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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
The Variables Affecting Acculturative Stress of Women in International Marriages
Lee, Jin-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 6, 2010, Pages 919~932
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.6.919
This investigation examined the association between demographic variables, acculturation and acculturative stress. Participants in the study were 360 Pilipino, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese-Korean and Japanese woman who had married internationally and were living in Jeonbuk-Do. Hierarchical regression analyses determined that among the independent variables examined, age, Korean language ability, marital satisfaction, and ethnic identity had significant predictive effects on the levels of acculturative stress experienced. Young women who had lower Korean language proficiency, lower marital satisfaction, and higher ethnic identity showed more higher level of acculturative stress. Implications of this research were discussed with particular attention given to possible support programs for women in international marriages.
A Study on the Technical Change and Maternal Touch in Child Care
Kim, Sung-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 6, 2010, Pages 933~943
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.6.933
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of changes in child care technology on mother-child contact by using all sorts of literature such as diaries, documents or statistical data. Child care technologies began to change during the 1960's. Diverse goods and services such as baby dry milk, paper diapers and child care centers have made child care easier and saved a great deal of time. This has also allowed women to participate in labor markets easily despite rearing children. But maternal contact with children have declined due to new goods and services and this trend is especially prevalent in early childhood. It could be supported that the convenience of rearing rather than the needs of children like as attachment to maternity primarily was considered in technological change. From this results it was suggested that we should develop the alternative child care technologies which better reflect children's needs.
A Qualitative Study on University Students' Multicultural Competence - Focusing on the Cultural Cognition, Cultural Knowledge and Cultural Skill -
Kim, Min-Kyeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 6, 2010, Pages 945~965
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.6.945
The present study examined the cultural competence of university students on migrants and multicultural society in Korea. A total of 11 university students living in Seoul, Gyeonggido and Chungcheondo, were selected for the interview. The participants provided their cultural cognition, cultural knowledge and cultural skill on a variety of issues related to migrants and multicultural society in Korea. Interview results indicated that participants perceived negative and positive affects to Korean society and prejudice about immigrants, thaught economic support as a emergent policy, and didn't experience multicultural society. They wanted to take a trip and learning foreign language. On the cultural skill participants had progressive perspectives about immigrants' right, discrimination and evaluation and had a multiculturism based on assimilation. Implications of the study and directions for future research were discussed. It is needed to educations and programs for development of university students' cultural competence.
Preschoolers' Usage of Internet-game in a Family Context and Their Level of Internet-game Addiction
Cho, Eun-Joung ; Kim, Ji-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 6, 2010, Pages 967~980
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.6.967
This study examined preschoolers' usage of internet-games in a family context as well as their level of addiction to these games. Participants in this study were 221 mothers of preschoolers (111 boys, 110 girls) in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. Lee's (2006) Internet-Game Addiction Scale for Preschoolers was used to assess preschoolers' level of internet-game addiction. Cho's (2010) questionnaire regarding home environment and internet-games was also administered. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, t-test, and ANOVA using SPSS WIN 12.0. Results were as follows: firstly, 74.7% of preschoolers were found to play internet-games. Secondly, the level of internet-game addiction was low, but boys showed higher levels of internet-game addiction than girls. Thirdly, preschoolers' level of internet-game addiction was different according to their number of siblings, time spent using internet-games, that age at which internet-games were first used as well as mother's employment status. Based on the results of this study, the danger of preschoolers' internet-game addiction and future directions of research are discussed.
Structural Relationships among Variables Influencing Adjustment to School Life in Children from Multicultural Families - Daegu Gyeongbuk Area-
Park, Kei-Ran ; Lee, Ji-Min ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 6, 2010, Pages 981~991
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.6.981
This study investigated the structural relationships between parental attitude, social support, self-esteem, and levels of adjustment to school life of children from multicultural families. Participants were 177 elementary school children from multicultural families in 1st to 6th grade of elementary school in the Daegu-Gyeongbuk area of South Korea. The major findings were as follows. 1) Parenting attitude, social support, and self-esteem had direct effects on levels of children's adjustment to school life. 2) Parental attitudes and social support had direct effects on children's levels of self-esteem. 3) Parental attitudes and social support also had indirect effects on levels of adjustment to school life of these children. This study suggested that various concern and supports from multi level of society are required to improve adjustment to school life in children from multicultural families.
Relationship Between the Characteristics of Mother's Personality and Their Perception of Clinical Children's Personality
Jang, Jeong-Bag ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 6, 2010, Pages 993~1002
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.6.993
This study sought to determine wether the reliability of the KIP-C is affected by mothers' scores on of MMPI. Particiapants in this study were 100 mothers whose children visited the a children's psychiatric hospital. They were sorted into two groups; diagnosis consistent group and diagnosis inconsistent groups. the diagnosis inconsistent group showed significantly higher scores on L(p<.001) and K(p<.001) scales, while the diagnosis consistent group had higher scores on F, Ma and Si scales. When comparing the KPI-C of the groups, the diagnosis consistent groups showed significantly higher scores in ANX, SOM and HPR scales(p<.05). A correlation analysis of the validity scales of MMPI and the scales of KPI-C also showed significant correlation. It was also shown that the characteristics of the mothers' personality have important effects on their perception of their children's problems. In particular, the stronger the mothers defensive characteristics, the lower the reliability of their perception of their children's problems. Reciprocally, reliability was higher when the mothers acknowledged their problems.
Purchase Behavior and Risk Perception in Cosmetics Purchases at Online Shopping Malls
Kim, Ju-Hee ; Ha, Jong-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 6, 2010, Pages 1003~1012
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.6.1003
This study analyzed purchase behavior according to the risk perceptions when customers buy Cosmetics at Internet Shopping Malls. Participants were 232 women in their 20s and 30s with more than one buying experience at an internet fashion shopping mall. Data were analyzed using factor analysis, Cronbach's analysis, cluster analysis, one-way ANOVA and a Duncan test. Results were as follows. Firstly, five factors of risk perception were identified: These were the payment risk, service risk, quality risk, price risk and experience risk. Secondly, customers of internet shopping malls could be categorized into three groups: A low risk perception group, a payment risk perception group and a high risk perception group. Factor analysis showed significant differences between these groups( p<.001). Thirdly, purchase behavior based on the purchase standards, purchase items, information searching were investigated according to the different groups of risk perception of internet shopping malls and results again significant differences between groups (p<.05, p<.001).
A Study on the Production Activities of Consumer Information on Blog for Married Women
Chun, Kyung-Hee ; Song, In-Sook ; Sohn, Sang-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 6, 2010, Pages 1013~1030
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.6.1013
Recently a prevailing trend in marketing has been the use of consumer participations or prosumer activities and this has caused consumers to become skeptical in their treatment of information found on blogs. Therefore, these marketing practices can be usefully examined to ensure they represent a neutral source of information for consumers. This study thus investigated married women's production activities of consumer information using personal blogs, their motives and experiences, and the characteristics of the information they produced. A qualitative study was undertaken using focus group interviews with two groups of sixteen married women in their 30's and 40's. Results suggested that personal bloggers' information production activities were primarily initiated by businesses and that bloggers were paid for their activities either with money or through the products they reviewed. Although the information produced was, because of its basis in consumer experience, consumer friendly, its quality was limited in the sense because it primarily reflected the perspective of businesses. The bloggers, themselves, expressed ethical uncertainty about their practices. Implications for consumer education and policy were also discussed.
A Study of Labor Force Participation and Living Arrangement on Health Status and Subjective Life Satisfaction in Later Life
Kang, Lee-Ju ; Lee, Young-Ae ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 6, 2010, Pages 1031~1044
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.6.1031
Corresponding to the rapid growth of the aging population without an adequate social safety net for the elderly, older people face great disadvantages due to sudden illness or poor health and a lack of support from the younger generation. Furthermore, older women are suffering from a drastic deterioration of their economic status because of insufficient retirement savings. Examining the impact of labor force participation and living arrangement on health status and life satisfaction in later life, it is important to consider gender differences in context of social policies for the elderly. Using data based on a stratified national sample of the elderly by the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA), multiple regression model were used to estimate the relationships between labor force participation and health status and subjective life satisfaction concerning the quality of their later life. The result indicates that good health status and high level of life satisfaction are associated with the type of paid work status for the elderly men, but those are associated with the type of non paid work, such as family businesses employees for the elderly women. Significant differences in chronic health condition and subjective life satisfaction by employment characteristics are found among the elderly. In addition, older women's high level of life satisfaction was associated with the participation of the social activity. The major conclusion from these results should help us understand gender differences in the elderly and acknowledge further exploration of gender variations in these people's later life.
The Change of Clothing Insulation and Surface Temperature Measured by Thermography with the Ease of Pattern
Lee, Byung-Cheol ; Hong, Kyung-Hi ; Lee, Ye-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 6, 2010, Pages 1045~1052
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.6.1045
Effects of the ease of pattern on the thermal conditions of clothing were investigated through the measurement of clothing surface temperatures using infrared thermography. Four vests with different pattern ease were worn by five male subjects. Surface temperature distribution on the clothing were then examined using a thermogram to view thermo-regulating characteristics affected by the ease of pattern. Representative surface temperatures were calculated based on the percentage of the surface area within a certain temperature range and the midpoint value of the corresponding area. Representative surface temperatures matches well to the thermal insulation value measured by thermal manikin. Results indicated that representative surface temperature could be a useful quantitative value if some simple calculations were to be used alongside accurate image processing.
Evaluation of the Functionality and Visibility of Commercial High-Visibility Clothing for Nighttime Usage
Lee, Hyun-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 6, 2010, Pages 1053~1062
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.6.1053
To assist the further development of hight-visibility clothing this study compared the visibility and subjective wear sensation of commercial protective vests with retro-reflecting materials or LEDs. Nine subjects compared high-visibility vests to evaluate how easy they were to see when exposed to the headlight of a car at night, and the subjects assessed the wear sensation of the vests also. The intensity and visibility of five different colored LEDs assembled on the five substrates separately were also evaluated to select the suitable LED color for night protective clothing. The intensity of illumination was measured by an illuminometer, and the visibility was evaluated by 11 participants both in a dark room and in front of a car outdoors at night. Results showed, the most effective LEDs were high intensity LEDs which shift blinking red and white were most effective. However, excessively high intensity of illumination could decrease the working efficiency. In subjective wear evaluation, the most favorable vest had a front opening, were adjustable at the sides, and had an electric power switch on the front of the vest.
Towel Experience and Consumer Satisfaction
Song, Kyung-Hun ; Heo, Mee-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 6, 2010, Pages 1063~1070
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.6.1063
This study examined 12 types of towels with differing fabric material, function, quality, printing, pile length, twist, etc. from a towel company which manufactures and distributes products domestically. After 3 months of use by consumers, a consumer satisfaction survey was administered and results analyzed. Four types of towels were assigned to each group and the towels were used every day for 3 months. Participant feelings after using the towel for the first time and after using it for three months were investigated. The questionnaire consisted of 26 questions on a 5-point Licket-type scale. The first 13 questions measured perceptions of absorption, touch, fine fiber loss, contamination, deformation, drying speed, and design. Other questions compared differences between the two towel types in terms of their material, function, quality, printing, pile length, and degree of twisting. Results showed that, with regards to weight, consumers preferred towels between 130~150g and a thickness of around 1.7~1.8mm. The bamboo towel was considered superior to the cotton towel in terms of sense of touch and did not happen linter after washing. The antibacterial towel was considered better than the cotton towel in terms of absorption but in terms of contamination, participants felt the antibacterial towel became dirty more easily than the cotton towel. We thought that it might be influence of the color of towel. Low-quality towels became stiffer and misshapen more easily than higher-quality towels. But the study showed that the consumers did not perceive significant differences in the towels' quality. Printed towels became thinner and their color changed more with washing. The consumers preferred the design of jacquard towels to printed towels. Towels with short piles was happened more linter than the towel with long pile after washing. Non-twisted towel were better than the highly-twisted towel in terms of sense of touch and absorption but the non-twisted towel happened more linter after washing and became dirty more easily.
Consumer's Perceived Underwear Brand Identity (BI) Color and Brand Equity
Kim, Eun-Young ; Kim, Hye-Ran ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 6, 2010, Pages 1071~1082
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.6.1071
This study examined the effects of underwear brand identity color on brand equity. A self-administered questionnaire mainly consisted of BI color, brand image, and brand equity for underwear. Five underwear brands (Calvin Klein, Yes, Solb, Venus, and Body Guard) were selected based on the frequency they were purchased in pilot study. To collect data, respondents were asked to choose a brand which they were most familiar with, and to assess BI color, brand image, and brand equity including cognitive value, emotional value and purchase intention. A total of 228 usable questionnaires were obtained from consumers aged 19 to 46. BI colors were classified into four color groups: Achromatic (white, black, gray), Vivid (red, blue, yellow), Pink, and Beige. Additionally, underwear brand images consisted of four factors: Sophisticated, Classic, Casual, and Elegant images. Findings showed significant differences in the four factors of brand image and cognitive brand value between the BI color groups. Also, the factor of cognitive value was higher for achromatic or beige brand color groups, than for vivid or pink color groups. Also, brand image factors had positive effects on cognitive or emotional brand value. Especially, the factor of emotional value was more likely to increase purchase intentions than cognitive value in the BI color groups. The implications for managerial decision marking in fashion marketing strategy were also discussed.
A Study on Recognition, Utilization of Food and Nutrition Labelling of Elementary School Students
Oh, Sae-Hyun ; Lee, Yang-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 6, 2010, Pages 1083~1094
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.6.1083
The purpose of this study is to provide a fundamental research data that is necessary in an education of dietary life so that the students have sound dietary life through a right food purchase after investigating perception of children's dietary habit and activity, food labelling, and nutrition labelling for 400 students of the 5 and 6th grades. The result of the study are as followings. In terms of perception questions over food labelling, on the whole, "know it little bit" was the highest. Girls and country was higher than boys and city. A list of item that is important in contents of food labelling were period of circulation, data of manufacturing, price, used ingredient, origin of product, nutrition contain labelling, manufacturer, quantity in contents(quantity, the number). A meaningful difference was shown in gender(p<.05) and area(p<.01). In 30 perception questions over nutrition labelling, "know it little bit" was the most, and girls and country were higher than boys and city. In ascertaining nutrition labelling at the time of purchasing the food, "look often" was the most. Girls and city were higher than boys and Gun in average but no difference was statistically shown in knowledge mark in utilization and perception of nutrition labelling. The response rate in girls(p<.01) and country(p<.05) was higher in a question of "if nutrition labelling is displayed, nutriment that is harmful for our body will be eaten less" and girls' response rate was higher in the question of "being educated for my health". Therefore, practice centered nutrition education is necessary to purchase the food after ascertaining food nutrition labelling out of an attitude in habitually purchasing the processed food. The students develop comprehensible food nutrition labelling the direction to emphasizing nutrition educational labelling and recognizing that the healthy nutriment is contained without conventional and food safety centered labelling should be changed.
Changes in Quality Characteristics of Soy Sprouts during Storage
Lee, Kyong-Ae ; Kim, Yong-Ho ; Kim, Hyang-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 6, 2010, Pages 1095~1102
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.6.1095
Soy sprouts with Pungsannamulkong stored in covered polypropylene container with water(PCSS) or polypropylene film bag without water(PBSS) at
for 7 days. Changes in weight, instrumental textural hardness, color values and sensory attributes of soy sprouts were evaluated after 2, 4 and 7 day storage. Storage caused slight weight losses in PBSS, but not in PCSS. In the courses of storage the hardness of the heads decreased, while the stems maintained their hardness. The effect of storage periods on surface color changes were also determined. The stems of soy sprouts in PCSS had higher L values when stored for over 2 days. The b values of the stems in both PCSS and PBSS increased after over 2 day storage. The higher b values in the stems were found when kept in PBSS for 2 or 4 days, indicating more yellowish color. On the other hand, the heads and stems of soy sprouts had light green color. The soy sprouts in PCSS became greener with storage, but there was only small increase in greenness. Sensory panels perceived that the overall acceptability of soy sprouts decreased with storage. The overall acceptability of soy sprouts when kept in PCSS for 7 days were not as good as that of soy sprouts in PCSS for 4 days, although soy sprouts in PCSS had a significantly higher overall acceptability than those in PBSS when stored over 4 days(p<0.05). Therefore, PCSS could be possible to keep soy sprouts with good overall acceptability when stored 4 days at
Analysis on Consumption Behaviors Regarding Environment-Friendly Agricultural Products According to the Food-Related Lifestyles of Housewives in Yeungnam Region
Kim, Hyo-Chung ; Kim, Mee-Ra ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 6, 2010, Pages 1103~1113
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.6.1103
The purpose of this study was to examine the consumption behaviors regarding environment-friendly agricultural products by food-related lifestyles of housewives. The data were collected from 298 housewives living in Yeungnam region through a self-administered questionnaire during April, 2010. Frequencies, Cronbach's
, factor analysis, cluster analysis, one-way analysis of variance, Duncan's multiple range test and chi-square test were conducted by SPSS Windows. The results obtained from this study were as follows. Lifestyles were categorized into five factors by factor analysis: healthy-seeking type, popularity-seeking type, convenience-seeking type, safety-seeking type and taste-seeking type. The respondents belonged to one of three groups by cluster analysis: popularity-seeking group, convenience-seeking group, and wellbeing-seeking group. The main reason given for purchasing environment-friendly agricultural products was safety. The respondents were satisfied with the safety of environment-friendly agricultural products the most. Many respondents purchased environment-friendly agricultural products at large discount markets, and received information about them from mass media. There were significant differences among three groups in the place of purchase environment-friendly agricultural products, information source for environment-friendly agricultural products, most important factor when purchasing environment-friendly agricultural products, the level of satisfaction with environment-friendly agricultural products and the purchase rate of environment-friendly agricultural products among the monthly food expenses.
A Study on the Eating Habit and a Healthy Diet's Perception of Korean Food Investigated through a Focus Group Interview (FGI) - Focus on the Dietary Life Related Expert -
Chung, Hea-Jung ; Kwon, Yong-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 6, 2010, Pages 1115~1125
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.6.1115
This study investigated how Korean food is perceived within a healthy diet and what kinds of eating habits Korean people have. A Focus Group Interview (FGI) was conducted with participants who were experts on diet. Data were categorized into five groups using content analysis. categories were as follows: 1) Korean food and health assessment, 2) opinion on Koreans' current eating habits, 3) characteristics of Korean food, 4) comparison of Korean food in the past and present, 5) a plan for healthy diet. Results showed that a healthy diet should not only include a lot of vegetables, simple and unprocessed food as well as less spicy food, but that it should also be well-balanced nutritionally.
The Survey on Residential Conditions and the Needs based on Universal Interior Design Features of the Elderly in U.S.A. - Focused on the Elderly Who Want to Age in Place in Columbia Missouri -
Park, Jung-A ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 19, issue 6, 2010, Pages 1127~1137
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2010.19.6.1127
This study explored ways of changing a detached house which has older residents to a universal design home. This study investigated the residential conditions based on the universal design features and the need of universal design for aging in place. For this study, 153 residents who were living in single detached houses in Columbia, MO, were surveyed using written questionnaires and interviews. Primary findings of residential conditions were showed according to each spaces such as entrance, interior hallway, master bedroom, bathroom and kitchen. The major results are as follows: 1)It was confirmed that major spaces for daily living such as a bedroom, bathroom, kitchen and laundry facilities needed to be on the ground floor. 2)The most dangerous spaces in house were stairs to the upper or lower floors and the bathroom, 3)The need for modification based on universal design were high in order to facilitate aging in place. 4) Finally, elderly people in their seventies had especially strong needs through modification compared to the elderly people in their sixties who had plans to relocate.