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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
Relationships among Teachers' Organizational Commitment, Organizational Loyalty Behavior, and Working Satisfaction in Day Care Center
Oh, Kyoung-Sook ; Chough, Jin-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 3, 2011, Pages 505~519
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.3.505
The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between organizational commitment, organizational loyalty, and working satisfaction of 162 teachers in daycare centers in Gyung-gi province. Three questionnaires about the organizational commitment which Allen and Mayer(1990) developed and Son Sobin(2002) revised, organizational loyalty behavior which Jo Bumsang(2004) revised, and working satisfaction which Kim Sunja(2005) developed, and the researcher revised were used for this study. For this study, the data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, and Pearson correlation. The results were as follows: first, the early childhood teacher's organizational commitment was average, and there was a significant difference according to the teacher's academic background. Second, the early childhood teacher's organizational loyalty was also average, and there were significant differences according to the teacher's age and academic background. Third, the early childhood teacher's working satisfaction was below average level, and there was a significant difference according to the teacher's working hours. Last, the early childhood teacher's organizational commitment, organizational loyalty behavior, and working satisfaction showed the positive relationship. In conclusion, the government and the director of daycare centers should support for the teacher's psychological satisfaction because the early childhood teacher's psychological state is highly related to successful organization of daycare centers.
Impact of Participation in Childcare on the Psychological Well-being of Fathers with an Infant
Park, Ji-Sun ; Ryu, Han-Su ; Kim, Jung-Suk ; Yoon, Jung-Soo ; Park, Chun-Man ; Nakajima, Kazuo ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 3, 2011, Pages 521~532
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.3.521
The study's purpose was to clarify childcare's impact on the psychological well-being of fathers with an infant. This study included 1,250 households that used 15 nursery centers. The questionnaire asked about the fathers' age, income, working conditions, participation in childcare, recognition of sense of usefulness to their family, marital satisfaction, mental health, health-related quality of life(QOL), and the mothers' age, number of children, age of the youngest child, and working conditions. A casual model was examined using SEM. The results were as follows: first, fathers' participation in childcare contributed to health-related QOL through the recognition of feeling useful to their family. Second, fathers' participation in childcare contributed to marital satisfaction, directly and indirectly through health -related QOL and improved mental health. Third, fathers' participation in childcare contributed to health related QOL through the recognition of feelings of usefulness, marital satisfaction, and mental health, indirectly. These results suggest that promoting fathers' participation in childcare is important to help prevent many problems and to improve QOL.
The Effect of Different Types of Leisure Activities' on the Satisfaction and Psychological Well-being of Primary School Students
Shin, Yeon-Su ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 3, 2011, Pages 533~544
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.3.533
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of different types of leisure activities' on the satisfaction and psychological well-being of primary school students. The subjects of this study consisted of 467(boys=191, girls=276) primary school students. The data was analyzed by one way ANOVA, factor analysis, Chi-square analysis, correlation analysis and multi-regression analysis. The main findings of this were as follows: first, there were statistically significant differences in the kinds of activities participated in according to gender. Second, among of the subscale of leisure satisfaction, boys showed higher scores in more education and physical satisfaction than girls, and in the subscale of psychological well-being, boys indicated a higher score in flow and happiness than girls. Third, there were significant differences in leisure satisfaction and psychological well-being in the types of leisure activity. Fourth, the participation motivation of leisure activity statistically influenced psychological well-being. Fifth, leisure satisfaction partially influenced on psychological well-being. Social and environmental satisfaction significantly influenced flow. Education and social satisfaction significantly influenced happiness and psychological well-being.
The Effects of Economic Education based on Traditional Fairy Tales on Preschooler's Concept of Economics and Numbers
Kim, Hye-Jin ; Kim, Hye-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 3, 2011, Pages 545~560
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.3.545
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of traditional fairy tales on the basic understanding of economics and numbers for 4 year old preschoolers. The subjects were 20 children at one education center located in Seoul: Among them, 10 were in the experimental group and 10 were in the control group, based on random selection. The program for economic education was conducted for eight weeks; two times each week for the experimental group, while a general curriculum was conducted with several traditional fairy tale books related to economic education were given to the control group. The preschoolers' basic understanding of economics and numbers was examined using the scales of Park(2008) and Choi(2003). Collected data was analyzed by t-test and ANCOVA using SPSS 17.0 program. The results were as follows: there were significant differences in the understanding of economics and numbers according to economic education based on traditional fairy tales respectively. In conclusion, it is necessary to conduct a scientific study in order to develop an economic education program. Also, various activities were discussed to use the economic program for preschoolers.
An Analysis of Pre-service Curriculum for Child Care Teachers at Universities and Colleges in Korea
Kim, Eui-Hyang ; Shin, Na-Ry ; Min, Mi-Hee ; Lee, Hyung-Min ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 3, 2011, Pages 561~582
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.3.561
The purpose of this study was to investigate the current status of pre-service curriculums for child care teachers at universities and colleges in Korea. To accomplish this, a survey was implemented to gather the lists of courses from each department training pre-service child care teachers. A total of 225 departments at universities and colleges across Korea participated in the survey. The results showed that the 37 different courses offered for child-care teacher licensure were different by school type (university or college) and major. Departments in colleges with specific majors such as early childhood education and social welfare offer courses that are also required for other certificates, including kindergarten teachers or social workers, so pre-service child care teachers may not have the opportunity to take courses specifically designed for their specific teaching needs or interests. Accordingly, there may be a restricted number of courses from which to choose during pre-service training periods. Based on the findings from this study, several political implications for improving child-care teacher professionalism were suggested.
Development and Evaluation of a Climate Change Education Program for Pre-school Children
Sung, Mi-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 3, 2011, Pages 583~594
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.3.583
The purpose of this study is to develop and evaluate a climate change education program for children in early childhood. The program was developed to enhance young children's ability to prepare for climate change. The program consists of 15 30-minute sessions. 38 5-year-olds (23 boys and 15 girls) participated in this program. The effects of this program were evaluated by the pre-school children's knowledge and problem solving abilities preventing climate change. Results showed that there was a significant experimental effect for knowledge of how to prevent climate change. Experimental group showed more knowledge than the control group. Also, there was a significant experimental effect on the problem solving abilities for preventing climate change. The experimental group showed greater problem solving abilities than the control group. The results of program evaluation revealed that this program was helpful for preparing young children for climate change.
Relationships of Child Effortful Control and Problem Behaviors: The Mediating Role of Teacher-child Relationships
Kwon, Yeon-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 3, 2011, Pages 595~609
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.3.595
This study examine the mediating role of teacher-child relationships on children's effortful control and problem behaviors. Boys and girls were analyzed separately. Participants were 221 children(l21 boys, 100 girls; aged 4-5), their mothers and 19 child care teachers. The teachers completed rating scales to measure the perception of teacher-child relationships and the children's problem behaviors. Children's effortful control was rated by the mother's questionnaire. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, Pearson's correlations, and hierarchical multiple regressions. Results indicated that children's effortful control was negatively related to their problem behaviors. In addition, the associations between children's effortful control and their aggressive behaviors were mediated by conflictual teacher-child relationship. Also, the relation of girl's effortful control and her withdrawal behavior was partially mediated by conflictual teacher-child relationship. Finally, the association between boy's effortful control and his withdrawal behavior was mediated by close teacher-child relationship. Results suggest the importance of teacher-child relationships in the context of intervention planning for preschooler's problem behaviors.
The Relationship of Young Children's Play Preferences to Peer Competence and Peer Acceptance
Jo, Gyeong-Ja ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 3, 2011, Pages 611~623
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.3.611
The purpose of this study was to investigate young children's play preferences through observation at their classrooms and to examine the relationship between children's play preferences and their peer competence and peer acceptance. The subjects were 55 four-year-old children from a kindergarten in C city of Chungnam province. The data was analyzed by MANOVA, t-test, and Pearson's correlation. The results were as follows: first, boys and girls showed different play preferences except for language play and science play. Boys were better liked by same-sex peers while girls were better liked by other-sex peers. Second, there were significant correlations among certain play preferences. Block play preferences were negatively correlated with other play preferences. Third, some play preferences were significantly associated with some sub-dimensions of peer competence. Language play displayed a positive relationship to pro-social behavior, but art play showed a negative relationship to leadership. Finally, peer acceptance was positively correlated only with number/manipulation play preferences. Other-sex peer acceptance was positively correlated with number/manipulation play preferences and art play preferences but negatively with block play preferences.
Impacts of Mass Media and Personal Factors on Attitudes towards Plastic Surgery and Plastic Surgery Behavior of College Students
Huh, Eun-Jeong ; Lee, A-Reum ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 3, 2011, Pages 625~636
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.3.625
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of mass media and personal factors on attitudes towards plastic surgery and plastic surgery behavior. For this study the personal factors included concern for appearance, self-esteem, and body satisfaction. Subjects were 472 college students in Ulsan. The results showed that favorable attitudes towards plastic surgery were a little higher than the median, meaning that the respondents had a slightly positive attitude towards plastic surgery, and only 20% of the respondents had had an experience with plastic surgery. A multiple regression analysis was computed and indicated that a more positive attitudes towards plastic surgery was related to high levels of concern for appearance, more time watching TV, a higher household income, and being a female student, in terms of gender. The results of logit analysis indicated that a more positive attitude towards plastic surgery and being a female student related to a higher probability of having had plastic surgery.
Employees' Sanitation Practice Level and Sanitation Knowledge at School Foodservice Operations in Chungbuk Province
Han, Jung-Sook ; Lee, Young-Eun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 3, 2011, Pages 637~649
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.3.637
The purpose of this study was to analyze employees' practice levels and knowledge of sanitation at school foodservice operations, to examine the sanitation conditions of current school foodservice, and to suggest an effective sanitary training program. A questionnaire survey was conducted on a total of 578 subjects and 501 reponses were made available for this study. The collected data was analyzed using SPSS of windows. The main results can be summarized as follows: Training through handouts was the most effective (53.2%) and lack of time caused by overwork (57.1%) made the practice of sanitation training difficult. The degree of employees' perceptions of the necessity of sanitary training programs was marked at 4.18 points. According to the foodservice employees' evaluation about the knowledge of sanitation concerning the sanitary training program contents, the area of environmental sanitation (96.3%) was the highest while food poisoning control (72.9%) was lowest. Foodservice employees' practice levels was ranked above 4 points (out of 5 points) in 9 areas. Practice levels of cleaning and disinfection management were highest while that of safety management was lowest. About the food service employees' practice levels of sanitation, the degree of practice and the application of knowledge was 4.39 points. There was a significantly positive correlation between the practice level of sanitation and sanitation knowledge(p<.01). Thus, educational material needs to be standardized in order to improve employees' sanitation practice level.
Job Satisfaction of School Foodservice Employees in Chungbuk Province
Im, Hye-Jin ; Lee, Young-Eun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 3, 2011, Pages 651~663
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.3.651
The purpose of this study was to provide basic data and information for the improvement of school foodservice and efficient management of cooks by surveying the working conditions and the job satisfaction of cooks at schools located in Chungbuk province. The questionnaires of 311 cooks were available for this study. 26.3% of respondents worked at elementary schools, 34.2% of respondents worked at middle schools, and 39.5% of respondents worked at high schools. 72.3% of them were in their forties, 24.4% worked during five to seven years, and 63.0% had qualification certificates. Their job satisfaction was examined from ten dimensions. Respondents were not satisfied with the wage system and working environment which scored 2 points out of 5 points(not satisfied). They gave 1 point out of 5 points to the promotion dimension(not satisfied at all) while organizational committment area received relatively high points. The overall job satisfaction level was 3.06 points. The evaluation of the factors that made their job unsatisfactory were evaluated and the bonus system, treatment system and the wage system were 3.80 points, 3.69 points, and 3.62 points, respectively. In order to improve the job satisfaction of school foodservice employees, a change of the wage system and welfare system are needed.
Concerns for Food Safety and the HACCP of College Students in Daejeon
Kim, Jon-Mi ; Koo, Nan-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 3, 2011, Pages 665~675
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.3.665
The purpose of this study was to examine the attitude toward food safety and the HACCP of college students in Daejeon. 51.9% of respondents had experienced food poisoning. The main symptoms of food poisoning were diarrhea(73.4%), stomachache(57.3%), and vomiting(24.7%). Most students answered that food hygiene was important and more students in private residences recognized the importance of food hygiene than in non-private residences (p<0.05). More information about hygine was obtained from TV & radio(44.9%) than the internet(38.1%). Half of them were afraid of food safety and more females felt unsafe about food sold than males(p<0.01). 37.6% of them were aware of HACCP, more females(44.6%) than males(28.4%) had such knowledge(p<0.001). The more information they had on HACCP, the higher the perception of the HACCP mark(p<0.001). 45.4% of them had seen HACCP mark on food packages and more females had seen it than males(p<0.001), 64% of them purchased HACCP products, The more information they had on HACCP, the more experience they had with HACCP consumption(p<0.001), 44% of them were willing to buy HACCP products. Males(32.3%) wanted to buy HACCP products for their health and females(49.6%) wanted to buy HACCP products if they were the same price (p<0.001). Education about food hygiene and HACCP should be conducted for collage students' health though TV, radio, and the internet.
The Consumption Behavior and Perceptions of Environmentally-friendly Agricultural Products According to the Lifestyles of Housewives in the Jeonbuk Area
Ryu, Ji-Hye ; Rho, Jeong-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 3, 2011, Pages 677~689
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.3.677
The principal objective of this study was to evaluate the consumption behavior and perceptions of environmentally-friendly agricultural products (EAPs) according to the lifestyles of housewives in the Jeonbuk area, Korea. Self-administered questionnaires were collected from 267 housewives. Frequency analysis, chi-square, one-way ANOVA, factor analysis, and cluster analysis were used to analyze the data. Three clusters were obtained from the cluster analysis of LOHAS and wellbeing-related lifestyle: Cluster 1 "LOHAS-pursuit group", Cluster 2 "wellbeing-progress group", Cluster 3 "Utility-pursuit group". Of the housewives who were of LOHAS-pursuit group, about 50% were over 40 years old and had a professional job with a high household income. They had a high level of understanding about EAPs and purchased the highest percentage of EAPs among the groups. The housewives who were of the wellbeing-progress group, over 83% were between the ages of 30 and 40. Their consumption behaviors were very similar with that of the LOHAS-pursuit group, but the household income was lower. Of the housewives who were of the utility-pursuit group, about 63% under 30 years old. Their household income and level of understanding about EAPs were the lowest among the groups. They less interest in EAPs in comparison with other groups. For housewives' to choose EAPs properly, information and consumer education on these products, according to their lifestyles is necessary.
A Preliminary Study of Licensing Facilitation Standards for Improvements in Quality for Childcare Centers
Kim, Youug-Aee ; Choi, Mock-Wha ; Park, Juug-A ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 3, 2011, Pages 691~711
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.3.691
This study examines the preliminary license and approval facilitation standards for improvements in quality for childcare centers focusing on the number of children, building space standards, facilities and equipment, and childcare program. Data from 48 caese was collected from childcare centers nationwide in Korea through a questionnaire and building plan. The first step for starting care licensing is to work out the ages and numbers of children within four or five age ranges. The second step is to work out the number of children as small, medium, or large considering staff to child ratios and building size. The Nnext step is to make a choice about childcare service quality classification as minimum, fair, or good, considering space requirements per child for the building, the classroom and the outdoor playground. The next step is to make a choice of space organization relating to service programs, considering the sleeping and eating area, indoor play area, toilet & washing facilities, classroom layouts such as cluster type, double zone type, single zone type, and others. Also, each room and entrance, office, kitchen, storage, laundry, teacher's area, and chilldren's area, need to be checked for space requirements and performances. The last step is to arrange the childcare program with the building and site plan. In conclusion childcare service quality will get better by upgrading of license regulation especially in minimum space requirements per child, corresponding with an increase in GNP and housing area per person. This is needed for childcare licensing in order to determine the quality level of childcare service.
Space Plan for Activated Community Center : 6 Cases in Heungduk-gu, Cheongju City
Park, Kyoung-Ok ; Lee, June-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 3, 2011, Pages 713~729
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.3.713
The purpose of this study is to suggest an activation plan for community centers. The community centers, categorized into 3 types by the number of visitors, were comparatively analyzed by their programs, operation, and visitors' opinion. 6 community centers in Heungduk-gu, Cheongju-city, their 6 operators, and their 220 visitors were the sample. This study surveyed community centers on the spot about their space characteristics and programs, interviewed operators, and asked questionnaires to visitors. The data of the 3 categorized centers were analyzed by frequency, average, and percentage. The following is the result: 1) The number of visitors was dependent on the type of residence and age of the residents. The activated community centers were found in residence type apartment blocks, and with an age group in its 40s. 2) The space satisfaction was dependent on the year of construction; it was higher with newer buildings and wider sizes. 3) All the centers were affirmative on the communication of the participants of programs. In conclusion, the activation plan of the community center has to comprise a renovation of old buildings, public promotion, and the development of programs taking into consideration the age group of the residents.