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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Characteristics of Employed Elderly - Focusing on Employment Status Transition -
Son, Ji-A ; Park, Soon-Mi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 285~298
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.2.285
The purpose of this study was to analyze in detail the employment characteristics of the elderly over 65 years old and to compare those that have experienced no job change in the last 10 years with another group that have experienced job change at least once in the last 10 years. From the 10th wave data(KLIP), participants who were over 65 years old were chosen and their employment status for the last 10 years was reviewed. The results of this study were as follows: first, the analysis of demographic profiles indicated that householders and elderly couples with low education levels and low socioeconomic status were more likely to be employed compared to others. Second, in terms of work-related characteristics, it was revealed that the elderly who were employed tended to be non-paid workers, employers, and self-employed workers, primarily in the farming, fishing, forestry, and the mining industries, these were the elderly workers who had experienced job change three times or more in the last 10 years. Third, the analysis of economic characteristics indicated that elderly who were employed tended to rely more on private income transfers. Last, when the elderly who had experienced no job change in the last 10 years were compared to the elderly who had experienced job change in the last 10 years, the two groups differed significantly in terms of employment status, type of business, and occupation category.
The Relationship among Emotional Expressiveness, Marital Satisfaction, and Stress Coping Style of Preschool Mothers
Kim, Hye-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 299~310
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.2.299
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among emotional expressiveness, marital satisfaction, and stress coping styles of preschool mothers. The subjects for this study were 158 mothers whose children, 4-6 years of age, are enrolled in 5 kindergartens in Gyounsang-do. Mothers completed questionnaires reporting their emotional expressiveness, marital satisfaction, and stress coping styles. Data was analyzed by correlation analysis, and stepwise multiple regression analysis through SPSS 17.0 The findings of the study are as follows: First, there are significant correlations among emotional expressiveness, marital satisfaction, and stress coping styles of the mothers, respectively. Second, mothers' active coping style is significantly influenced by three factors: negative emotional expressiveness, communication and conflict solving, and positive emotional expressiveness. Third, mothers' passive coping style is significantly influenced by three factors: the expectations of their spouse's role, intimacy, and positive emotional expressiveness. In conclusion, it is necessary to encourage mothers to express their positive or negative emotions actively and improve their marital satisfaction to cope with stress effectively.
A Study on the Time Usage of the Retired Elderly
Lee, Shin-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 311~325
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.2.311
The purpose of this study was to analyze patterns of time usage of the retired elderly so as to improve their quality of life. The subjects of this study were 225 elderly people in Jeonnam Province. The statistics used for data analysis were frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, and multiple regression. The major findings were as follows : (1) The retired elderly spend more time in physiological activities and leisure, and there was no day difference in time use. (2) On weekdays, the variables affecting labor time were age, former job, health state, and education. On the weekends, education, health state, and former job had significant effects on the amount of time spent on labor. (3) The variables affecting participation and volunteer time were: monthly living expenses, age, spouse, former job, and house, on weekdays, and on the weekends, significant factors were spouse, age, and former job. (4) The variables affecting leisure time were education, age, monthly living expenses, religion, and economic state, on the weekdays, and on weekends, the significant factors were education, economic state, house, religion, and former job.
The Study of the Backgrounds of Filipino Female Immigrants' Marriage with Koreans and Pre-education Programs about the Korean Family Culture in the Philippines for Filipino Immigrants to Korea
Chae, Ock-Hi ; Hong, Dal-Ah-Gi ; Song, Bok-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 327~338
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.2.327
In order to promote and comprehend marriage immigrants' culture, it is essential to understand the life of their families in their counties. For this study, data by a Philippine CFO(Commission on Filipino Overseas) has been analyzed, and the study researcher has attended an educational program run by the PDOS(Pre-Departure Orientation Seminar). Also, in order to understand the immigrants' families in their country, interviews have been done with some of the CFO employees, people arranged to immigrate to Korea through marriage, and female immigrants who are married. First, Filipino females have a positive attitude toward marriage with a foreign male. Most immigrants are from the rural parts of their country, and their families tend to rely on their daughters more than their sons. Therefore, they decide to marry Korean males and immigrate in order to support their families. However many of them do not have enough information about Korea. Second, Philippine's family system is of bilateral kinship, and traditionally, men and women are treated equally. Therefore, Filipino females tend to be well-educated, outgoing, and vibrant. Thus, they can create an active role in married life for themselves and support their family members. Lastly, based on videos and class materials on the topic of domestic violence that are used in the pre-educational programs for females planning to immigrate to Korea, the content of the program is to be revised.
A Study on Internet Addiction and Parental Marital Conflict, Parenting Attitudes, and Parental Monitoring and Control as perceived by Elementary School Children
Yang, Myong-Suk ; Jo, Eun-Joo ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 339~351
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.2.339
The purpose of this study was to inquire into how children's internet addiction is affected by home environments, computing environments, parental marital conflicts, parenting attitudes and parental monitoring and control as perceived by children. The study was conducted on 579 sixth graders at elementary schools located in Daejeon City. The data was analyzed by frequency, percentage,
, one way ANOVA, and scheffe analysis using the SPSS 18.0 version program. The results were as follows: first, out of 579 students, 5.0% were classified as at high-risk for addiction; 22.8% as at potential-risk; 72.2% as normal. Second, in the high-risk group, boys accounted for a higher percentage compared to girl students. Mothers' academic backgrounds and fathers' occupations affected the children's internet addiction. Third, the high-risk group tended to use the internet in internet cafes, to use it before going to elementary school, to use it for at least 4 hours once, and to use it to play games. Fourth, the high-risk group perceived parents marital conflicts as more frequent and more severer, as compared to other groups. Fifth, while the high-risk group perceived parenting attitudes as negative, the normal group perceived them as positive. Sixth, the potential-risk group and the normal group perceived parental monitoring and control as more frequent, as compared to the high-risk group.
Child Care Curricula According to Teacher's Teaching Method Types
Kwon, Yeon-Hee ; Choi, Mock-Wha ; Rha, Jong-Hay ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 353~364
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.2.353
The purpose of this study was to examine different child care curricula according to teacher's teaching method types. The subjects of the study were three hundred and fifty-six teachers, who were divided into four groups according to their teaching method: mixed method(type A), child oriented method(type B), teacher oriented method(type C), and beliefless method(type D). The data on the duration of free play and outdoor play time, activities frequently practiced in class, and outside one the playground were collected. The dimensions of child care programs were measured using Moore(1994)'s "The Early Childhood Dimensions of Education Rating Scale". The results of this study were as follows: first, teachers who used child oriented teaching methods gave more free play time than teachers using teacher oriented or mixed teaching methods. Second, teachers using teacher oriented methods showed the closeness and teachers using child oriented methods showed the openness in child care programs. Last, the activities teachers thought were the most important differed according to the teachers' methods even though in actual practice, there was no difference shown.
Elderly Consumers' Perception of the Purchasing Problems and Related Variables : in Ulsan Metropolitan City
Seo, Jeong-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 365~376
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.2.365
This paper measured elderly consumers' perceptions of purchasing problems, and classified elderly consumers into 5 categories of purchasing problems using cluster analysis, and analyzed the relationships between the elderly consumers' perception type, socio economic variables, activities of daily living, and activities of healthy living. The data was collected from 500 elderly consumers in Ulsan Metropolitan City. Three clusters were extracted. 56.4% of the sample was included in 'redress and contract problems group', and 22.6% of the sample was included in 'less perception of purchasing problems group, and 21.0% of the sample was included in 'the perception of strong purchasing problems group. The elderly consumers' perception type of purchasing problems were related with socio-economic variables such as sex, existence of a spouse, the number of family living together, the number of children, education, the average monthly household income and allowance, activities of daily living, and activities of healthy living. The redress and contract problems group was found to be of midium level in socio-economic and health status, and included more females and less spouselessness. The perception of less purchasing problems group was found to be the highest level in socio-economic status, and included more males and less spouselessness. The perception of strong purchasing problems group was found to be at the lowest level of socio-economic status.
Review on the Luxurious Consumption Trends of the Past and Present
Hong, Eun-Sil ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 377~389
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.2.377
The object of this study was to analyze the meaning of luxurious consumption, the subjects and the objects of luxurious consumption, the desires that propel luxurious consumption, and the luxurious consumption patterns of the past and the present. The materials and information used for this research were acquired by reviewing literatures from a library. The time frame used to separate the past and the present was the Second World War. The analyzed materials and contents for the research were the subjects and the objects of luxurious consumption, the desires that propel luxurious consumption, and the patterns of luxurious consumption. Comparing the trends of luxurious consumption of the past and present historically, the biggest differentiation between the past and present was the spread of subjects and objects of luxurious consumption. In the past, luxury consumption belonged to the wealthy only, but the accessibility of luxury consumption has increased to the point where anybody can buy what they want at will. Another difference was found in the desires that prompt luxury consumption and the consumption patterns of the past and present. Based on these results, several suggestions about luxury consumption were presented in this paper.
Types of Internet Shopping Malls for Fashion Products
Park, Shin-Young ; Park, Eun-Joo ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 391~400
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.2.391
Internet shopping malls for fashion products(e.g., apparel, cosmetics and accessory) may become a major player with a promising future because of its tremendous growth in e-commerce. In addition, the fashion market has been segmented by various types of shopping malls on the internet. For many types of internet shopping malls, literatures give us numerous types, such as general mall, specialty mall, open-market, mall-in-mall, department-mall, brand-mall, and a specialized category mall, etc. Although each mall specializes in different activities, a unified categorization with managerially meaningful implications has not been made. This paper aims to explore criteria of internet shopping malls based on previous research related to shopping mall types for fashion products. The results found that internet shopping malls for fashion products were classified based on physical space, openness of the mall, number of companies, method of profit, specialization of products, number of product categories, and brand products dealt with. Internet shopping mall for fashion products was classified into online malls versus online malls versus offline mall, open mall versus closed mall, single mall versus multi mall, retail-trade mall versus syndicated mall, general mall vs specialize mall, one-product category mall versus multi-product category mall, and brand mall versus non-brand mall. These findings could offer an important contribution in research and practice, and an insight into developing appropriate strategies for effective fashion shopping mall management related products.
Apparel Impulse Buying and Shopping Emotion: Does It Differ between Korea and the US?
Park, Eun-Joo ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 401~412
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.2.401
Evaluation of the Texture Image and Preference according to Wool Fiber Blending Ratios and the Characteristics of Men's Suit Fabrics
Kim, Hee-Sook ; Na, Mi-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 413~426
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.2.413
This research was designed to compare the subjective evaluation of texture image and preference according to fiber blending ratio of men's suit fabrics. 110 subjects evaluated the texture image and preference of various fabrics. For statistical analysis, factor analysis, MDS, pearson correlation and ANOVA were used. The results were as follows: Sensory image factors of suit fabrics were 'smoothness', 'bulkiness', 'stiffness', 'elasticity', 'moistness' and 'weight sensation'. Sensibility image factors were 'classic', 'practical', 'characteristic' and 'sophisticated'. 'Bulkiness' and 'elasticity' sensory images showed high correlations with sensibility images. Fabrics with high wool blending ratio showed as 'classic' and 'sophisticated', 'bulkiness' and 'elasticity' texture images and fabrics with low wool blending ratio showed texture images of 'characteristic', 'surface character', 'stiffness', 'moistness' and 'weight sensation'. Wool fiber blending ratio affected on the purchase preference and tactile preference. Using regression analysis, it was shown that sensibility images had more of an effect on preference than sensory images. The thickness and pattern type showed positive effects and fiber blending ratio showed negative effects on the preference.
A Study on the Utilization, Recognition, and Satisfaction of Environment-Friendly Agricultural Products in School Food Services according to the Type of Food Service in Jeonbuk Area
Rho, Jeong-Ok ; Kim, Min-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 427~437
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.2.427
This study was conducted to investigate the utilization, recognition, and satisfaction of environment-friendly agricultural products (EAPs) in school food services according to the type of foodservice in the Jeonbuk area. Among the 270 school food service providers evaluated, 56.3% of the schools were located in an urban area and 43.7% were in a rural area. About 80% of urban schools used the EAPs for school foodservice, and 89.8% in rural schools (p<.05). The purchase frequency of grain (p<.01), fruits (p<.05), and processed foods (e.g. Tofu) (p<.001) was significantly different between the urban and rural schools. The perception of school dietitians in urban and rural schools between the EAPs and general agricultural products was significantly different (p<.05). The most different fact was 'safety' (p<.001). Most school dietitians has a gut understanding and a lot of confidence about the system of EAPs (p<0.01). The satisfaction score with EAPs was 3.35; in the urban schools it was 3.36 and in the rural schools 3.12 (p<.01). The satisfaction with EAPs in urban and rural schools was significantly different with regard to several factors; these were 'design' (p<.05), 'color' (p<.001), 'fresh' (p<.001), and 'diversity' (p<.01). There are conflicting views between the urban and rural schools for the additional costs brought by using EAPs (p<.01). In conclusion, our central and local governments should change their roles in financially positive ways and reflect the issue to make the policy effective.
The BSE-related knowledge levels, perceptions and attitudes toward American beef - On the university students in a metropolitan area -
Choi, Seung-Gyun ; Nam, Ji-Yeon ; Hong, Wan-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 439~448
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.2.439
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of knowledge level on the perceptions and attitudes toward BSE(Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy) and American beef. A survey was conducted with university students in a metropolitan area. Out of 590 questionnaires distributed, 481 were analyzed(81.5% response rate). The data was analyzed using SPSS windows(ver. 14.0). In evaluation of the BSE-related knowledge level, the average correct answer rate was 42.6%(the lowest 21.0% ~ the highest 64.9%). There were significant differences in perception and attitude based on the BSE-related knowledge level. In three groups of knowledge levels(top, middle, bottom), the bottom level group tended to be more concerned regarding the origin of beef than the top and middle level groups. Moreover, as the level of knowledge increased, people tended to consider American beef safe. In their attitude toward the government's move to re-import American beef, the top level group tended to think positively. On the other hand, the top level group had negative attitudes toward the media coverage of American beef. As the level of knowledge decreased, the rate of menu selectivity was higher. This research suggests that people need to be educated in BSE-related knowledge. Through the education of BSE-related knowledge, people will gain a more correct understanding and attitude towards American beef, which will help livestock and food service industries grow.
Relationships of Food Habits & Life Style and Skin Health of Young Females
Kim, Jong-Gyu ; Park, Bong-Seon ; Kim, Joong-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 449~465
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.2.449
This study was performed to investigate the effects of food habits and life style on the skin health of young Korean females in their late teens and twenties. The study focused on facial skin and used a self-administered questionnaire survey, an examination of skin type, and pH tests. More than half of the females had combination skin type or pH level higher than 5.8 which is regarded as normal. The variables that turned out to significantly (p<0.05) effect their facial skin types were body mass index (BMI), the type of residence, the amount of water intake, whether or not they intake drinks, the frequency and amount of alcohol drinking, favorite foods as side dishes at meals, intake frequency of fruit, the dairy, seaweed, and fast food, the frequency of washing their faces per day, the method of how they used water during face washing, whether or not they had professional skin care, and whether or not they wore color make up. The variables of the females' age, BMI, the amount of alcohol drinking, the frequency and duration of exercise, the controlling methods of stress, their favorite foods as side dishes at meals, and the intake frequency of soy products or animal foods significantly affected their facial pH levels (p<0.05). The results of this study indicate that some food habits and life styles are significantly related with facial skin health. More importantly BMI and favorite foods as side dishes during daily food intake could have remarkable effects on facial skin health.
The Quality Characteristics of Jelly added with Black Garlic Concentrate
Kim, Ae-Jeung ; Rho, Jeong-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 467~473
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.2.467
The principal objective of this study was to evaluate the quality characteristics of jelly prepared with five different levels(0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0%) of black garlic concentrate(BG1-BG4). We conducted the pH, sugar content, Hunter's color value, mechanical characteristics, and a sensory evaluation analysis of black garlic jelly. The more black garlic concentrate increased, the more the sugar content of the black garlic jelly increased(p<0.05). In terms of color, lightness(L) and yellowness(b) decreased as the black garlic concentrate increased, while redness(a) increased. With regard to the mechanical properties of the black garlic jelly samples, the higher the score of hardness, gumminess, and chewiness significantly increased(p<0.05). In color, flavor, texture and overall quality, the score of jelly with 1.0% black garlic concentrate(BG2) increased most of the all.
A Study on the Recognition Level of High School and University Students and Teachers about Culinary Practice Education
Kang, Keoung-Shim ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 475~485
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.2.475
This study was conducted with the purpose of surveying the high school and university students and culinary teachers in charge of guidance in cooking related departments to see the recognition levels of culinary practice education and to suggest improvement plans. The subjects of this research were 616 culinary high school students, 419 culinary university students, and 103 culinary teachers. The collected data was compared and analyzed by frequency and percentage. The collected data was analyzed(i. e.,
test and t-test) using SPSS 14.0(SPSS Inc, Chicago, USA). Learning demands were shown to be high and much more practice was demanded, so it is required to raise the importance of culinary arts as a subject. Manpower placement, such as practice assistant teachers and practice teachers, is necessary and more training support for teachers' professional ability expansion is required. Moreover, it is required that practices after theory study, video education, and practice demonstrations should be performed and multimedia developed. Detailed practice demonstrations should be enabled and foreign subject education should be performed. The general evaluation in which feedback is appropriately made, along with the evaluation of practice courses and results needs to be performed. Positive school life should be prepared by performing proper course education simultaneously.
The Characteristics and Applications of Han-Ok in the Perception of their Residents and Experts
Lee, Min-Ah ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 2, 2011, Pages 487~503
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.2.487
The purpose of this study was to investigate residents' perceptions and attitudes towards Han-Ok based on a study of the characteristics and elements of Han-Ok that experts perceived. For the study, in-depth interviews were conducted and the data of 7 experts and 24 Han-Ok residents were analyzed. The results of the study were as follows. First, the characteristics of spatial arrangements are primarily emphasized and provide emotional stability for the residents. Placement on the ground, a suitable scale, appropriate openings and closures, hierarchical spatial system and a spatial relationship provide a feeling of comfort and protection. Second, the spaces and the materials of Han-Ok are considered the representative elements providing functionality and health. The close relationship between the inside and outside area makes the air naturally circulate and natural materials such as wood, soil, and paper have the function as natural ventilation, heat storage, and in the prevention of various illnesses. Third, residents in modern society put more of a value on experiences of natural environments that are usually impossible in the city. The simple and incomplete characteristics in using color, materials, and form, provide a culture of story telling and a leisurely lifestyle. Fourth, the cold and spatial inconvenience of Han-Ok are solved by partially using modernized equipment and material. The functionality of spatial systems in Han-Ok needs to be promoted in order to change the residents' perceptions of cold in Han-Ok.