 10% rice RS3 addition as well as wheat flour. Four different types of rice were produced from Premium Ho-Pyong Rice, that is, dry milled rice flour(RFD), soaked for 8 hours and milled, followed by air-dried rice flour(RFW), rice starch(RST), and retrograded rice starch or enzyme-resistant starch(RS3). The results found were as follows: Proximate compositions were decreased with soaking to make RFW, RST and RS3, compared to RFD. RS3 had the highest L, +a and
with the lowest +b, changing it to a dark color, explaining the need for heat control during processing. At
, the swelling power was shown in the order of RST>RFW>RFD>RS3 and the solubility of RS3 was the highest. There were significant differences in viscosities of peak, trough, cold, breakdown and total setback of all rice samples using RVA (p<0.001). Due to the pH of RS3, the Madeleine batter became acidic (p<.01) and expanded, resulting in more air cells and open texture. With an increasing RS3 level in Madeleine, several textural attributes among 'fresh' and 'stored at room temperature' Madeleine samples were significantly different by using Texture Analyzer. While the addition of RS3 in Madeleine did not significantly affect the sensory evaluation, indicating RS3 isolated from rice as a beneficial ingredient for processed rice products.
A Study on the Actual Condition and Teachers' Perception of Outdoor Play in Child Care Center
Choi, Mock-Wha ; Byun, Hea-Ryung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 2010, Pages 203~214
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.1.203
This study will examine the current condition of outdoor play in child care centers and the overall perception of teachers on outdoor play in regards to its related programs and children's reaction to them. Through examining such issues, this study will provide the basic data that can be applied in planning appropriate outdoor play activities, programs and environments. For the study, we surveyed teachers and directors of child care centers using a structured questionnaire. The objects of the survey were 22 child care centers in Daejeon and Seoul, who agreed to conduct the survey. The survey was conducted from August 1 to September 30 2006; 220 copies were distributed, and 188 copies were collected. The results of the study can be summarized as follows: 1) The number of outdoor plays per week were on average 1~2 in most cases, although teachers believed the play should be done everyday. Outdoor play time was mostly 21~30 minutes, while teachers thought 31~40 minutes as appropriate. Children's reaction scored the highest when they played outdoors for 30 minutes every day with their teachers involved in the play. As a result, we have concluded that the appropriate outdoor play should be conducted everyday for 30~40 minutes. 2) Outdoor play was mostly conducted as part of the overall educational plan rather than a separate plan. Since outdoor play affects children's development as much as indoor play, there is a need for development of a specific and separate plan for various outdoor play programs. 3) The outdoor play program that was most often conducted was equipment play and sand play. This indicated the monolithic nature of the outdoor program. Given the fact that children enjoy outdoor plays a lot (M=4.71), various programs including adventure play, sensitive play, and carpenter play should be developed. 4) In outdoor play, the teacher's role included supervising and interacting with children. According to the survey, teachers had a good understanding of the importance on safety and supervising issues in outdoor plays. However they seemed to overlook the importance of having better programs and improving teacher's participation to the play. Despite the importance of outdoor play to children's development, the result shows that teachers have tendencies to limit and obstruct outdoor plays by emphasizing supervising and safety issues instead. 5) Children's safety should not be the only consideration for outdoor plays; teachers ought to better understand that children's development can be maximized by the play. Furthermore, there should be emphasis placed on the program development and teacher's participation; teacher's participation should actively encourage the interactions between a child and a teacher, as well as among children.
A Study on Relationships Between Residential Environments and the Social Maturity of Middle School Students
Kim, See-Hee ; Kwark, Kyung-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 1, 2010, Pages 215~225
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.1.215
This study had the purpose of presenting a residential environment solution as a desirable educational environment for middle school students to grow soundly and to achieve proper self-realization while providing basic materials to build up a suitable residential environment by comparing and analyzing what relationships exist between different home backgrounds, residential environments and middle school students' social maturity. This research was conducted from Feb. 11, 2008 to Feb. 13, 2008. The subject of this research was 601 students in 3 middle schools located in Gyunggi-do. The data analyzed used the SPSS 11.5 version. The summary of this study's results is as follows. First, in terms of home background, the higher the parents' educational background and social and economic position, the greater the students' social maturity. Second, in terms of home environment, the more spacious the living space, the better the water and sewage system and rest room, the more convenient the air conditioner and kitchen system, the better the lighting, ventilation, soundproofness, insulation, the less the danger in relation to fire, crime, traffic accidents, disaster, the greater the students' social maturity. Third, in terms of the home environment related to the correlation between the residential environment and social maturity, all areas such as housing facilities, housing structural environment and housing safety showed static correlations and proved that the residential environment has an important influence on social maturity. Accordingly, in order to build up an ideal residential environment, we should make efforts to expand and improve better facilities at home considering privacy, lighting, ventilation, soundproofness, heating etc. and remove unsound factors that obstruct students social maturity and build up clean and safe residential environment with good relations with their neighbors.