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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
The Introduction of a Preschool Class as an Alternative to Lowering School Entrance Age: A Case Study of Sweden
Han, You-Me ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 4, 2010, Pages 589~599
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.4.589
When the Korean government announced the lowering of the school entrance age from 6 to 5 years in an effort to increase the fertility rate, one candidate for the Seoul mayor rode on the slogan, 'one dong, one public kindergarten'. This study attempted to show the introduction of a preschool class for six-year-olds being used as analternative to lowering school entrance age in Sweden. First, the current state of preschool class, the Early Childhood Education and Care, and the education system in Sweden were described. Next, the background for the introduction of the preschool classes was analyzed. Thirdly, the effects of preschool class were evaluated from the perspectives of 6 year-olds as well as the institutiona land social status of the ECEC. Results from this study imply not only that the lower school entrance age policy should be abolished but also preschool classes could be considered as an alternative.
A Comparison of Linguistic and Spatial Ability in Left- and Right-handed Young Children
Lee, Jeong-Hwa ; Han, Hee-Seung ; Lee, Eun-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 4, 2010, Pages 601~612
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.4.601
It is widely known that language functions in our brains are lateralized to the left hemisphere and spatial recognition functions are lateralized to the right hemisphere. It is also known that handedness is closely related to the lateralization of brain functions. However, at what point in the brain‘s development the lateralization of brain functions takesplace is still disputed. This study sought to find differences in linguistic and spatial abilities between left-handed and right-handed children, and provide objective data on the relationship between the handedness and the brain lateralization. 19 left-handed children and 20 right-handed children aged 5 were chosen through questionnaire for this study and the K-WPPSI simple intelligence test was used to check the homogeneity of two groups. The results showed that the differences inlinguistic and spatial ability between left and right-handed children were not statistically significant.
Unmarried College Students' Knowledge of Sex and Cognition of Prenatal Education
Shin, Mi-A ; Choi, Jung-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 4, 2010, Pages 613~624
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.4.613
This study investigated unmarried college students' knowledge of sex and cognition of prenatal education. It also aimed to provide insights into how college students' awareness of prenatal education may be raised and to make future married couples practice prenatal education. This study used a descriptive correlational research design. Participants were 346 college students in North and South Jeolla Province. Descriptive statistics with the SPSS WIN 12.0 program were used to analyze the collected data. Important findings were as follows: The mean knowledge of sex was .55, which was near moderate level. The mean cognition of prenatal education was 4.08, which was near high level. Knowledge of sex was influenced significantly by sex and major, whereas cognition of prenatal education was influenced significantly by sex. Thus, it was found that when considering how to raise the cognition of prenatal education and sexual knowledge of sex, both gender and major are important factors to consider.
A Comparative Study of Perception of Parenthood and the Needs for a Pre-Parental Educational Program for Male and Female University Students
Lee, Su-Ki ; Park, Hee-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 4, 2010, Pages 625~639
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.4.625
This study compared male and female university students' perceptions of parenthood and their need for pre-parental educational program. Responses of 579 university students in 5 universities were collected using a questionnaire developed by the researchers. Data were analyzed using a T-test and Pearson's chi squared test. Results showed that (1) systematic and pre-parental education may increase opportunities for university students to prepare parent and child rearing skills. (2) Any pre-parent educational program developed should cover practical and such as communication skills, child-rearing techniques and ways of disciplining children. In this way an educational program could provide university students suitable guidance and give them a positive and proper attitude toward parenting should they become parents in the future.
The Effect of Family Strength on Adolescents' Adjustment at School -Focused on Mediation Effect of Self-resilience-
Kim, Kyung-Eun ; Choi, Eun-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 4, 2010, Pages 641~653
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.4.641
This study invesitgated the mediation effect of self-resilience on the relationship between perceived family strength and adolescents' level of adjustment at school. Participants were 479 elementary and middle school students from Daejeon. Data were analysed by SPSS 12.0 and Structural Equation Modeling with AMOS 5.0. Results were as follows: Firstly, family strength gives a direct effect on adolescent's school adjustment. Secondly, family strength is mediated by self-resilience on adolescent's school adjustment. Thirdly, significant differences in the path coefficients of the two groups were not found. These results indicate that we should expand the subjects of family and juvenile welfare, including general adolescents and general families, in order to improve family strength. In addition, programs such as the personal relationship and confidence elevation programs should be enacted to support elementary students' self-resilience.
Clothing Pressure Sensation and Discomfort Experience of Skinny Jean
Na, Young-Joo ; Lee, Dong-Wook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 4, 2010, Pages 655~665
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.4.655
This study analyzed the effects of skinny jean on women's health by questionnaire survey and measuring the pressure experienced under the clothing and participants' subjective view of the pressure level. The average size women in their 20s' waists is 26 inches and so three pairs of jeans were prepared and worn by 4 female participants. A survey was conducted to investigate how often participants wear skinny jeans and whether they had had any feelings of discomfort as a result of this. Participants responded that they hadexperienced middle to high levels of discomfort due to the high pressure inside skinny jeans. For the maximum value of clothing pressures, jean f2 at the part of buttocks showed
. The pressure inside the clothing was found to be highest around the buttocks followed by the knees and finally the belly. The mean values of 7 measuring parts are different according to the jean type; f3
, which is corresponding to the order of pressure sensation, but not corresponding to the order of ease amount of clothing pattern: f2 > f3 > f1. Mean pressure values were also measured according to the body posture: they were found to by highest when sitting on a chair (21.3gf/
), second highest when sitting on the floor (
) and lowest when standing (
). This is not always same to the order of participants subjective perceptions of the pressure, which is, they estimated pressure to be highest when sitting on the floor followed by sitting on a chair and lowest in a standing position.
Subjective Wearing Evaluation of the Commercial Electric Heated Vest
Lee, Hyun-Young ; Jeong, Yeon-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 4, 2010, Pages 667~674
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.4.667
This study evaluated the convenience and heating performance of 4 heated vests on the market through a trial of the vests. Participants were four healthy men who wore the garments outside in cold temperatures typical of the garments' real conditions of use. As the results, all the participants preferred the product, having an easily operable controller in ergonomic aspects and the good insulation for keeping the body temperature. The heating performance of vests was the most important factor in selecting the best product in this test. Indeed, the vests themselves found not to be sufficiently warm in the experimental condition. Thus, heated vests with the enhanced heating performance should be developed so that temperatures in the allowed range can be safely accessed.
Risk Perception and Risk Reduction Behaviors of Fashion Product Consumers in Internet Shopping Malls
Ha, Jong-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 4, 2010, Pages 675~685
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.4.675
This study analyzed risk perception and risk reduction behaviors of male and female college students in their twenties who purchased fashion products in internet shopping malls. It also investigated the relationship between risk perception and risk reduction behavior as well as the ways in which groups, categorized by risk perception, differed in their risk reduction behaviors. The results of this study were as follows: first, seven factors of risk perception were identified. These were product quality, shipping, product image, payment, economic feasibility, fear of other people's reactions, and size. Six types of risk reduction behavior were also identified. These were product comparison, word-of-mouth information search, price search, preference for name-brand, service comparison, and referring to experiences. Next, a correlational analysis of the factors of risk perception and those of risk reduction behavior showed several patterns. The highest positive correlation was between economic risk perception and product comparison behavior. In addition, shipping risk perception was positively correlated with service comparison behavior and product quality and product image had a positive correlation with word-of-mouth information search behavior. Third, customers of internet shopping malls could be categorized into three groups: shipping risk perception group, high risk perception group, and product quality risk perception group. The groups were shown by factor analysis to be significantly different to each other. Finally, risk reduction behavior was investigated according to the different groups of risk perception of the internet shopping malls and the results showed significant differences among groups.
The Effect of Body Image on the Clothes and Dieting of Female University Students
Kim, In-Hwa ; Im, Ja-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 4, 2010, Pages 687~698
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.4.687
This study found that physical image affects behaviour of clothes, ready-to-wear satisfaction or dissatisfaction, weight control targeting the female university students. Results showed that people, who manage their appearance well, seeks esthetics and showing off, on the contrary, the person, who has not confidence of her body, pursues virtue. It was also found that people who have confidence in their body shape, and people who manage their appearance well are typically satisfied with ready-to-wear clothes, while people who are not satisfied with their appearance, do not like ready-to-wear clothes. People who are concerned with appearance and who manages their appearance well, are typically worried about obesity, and they manages their weight control carefully. However, people who have confidence in their bodies and who do not manage their weight do not pay attention to weight control. Consequently, fit was also found that people with more confidence tend to do more exercise and more frequently visit saunas. The less they don't satisfied with their body, the more fast, dietary treatment, or weight control with the other ways.
Dyeability and functionality of Catechu(Part I) -Characteristics of Catechu and Dyeing properties of Cotton-
Nam, Ki-Yeon ; Lee, Jung-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 4, 2010, Pages 699~707
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.4.699
Catechu is widely used as in natural dyeing as well as in various medicines and tannage. This study investigated the dyeing properties and functionality of Catechu through a series of dyeing experiments using cotton fabric. It was shown that the absorbance of Catechu solution has two peaks at 220nm and 280nm. Thus, it can be concluded that the color constituent of Catechu is a catechol tannin and color tone is YR. The dyeability of Catechu increases as the concentration of the dye is increased. Its variation was shown to be similar to the isothermal absorption curve of the Freundlich. As dyeing time was increases, the dyeability did not change significantly after the 30 minute mark was passed. At high temperatures the dyeability was shown to increase. As the dyeing temperature was increased the color of dyeing fabrics changes from Y and YR to R. Experiments with pre-mordanting method showed that various colors can be obtained using Catechu. Cotton is effective in using K, Cu, Fe mordants, and the dyeability was shown to be improved with low pH. Both washing fastness and light fastness were shown to be low. However, the fabric color gradually changed to red was due to mailard reaction of catechol tannin causing by repeated washing and sunlight. The ultraviolet-cut ability was improved for cotton fabric dyed with Catechu. Also, dyed fabric with Catechu showed very good antimicrobial abilities at 99.9%.
Dyeability and Functionality of Catechu(Part II) -Dyeing Properties of Protein Fiber with Catechu-
Nam, Ki-Yeon ; Lee, Jung-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 4, 2010, Pages 709~717
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.4.709
This study investigated the properties and functions of wool and silk dyed with Catechu by examining the effects of dying conditions such as dye concentration, dying temperature, dyeing time, pH level and pre-mordants. These conditions were examined in relation to dye uptake and color changes, washing fastness, light fastness, ultraviolet-cut ability and antimicrobial ability of the dyed fabrics. Catechu showed good affinity to silk fiber. Langmuir adsorption isotherm was obtained, and so it was considered that ionic bondings are formed between Catechu and protein fiber. As the dyeing time and temperature is increased, the dyeability of both silk and wool fabrics also increases. At high temperatures the color of dyed fabrics changes from Y and YR to R. Wool is effective in using Al, Cu, Fe mordant, while silk is effective only in using only Cu mordants. The dyeability was shown to be improved at low pH levels. Additionally, both washing fastness and light fastness were shown to be low. However, the fabric color gradually changed to red was due to mailard reaction of catechol tannin causingby repeated washing and sunlight. The ultraviolet-cut ability was improved for cotton fabric dyed with Catechu. Also, dyed fabric with Catechu showed very good antimicrobial abilities at 99.9%.
Analysis of Knowledge-based Environments for Knowledge Management in Hospital Dietetic Departments
Lee, Eun-Jeong ; Hong, Wan-Soo ; Cho, Sun-Kyung ; Sohn, Chun-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 4, 2010, Pages 719~732
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.4.719
This study assessed knowledge-based environments for knowledge management in hospital dietetic departments. This study categorized the current knowledge management environment into routine habits, capability, culture and system. A questionnaire was conducted on dieticians in general hospitals with 400 beds in Seoul and Gyeong-in areas. Excluding responses with significant missing data, 160 usable questionnaires were analyzed by SPSS package programs for the study. The result of the study is summarized as follows. The average number of licensed beds in the hospitals was 717.5 and the average number of meals provided daily was 1,626.3. 53.2% of dieticians were aged between 26 and 35. Of the maximum score of 5 points, habits scored
points, capability scored
points, culture scored
points and system scored
points. Hospitals with a high ratio of occupied beds also had significantly higher points in capability, culture and system. The older the group the higher points it scored in habits and culture. The married group scored higher points in habits while the higher educated group scored higher points in habits and capability. The dietitians in charge of clinical nutrition scored higher points in habit, capability and culture while the higher salaried group scored higher points in habit, culture and capability. Therefore this study would provide useful information for the introduction of knowledge management in hospital dietetic departments.
The Working Conditions and Job Satisfaction of the School Cafeteria Employees according to their Employment Type in Chonbuk, South Korea
Rho, Jeong-Ok ; Choi, Sun-A ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 4, 2010, Pages 733~744
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.4.733
This study investigated the working conditions and job satisfaction of school cafeteria, according to their employment type in Chonbuk, South Korea. Self-administered questionnaires were collected from 401 elementary, middle, and high school cafeteria employees. The data showed significant differences between regular and irregular employees. These factors were: previous work experience (p<.001), type of school (p<.001), the style of foodservice at a school (p<.001), the type of foodservice system (p<.05), and the number of meals served each day (p<.001). The working conditions for regular and irregular employees were significantly different with regard to several factors: these were union membership (p<.01), how they were paid (p<.05), their total working hours (p<.01), and difficulty of using their holidays (p<.01). Approximately 80.5% of the subjects were dissatisfied with the working conditions after the introduction of countermeasures for irregular employees. Results indicated that the average employee job satisfaction level was 2.53, but that there were not significant difference in the level of job satisfaction when comparing regular and irregular employees. The item employees were most satisfied with was having responsibility over meals for young students (3.37). They were least satisfied with their salary (2.00). An interesting issue for future study would be to determine the factors that could improve job satisfaction whilst satisfying the employees' needs which in turn would improve the quality of foodservice.
The Indoor Thermal and Air Environment during Winter in One-room Type Multi-family Houses Occupied by University Students
Choi, Yoon-Jung ; Kim, Wn-Hak ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 4, 2010, Pages 745~760
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.4.745
The purposes of this study were to investigate the state of indoor thermal and air environment during winter in the one-room type multi-family houses occupied by university students and to analyze factors which influenced this environment. Field survey was conducted in 10 houses between 30th January, 2009 and 13th February, 2009 which measured indoor thermal and air elements as well kept records of interviews with residents and other related factors. Measured elements were air temperature, relative humidity, as well as concentrations of
, CO, TVOC, and PM-10. The results can be summarized as follows. 1) The mean air temperature in each house ranged from 19.3 to
, so most houses were not suitable for evaluation criteria(
). The average
concentration in each house was 965~3259ppm, so most houses exceeded evaluation criteria(1000ppm). The average TVOC concentration in each house were 0.00~1.17ppm, 5 houses exceeded evaluation criteria(0.12ppm). 2) Relative humidity, CO concentration, and PM-10 concentration were suitable for evaluation criteria. Therefore, indoor thermal and air environment during winter in one-room type multi-family housing occupied by university students was found to be generally uncomfortable. Important factor which were found to influence air temperature and the concentration of
were smaller space capacity than general house. Other factors which were found to influence the environment of these houses were the existence of a balcony as well as factors relating to the behavior of occupants such whether or not heating were operated, whether windows were opened, whether fans used, whether occupants smoked or used cosmetics, and whether the space was dusted.