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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Sep 2012
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
Effectiveness of "Picture Book Reading Program for Mothers" for Married Immigrant Women and Their Children
Hyun, Eun-Ae ; Rha, Jong-Hay ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 2, 2012, Pages 165~180
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.2.165
The purpose of the study was to prove the effect of the "Picture Book Reading Program for Mothers" developed to enhance the language competence of married immigrant women and their children. Twenty immigrant mothers with three-year-olds were recruited, and they participated in an 8-week-Picture Book Reading Program developed by the reseacher. The REVT and U-TAP were used to measure linguistic abilities for mothers while PRES was used to measure their children's linguistic abilities. Lee(2004)'s "Effect of dialogic picture book reading teacher training program for toddlers" was used to measure the mother's and children's verbal and non-verbal behaviors. The results of the study were as follows: First, by participating in the PBRPM, the mother's linguistic ability as well as children's vocabulary and receptive language have increased. Second, by participating in the PBRPM in terms of mother-child interaction, mother's verbal behaviors to children (i.e. attention and inquiring) and children's verbal behaviors(i.e. responding and imitation) have increased. In conclusion, "PBRPM" for married immigrant women and their children proved to be effective in enhancing the language competence and verbal interactions between married immigrant women and their children.
A Study on Classification of Married Women based on their Experiences of Family of origin and Family Strength - Focused on Family Differentiation and the Family Rules -
Lee, Ji-Min ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 2, 2012, Pages 181~195
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.2.181
The purpose of this study was to explore clusters of married woman based on family differentiation and family rules originating from their family of origin, and to examine family strength according to clusters. The research instrument comprised of a questionnaire completed by 269 married women that investigated family differentiation and family rules based on family origins, and the comparative strength of their nuclear family. Analysis of subgroups was based on four representative categories differentiating family rule patterns. Cluster analysis demonstrated that the higher family differentiation level and lower-mid family rules level were related to greater family strength. As a subgroup, lowest levels of family strength were associated with lower family differentiation and lower family rules in all clusters. Findings supported the efficacy of a typological approach for investigation of experiences of married women based on family origin.
Pre-service Teachers' Observational Experience From Post-modernsist Perspective
Ahn, Hyo-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 2, 2012, Pages 197~211
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.2.197
This purpose of this study was to explore the meaning and significance of experiences encountered by preservice teachers' during their observational practicum at day care centers. This study involved one cohort of 32 junior students who were majoring in early childhood education at a 4-year university. Data was analyzed using qualitative research methodology. The findings were as follows: 1) the meaning and significance of students'experiences related to observing children was to develop a trusting relationship with children and a cooperative relationship with teachers in an unfamiliar context. 2) the meaning and significance of students'experiences in observing children was to understand the children and their circumstance. 3) the meaning and significance of students'experience in observing children was to understand the importance of listening in child-teacher spoken interaction.
The relationship between pregnant woman's stress, temperament and maternal-fetal attachment
Kang, Su-Kyoung ; Chung, Mi-Ra ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 2, 2012, Pages 213~223
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.2.213
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between stress, temperament and maternal-fetal attachment in pregnant women. The respondents in this research were 249 pregnant women who were participating in a Parent Education project. Data was collected by way of a questionnaire. A summary of the findings were as follows: Among the pregnant women in this study, total stress level was below the average and maternal fetal attachment level was above the average. The group demonstrating high levels of stress exhibited low level of maternal-fetal attachment when compared to those with low levels stress. Pregnant woman's stress and maternal temperament demonstrated a significant correlation with maternal-fetal attachment.
Determinants of Households with Risky Debts
Baek, Eun-Young ; Sung, Yong-Ae ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 2, 2012, Pages 225~240
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.2.225
The purpose of this study was to investigate the determinants of households with risky debt loads. The study used financial ratios to determine which households were over-indebted. The 3 ratios used were Debt to Asset ratio, Debt to Financial asset ratio, and Debt Service ratio. Data for this study was the 2011 Survey of Household Finance. Households that demonstrated total debts of 70% or more when compared to total assets were 8.8%. Households that demonstrated a debt load totaling 5 or more times their total financial assets were 19%. Households with monthly repayment obligations of 40% or more of disposable income were 20%. Households that fulfilled all 3 financial ratio criteria were 1.5% of total indebted households. Over-indebted households demonstrated severe economic condition in terms of debt, but not all over-indebted households were categorized as being in economically vulnerable group. The major determinants of households with risky debts were income, asset, purpose of loans, and spending behavior of the households.
A Study on the Effects of Consumer Satisfaction on Loyalty According to Involvement - Focused on the Gas Station Service -
Lee, A-Reum ; Huh, Eun-Jeong ; Jeon, Hyung-Ran ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 2, 2012, Pages 241~256
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2011.21.2.241
Gas station consumers have become increasingly conscious of expanding choices and service options available at retail outlets. The purpose of this study was to determine key factors in customer choice of gas / service stations. This study seeks to identify key the relationship between socio-demographical variables and consumer choice, and consumer satisfaction and loyalty associated with gas / service station usage. The research instrument comprised of a questionnaire in the form of an on-line survey that was administered during November, 2010. A Total of 1,000 questionnaires were used in the final analysis. The collected data were treated with SPSS Windows 18.0 and analyzed in for frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, pearson's correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis. The results of were as following: First, there was a strong positive relationship between involvement, satisfaction, loyalty of gas station service. Second, satisfaction was significantly affected by involvement, the frequency of gasoline purchases, the information route and customer's occupation. Third, loyalty was significantly affected by consumer satisfaction, involvement, frequency of gasoline purchases, information route and customer's occupation.
The Effects of Emotional Labor on Job Burnout, Organizational Citizenship Behavior and Work-Family Conflict Among Call Center Employees
Bok, Mi-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 2, 2012, Pages 257~267
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.2.257
The purpose of this study was to observe work-related emotional consequences in call center employees. The data were collected from 434 employees in 3 call centers by way of a self-administered questionnaire. Frequencies, Cronbach's alpha, T-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation analysis, and multiple regression analyses were conducted by SPSS Win 18.0. The results of this study were as follows: first, job burnout proved to be significant, and demonstrated a positively correlation to surface acting and negatively correlation to deep acting. Second, altruism proved to be significant and demonstrated a positive correlation to deep acting, while also demonstrating a negatively correlation to both sex and surface acting. Third, conscientiousness proved to be significant and demonstrated a positive correlation to both age and deep acting, as well as a negatively correlation to surface acting. Finally, work-family conflict proved to be significant and demonstrated a positive correlation to both sex and workload in terms of hours per day.
Factors Affecting Performance of Casual Wear Franchise Stores
Yu, Hae-Kyung ; Kim, Hyun-Sook ; Kim, Yong-Ju ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 2, 2012, Pages 269~284
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.2.269
The main purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting performance of casual wear franchise stores including franchiser support and social network between owners/managers. The study included the franchise stores of 55 casual wear brands located in Seoul, Incheon and Gyeonggi-do. In each store, one manager, owner or staff member with management responsibility was asked to fill out a questionnaire. A total of 184 questionnaires were collected with 165 used in the final analysis. The results showed that franchiser support consisted of educational support, marketing support and customer support. Path analysis indicated that only the educational support had a significant influence on the franchiser-franchise relationship, and in turn, the franchiser-franchise relationship positively influenced customer performance. Marketing support did not have a significant influence on the franchiser-franchise relationship, but did demonstrate a direct influence on customer performance. Social networks positively influenced customer performance, and there was significant a correlation between regions and social networks on customer performance. Sales performance was significantly influenced by customer performance.
3D Pattern Development of Functional Women's Swimwear To Improve the Appearance and Stability of Chest Region
Yoo, Joung-Ja ; Hong, Kyung-Hi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 2, 2012, Pages 285~298
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.2.285
Considerable number of women are enjoying swimming, however, the chest-region of swimsuits including cup inserts are not stable during swimming. The purpose of this study was to explore alternate designs and methods of stabilizing the breast cup to the swimmer's body by using 3D technology to design and position the pad and cup pattern of the swimming suit. To position the pad optimally, a 3D pattern of a nude woman was divided into blocks and different reduction rates were applied to blocks around the outlines of the breast. Two types of 3D patterns were developed. The first, referred to as the 'basic 3D pattern' provided for the curved surface of the breast point to be maintained with the remaining slack distributed evenly along the neckline, armhole and side seam. The second, referred to as the '1/3 shoulder moved 3D pattern' ignored the curved nature of the breast point by overlapping, with the resulting position of the shoulder strip moved toward the center. Three women of corresponding size and body shape evaluated the two 3D pattern designs as well as the conventional 2D pattern style of swimsuit. Respondents rated the'the basic 3D pattern' design highest in terms of stability and easy of movement in the chest region.
A Study on Based on the Possibility of Quantitative Analysis using Virtual Clothing Simulation according to Raglan Sleeve Pattern Types
Lee, Ye-Jin ; Lee, Byung-Cheol ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 2, 2012, Pages 299~314
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.2.299
The purpose of this study was to explore effects of pattern alteration using a virtual clothing simulation approach in combination with 3D analysis software. Three raglan sleeves of different patterns were worn by an avatar using virtual clothing simulation with silk and cotton as the test fabrics. It was observed that the silhouette and hemline shape were affected differently based on raglan sleeve pattern and fabric type. By examining clothing pressure distribution, the cotton fabric designs and pattern shapes provided for a variety of influences on armhole and bust regions as well as the back sleeve area. For representative locations, cross section circumstance, cross section area, and volume were measured by using 3D analysis and the resulting correlation between the 2D and 3D data were investigated. Among different fabrics, there was little difference between the 2D and 3D clothing surface area. However, when using 3D analysis, clothing volume was significantly affected by different fabrics and pattern types. By simultaneously adopting the virtual simulator and 3D analysis, quantitative assessment of virtual clothing simulation was successfully conducted. In light of the results of this study, the resulting methodology is expected to be used as a comprehensive evaluation tool for virtual clothing simulation wear testing.
A Study on Purchasing Behavior of Outdoor Sportswear: Based on Sports Types and Sports Participation Motivations
Sung, Hee-Won ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 2, 2012, Pages 315~329
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.2.315
The purpose of this study was to examine clothing purchase behavior of sports participants based on outdoor sports types and sports participation motivation. The research was conducted with the use of a self-administered questionnaire. A total of 703 respondents between the ages of 25 and 55 participated in the research through an internet survey. Motivation for participation in particular sports was comprised of four factors: impress others, mental rejuvenation, social interaction, and health maintenance/improvement. Perceived benefits of clothing choice were categorized into three factors: brand/fashion pursuit, positive image pursuit, and practicality pursuit. Outdoor sports activities was categorized into six types, climbing, jogging, cycling, fishing, golf, and others including ball games. Each sports group presented differences in demographics, sports motivation factors, and benefit factors. Four segments were identified based on sports participation motivation: active group, social group, health and revitalization group, and inactive group. The active group considered three clothing benefits and 14 evaluative criteria as being the most important among the four segments, indicating the major target market for outdoor sportswear brands. On the other hand, the members of inactive group showed passive attitudes toward clothing purchasing behaviors. This study discusses the results of this research within the context of the managerial implication for outdoor sports marketers.
Study on the Theory of Planned Behavior applied to appearance management behavior: focused on skin care, makeup, apparel, hair and weight management behaviors
Lee, Ji-Young ; Park, Kil-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 2, 2012, Pages 331~347
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.2.331
The purpose of this study was to explore how the Theory of Planned Behavior applies to five appearance management behaviors and the effects of three variables - attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavior control on appearance management behaviors. The research was conducted by surveying 410 female adult respondents between the ages of 20 to 40 with the goal of predicting the appearance management behavior of women. The data were analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics 19.0 and Amos 19 in addition to Frequency analysis and path analysis. In the first case, the potential for applying appearance management theory on appearance management behavior of women was observed. The appearance management behavior performed by women was classified into five categories: skin care behavior, makeup management behavior, apparel management behavior, hair care behavior, and weight management behavior. It was determined all five behaviors could be predicted by applying the Theory of Planned Behavior. In the second case, effects of attitude related to subjective norm and perceived behavior control related to skin care behavior was statistically significant. In terms of makeup management behavior, all of the three variables were statistically significant. With regard to apparel management behavior, only subjective norm behavior was statistically significant. Concerning hair care behavior, attitude and perceived behavior control were statistically significant. On weight management behavior only attitude was statistically significant.
Changes in the Clothing Expenditure using Difference in Difference Model: Comparison between Korean and U.S. Households
Lee, Mi-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 2, 2012, Pages 349~362
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.2.349
This paper explores differences demonstrated by changes of consumers' clothing expenditure in Korea and the United States since the mid-1990s. Evidence for this study was extrapolated from annual data provided by the Household Expenditure Survey, which was carried out in Korea between 1996 and 2008, and the Consumer Expenditure Survey, which was carried out in the United States during the same time period. The results include: (1) The proportion of the clothing expenditure decreased during the subject period in both Korea and the United States; (2) The decrease in proportional clothing expenditure was greater in Korea than in the United States; (3) Although the relative prices of clothes decreased greatly during this period in both countries, it was determined that the decrease in clothing prices in the United States was greater when compared to those in Korea; and (4) By using the DID(Difference in difference) model, the author contends that a decrease in clothing purchases contributed to the decrease of prices for clothing in the United States, while in Korea, the decrease in prices for clothing was also impacted by other factors including changes in household expenditures for education and communication.
The Physiochemical Characteristic and Descriptive Sensory Evaluation of the Blackberry Fruit Beverage
Yang, Hyang-Sook ; Rho, Jeong-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 2, 2012, Pages 363~375
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.2.363
The purpose of this study was to analyze the physiochemical properties of blackberry fruit beverage(BFB) and to develop a descriptive analysis procedure for evaluating the sensory characteristics of BFB. The amount of soluble solid, free sugar, pH, acidity, chromaticity, flavonoid, and anthocyanin of BFB were determined. All BFB samples demonstrated significantly different physicochemical properties(p<.01). Ten highly trained panelists identified the following eleven sensory attributes in the BFB and defined by standardized terminology for each attribute; turbidity, chromaticity for appearance characteristics, berry, grass, fermented, sweet, astringent, and sour for flavor characteristics, throat hit, refreshing, as well as astringent grade for textural characteristics. There were significant differences in all the eleven sensory attributes of the BFB samples(p<.001). Descriptive terminology used in the BFB analysis was capable of classifying the sensory attributes of the BFB. Based on these results, the analysis method and sensory evaluation techniques used in this study could be reasonably applied to other fruit beverages for establishing similar physiochemical characteristic and descriptive sensory attributes.
Development of Ice Cream Prepared Lotus(Nelumbo nucifera Gaertner) Leaf and Seeds
Hwang, Eun-Hee ; Jung, Su-Young ; Jung, Dong-Myuong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 2, 2012, Pages 377~388
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.2.377
The purpose of this study was to determine the content attributes and sensory characteristics of ice cream flavored with lotus leaf and seeds (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertner). Analysis of freeze dried lotus leaf powder produced the following technical results: Freeze dried lotus leaf powder contained moisture 12.2, crude protein 5.9, crude fat 1.2, crude ash 7.0, crude fiber 13.4g/100mg; raw lotus seed powder contained moisture 65.0, crude protein 8.2, crude fat 0.3, crude ash 1.0, crude fiber 10.8g/100mg; freeze dried lotus seed powder contained moisture 14.0, crude protein 17.1, crude fat 1.9, crude ash 4.0, crude fiber 2.8g/100mg. Lotus seed was processed by 4 methods: freeze dried, roasted, freeze dried peeled inner layer, cooked cut peeled inner layer. Analysis of the color value produced the following technical results: freeze dried lotus leaf powder were L(lightness) 14.5, a(redness) 4.4, b(yellowness) 24.0; freeze dried lotus seed powder L 57.3, a 14.4, b 12.0; roasted lotus seed powder L 52.7, a 22.5, b 11.9; freeze dried lotus seed peeled inner layer L 60.0, a 1.4, b 12.3. Proportional lotus ingredients used for ice cream were 1%, 3%, 5%, 7%, 10% for lotus leaves and 1%, 3%, 5% for lotus seeds. The maximum over run ratio for lotus leaf ice cream was 45.3~56.9% at 20~25 minutes operating time. Over run was significantly decreased by increasing the contents of lotus leaf powder. A maximum over run ratio for lotus seed ice cream was 46.1~54.3% at 20~25 operating time. Over run was not significantly different based on content of lotus leaf versus lotus seed. Sensory evaluation of lotus leaf ice cream produced the following results: the highest score was for color of 4.42 and the lowest score was for sweetness of 3.30. The total mean score significantly decreased by increasing the content of lotus leaf powder. Sensory evaluation of lotus seed ice cream produced the following results: the highest score was for cooked cut peeled inner layer type and the lowest was for freeze dried type 3.86. The sensory scores were not significantly different based on the content of lotus seed. Texture was evaluated highest with a rating of 4.21 and the taste was evaluated lowest with a rating of 3.68 For whole evaluation. This study concluded that lotus leaf ice cream demonstrates relative strength in terms of color and taste, and a relative weakness in terms of over run and sweetness. Suitable content of lotus leaf ranged from 1~5%. The lotus seed processed by the cooked cut peeled inner layer method received a higher rating than dried powder for lotus seed ice cream.
Importance-Performance Analysis(IPA) of Service Quality Attributes of University Foodservice - A Comparison of Male and Female Students' Perceptions in Daejeon
Yi, Na-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 2, 2012, Pages 389~405
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.2.389
The purposes of this study were to investigate students' perception on importance and performance of service quality of university foodservice, and to examine Importance-Performance Analysis(IPA) of foodservice quality for male and female students. A total of 500 university students in Daejeon were surveyed and 432 responses were returned. Excluding responses with significant missing data, 412 responses were used for data analysis. In terms of importance of service quality attributes, 'sanitation(4.74)' category received the highest score, followed by 'food(4.36)', 'service(4.22)', 'convenience(4.01)', 'menu(3.90)' and 'atmosphere(3.73)'. In terms of performance, the highest service quality attribute was associated with 'convenience(3.30)', followed by 'service(3.06)', 'sanitation(2.95)', 'food(2.88)', 'atmosphere(2.79)' and 'menu(2.68)'. As the results of IPA, 'staff's kindness', 'overall quality of service', 'taste of the food', 'freshness of the food', 'overall quality of the food', and 'cleanliness of the facility' fell into the Quadrant IV(Focus here) for female students. On the other hand, male students' IPA grid illustrated that 'taste of the food', 'freshness of the food', 'nutrition of the food', 'sanitation of the food', and 'sanitation of the utensils' fell into Quadrant IV(Focus here).