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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Sep 2012
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
Effects of Parental Attachment and Depressive Mood on Anger Expression Style among College Students
Yoo, Hyun-Sook ; Chung, Hye-Jeong ; Lee, Ju-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 1, 2012, Pages 1~14
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.1.1
This research examines the effects of parental attachment as a family-related variable, and depressive mood as an individual variable on anger expression style among Korean college students. Anger expression style was divided into three domains including anger-in, anger-out, and anger-control. The data were collected from 437 college student respondents using a self-administered questionnaire. The results demonstrated that male students displayed higher levels of anger-control compared to females, but no gender-related difference in the level of anger-in and anger-out. In addition, anger-control was positively associated with parental attachment. However, anger control in terms of anger-in and anger-out were negatively related to parental attachment and positively linked to depression. Additionally, parental attachment demonstrated a negative correlation with depressive mood. Multiple regression results indicated that after controlling for the effect of gender, anger-control expression style was influenced by parental attachment but not by depressive mood. In addition, anger-out and anger-in expression styles were influenced by depressive mood but not by parental attachment. Finally, implications for educators and clinicians working with college students and their family are discussed along with some suggestions for future research.
The influences of parental interest in children's weight, children's appearance schema, and eating habit on depression
Chae, Jin-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 1, 2012, Pages 15~25
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.1.15
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between (1) differences in parents' interest in their children's weight, appearance orientation, eating habits and appearance evaluation, and depression based on children's gender, and (2) the pathway to children's depression. The participants in this research included 641 fourth-grade children (300 boys and 341 girls) who participated in a Korean Survey on Obesity of Youth and Children in 2009. Data were analyzed through frequency, percentage, Pearson's correlations using SPSS 19.0 and path analysis with AMOS 7.0. The findings are as follows. First, girls demonstrated higher scores in all variables except depression when compared to boys. Second, all variables indicated a direct or indirect influence on boys' depression, and appearance orientation had the greatest total effect on boys' depression. For girls, all variables again indicated a direct or indirect influence on depression, and again appearance orientation had the greatest total effect on girls' depression. However, the pathways to depression were different based on children's gender. The implications for future studies are also discussed.
The Effects of Mothers' Parenting Stress and Parental Satisfaction on Attachment Formation with Their Children
Noh, Ji-Young ; Hwang, Hae-Shin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 1, 2012, Pages 27~40
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.1.27
The purpose of this study was to examine the factors related to mothers' attachment formation with their children. For this research, mothers' attachment formation with their children was examined based on the relationship involving three factors: personal variables, parenting stress, and parental satisfaction. A survey instrument was administered to 114 mothers who had 0~3 year-old children attending day care centers in Seoul. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and multiple regression using the SPSS+12 version. Major findings were as follows: First, the degree of mothers' parental stress rated relatively low and the degree of parental satisfaction rated relatively high. Among the three variables that were measured, parental satisfaction was the most influential factor on mothers' attachment formation. Finally, 'burden and stress of parenting', 'feelings of guilt for others taking care of their children', 'general satisfaction', and 'parent-child relationship satisfaction' were powerful factors in explaining attachment formation.
A Comparative Cohort Study on the Experiences of Job Loss and Job Seeking in Korea
Yang, Sung-Eun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 1, 2012, Pages 41~58
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.1.41
The purpose of this study was to compare the job loss and job seeking experiences between middle-aged men and their younger cohort. Participants included 11 middle-aged unemployed men and nine younger unemployed men. The study adopted a phenomenological approach. In-depth individual interviews were carried out and the theme analysis was used to analyze the interview data. The results showed that the two cohorts experienced the macroeconomic crises, the foreign exchange crisis in 1997 and the global financial crisis in 2008, differently. Their experiences affected their attribution of the unemployment and job seeking process. They expressed ambivalence toward their family while dealing with social isolation from extrafamilial support. Most of the participants criticized government employment support policies and services.
The Effects of Infant's Temperament, Development, Mother's Parenting Stress and Social Support on Infant Mother's Self-efficacy
Moon, Young-Kyung ; Min, Hyun-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 1, 2012, Pages 59~70
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.1.59
The purposes of this study was to investigate the relationship and interaction between infant temperament, development, mother's parenting stress and social support on mother's self-efficacy. Participants in this study included 1610 infants (825 boys, 785 girls) and their mothers. The major findings of this study were as follows: First, infant temperament demonstrated a direct relationship to mother's self-efficacy. Lower levels of infant temperament indicated lower levels of self-efficacy, and higher levels of infant temperament indicated higher levels of self-efficacy. Second, infant development demonstrated a direct relationship to mother's self-efficacy. Greater communicative and social interaction between mother and child demonstrated a higher level of maternal self-efficacy. Third, mothers' parenting stress demonstrated a direct relationship to mother's self-efficacy. Higher levels of parenting stress demonstrated lower levels of maternal self-efficacy. Forth, Social support demonstrated a direct relationship to mother's self-efficacy. Greater levels of social support demonstrated lower level of maternal self-efficacy. Fifth, the greatest single relationship effecting mother's self-efficacy was mother's parenting stress. This research suggests the need for development of diverse social policies and programs to help mothers reduce maternal parenting stress and support the development of positive parenting skills with the goal of boosting mother's self-efficacy.
Changes in Perception of Infancy and Early Childhood among University Students after Attending the Lecture on Human Development
Moon, Hae-Lyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 1, 2012, Pages 71~82
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.1.71
The purpose of this study is to examine perceptive change in attitude toward infancy and early childhood among university students' who were exposed to a human development lecture on infancy and early childhood. This study aims to investigate the significance of education in shaping attitudes related to child development and the importance of infancy and early childhood as developmental stages. This study also seeks to provide basic data for expanding and systematizing relevant educational programs. Fifteen university students who attended a lecture on human development were divided into four groups with three groups containing 4 members and one group containing 3 members. The following results were obtained: 1) Before attending the lecture on human development, students perceived infancy as a period dominated by feelings of helpless, indifference, and a general lack of knowledge or ability to interact with their environment; 2) Before attending the lecture on human development, students perceived early childhood as an initial period of transition that can potentially influence one's future; 3) After attending the lecture, students were better able to rationalize the developmental importance of infancy and early childhood. 4) After attending the lecture, students displayed broader understanding of the importance of early childhood on human development. This study also discusses the necessity for continuous and systematic provision of programs to help adults develop a positive perception of infancy and early childhood as a developmental process related to parenting skills.
3, 4, 5 Year-old Children's Beliefs about Trait Stability Based on Trait Type and Valence
Lee, Jeong-Hyeon ; Yi, Soon-Hyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 1, 2012, Pages 83~93
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.1.83
This study examined young children's beliefs about trait stability based on trait type and valence. Participants included 120 children (40 three-year-olds, 40 four-year-olds, and 40 five-year olds) recruited from 3 day-care-centers and 1 kindergarten in Seoul and Kyung-Ki province. Results revealed that young children's understanding of traits differed based on trait type and valence. Children demonstrated a strong belief that social-intention traits are more stable and harder to change when compared to internal-state traits. Young children's beliefs on trait stability were also strongly influenced by trait valence. They believed that negative traits are more likely to change for the better while positive traits have greater stability and are less likely to change over time.
The Effects of Child Care Support, Value of Children and Psychological Well-Being on Second Childbirth Plans for Employed Mothers with An Infant of 10 Months or Younger
Park, Chan-Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 1, 2012, Pages 95~111
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.1.95
This study investigated the pathways of factors affecting 173 employed mothers' second childbirth plans. Participants were all employed working mothers with an infant under 10 months old. The hypothetical model used in this research proposed that workplace childcare support, social support, value of children and parenting stress of employed mothers will directly affect second childbirth plans. Additionally, workplace childcare support, social support, value of children, marital satisfaction and job satisfaction will indirectly influence second childbirth plans as a result of parenting stress. The results of this research demonstrated that value of children and parenting stress were the factors which directly affected second childbirth plans of employed mothers. In addition, workplace childcare support, social support, marital satisfaction and job satisfaction indirectly influenced second childbirth plans as a result of parenting stress. This study suggests the need for the establishment and development of workplace childcare support and the need for enhancing the value of children. This research further suggests the need for policies aimed at increasing psychological well-being and decreasing parenting stress for working mothers who are contemplating second childbirth plans.
A Preliminary Study of Educational Program for the Professional Development of Early Childhood Pre-service Teachers
Choi, Hye-Yeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 1, 2012, Pages 113~128
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.1.113
The purpose of this study was to identify key components in developing educational programs designed to enhance pre-service teachers' professionalism. Key program characteristics identified and implemented through this study are as follows: First, programs should provide opportunities for trainees to reflect on goal identification and setting goals as professional teachers. Second, programs should emphasize the relationship between the pre-service teachers' personal qualities and professional development. Third, programs should include and integrated and holistic approach to integrating content and teaching methodology. Fourth, the program's educational content should unfold in a gradual and sequential manner. Fifth, the program should support a strong relationship between senior teachers and juniors pre-service teachers. Sixth, the program should take advantage of the physical and human resources in the pre-service teacher's community. Seventh, the program should employ circular and formative evaluation of contents and teaching methods as a way of facilitating development and improvement. This study develops and demonstrates an extensive model program that fits these criteria. Also included is discussion related to further studies.
Analyzing Research Trends in the Chinese Fashion Market in Clothing, Construction and Merchandising -Based on secondary research of Korean Journals from 1998 through 2010-
Park, Eun-Joo ; Kang, Eun-Mi ; Liu, Jing ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 1, 2012, Pages 129~140
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.1.129
The purpose of this study was to examine the Korean research trends of Chinese fashion market for clothing construction and merchandising. The data for this study consists of 118 researches published in six Korean journals from 1998 to 2010. The results were as follows: 1) For clothing construction, the most studied topic was body type, and for merchandising, individual characteristics were mostly researched. 2) There were a large number of researches by multiple authors. 3) For clothing construction, they tended to be studied by the experimentation model and for merchandising, the questionnaire and survey were mostly used in researches. 4) Most researches used descriptive statistical methods for analysis. 5) And the data were mostly gathered from Chinese women. These findings provide significant insights into current trends and further studies in Chinese market.
Effects of Wear Training for Improving Vascular Compliance on Blood Pressures and Blood Lipid Profiles in Prehypertensive Subjects
Yoo, Shin-Jung ; Park, Joon-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 1, 2012, Pages 141~149
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.1.141
This study investigates the effects of wear training on blood pressure and blood lipid profiles. For the purpose of this research, 'wear training' refers to the alternating stimulation of temperature while using specific clothing under controlled situations (
). The participants alternated between two different garments producing a
difference in the innerest microclimate temperature over a period of 4 weeks. The experiments in this study were conducted in a comfortable environment after sufficient rest. The results were as follows. The systolic blood pressure and mean arterial pressure were lower in the post test than in the pre test (p<.05). The atherogenic index (AI) was also reduced and the LDL-C/HDL-C ratio increased (p<.05) in the post test. These results demonstrated that wear training positively affected improvement in vascular stiffness.
Perceived Fit and Brand Value Transfer in Luxury Fashion Brand Extension
Kim, Eun-Young ; Park, Eun-Joo ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 1, 2012, Pages 151~163
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.1.151
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of perceived fit and brand transfer on extension evaluation in luxury fashion brands. The instrument for this research was a self-administered questionnaire based on a previously developed scale. The variables addressed in this scale included perceived fit, brand value for both parent brand (clothing) and extension brand (home line), extension brand association, and purchase intention of the product in extension brands. The participants in this research comprised of 215 female consumers between the ages of 19 and 51 demographically distributed nationwide. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, paired t-test, factor analysis, and regression analysis via SPSS 12.0. Findings showed that brand value consisted of two factors: cognitive and hedonic value in luxury fashion brands. Parent brand value was significantly related to perceived fit with a positive effect on brand association and hedonic value in extension brands. With respect to brand transfer, cognitive value of the parent brand increased the extension brand's cognitive value, while hedonic value of the parent brand increased the extension brand's hedonic value. In addition, purchase intention of the product in the extension brands was determined by the perceived fit and hedonic value of extension brands. This study also discusses the managerial implications for marketers in developing effective luxury brand extensions into new product categories, which leads to a synergy effect in building brand equity in the luxury fashion market.