Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
The Stress Types, Coping Styles, and Relationship Quality with Mothers-in-Law Perceived by Sons-in-Law
Oh, Hae-Jung ; Park, Kyung-Rhan ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 1093~1107
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.6.1093
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of stress types and coping styles on the relationship quality with mothers-in-law perceived by sons-in-law. The data was collected from 300 sons-in-law aged 20~49 by using a survey questionnaire. The main results of this study were as follows: first, factor analysis yielded 4 types of coping(cognitive understanding coping, avoidant coping, direct behavior coping, and indirect behavior coping) and 7 types of stress(despising poor ability and condition, interference in daily life, son-in-law discrimination, wife discrimination, uncomfortable interaction, differences in lifestyle, and excessive demand). Second, the total stress perceived by sons-in-law in the relationship with their mothers-in-law was affected by avoidant coping and cognitive understanding coping. Finally, the relationship quality between mothers-in-law and sons-in-law was influenced by avoidant coping, uncomfortable interaction stress, direct behavior coping, differences in lifestyle stress, son-in-law discrimination stress, interference in daily life stress, frequency of meeting, cognitive understanding coping, indirect behavior coping, and age. Consequently, it was confirmed that sons-in-law's coping styles with stress from their mothers-in-law was more influential than the amount of stress perceived by sons-in-law on the relationship quality with their mothers-in-law. Especially, 'avoidant coping' among 4 styles of coping and 'uncomfortable interaction stress' among 7 types of stress influenced the relationship quality between mothers-in-law and sons-in-law the most.
Study of Parental Reactions to a Child's Negative Emotions
Chung, Myoung-Ja ; Lim, You-Kyoung ; Kim, Dong-Rye ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 1109~1119
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.6.1109
The purpose of this study was to examine the difference of the father's and mother's reactions to their children's negative emotions, relations among the children's variables, parent's variables, and parent's reactions. The subjects selected were 183 mothers and 183 fathers with children aged three to five-years-old, from a childcare center and kindergarten in Kwang-ju. Parental emotion-related practices regarding children's negative emotions were assessed with an adaptation of the CCNES(Fabes et al, 1990) that was modified by Kim Hee-Jung(1994). Descriptives, Pearson's correlation coefficient, were used for data analysis by using the SPSS 15.0 program. The results of this study can be summarized as follows: First, fathers and mothers used more positive reactions than negative reactions when their children showed negative emotions. The mothers were significantly higher than fathers on encouragement of expression, punitive, and distress reactions. Second, the children's age and gender, parent's age, level of education and income were negatively and positively correlated to the father's and mother's reactions to their children's negative emotions.
Promotion strategies for consumption of the fairly traded products
Seo, Jeong-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 1121~1133
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.6.1121
Fair trade has received increasing attention from ethical consumers in the North Trans-Atlantic world. It is a movement establishing alternative trading organizations to ensure minimal returns, safe working conditions, and to provide continuity in the trading relationship for disadvantaged producers, especially women and indigenous people in the South. Despite of the growing fair trade movement in the U.S. and Europe, it is still in the introductory stage in Korea. Although fair trade has gained some attention because of the efforts of activists, most Korean consumers are still unaware of it. This paper is divided into four sections including an introduction and conclusions. In section two, I analysed sales of the fairly traded products and the websites of the fairly traded products sellers. In section three, I proposed two effective recommendations for the better marketing and promotion strategies of fairly traded products. One proposal is for providing consumer information, like fair trade certificates, consumer campaigns, and consumer information of the fair trade sellers' websites analyses. The other is for establishing the infrastructure to promote the consumption of fairly traded products such as consumer education, corporate social responsibility, social enterprise, fair trade town and school, and networking. This study is relavant to academics, non-profit fair trade organizations, manufacturers, retailers and governments.
Green Consumption Behavior According to the Lifestyles of College Students
Kim, Hyo-Chung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 1135~1151
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.6.1135
This study examined green consumption behavior according to the lifestyles of college students. The data were collected from 314 college students in Yeungnam region by a self-administered questionnaire. Frequencies, Cronbach's alpha, factor analysis, cluster analysis, chi-square tests, one-way analysis of variance, Duncan's multiple range tests, Pearson's correlation analysis, and multiple regression analyses were conducted by SPSS Windows V.18.0. According to the result of factor analysis, lifestyles were categorized into six factors: thrift-saving type, enthusiastic activity type, brand ostentation type, freedom-seeking type, material oriented type, and practice-seeking type. Cluster analysis showed respondents belonged to one of four groups: thrift practice group, indifference group, freedom-seeking group, and material ostentation group. The levels of green purchase behavior, green usage behavior and green disposal behavior of the respondents was not high. The thrift practice group showed higher levels of green purchase behavior, green usage behavior, and green disposal behavior. Finally, according to multiple regression analyses, environmental consciousness, knowledge about green consumption, lifestyle groups were the significant factors affecting green consumption behaviors. These results imply that green consumption education for college students should be activated to induce green life.
Factors Influencing the Repurchase Intention of Gas Boiler Users
Kim, Yoek-Suk ; Jeon, Hyang-Ran ; Jae, Mie-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 1153~1165
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.6.1153
Decision making for gas boiler consumers depends on the characteristics of products such as the price and quality as well as the brand image. Although a gas boiler is a high involvement product in terms of price, in fact, it is a low involvement product which is greatly affected by installers. This study examined variables which affect the level of satisfaction and repurchase intention by surveying about 1,000 housewives through an on-line questionnaire. The results were as follows: first, gas boiler users' general knowledge of gas boilers showed a correct-answer rate of 54.5%. The average satisfaction score of product quality (mean=5.61 out of 7) was higher than that of the satisfactionscore of the company's service (mean=5.46). Second, the level of repurchase intention was above the mid-point (mean=4.72). Multivariate regression found that product satisfaction, service satisfaction, household size, and information sources explained repurchase intentions for gas boilers to be about 50.7%. Gas boiler marketers should pay attention to the survey result in that the level of repurchase intention depends mainly on both consumer satisfaction and information sources.
A Study on the Direction of Consumer Education Program for Food Safety and the Production of Case Programs
Cho, You-Hyun ; Park, Myung-Hee ; Sohn, Sang-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 1167~1184
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.6.1167
The goal of educating consumers regarding food safety is to increase consumer competency in food safety. In order to recognize consumer problems and to develop consumer competency in rapidly changing consumer environment, it is necessary to cultivate consumer knowledge, attitude, and ability on food safety required in performing the consumer role effectively. Within this context, it is necessary to develop consumer-oriented education programs which aim to change consumer values and behaviors with regard to food safety. Based on information obtained from focus group interviews, the need for educational programs for food safety, which are related to the whole process of food consumption, have been raised. The process of food consumption is divided into buying, cooking/eating, and after eating, based on the process of consumer decision making and consumer behavior. Scenarios for consumer education on food safety were developed depending on the process of food consumption. This study developed a pilot consumer education program which included the whole process of food consumption. The program of this study was designed to induce consumers to change their behavior through establishing values on food safety and may contribute to lay the foundation for the realization of food safety culture. The results will be utilized to provide future directions for consumer education programs and efficient educational materials on food safety. Finally, it is hoped that empirical evaluation and analysis on the effects of consumer education programs will be investigated in future studies.
Understanding the Consumer Experience in Retailing Channel Using Critical Incident Technique
Choi, A-Young ; Rha, Ong-Youn ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 1185~1198
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.6.1185
This research explores the consumers' experience in retailing channel(offline channel and online channel) using the critical incident technique. This research aims to clarify the common incidents within retailing channels which implies decisive factors over the channels, and to clarify the contrasts between channels to compare advantages and disadvantages. Therefore, the research is designed to collect the consumers' narrative of those who have used both channels in 3 months. Classifications are conducted with other researchers majoring consumer science. The results address how impressive experiences are constructed on each channel in three dimensions: product, information search, and the purchase-service dimension. These results are able to provide implications for offline and online retailers and directions for future research.
The Effect of the Mother's Educational Aspirations and the Household's Characteristics on Private Educational Expenditures
Na, Young-Mi ; Yoon, Jung-Hai ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 1199~1212
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.6.1199
The purpose of this study is to examine how the mother's educational aspirations and household's characteristics have an effect on the likelihood of private educational expenditures and the amount of private educational expenditures. Factor analysis, probit and tobit analyses were used. The main findings can be summarized as the following: The mother's educational aspirations for intrinsic values is higher than for extrinsic values. The mother's educational aspirations for extrinsic values, household's assets, and residing in Seoul rather than residing in Incheon had significant positive effects on the likelihood of private educational expenditures. However, the child's birth order had a significant negative effect on the likelihood of private educational expenditures. The mother's educational aspirations for extrinsic values, the mother's education level, household's income, household's assets, and residing in Seoul rather than residing in Incheon had significant positive effects on the amount of private educational expenditures. However, the child's birth order had a significant negative effect on the amount of private educational expenditures. Findings from this study offer several implications. First, the mother's educational aspirations for extrinsic values rather than for intrinsic values has an effect on private educational expenditures. Unless the mother's educational aspirations have been changed to pursuing intrinsic values, the private educational expenditures cannot be reduced. Second, the polarization of the household's income and assets could bring about the polarization of private educational expenditures, which can lead to the intergenerational income polarization.
The Antibacterial Effects of Backryeoncho(Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten) Extracts as Applied to Kimchi Fermentation with Lactic Acid Bacteria and Food Poisoning Bacteria
Lee, Young-Sook ; Sohn, Hee-Sook ; Rho, Jeong-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 1213~1222
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.6.1213
This research evaluated antibacterial and growth inhibition effects on three kinds of lactic acid bacteria and five kinds of food poisoning bacteria using Backryencho powder, hot water, 70% ethanol, and 95% ethanol extracts. Antibacterial activity was shown against Leu. mensenteroides for 8 and 10 mg/disc of the 95% ethanol extract solution and strong proliferation inhibition effects were displayed against B. subtilis, Stap. aureus, E. coli, and S. typhimurium. High antibacterial activity according to certain clear zone formations was shown especially for the 10 mg/disc. A 3% concentration of the 95% ethanol extract showed high growth inhibition effects against lactic acid bacteria, L. brevis, L. plantarum, and Leu. mesenteroids. The measurement of viable cell counts of S. aureus, E. coli, B. subtilis, and S. typhimurium indicated suppression effects by the 3% concentration of the 95% ethanol extract, at 49.60%, 41.54%, 35.95%, 28.82%, and 26.60% respectively. The antibacterial activities of the hot water, 70% ethanol, 95% ethanol extract of Backryencho against food poisoning bacteria and Kimchi fermentation lactic acid bacteria were confirmed through various methods of antibiotic measurement. Based on these results, Backryencho extract is considered a good source for a range of applications as a natural anti-bacterial agent for the storage ability of Kimchi and as a possible food preservative.
A Study on the Contents of Sodium Saccharin in Kimchi and Salted Vegetables Served by Restaurants
Hong, Wan-Soo ; Lee, Yeu-Lim ; Ko, Jong-A ; Lee, Jin-Sil ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 1223~1228
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.6.1223
This study was done to investigate the content of sodium saccharin in Kimchi and salted vegetables served by restaurants. 99 samples were collected from restaurants which were located mainly in the Seoul metro area. Sodium saccharin was analyzed by HPLC. The types of restaurants were privately owned(68.7%) and franchised(31.3%). The composition ratio of sodium saccharin in Kimchi & salted vegetables at Korean, Chinese, Japanese, fast food, family, flour based food, and buffet restaurants was 60%, 14%, 2%, 7%, 13%, 4%, respectively. The composition ratio of sodium saccharin in kaktugi,, danmooji, kimchi, moosangchai, jangajji, mool kimchi, pickle, jjasai, oijii was 19.2%, 16.2%, 16.2%, 14.1%, 12.1%, 9.1%, 5.1%, 4.0%, 4.0% respectively. The mean of sodium saccharin detection rate of the 99 samples was 30.30%.
Quality Characteristics of Cheongpomook Prepared with Different Levels of Mungbean Powder
Kim, Ae-Jeung ; Han, Myung-Ryun ; Rho, Jeong-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 20, issue 6, 2011, Pages 1229~1237
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.20.6.1229
The objective of this study was to evaluate the quality characteristics of Cheongpomook prepared with five different levels of mungbean powder (0, 25, 50, 75, and 100%). We conducted the Hunter's color values, the rheological characteristics, sensory evaluations, and pasting properties of the Cheongpomook samples. The more mungbean powder was added, the more the luminance and Hunter's a values of Cheongpomook samples were decreased, but in Hunter's a values was reverse. With regard to the rheological properties of the Cheongpomook samples, the more mungbean powder was added, the values of hardness, springiness, gumminess, and chewiness were significantly decreased. In color, taste, and overall quality, the value of 25% mungbean powder added Cheongpomook (MP1) and 50% added Cheongpomook (MP2) were significantly higher than those of others. The resulting RVA viscogram, peak viscosity, hold viscosity, break down, setback, and final viscosity of Cheongpomook were decreased with an increase in mungbean powder, but the pasting temperature was increased slightly. Therefore, an addition of 25% mungbean powder appears to be an acceptable approach to enhance the quality of Cheongpomook without reducing acceptability.