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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
The Impact of the Self-Differentiation and Self-Disclosure of Unmarried Persons in Early Adulthood on Their Intimacy with the Opposite Sex
Choi, Ji-Young ; Choi, Youn-Shil ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 227~244
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.2.227
The purpose of this study was to examine how the family of origin and self-disclosure of unmarried persons in early adulthood affected their own intimacy with the opposite sex, which was one of the major developmental tasks for them. The findings of the study are as follows: First, the self-differentiation, self-disclosure, and intimacy with the opposite sex of the single male and female adults investigated were generally at a moderate level. Second, for self-differentiation, the background variables of the male and female adults made no statistically significant difference. For self-disclosure, the background variables of the female adults made no statistically significant difference to that, but the male adults differed significantly from one another in that regard according to their family makeup and birth of order. As for connections between the background variables of the single male and female adults and their intimacy with the opposite sex, the male adults varied in that aspect with their birth order, and whether they were dating and considered getting married made a difference to that as well. In the event of the female adults, whether they considered getting married and how long they were dating made a difference in their intimacy with the opposite sex. Third, concerning the relative influence of the self-differentiation and self-disclosure of the unmarried male and female adults on their intimacy with the opposite sex, their intimacy with the opposite sex improved as division occurred from their original families, when they opened themselves up to more people, when they thought of marriage more and when they were dating for a longer period of time.
The Effect of the Baduk Play Activity Upon a Child's Intelligence, Problem-solving and Delay of Gratification
Kim, Ba-Ro-Mi ; Cho, Bok-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 245~256
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.2.245
The purpose of this study is on the effect of the Baduk play activity upon a child's intelligence, problem solving and delay of gratification. 68 participants (36 from the test group and 32 from the regulation group) were selected from 5 year old children who attend two elementary school annexed kindergartens for a pre-test and post-test in order to verify the effect of the Baduk play activity. The Baduk play activity was applied to the test group 3 times a week from the 3rd week of March, 2008 until the 3rd week of October, 2008. In this study, K-WPPSI, CPS and delay of gratification test were used to measure the effect of the activity. As a result, it can be construed that the Baduk play activity gives children a more positive influence upon their activity and overall IQ, ability of problem- solving and delay of gratification.
The Influences of Young Children's Happiness on Behavior Problems and Interpersonal Problem Solving Strategies
Gwon, Gi-Nam ; Seong, Mi-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 257~270
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.2.257
This study investigated preschoolers' happiness, behavior problems, and interpersonal problem solving strategies according to their sex and age, and the relationships among them. The subjects were 185 preschoolers (97 boys and 88 girls; 83 four-year-olds and 102 five-year-olds). Results showed that boys were higher in behavior problems (aggression) and forceful problem solving strategies than girls, while girls were higher in happiness (characteristics of self) than boys. Also, 4-year-old children were higher in forceful problem solving strategies than 5-year-olds. Children's happiness was negatively related to their internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. Behavior problems and interpersonal problem solving strategies of children were influenced by their happiness. These findings provide preliminary evidence that children's happiness may predict their behavior problems and interpersonal problem solving strategies.
The Effects of Mathematical Games with Motion on Young Children's Development
Chang, Bo-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 271~283
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.2.271
This study was planned to investigate the effects of mathematical games with motion on young children's development. The study was performed to compose mathematical games with motion and just mathematical games for young children. The games were set up to be executed 16 times for 8 weeks. The results of this study were as follows: Mathematical games with motion had a significant effect on young children's mathematical problem-solving ability. Mathematical games with motion had a significant effect in every category on young children's ability for motion competence and mathematical games with motion had a significant effect on young children's socio-emotional development. There were significant differences between the control group and the experimental group except for the independence from teachers and peer interaction. Mathematical games with motion had a significant effect on young children's language ability.
The Relationship Between Children's Emotion Regulation and School Adjustment as a Function of Child Sex
Lim, Youn-Jin ; Lee, Eun-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 285~294
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.2.285
This study examined the relationship between children's school adjustment and their emotion regulation. The subjects were 122 1st grade students selected from one elementary school in Incheon. Teachers rated each child using the Emotion Regulation Scale (Lee, 1997) and School Adjustment Scale (Chi & Jung, 2006). The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, t-test, correlation analysis, and stepwise regressions. The children's emotion regulation and school adjustment were differed by sex of the child. The girls were assessed to be better adapted in emotion regulation and school adjustment than the boys. The children's emotion regulation was positively related to the children's school adjustment. In addition, the children's emotion regulation predicted how well they would adjust to school life.
Consumer Satisfaction Model for Cyber Learning: Focused on Expectation-disconfirmation Paradigm
Yoo, Hyun-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 295~310
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.2.295
This study measured college students' levels of satisfaction with their cyber learning through an online survey of students who had taken one or more cyber learning before. 500 returned and usable questionnaires were analyzed and SPSS WIN 12.0 was used for the descriptive statistics, t-test, factor analysis and analysis of covariance structures. The results are as follows; First, college students were very interested in their cyber learning. Their decision to take the cyber learning was initiated more by emotional motives (m=3.13) than by rational motives (m=3.35). Second, the consumers' expectations for the cyber learning were divided into the 'Expectation for service quality' and the 'Expectation for economy,' and their 'Expectation for economy'(m=4.02) was higher than their 'Expectations for service quality'(m=3.60). Third, the consumers' expectations for the cyber learning and the results of the cyber learning were analyzed, and a discrepancy between these two were also analyzed. The analysis of discrepancy between the two showed that the average of the results was lower than that of the expectations, which means that the cyber learning did not meet the consumers' expectations in every aspect, However, the average satisfaction level was 3.20, which means consumers were satisfied with the cyber learning overall. Fourth, causes of dissatisfaction with the cyber learning were divided into internal factors due to personal matters and external factors due to classes and other factors. It was found that dissatisfaction due to internal factors was greater than that due to external factors. Lastly, the factors affecting satisfaction/dissatisfaction with the cyber learning and willingness to use it again were analyzed. The results showed that the motive for its use affected the formation of expectation but it did not affect the results. Satisfaction with the cyber learning affected the willingness to use it again positively. However, the effect of dissatisfaction on the willingness to use it again was not statistically significant.
Directions and Suggestions for Consumer Safety Policy in Living
Huh, Kyung-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 311~323
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.2.311
This study includes definitions and major issues relating to product safety, and reviews about product safety laws of Korea and of other countries. In addition, this study suggests several ideas for a future governmental policy concerning product safety and the government policies to guide in securing consumers' safety of products. First, we need to set up consumer safety policies and laws dealing with complex consumer safety issues and to integrate existing laws for the safety of products. Second, opening a consumer safety agency and training workers who have relation to the safety policy, as a profession, are necessary. Third, it is required to redefine the product safety guidelines, strengthen the safety policy and to minimize safety regulations by the government directly. Fourth, each product of the safety management policies must be regularly evaluated and given feedback for improving its effectiveness. Fifth, information gathering, disclosing, and having a feedback system related to product safety should be rebuilt for the effective management of unsafe products. In addition, laws and the aims of product safety management being changed to focus on the consumers, control on imported products, collaboration with network and mutual-assistance systems of product safety-related agencies including international organizations and major countries and taking leading roles in the world are essential.
Youth and Their Parents' Experiences of Young Consumers' Problem in Mobile Phone Service and Related Variables
Yang, Deok-Soon ; Song, In-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 325~341
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.2.325
A study on what kind of problems young consumers experience in buying and using mobile phone services with a comprehensive and consumers oriented perspective is needed. Through this acknowledgement, we investigated (i) the degree of consumer problems that young consumers experience in purchasing and using mobile phone services, and (ii) the related variables that affect experiences of this consumer problem. The parents of the teenagers were also included in the survey because they experience the same problems young consumers' experience in buying and using mobile phone services. Data were gathered through an internet survey (www.embrain.com) and a total of 699 samples from 350 parents and 349 youths using mobile phone services were analysed. The results are as follows. First, the teenagers and parents' experience level of young consumers' problems were generally high experiencing similar kinds of problems. Second, parents experienced more young consumers' problems than the teenagers in buying and using mobile phone services, especially in misuse and abuse of the phones. Third, among the teenagers, the monthly usage fee music or game usage, the number of changes in mobile phone service operators, the number of replacement mobile phones and the gender had a significant effect on consumers' problems of mobile phone services. Among the parents, the monthly usage fee, music or game usage, confirmation of the bill, and the gender of their child were significant consumer problems. Based on results of our survey the direction of consumer policy and education was suggested for teenagers and their parents.
College Students' TV Advertising Information Recognition and Comprehension: A Focus on the Consumer-deception Factors in Commercials
Han, Sung-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 343~359
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.2.343
The purpose of this study is to analyze college students' TV advertising information recognition, comprehension and affecting factors on them. Data were collected by a survey of college student consumers after experiments with TV commercials. ANOVA, Duncan, and stepwise multiple regression analysis were carried out with the gathered data. The results are as follows. First, the TV advertising information comprehension degree of the college students consumers were shown to be low, by 41.2%. The comprehension degree was especially low when the information was presented visually without any verbal expression. Second, assuming that the comprehension of TV advertisements is defined by a correct perceptual understanding after recognizing the consumer-deception factors, the percentage of correct answers was poor, by 29.2%. Third, according to sex, average monthly income, degree of immersion on TV commercials, advertisement attitude, and consumer education of school, the TV advertisement information recognition and comprehension showed varying degrees between the groups. In the case of women students whose average monthly income was 100 to 300 thousand Korean won, had a high degree of immersion on TV commercials, and a high degree of consumer education at school, the TV advertising information recognition was shown to be high. In the case of third year college students who had a medium level of immersion on TV commercials and a high degree of consumer education at school, the TV advertisement comprehension was high. Fourth, the high explanatory factor of TV advertising information recognition and comprehension was found to be common because of consumer education at school.
Analyzing Adult Children's Income Transfers to Parents According to Financial Structure
Yoon, Won-Ah ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 361~374
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.2.361
Using the first wave of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing, this research examines the effect of elderly parent's financial structure on private income transfers from their adult children. The results show that low income elderly households are more likely to receive income transfers from their children. Generally, Korean elderly households were found to have very low liquidity in their asset structure, as the average household holds over 90% of their assets in real estate. However, it seems that the parents' potential income based on their real estate assets is unimportant in determining children's transfer decisions. Rather, the parents' labor income is found to be a key factor in children's income transfer decisions.
The Extended Technology Acceptance Model According to Smart Clothing Types
Chae, Jin-Mie ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 375~387
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.2.375
The Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) presented by Davis (1989) has been regarded as highly explanatory as well as the clearest model in explaining consumers' adoption of innovative technology or products. Existing studies have expanded the model by adding related external variables to improve the explanation depending on the type of innovative technology. This study expanded TAM by adding two more variables, namely consumers' technology innovation and clothing involvement considering the feature of smart clothing. The objectives of this study are as follows: 1. to suggest the extended TAM in explaining the adoption process of smart clothing, 2. to verify the differences in the path hypotheses according to the type of smart clothing. A total of 815 effective samples were collected from adults over 20 years old, and AMOS 5.0 package was employed for data analysis. As a result, it was proved that the extended TAM was appropriate for explaining the process of adopting smart clothing according to the path hypotheses of smart clothing types. Technology innovation and clothing involvement were confirmed as antecedent variables in affecting TAM. The perceived usefulness appeared to be a more crucial variable than the perceived ease of use and attitude was found to be an important parameter in adopting smart clothing. Considering the path hypotheses of MP3 playing clothes, perceived usefulness had a direct influence on acceptance intention unlike other types of smart clothing. As for photonic clothes, the influence of perceived ease of use on attitude was supported while it was rejected in the case of MP3 playing clothes and sensing sportswear.
A Study on the Relationship Between the Concern about Well-being Lifestyle and the Perceived Image of Hanji Fiber
Ju, Jeong-Ah ; Shim, Joon-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 389~398
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.2.389
This study examines the relationship between the concern about well-being lifestyle and the perceived image of Hanji fiber. A survey was conducted among male and female consumers aged 20 and over in Jeonju and Daejon from January 4th to 11th, 2008. A total of 168 responses were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, factor analysis, and ANOVA via the SPSS ver. 12. As a result, four factors were determined in the concern for a well-being lifestyle; product consumption, enjoying culture, using therapy and managing the household. The perceived image of Hanji fiber were classified into four elements; traditional, high-quality, functional and popular images. Among the factors of the concern for a well-being lifestyle and the perceived image of Hanji fibers, a partial relationship was observed. There is a positive relationship, especially between the product consumption factor of a well-being lifestyle and the high-quality and functional image of Hanji fiber. Also, there was a positive relationship between the factor of managing the household and the traditional image of Hanji fiber. However, the therapy interest factor of a well-being lifestyle was negatively related to the traditional image of Hanji fiber.
A Study on the Visual Images of Checked Pattern Shirts in Achromatic Color
Choi, Su-Koung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 399~407
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.2.399
The purpose of this study was to investigate the visual images of shirts according to coloration and the interval of checked patterns. The experimental stimulus and questionnaires for scaling response were developed for this study. The stimuli were 12 color pictures, in which the gender, coloration(WG: white+gray, WK: white+black, GK: gray+black), and interval(0.5 cm, 1.5 cm, 3.5 cm, 5.5 cm) were manipulated. The 7-point rating scale was used for evaluation of the visual image. Data were obtained from 144 male college students and 144 female college students living in Gyeonggi, Gyeongnam, Seoul, Gwangju, Daegu, and Busan on December 2009. For data analysis, ANOVA and the Duncan-test were used by using the SPSS program. The results of this study were as follows; the visual images for shirts according to the coloration and interval of checked patterns consisted of four dimensions of attractiveness, appeal, youth, and modesty. Gender was the main factor when looking at attractiveness. Coloration had the main effect on appeal, youth, and modesty. Also, there was a significant interaction effect of gender and coloration on attractiveness, while there was a significant interaction effect of coloration and interval on modesty.
Analysis on the Health Condition, Meal Type and Snack Preference of University Students in Chungnam Province
Lee, Yang-Soon ; Oh, So-Yeon ; Kim, Gye-Woong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 409~416
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.2.409
This study was carried out to investigate the eating habits and preference of snacks for students in Chungnam province. Questionnaires were collected from 333 students, which were divided into male and female, food nutrition majors and non-majors, and weight groups according to BMI. The results obtained were as follows; 1. 62.8% of students responded that they were healthy. A significant difference on the health question was found between male and female students (p<.05). Male students responded more positively to the question related to health than the females, saying they felt healthy (71.1%). There was no significance between the different majors, but a significant difference was found in weight groups compared to normal groups (p<.05). 2. 72.1% of respondents enjoyed omnivorous meals. The significant differences were not found in gender groups and major groups. However, there was a significant difference between the weights of the students (p<.01). 3. Most of the students liked sweet foods (42.3%). The significant difference was found in gender groups for food tastes. The male students preferred spicy foods (37.0%), but the females preferred sweet foods (49.5%). Taste for the major and weight groups was not significantly different. 4. 50.5% of respondents answered that they frequently ate snacks. The significance was found in gender groups (p<.01). The females had a higher intake of snacks than the males. The significant difference for taste was not shown in the major group, but was found in the weight groups (p<.05). 5. Students preferred snacks and candy (16.8%). The males liked dairy products (19.3%), while the females preferred snacks and candy (23.7%). Students majoring in food nutrition have a tendency to prefer snacks (32.1%). Appropriate calorie intake and desirable eating habits should be recommended for healthy control and maintenance of students through eating nutritionally balanced foods.
Analysis of Differences in Indoor Environment and Fatigue Response According to Ventilation in Lecture Hall
Oh, Ye-Seul ; Hwang, Jin-A ; Choi, Yoon-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 2, 2010, Pages 417~428
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.2.417
The purpose of this study was to analyze differences of the indoor environment and student's fatigue response according to ventilation in university lecture hall. The experiments consisted of measuring the indoor environmental parameters and a survey of student's responses. The experiments were in the lecture hall that the actual lecture was conducted in on the
of May 2009 (not opening windows and door- A) and the
of June 2009 (opening windows and door- B). The experimental variable was ventilation by opening the windows and door, and the controlled conditions were indoor temperature by air conditioner, volume of the microphone and VTR, lighting conditions and teaching method. The results are as follows: 1) The indoor temperature was maintained in controlling A, B but the
and relative humidity of A (average 3579ppm, 62.6%) was higher than B (average 1697ppm, 48.1%). 2) There were differences in the student's subjective responses and student's fatigue responses between A and B. 3) Therefore, it was found that ventilation by opening the windows and door was a valid way to improve the relative humidity and to reduce
in the lecture hall.