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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
The Impacts of Personality Differences Between Husbands and Wives on Marital Conflict : Over the Length of the Marriage
Yi, Yeong-Sug ; Park, Kyung-Rhan ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 731~743
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.4.731
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between personality differences and marital conflict. In particular, this study examined what impact, if any, exists between groups married for fewer than five years(Group 1) and those married for five or more years(Group 2). The sample consisted of 368 married couples. Each couple was asked to complete two questionnaires: one for measuring marital conflict and another for assessing husbands' and wives' personalities using the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator(MBTI). The results of this study were as follows: First, between Group 1 and Group 2, marital conflict showed no differences. Second, no marital conflict, caused by the four types of personality, was found in Group 2. However, for Group 1, the marital conflict perceived by wives was influenced by J-P and S-N types of wives, and the marital conflict perceived by husbands was affected by J-P type of husbands and S-N type of wives. Third, for Group 1, the marital conflict perceived by wives was influenced by the difference between S-N types. The marital conflict perceived by husbands was affected by differences between S-N types and between J-P types. No marital conflict, caused by the difference of the four types of personality, was found in Group 2. The results showed that the four types of personality and the differences in personality types between the couples affected marital conflict, depending on the duration of marriage. Therefore, it is important for the newly married couple to comprehend their spouse's personality and to adjust their lifestyles stemming from their personality differences.
A Survey Study of Parents' Perceptions on Status of Parent-Child Mathematical Interaction and Use of Mathematical Materials at home
Lee, Hyun-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 745~757
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.4.745
The purpose of this study was to explore status of mathematical interactions between parent and child and use of mathematical materials at home. For this purpose, questionnaires were developed. The framework of the questionnaires consisted of mathematics education content domains. 276 parents(4-5 year old children) in J Province responded to the questionnaires, which were analyzed according to the level of home income, the mother's work conditions and the mother's level of education. The results were as follows: First, between parent and child mathematical interaction at home showed a 2.84 score in average and frequency of mathematical interaction expressed in the domains of 'Understanding of regularity', 'Measurement', 'Growing number sense', 'Space and shapes', 'Organizing data and showing results'. The domains of 'Growing number sense', 'space and shapes', and 'measurement' showed significant difference only by mother's level of education. The higher the mother's level of education, the more frequent the mathematical interaction between parent and child. Second, the use of mathematical materials showed an average score of 1.18, which means mathematical materials were practically not used at home. Also, the use of mathematical materials showed a slightly significant difference when measures against the levels of home income and the mother's level of education. The results showed a significant difference in parent-child mathematical interactions, and the possession and use of mathematical materials when measures against by level of home income and the mother's work conditions. Therefore, the results of this study suggest that the parent education program for mathematical interaction to apply at home and mathematics curriculum to be connected early in childhood education institution and home should be developed for parents.
The Survey Analysis of University Students' Romantic Experiences
Jung, Min-Ja ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 759~775
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.4.759
The purpose of this research is to study university students' romantic experiences for this research, 1000 students participated by cyber lectures "marrige & families" and "sex & love". The results of this study are as follows: (1)Their first romantic experiences started in middle school(18.5%), high school(32.7%), or university(39.4%). Their first romantic experiences disappeared after one year. University students' first romantic experiences were universal and were made into a proximity principle. (2) University students' one-sided romantic experiences were 78%, but they loved someone senior to them or friends. They fell in love by attraction to character or appearance. University students' one-sided loving processes were made into friendship and the higher eye-level liking. (3) University students dated every day. They experienced the following sexual behaviors: kissing(90.2%), embracing(94.7%), or intercourse(34.7%.) Their dating life was made into a proximity principle. (4)University students experienced an emotional change from break-ups: solitude, longing, or regret, but their coping strategies were immersion in study or leisure, or meeting friends. They(70%) got over it and dated some body else.
A Study on the Relationship between Daycare Teachers' Efficacy Belief on Play and Acceptability of Improving Social Skills Strategies for Children with Disabilities
Ahn, Hyo-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 777~787
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.4.777
The purpose of the study is to examine the relationship between the day care teachers' efficacy beliefs on play and acceptability of social skills strategies for children with disabilities. 174 daycare teachers participated in this study. For this study, two instruments were used. One was the social interaction program features questionnaire (Odom et al., 1993), developed for the purpose of understanding the types of teachers' social interaction, which was modified. The other was the teachers' efficacy beliefs on play by Cho (1999) which was revised. Data was collected and analyzed by SPSS 12. The overall findings of this study were as follows. First, there was a meaningful difference in daycare teachers' acceptability of social skill strategies for disabilities children by factors. Secondly, there was a strong relationship between their acceptability and their efficacy beliefs on play. Thirdly, there was a meaningful differences between higher group and lower group of scores of teachers' efficacy belief on play in daycare teachers' acceptability of social skill strategies for disabilities children.
The Effect of Principals' Transformational Leadership on Efficacy of Teachers in Day Care Centers: A Focus on the Mediating Effect of Collective Efficacy of Teachers
Choi, In-Suk ; Sung, Mi-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 789~800
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.4.789
This study examined the relationships among principals' transformational leadership, collective efficacy and efficacy of teachers based on the survey data from 196 teachers working in day care centers in the Incheon and Gyeonggi-do areas. These valuables were all measured by teachers. The collected data were analyzed by Simple Regression and Hierarchical Multiple Regression. The main results of this study were as follows. First, principals' transformational leadership had positive effects on collective efficacy and efficacy of teachers. Second, collective efficacy of teachers had a positive influence on efficacy of teachers. Finally, the effects of principals' leadership on efficacy of teachers was totally mediated by collective efficacy of teachers. Most importantly, the collective efficacy of teachers totally mediated the positive relation between principals' leadership and the individual efficacy of teachers.
A Study on Ethical Consumption Behaviors of College Students: Classification and Analysis according to the Ethical Consumption Behaviors
Hong, Eun-Sil ; Shin, Hyo-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 801~817
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.4.801
The purpose of this research was to explore the levels of ethical consumption of the college students and classify their types on ethical consumption behaviors. This research was conducted with university students living in Gwangju. Statistical analysis was achieved by using t-test, one-way ANOVA, Duncan's multiple range test,
, and Ward' hierarchical cluster analysis with a total of 761 questionnaires. The research results are summarized as follows: First, the overall ethical consumption average mark of college students was 3.14. Second, all surveyed college students were classified into five types based on the means scores of three dimension ethical consumption behaviors. A total 16.7% of students belonged to Type 1 (named as entire region active group) where students scored high points on three dimension ethical consumption behaviors. Type 2 (named as entire region average group) had about 41.6% of students whose scores were the average mark level in three dimension ethical consumption behaviors. Type 3 (named as future-oriented group) occupied 13.9% and this group scored low on the ethical consumption in commercial transaction but high on the ethical consumption for the future generation. Type 4 (named as commercial transaction oriented group) occupied 9.1% and this group scored low on the ethical consumption for contemporary humankind and the ethical consumption for the future generation but high on the ethical consumption in commercial transaction. Type 5 (named as entire region passive group) had 18.7% of students whose scores of three dimension ethical consumption behaviors were low.
The Influences Personality and the Attitudes Towards Money Play on the Act of Giving Money, by University Students
Kim, Jung-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 819~829
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.4.819
The purpose of this study was to explore the influences of personality and the money attitude on the giving of money by university students. 275 questionnaires were used for the statistical analysis of this study. The questionnaire includes attitudes towards money and giving money, whether or not respondents had a NGO membership, the level of participation into volunteer service, and other demographic information. The results of the study show that, female, middle class students with no religious preference tended to be more positiveabout giving money. There was a positive relationship between citizenship and giving money attitudes. It means that more actively attended citizenship activities were by students, the more positive attitudes towards giving money they had. The compulsive & consumptive types were more sardonic than others. The managerial types perceived less negatively giving organization. Based on these results, the following have been suggested in order to expand personal giving attitudes, voluntary programs, and activities related to the civil society for students. There needs to be a financial management education program with a balance struck between expenditure categories of consumption and non-consumption, including giving money to others.
Factors that Influence the Type of Child Care Services and Child Care Expenses
Park, Sun-Wook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 831~847
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.4.831
This study investigated the factors that influence child care expenses and the type of child care services used by preschool children. Data for this study was obtained from a questionnaire completed by mothers of preschool children during the spring of 2009. The data was analyzed by the following methods:
, ANOVA, multinominal logit analysis, and multiple regression analysis. The results of this study showed the significant factors that affected the types of child care services used by preschool children. These factors were the child's age, child's sex, mother's age, mother's educational level, mother's employment status, family income, type of residence, residential area, and family type. Monthly child care expenses for one child was an average of 374,000 won and it accounted for about 9 percent of their family income. The significant factors that affect child care expenses were the mother's educational level, the mother's employment status, the number of preschool children, family income, residential area, family type and the type of child care services.
Effects of Web Browsing Motivation and Retail Strategy on Purchase Conversion Behavior for Apparel
Kim, Eun-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 849~860
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.4.849
This study explores a structural model to examine the relationship between web browsing motivation, retail strategy and purchase conversion for apparel on shopping websites. A self-administered questionnaire based on existing scales includes web browsing motivation, retail strategy, and purchase conversion intention of apparel on the shopping websites. A total of 499 usable questionnaires were obtained from consumers aging 20 to 49 who reside in metropolitan cities in Korea. For data analysis, descriptive statistics, exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and structural equation models were used via SPSS 12.0 and LISREL 8.8. Findings concluded that web browsing motivations consisted of three factors: hedonic, informational, and recreational browsing for apparel. Hedonic browsing had a negative effect on purchase conversion intention, whereas informational browsing had a positive effect on the purchase conversion intention for apparel on shopping sites. Retail strategies on the website were classified into service, merchandise assortment, and price & promotion; the three elements of retail strategies mediated the relationship between web browsing motivations and purchase conversion intention for apparel. Specially, merchandise assortment had significantly direct effect on the purchase conversion intention of apparel on shopping websites. Managerial implications were discussed for fashion marketers to develop retail strategies and web content in order to convert web browsers or visitors into purchasers.
Effects of Skipping Breakfast based on the Frequency of Skipping Breakfast of Middle School Students in Sangju, Gyeongbuk Province
Park, Pil-Sook ; Song, Eun-Joo ; Hwang, Soon-Ran ; Park, Kyung-Ok ; Park, Mi-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 861~869
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.4.861
This paper examined the frequency of skipping breakfast by middle school students for one week. It carried out the study in order to understand the ways skipping breakfast effected other habits. The subjects were 467 middle school students (219 boys, 248 girls). The results of the survey were as follows; average male students were
in height, weight and body mass index, while the average female students were
. As for the reasons for skipping breakfast, 58.0% of the subjects responded that they had no time. The frequency of skipping breakfast was divided into the eating group (0~1 time) and the skipping breakfast group (2~3times/week, 4~5 times/week, or 6~7 times/week). As the frequency of skipping breakfast increased, so the rate of the subjects eating alone was higher and eating with family lower(p<.05). The dietary behavior change stage was divided into contemplation stage, preparation stage, action stage, and maintenance stage. The eating group(59.2%) was higher than the skipping breakfast group(29.1%~46.3%) in the rate of subjects maintenance stage(p<.01). Accordingly, skipping breakfast was closely connected with eating habits in their families. A dietitian needs to teach the importance of meals and life habits, so as to enhance public awareness of health and nutrition to the students. Subjects of nutrition education must even enlarge their parents as well as the students.
A Comparative Study of Job Importance, Performance Level, and Job Satisfaction of School and Office Foodservice Dietitians
Kim, Ae-Jung ; Yang, Hyang-Sook ; Han, Myung-Ryun ; Rho, Jeong-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 4, 2011, Pages 871~884
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.4.871
This study was conducted to analyze job importance, performance level, and job satisfaction of school and office foodservice dietitians. Self-administered questionnaires were collected from 181 dietitians in the Chungnam area. Statistical data analysis was completed using SPSS v. 14.0. School dietitians were 55% and office dietitians were 45%. Of both, age of 20s and 30s scored 85%; the age of 30s of schools dietians scored 70% while those in office dietians 20s scored 79%. More than 84% of school and office dietitians were university graduates. Total average of job importance of school dietitians was 4.24 and job performance was 3.97 while that of office dietitians was 4.15 and job performances was 3.69. A duty that had a big difference in job importance and performances as a dietitian was 'education of nutrition' (p<.001) and 'self-improvement' (p<.001). According to the meal service except, importance and performances of duties showed a significantly high level (p<.001) for office dietitians, but most measures of job importance and performances showed a high level at school. Therefore, in order to improve job performances and satisfaction for school dietitians, it is necessary to develop systematic and professional education programs for qualification improvement and to grow pride and improve treatment as a nutrition teacher through expansion of appointment. Meanwhile, for office dietitians, it is required to strengthen duty education of 'human resource management' and 'meal service management' through education and supplementary training in companies, on which personal characteristics are reflected.