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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
A Qualitative Study of Experience of Pumasi Child Rearing of Housewives with Infants
Chung, Hae-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 3, 2010, Pages 429~441
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.3.429
This study explores experiences of housewives with infants' Pumasi child rearing community(i.e, communal child rearing community). A concrete context of pumasi child rearing of housewives with Infants was found. Results were as follows: The backgrounds of participation in pumasi child rearing community are isolated condition of child rearing and housewives' needs to find way of communication with others. Pumasi child rearing communities give meaningful experiences. They meet the developmental needs of both mothers and children and also provide various parenting models and skills, give a high value to individual child rearing, develop an everyday life community and strengthen the health of communities.
The Effect of Dramatic Play Using Economic-Fairy Tales on Preschoolers' Basic-Economic Understanding and Consumer Behavior
Chae, Young-Ran ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 3, 2010, Pages 443~453
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.3.443
This study analyzed the effects of dramatic play using Economic-fairy tales on young children's basic- economic understanding and the consumer behavior. The participants in this study were 42 young children who attended a kindergarten in G city. The mean age of participants was 70 months. The experimental group participated in 'Dramatic play using Economic-fairy tales' while the control group participated in a 'Discussion activity using Economic-fairy tales'. The experiment used 'The Basic-Economic Concept Test' and 'The Consumer Behavior Test' in the collection of data and T-test was used to statistically analyze the data. Significant differences were found between the experimental group and comparison group in both the post-test score of Basic-Economic Understanding and of Consumer Behavior NOTE. In conclusion, the results of this study suggested that the technique of dramatic play using Economic-fairy tales which was developed in this study are probably effective in developing young children's basic-economic understanding and consumer behavior.
Development and Evaluation of School Adjustment Program for Young Children from Multi-cultural Families
Kim, Jung-Hyun ; Sung, Mi-Young ; Jung, Hyun-Sim ; Kwon, Yun-Jeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 3, 2010, Pages 455~469
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.3.455
This study developed and evaluated a school adjustment program for children from multi-cultural families. The program was developed to enhance Korean language ability and adjustment to school for children from multi-cultural backgrounds. 14 preschool children (5 boys and 9 girls) participated in this program. The effect of this program was assessed through a preschool-children's receptive and expressive vocabulary test as well as through a reading ability test. Results showed there was a significant experimental effect (p<.05) in receptive and expressive vocabulary test scores. After the experiment, children showed higher scores in the receptive and expressive vocabulary test than before. Results of the program evaluation revealed this program was helpful for promoting Korean language ability in children and assisted their adjustment to school for children from multi-cultural backgrounds.
Examining Conceptions of Volunteering in Early Childhood Education from Diverse Perspectives
Ahn, Hyo-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 3, 2010, Pages 471~485
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.3.471
This qualitative study explores how volunteering to help in early childhood education is conceptualized from the perspectives of three parties involved; university students, university professors, and principals as well as teachers, and children‘s mothers from a local daycare center and a kindergarten. Data was collected through journals, interviews, and several other artifacts, such as student portfolios, and letters from mothers. Findings were as follows: firstly, preservice early childhood teachers defined voluntary activity in early childhood education as a service that requires motivation and responsibility, and as an activity that helps to establish their identities as teachers. Secondly, university professors constructed the system for service learning activities and helped preservice early childhood teachers’ change the view from volunteering activity to volunteering learning. Thirdly, the local community referred to these activities in terms of the partnerships made for children‘s education and the possibility of cooperative childcare. The findings of this study describe the perspectives of parties involved and may be helpful in planning and executing specialized volunteer projects as well as in understanding volunteer behavior.
Effects of Social Support and Stress Coping Strategies on Teachers' Job Stress in Corporate-Sponsored Child Care Centers
Kwon, Yeon-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 3, 2010, Pages 487~498
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.3.487
This study explored effects of social support and stress coping strategies on teachers' job stress in corporate-sponsored child care centers. Participants were 191 child care teachers from 19 corporate-sponsored child care centers. Data was analyzed using Pearson's productive correlation and hierarchical multiple regression tests. Important findings were as follows: First, the overload of task was the dominant factor in causing job stress. Secondly, social support correlated negatively with child care teachers' job stress. Thirdly, child care teachers' problem-focused coping strategy was also found to be related to their job stress. Finally, the effect of social support on child care teachers' job stress was partially mediated by their problem-focused coping strategy.
The Effect of Family Concept and Familism on Family Strengths among University Students
Kim, Jin-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 3, 2010, Pages 499~510
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.3.499
This study investigated trends in university students' acceptance of family diversity, familism, family strengths. Participants in this study were 388 university students (193 male, 195 female). The major findings were as follows: Respondents' recognition of family concept is modified from traditional family notion to modern conception. The general trends regarding the level of familism showed that males' level was higher than females'. The respondents' family strength was influenced by a blood permanency of father, family priority, reverence for parent and the tie that bind child, functional perceptions of family. The most important variable in terms of influence on university students' family strength was that of familism. These results implied that the familism was partly influential to family strengths.
Contraceptive Knowledge, Contraceptive Attitude, and Contraceptive Use among College Students: Function of Gender, Age, and Residence
Choi, Jung-Hyun ; Kim, Kyoung-Eun ; Shin, Mi-A ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 3, 2010, Pages 511~522
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.3.511
This study investigated the differences in college students' attitudes towards, and knowledge of contraceptives. Gender, age group and place of residence were examined to identify variables related to contraceptive use. A total of 388 responses were obtained from college students. The results are as follows: Firstly, significant differences were found in degree of contraceptive knowledge between genders, age groups, and residence types. There was also a significant interaction effect between gender and age. Secondly, there were significant differences of attitudes towards contraception in gender and age and there was also significant interaction effect between residence type and age. Thirdly, college students' contraceptive use could be successfully predicted by gender and attitude towards contraception. Male students who had positive attitudes towards contraception were more likely to use contraceptives. This suggests attitudes towards contraception should be considered when developing contraceptive programs.
The Effects of Sensory Experiences of Customers Visiting Family-Style Restaurants on Customer Satisfaction
Huh, Eun-Jeong ; Kim, Woo-Sung ; Jung, Yoon-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 3, 2010, Pages 523~536
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.3.523
This study analyzed the effects of demographic factors and sensory experiences of customers on customer satisfaction, using data from 302 customers in the Pusan, Ulsan, and Kyungnam areas who have visited family restaurants within 3 month period prior to the study. This study defined the sub-factors of sensory experience as vision, sound, smell, taste, and touch, and defined the sub-factors of customer satisfaction as main services, supplementary facilities, services related to sales promotion, served food, and the location of a restaurant. The study revealed that each evaluation score of the sub-factors of sensory experience and each evaluation score of the sub-factors of customer satisfaction was a little higher than the middle score. Respondents evaluated taste as the highest score among the sub-factors of sensory experience and evaluated main services as the highest score among the sub-factors of customer satisfaction. In terms of the effects of the sub-factors of sensory experiences and demographic factors on overall customer satisfaction, more positive taste experience, vision experience, and sound experience led to higher overall customer satisfaction and the married group in terms of marital state gave higher evaluation scores on overall customer satisfaction than the counterpart. In terms of the effects of the sub-factors of sensory experiences and demographic factors on individual customer satisfaction, consumers' sensory experiences were shown to exert far greater influences than the demographic variables.
Changes in the Cultural Characteristics and Values in Korean Woman's Magagzine -Advertisements from 1955 to 2008-
Ko, Eun-Ju ; Song, Hyun-Jeong ; Kim, Seon-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 3, 2010, Pages 537~553
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.3.537
Culture represents forms of life appeared in various dimensions. Advertisements which represent these forms of life show the most important social and cultural phenomenon. The necessity of research on the cultural characteristics of society has been raised because the effectiveness of advertisement could have been varied depending on the cultural value. Moreover, within a society, values reflected by advertisements tend to vary in different eras. Thus, this study aims to clarify the differences between cultural values from different eras through an analysis of cultural characteristics and symptoms with consideration of the time flow. This study also examines the meanings of cultural characteristics highlighted by the study. For the investigation, two Korean women's magazines were selected, from 1955 to 2008. Data were analyzed using chi-squared test which was conducted with Crosstab using the PASW statistics 17.0 Program. The results were as follows: there were changing aspects from traditional values to modern values by years. Additionally, each period was described using several keywords. The keywords were divided by decade: in the '50s keywords were 'lifestyle change', 'material value increase' and the 'challenge to traditional values', in the '60s keywords were 'American culture acceptance', 'material success', in the '70s keywords were 'the rise of nonmaterial value', 'rationalism' and 'egalitarianism', in the '80s 'individualism', 'Life style and culture group differentiation', 'conspicuous consumption', in the '90s 'globalization', 'emphasis on personality sensitivity', 'health-oriented', 'improve the quality of life', while in the '00s keywords were 'spread of digital life', 'rational consumption patterns', 'the 3rd distribution'. Through the research, important changes in the cultural characteristics of Korea were observed. Furthermore, we may be able to think of the most effective way of advertising by identification of the cultural characteristics of the society.
Development of 2D Patterns for Cycling Pants using 3D Data of Human Movement and Stretch Fabric
Jeong, Yeon-Hee ; Hong, Kyung-Hi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 3, 2010, Pages 555~563
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.3.555
With recent advances in 3D scanning technology, three-dimensional (3D) patternmaking is becoming a powerful way to develop garments pattern. This technology is now applicable to the made to measure (MTM) system of both ordinary and tightly fitting garments. Although the pattern of fitted clothing has been developed using 3D human data, it is still interesting to develop cycling pants by considering while-cycling body posture and fabric elasticity. This study adopted the Garland's triangle simplification method in order to simplify data without distorting the original 3D scan. Next, the Runge-Kutta method (2C-AN program) was used to develop a 2D pattern from the triangular pixels in the 3D scanned data. The 3D scanned data of four male, university students aged from 21 to 25, was obtained using Whole body scanner (Model WB4, Cyberware, Inc., USA). Results showed the average error of measurement was
(0.19%) for area and 0~0.61cm for the length between the 3D body scanned data and the 2D developed pattern data. This is an acceptable range of error for garment manufacture. Additionally, the 2D pattern developed, based on the 3D body scanned data, did not need ease for comfort or ease of movement when cycling. This study thus provides insights into how garment patterns may be developed for ergonomic comfort in certain special environments.
Relationships between Clothing Values, Wearing Behaviors and the Attitudes toward Underwear for Female Students
Gu, Eun-Hye ; Kweon, Soo Ae ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 3, 2010, Pages 565~575
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.3.565
This study examined the relationships between clothing values, wearing behaviors and the attitudes toward underwear for female students. A survey of female middle and high school students was conducted. 584 questionnaires, collected from April to May, 2009, were analyzed using descriptive statistics, cross tabulation analysis, t-test, factor analysis, and Pearson's correlation coefficient. Economic and aesthetic value were found to be significantly higher than other clothing values amongst older students while students in coeducational schools regarded aesthetic properties of clothing as being more important (p<.05). Girl students' most pursued attitudes toward underwear was modesty. According to age of students and the type of school they attended there were significant differences in students' underwear wearing behaviors. A high level of correlation between clothing values and attitudes toward underwear was found. Aesthetic value out of the clothing values showed a high correlation with esthetics/sexual attractiveness out of the attitudes toward underwear. Aesthetics/sexual attractiveness out of the attitudes toward underwear was shown to be most influential on underwear wearing behaviors. There would be a necessity for emphasizing the wearing of girdle and slip.
Alcohol Consumption and Drink-Related Behavior of Male University Students in Daegu: A Comparison of 1999 and 2009
Kim, Jong-Gyu ; Kim, Joong-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 3, 2010, Pages 577~588
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.3.577
This study was conducted to investigate the changes in alcohol consumption of male university students in Daegu, Korea and their drink-related behavior. The study focused on these changes over a decade using self-administered questionnaire surveys and health examinations that were carried out at a university campus in 1999 and in 2009. In both years more than 85% of students responded that they drank alcohol. However, significant increases in the frequency and amount of alcohol consumption were found (p<.001). The main influence on students' drinking behavior was friends/peers in both years. The most frequently preferred alcohol of respondents was so-ju (a traditional Korean liquor) in both years. However, the most frequently preferred type of food to accompany drinking had significantly changed (p<.01). Other changes including the increase of drinking speed and smoking during drinking were found to have significantly changed (p<.05) while significant difference regarding the decrease in food intake during drinking was not found. No significant difference in the amount of alcohol consumed was noted between underage drinkers and drinkers of above the legal drinking age. Heavy drinkers in the 2009 population had significantly higher systolic blood pressure than non-drinkers and moderate drinkers (p<.01). This study also indicates that there may be a rise in heavy drinking and/or binge drinking among drinkers including underage students. The results of this study suggest that alcohol-blood pressure associations are considered to be of concern even in young adults. This study also suggests the need for special alcohol prevention programs or campaigns to intervene in the behavior of students.