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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
A Qualitative Study on Adult Children's Experiences of Parental Bereavement
Kong, Su-Youn ; Yang, Sung-Eun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 5, 2011, Pages 885~896
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.5.885
This research is intended to examine adult children's experiences with parental bereavement and the effect of the experiences on family relationships and their lives. In order to describe the subjects' experiences as they are and understand their meaning and essence, data was analyzed using the Colaizzi method, an approach to phenomenology as a qualitative research methods. The findings showed that subjects suffered from the loss of parents; however, they recovered from their conditions after an ancestor worshiping service. In addition, they took heavy responsibility for a survived parent after bereavement and experienced changes in the roles of family members. In conclusion, experience with parental bereavement caused adult children to reflect on themselves, to discuss the essence of life, and to change the attitudes of their life from a future-oriented perspective to a here-and-now perspective.
The Types of Infant Care Curricula Based on Analysis of Infants Care Plans
Choi, Mock-Wha ; Lee, Mi-Young ; Rha, Jong-Hay ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 5, 2011, Pages 897~915
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.5.897
The purpose of this study was to investigate the actual conditions and characteristics of weekly and daily child care programs for infants, to provide a basis for the improvement of infant care quality. Weekly and daily curricula of 18 classes for one and two-year-olds classes (9 for each ages) from childcare centers in D city were collected from Nov. 2009 to February 2010. The results are as following: first, classes for one-year-olds plan 6-25 activities and classes for two-year-olds plan 12-30 activities weekly, with differences in the number of weekly activities according to the childcare centers. The number of weekly activities should be planned considering infants' interest as well as educational continuity of the activities. Second, the investigation of daily activities showed that the routine activities planned for one-year-olds were for total of 310-600 minutes and for two-year-olds 310-540 minutes. Among these, on average of 66% of the time was planned for everyday life such as eating and napping. The rest of time was dedicated to indoor and outdoor free play. However a few centers allocated more time for group activities according to subjects compared to free play. A curriculum composed of group activities ignoring infants' individual developmental differences should not be encouraged. Last, the results of cluster analyses on weekly and daily curricula in terms of the number of activities and time, duration, number of group activities and time showed that curricula for infants could be characterized into two types: "free play" and "group activity" curricula.
The Effects of Ego Integrity on Death Anxiety of the Elderly: Focusing on the Mediating Effect of Depression
Chang, Kyung-Eun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 5, 2011, Pages 917~926
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.5.917
The purpose of this study is to identify the influence of ego integrity on death anxiety of the elderly, mediated by depression based on Erikson theory(1963). For this study, 313 elderly over 60 years old in Daegu city participated in a survey. The data of the survey was analyzed using SPSS 15.0 and Structural Equation Modeling(SEM) with AMOS 7.0. The results of the study are as follows: ego integrity of the elderly does not influence death anxiety due to the suppressing effect of depression. However, depression does mediate the relation between ego integrity and death anxiety fully. Such findings suggest that the Erikson theory can also be applied to elderly Korean citizens. A practical benefit derived from the study's results is the proposition to implement a reminiscence program, reinforce depression treatment and prevention systems, and augment a death awareness movement for elderly.
Children's Relational and Overt Aggression in relation to their Negative Emotionality, Emotional Regulation, and Maternal Parenting Behaviors
Kwon, Yeon-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 5, 2011, Pages 927~940
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.5.927
This study examined the effects of children's negative emotionality, emotional regulation, and maternal parenting behaviors on their relational and overt aggression. The participants were 355 children(174 boys, 181 girls; aged 4-5 years old) and their mothers. The teachers completed rating scales to measure the children's aggression and emotion regulation. The children's negative emotionality and maternal parenting behaviors were assessed by a mother reported questionnaire. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, correlations, and hierarchical multiple regressions. Results showed that Children's negative emotionality was positively related to their relational and overt aggression. Children's emotional regulation had a negative relation to their relational and overt aggression. Mother's limit-setting and rejection-neglect was significantly related to children's relational aggression, whereas mother's warmth-encouragement and rejection-neglect was negatively related to children's overt aggression. Hierarchical regression analysis indicated that the interaction of children's negative emotionality and mother's overprotection-permission predicted children's overt aggression. Children's negative emotionality, whose mothers demonstrated middle and high level of overprotection-permission, was associated significantly with overt aggression. In addition, the association between mother's parenting behaviors and children's aggressions were mediated by their emotion regulation. The findings point to similarities and differences between relational and overt aggression in relation to children's negative emotionality, emotional regulation and maternal parenting behaviors.
The Influence of Adolescent's Career Attitude, Occupation Value, and Social Support on Career Preparation Behavior
Kang, Ran-Hye ; Lee, Mi-Jeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 5, 2011, Pages 941~953
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.5.941
The purpose of this research was to investigate the effects of demographic, occupation value, career attitude, and social support on high school students' career preparation behavior. The data was collected from the Korean Survey on of the Career and occupation of Youth in 2009(N=3,499). Descriptive statistics, One-way ANOVA, T-test, correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis were performed on SPSS 17.0. The results of this study are as follows: first, career preparation behavior according to gender was much higher for female students than male students. There were statistically significant differences in career preparation behavior according to school years. The first year students' perception in of career preparation behavior was higher than the second, and third year students. The first year students' perception in of career preparation behavior was higher than second, and third year students. Second, career preparation behavior had a significant correlations with work value, career attitude, family support, and school support. Third, this study demonstrated that career decisiveness and family support was a strong factor in career preparation behavior. In addition, among all factors, the career decisiveness of career attitude was proved to be the most influential factor on career preparation behavior. The study discusses practical implications for career education programs.
The Effects of Right Practice and Self-Concept on Social Skills of Adolescents
Ji, Eun-Ju ; Yang, Sung-Eun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 5, 2011, Pages 955~966
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.5.955
This study is intended to identify the difference in social skills among adolescent students, by grade gender, rights practice, and self-awareness. It will raise awareness of the importance of the rights of adolescents and provide basic data of guaranteed rights for adolescents and social skills. Using questionnaires, a 569 adolescents, in four middle and high schools in Seoul and the Capital Area, were analyzed. The study results were as follows: first, females showed higher empathy skills than males did in social skills. In the case of male adolescents, self-control skills among social skills, was higher than those of females. Second, practice for rights and self-concept had positive influences on social skills. The higher the practice for rights, the higher cooperation, assertiveness, empathy, and self-control the adolescents had. The more positive self-concept of physical appearance, gymnastic ability, friends, and honesty, trust and value, indicated a higher assertiveness. The result implied that the adolescents' practice for their rights, self-concept, and social skills were highly correlated with one another, and adequate practice for their rights and positive self-concept had influences on their social skills. Based on the results, in order for adolescents with a low level of social skills to have a satisfactory social life, they should be encouraged to practice their own rights in the right direction and to acquire positive self-concept in the future.
Effects of Group Art Therapy Program on Self-Esteem and Peer Relationship of Children in Low-Income and Single-Parent Family
Kim, Jung-Hee ; Chung, Da-Wn ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 5, 2011, Pages 967~981
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.5.967
This study aims to research the effects of group art therapy program on the self-esteem and peer relationships of children in low-income and single-parent families. It was performed for 24 sessions with Lee Hyeon-Jin's(2006) and Shin Ji-Hye and Kim Gui-Bok's(2009) group art therapy program. The evaluation was performed with Park Mi-Ran's self-esteem questionnaire(2007) and Kim Taehee's peer-relationship questionnaire(2005). The subjects are 26 elementary students in low-income and single parent family who are in the 2, 3, and 4 grade and use A-regional children center and B-regional children center which are located in Gyeongbuk province. Means, standard deviations, Independent t-test and Paired t-test were conducted. Firstly, the change in self-esteem of both experiment group and control group is investigated before and after their taking group art therapy program. There are statistically meaningful enhancements in self-esteem of experimental group. But there are no statistically meaningful enhancements in self-esteem of control group. Secondly, peer-relationships in both experimental group and control group do not change between before and after taking group art therapy program. Thus, the program of group art therapy is thought to be effective therapy improving the self-esteem of child in low-income single-parent family.
The Effects of Maternal Rejective Parenting Behaviorsd and Preschoolers' Aggression and Social Skills on Preschoolers' Exclusion by Peers
Chung, Jee-Nha ; Kim, Ji-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 5, 2011, Pages 983~992
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.5.983
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of maternal rejective parenting behaviors and preschoolers' aggression and social skills on preschoolers' exclusion by peers. Subjects were 91 5- to 6-year-old preschoolers(49 boys, 42 girls) and their mothers. Data was analyzed by descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and stepwised multiple regression analysis. The major findings are summarized as follows: (1) preschoolers' exclusion by peers was positively correlated with maternal rejective parenting behaviors and preschoolers' aggression. On the other hand, preschoolers' exclusion by peers was negatively correlated with preschoolers' social skills. (2) The most influential factor on preschoolers' exclusion by peers was preschoolers' cooperative behaviors, and the next influential factor on preschoolers' exclusion by peers was maternal rejective parenting behaviors. In conclusion, maternal rejective parenting behaviors and preschoolers' social skills influence preschoolers' exclusion by peers.
Consumers' Needs, for Corporate Social Responsibility According to the Perception of Consumer's Social Responsibility
Seo, Jeong-Hee ; Jeon, Hyang-Ran ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 5, 2011, Pages 993~1008
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.5.993
An increase in interests in consumers' social responsibilities, or ethical spending, starts from a recognition that the consumption of an individual does not stop with the individual, but also affects overall society. The recognition of consumers' social responsibilities leads to demands for corporate social responsibility. Therefore, this study analyzed how social responsibility recognition affects consumers' needs for corporate social responsibility using college students. All data was analyzed with the SPSS Windows 18.0 program in terms of frequency, Crobach's
, factor analyses, paired t-test, one-way ANOVA, and multiple regression. The results are as following: first, the recognition level of consumers' social responsibilities in college students was at an average level and the consumer's needs for corporate social responsibility were higher than usual. Second, the grade level, military experience, and economic status of the college students changed their views on consumers' needs for corporate social responsibility. Groups with higher consumers' social responsibilities had higher consumer demands for corporate social responsibility. Through this, we can see that consumers' social responsibilities affects the consumer's needs for corporate social responsibility.
Effect of UV Irradiation on the Color and Mechanical Properties of Catechu Dyed Fabrics
Nam, Ki-Yeon ; Lee, Jung-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 5, 2011, Pages 1009~1023
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.5.1009
This study was carried out to investigate the variations of catechu dyed fabrics under UV irradiation. Catechu dyed cotton and silk fabrics mordanted with Fe and Cu were irradiated with UV under dry and wet conditions, and then were evaluated on color changes and mechanical properties. Owing to UV irradiation, the K/S values of catechu dyed cotton fabrics increased until a certain amount of time but those of catechu-dyed silk fabrics increased continuously. Cu mordanting cotton fabrics showed the smallest changes due to the UV treatment, and silk fabrics mordanted with Fe showed the largest changes. Wetted fabrics were accelerated maillard browning by UV. Un-mordanted cotton fabrics treated with UV under dry conditions changed its YR color to Y, but changed its Y color to YR under wet conditions. However, mordanted cotton fabrics treated with UV didn't change their color. Dyed silk fabrics except those Fe mordanted and in wet conditions continued to keep their color after UV irradiation. Silk fabric mordanted with Fe under wet conditions changed its Y color to YR by UV irradiation. UV irradiation didn't affect the mechanical properties of catechu-dyed cotton and silk fabrics in any significant way.
Effect of the Drapability and the Texture Image on the Purchase Preference of Blouse Fabrics
Kim, Yeo-Won ; Pan, Hong-Yu ; Na, Mi-Hee ; Choi, Jong-Myoung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 5, 2011, Pages 1025~1034
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.5.1025
The purpose of this study was to examine the evaluation of fabric characteristics on the drapability, texture image and preference of blouse fabrics, and to analyze the effects of the texture image, objective and subjective drapability on the preference. As specimen, silk and polyester fabrics were collected. 52 female subjects evaluated 16 specimens with semantic differential scale of 18 fabric image and 20 sensibility. Data were analyzed through factor analysis, pearson correlational coefficient using spss win 12.0. For the evaluation, structural characteristics such as fiber contents, weave type, weight and thickness were analyzed. The results were as follows: The evaluation results of objective and subjective drapability showed differences. Sensory image factors of blouse fabrics were 'surface smoothness', 'elasticity', 'weight' and 'flexibility'. Sensibility image factors were 'elegance', 'classic', 'characteristic' and 'mannish'. 'Elegance', 'classic' and 'characteristic' of sensibility images showed high correlation with 'surface smoothness' and 'elasticity' of sensory image, also 'mannish' of sensibility image showed significant correlation with 'weight' of sensory image. The significant fabric characteristics affecting objective drapability were density, weight, thickness. The significant texture image factors affecting objective drapability were 'weight', 'flexibility' of sensory image and 'elegance' of sensibility image. On the other hand, the significant factors affecting subjective drapability were thickness of fabric characteristics and 'elegance', 'characteristic', 'mannish' of sensibility images. 'Elegance', 'characteristic' and 'classic' of sensibility image, 'elasticity' of sensory image and subjective drapability affected on the purchase preference.
The Effect of Perceived Risks and Information Sources on Impulse Buying Behavior on Fashion Internet Shopping Malls
Ha, Jong-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 5, 2011, Pages 1035~1046
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.5.1035
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impulse buying behavior of men and women in their twenties, who have experiences of purchasing on internet shopping malls, when they buy fashion products. The data in this study was statistically analyzed using factor analysis, reliability coefficient, and multiple regression analysis using SPSS 14.0. The findings are as follows. First, factor analysis revealed five factors of impulse buying behavior during the purchase of fashion products on internet shopping malls: affective impulse buying, provocative impulse buying, situational impulse buying, reminder impulse buying, and pure impulse buying. Second, factors of perceived risk when purchasing fashion products on internet shopping malls included product quality, payment, service, and economy. Third, sources of information included personal sources of media for fashion professionals, commercials and sponsorship, and promotion. Fourth, the effect of the perceived risk on impulse buying behavior was investigated and the result showed that the perceived risk had a statistically significant influence on impulse buying behavior. Finally, the effect of the information source on impulse buying behavior was investigated and the results showed that the use of information sources had a statistically significant influence on impulse buying behavior.
A Study of Singles' Food Consumption Behavior based on Food-related Lifestyle -On the Adults between 25 to 54 years old in the Seoul metropolitan area-
Hong, Wan-Soo ; Choi, Seung-Gyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 5, 2011, Pages 1047~1057
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.5.1047
The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences is food consumption behavior based on singles' food-related lifestyle. A survey was conducted with singles(age 25~54) in the Seoul metropolitan area. Out of 2,051 questionnaires distributed, 300 were analyzed(15.21% response rate). The data was analyzed using SPSS windows(ver. 17.0). Singles' food-related lifestyles were categorized into three groups. In addition, the respondents were divided into three groups by cluster analysis: convenience oriented group, wellbeing dining-out oriented group, and uninvolved group. The food consumption behavior of each group was significantly different in terms of considerations of food consumption, preference of food product types, and breakfast types. The convenience oriented group prefered to buy ready to cook food, ready to heat food and ready to eat food. Moreover, they often eat instant food. The wellbeing dining-out group is more interested in foods and their health than other groups. The uninvolved group was not concerned about food. This study suggests that the food industry the characteristics of singles' needs to be analyzed more systematically. By analyzing the characteristics of singles', the food industry can use the data to establish a marketing strategy for them.
Satisfaction and Preference of Private and Shared Space of Student Housing for One Person Household - Focused on the University Students in Cheongju, Chungbuk -
Kim, Mi-Kyoung ; Jang, Eun-Hye ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 5, 2011, Pages 1059~1074
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.5.1059
The purpose of this study is to provide a practical guide for planning the private and shared space of student housing for one person household by analyzing their satisfaction and preference. The data was collected through a questionnaire-survey from the students of the university in the city of Cheongju, Chungbuk. 191 samples were collected and analyzed by using SPSS-PC. The results are as follows: (1) this survey showed that most students are dissatisfied with private and shared spaces to narrow size, an unpleasant indoor environment, and incomplete facilities. (2) The most preferred housing type is an officetel in one room style because of its convenience. The majority of students preferred a bedroom, bathroom, kitchen and dining room in personal preferential order with a wide room, well-ventilated environment, and reasonable space zoning for planning the private space. Broad personal spaces with shared spaces such as a study room, cafeteria and health zone are in demand for unit planning. Therefore, to provide privacy for personal living and to develop community spirit, there needs to be a movement to better for community living by arranging optional shared spaces.
An analysis of the Influencing Factors and Actual State of Indoor Air Quality in Semi-underground Multi-family Housing Units
Choi, Yoon-Jung ; Kim, Sun-Young ; Kim, Ji-Young ; Choe, Sol-Ji ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 5, 2011, Pages 1075~1091
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.5.1075
The purposes of this study were to investigate the actual state of indoor air quality in semi-underground multi-family housing units in early summer, to analyze the influencing factors, and to make suggestions for improvement. A series of field investigations were conducted in four target units between June 22, 2010, and June 28, 2010. The field investigations included measurements of indoor air quality as well as the observation of architectural characteristics and living conditions. In addition to the field investigation, on-site questionnaire surveys were administrated to residents in 90 units. The findings are summarized as follows: (1) The average
levels in each of the four units ranged from 759ppm to 1885ppm.
levels in three units exceeded the evaluation standard (1000ppm), and one unit was lower than the standard. This unit had smaller number of staying person and a large amount of ventilation than others; (2) the average CO levels in each unit were almost 0ppm, but 0.1~1.1 levels of CO were revealed at several times; (3) the average PM-10 levels ranged from
, which distributes within the standard (
). The influencing factors of PM-10 levels were analyzed as inflow from outside, the use of a gas range, and the residents' activities; (4) therefore, it was evaluated to be necessary to improve ventilation for the indoor air quality of semi-underground housing in aspect of