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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Sep 2012
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
The effects of university students' self-development program on students adaptation to college and stress coping methods
Cho, Hea-Joung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 2012, Pages 407~421
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.3.407
The purpose of this study is to plan out a university students' self-development program and to verify the effect of the students in adapting themselves to college life and coping with stress from it. The program was developed as the liberal arts course for a semester and comprised 12 sessions. Each secession of a 150 minutes workshop program. The pre-test, post test regarding students adaptation to college and stress coping methods conducts upon each experimental group and each control group. Each group consisted of 50 subjects. As a result of this research, this study could come to the following conclusions. Firstly, it was found that the university students' self-development program has effect on improving students adaptation to college. Secondly, it was found that the university students' self-development program has effect on improving stress coping methods.
Effects of Death Education on College Students' Death Orientation and Suicidal Ideation - With a Focus on College Students majoring in Social Welfare in Daegu, Korea -
Chang, Kyung-Eun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 2012, Pages 423~437
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.3.423
The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of death education, focusing on death orientation and suicidal ideation, among college students majoring in social welfare. Participation in this study was voluntary. Participants were divided into two groups; an experimental group and a control group, totaling fourteen participants in each group. In exploring the effects of death education, the experimental group was subjected to a total of seven independent sessions dealing with death education over a period of four weeks. As a result of the death education, scores of death orientation and suicidal ideation in the experimental group were significantly lower in the control group. College students majoring in social welfare in the experimental group demonstrated greater comfort with the concept of death, as well as death being the prolongation of one life and new hope for an ensuing life. The experimental group demonstrated a greater appreciation for life, more confidence in setting future goals for their lives, and an awareness of, and ability to deal positively with suicidal tendencies in themselves and others. This research demonstrated a strong practical benefit associated with death education and suicidal ideation awareness.
Relation among Mother's Interaction Behavior, Mother's Language Input and Children's MLU: A Comparison between Multicultural- and Korean-Families
Park, Hye-Won ; Lee, Kuk-Hee ; Cho, Jeung-Ryeul ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 2012, Pages 439~451
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.3.439
Maternal interaction behavior, language input and children's language of 34 multicultural families were compared with those of ordinary families. MLU's of multicultural mothers and their children were shorter than those of ordinary Korean mothers and children. Positive maternal interaction behaviors of multicultural mothers were significantly lower than those of ordinary mothers. Correlational analyses revealed that there were positive correlations among maternal interaction behaviors, mother's MLU and children' MLU in multicultural families. However, there were no such correlations in ordinary families. Findings suggest language education and support for multicultural mothers be an effective policy for their children's language development.
Certified Healthy Family Specialists' Job and Working Conditions from the Insiders' Perspective
Sung, Mi-Ai ; Chin, Mee-Jung ; Lee, Jae-Rim ; Choi, Sae-Eun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 2012, Pages 453~468
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.3.453
The number of Healthy Family Support Centers has dramatically increased during the past eight years since the Framework Act on Healthy Families was enacted. This phenomenal growth is largely credited to Certified Healthy Family Specialists (CHFSs). Despite their contributions, the job and working conditions of the CHFSs have rarely been explored from the insiders' perspective. In this study, we aim to delineate CHFSs' job and working conditions from their own narratives in order to improve an understanding of CHFSs' profession and work environment. We conducted in-depth interviews with nine CHFSs and a focus-group interview with five CHFSs. Our findings revealed that CHFSs took pride in their professions, internalized their professional mission of enhancing family strengths, and highlighted CHFSs' unique professional role in comparison to other human services professionals. In conclusion, CHFSs showed a strong professional identity consisting of rich professional knowledge, solid career goals, and integrated socio-political values. Contrary to the positive perception of the CHFSs' job, CHFSs expressed challenges in their working conditions in terms of small-scale organizations at local Healthy Family Support Centers, a heavy workload, hierarchical relationships with local government officers, and the unsatisfactory payroll and promotion system. This study contributes to a better understanding of CHFSs' job and their working conditions and provides insights on how to enhance professionalism among CHFSs and their work environment. As for policy implications, we suggest advancing qualifications for CHFSs, improving professional training programs for current CHFSs, and expanding small-scale organizations.
The Analysis on Social Network of the Married Immigrant Women
Kim, Min-Jeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 2012, Pages 469~488
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.3.469
International marriage is composed over 10% among total marriage in Korea. Korea is changing rapidly to the multi-cultural society. The researches need to inquire into what the state of 'ethnic communities of the immigrant wives as the minorities' is and how the immigrant wives build and develop the ethnic networks longitudinally. At the beginning, this study tried to know what kinds of social networks the immigrant wives use for the process of being married and for the adjusting to marriage and Korean culture. For the purposes of this study FGI and the interviews were applied for the immigrant wives and the specialist groups in metropolitan city DaeGu. 18 interviewees from Vietnam, China, Philippine, etc.. were collected by the snow-ball sampling. The social networks of the immigrant wives in DaeGu were mainly private, but were deterritorialized and reterritorialized actively. They managed the close relationship with their family members of motherland, and had the networks sticky with relatives, friends, and other immigrant wives from the same countries. Even though they acquired the Korean nationality, they have the transnational identities. But the internet environment of Korea can contribute to activate the social networks for the ethnic communities of the immigrant wives.
A Study on the Health-Seeking Consumption Lifestyle of Married Women
Kim, Mi-Soo ; Seo, Jeong-Hee ; Jeon, Hyung-Ran ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 2012, Pages 489~503
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.3.489
Consumers' interest in health is increasing, and health-seeking consumption lifestyles, including comprehensive consumption behaviors related to physical health, mental health, and a healthy dietary lifestyle are becoming increasingly important to many people. The purpose of this study was to develop a health-seeking consumption lifestyle scale that could aid in determining effects of social status, perceived health status, and socio-demographical variables on health-seeking consumption lifestyles. Data were collected via an on-line survey of 500 respondents, all of whom were married women 20 year of age or older. The data were analyzed in terms of frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, factor analysis, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis. The results of this study are as following: First, health-seeking consumption lifestyle demonstrated three main factors: physical health-seeking consumption lifestyle, mental health-seeking consumption lifestyle and healthy dietary life seeking consumption lifestyle. Second, most respondents identified themselves with the middle class and perceived their health status positively. Third, health-seeking consumption lifestyle demonstrated significant differences based on socio-demographical variables. Fourth, health-seeking consumption lifestyle was significantly affected by social class, age, and health status comparisons within similar age groups.
A Study on Changes in Cognition and Practice of Undergraduate Students After Taking the Course 'Consumption and Ethics'
Chun, Kyung-Hee ; Song, In-Sook ; Hong, Yeon-Geum ; Yoon, Myung-Ae ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 2012, Pages 505~526
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.3.505
The purpose of this research is to investigate changes in ethical consumption practices after taking an undergraduate course 'Consumption and Ethics'. Through Qualitative & Quantitative research methods, students' pre-course and post-course attitudes were compared to understand changes in behavior. Before taking the course 'Consumption and Ethics', undergraduate participants displayed little regard for ethical consumption, instead displaying primary sensitivity to price and values based on self-centered and conspicuous consumption. After taking the course 'Consumption and Ethics', participants displayed a more altruistic awareness of consumption on society and the environment. In addition, participants displayed a stronger sense of pride as ethical consumer. These emerging values were contrasted with conflicting feelings resulting from the higher prices often associated with ethical products, feelings of regret resulting from ethically-based impulse purchases, and an inability to categorically evaluate the reliability of available information on the ethical products. However, participants demonstrated a willingness to practice ethical consumption and recommend ethical consumption to their friends and neighbors. Overall, participants in the study demonstrated a strong shift to be an ethical consumer as a result of taking the course 'Consumption and Ethics'.
The Effects of Green Consumption Practice Program for young children
Jun, Ye-Hwa ; Jae, Mie-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 2012, Pages 527~537
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.3.537
Green consumption refers to a variety of activities including use and purchase of eco-friendly products and services and disposing of products in an eco-friendly manner. The goal of this research was to evaluate the effects of a green consumption education and awareness program offered to young children in a university-sponsored daycare. The education and awareness program was designed to improve young children's knowledge and behaviors toward the environment through green consumption education. The program was presented to 22 5-year old children in 15-20 minutes sessions, once a week for 4 weeks. Evaluation of the program was carried out through individual interviews with the children and their mothers. Upon the completion of the green consumption education program, there were noticeable changes in children's knowledge and behavior toward the environment. Mothers of participating children reported that children's environmental behaviors changed significantly, displaying a stronger green consumption attitude. This study suggests that environmental educational program during early childhood educational is an effective way of improving children's perceptions of environmental and conservation practices.
A Novel Method for 3D Surface and Solid Construction Analysis of Fabric Microstructure
Lee, Ye-Jin ; Lee, Byung-Cheol ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 2012, Pages 539~550
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.2.539
In-depth knowledge of fabric microstructure is essential for understanding clothing comfort since it plays a significant role in heat and mass transfer between the human body and clothing. In this study, a novel method was employed for investigating 3D surfaces and solid construction characteristics of specific fabrics by using a reverse engineering technique. The surface construction data were obtained by a confocal laser scanning microscope and then manipulated by a 3D analysis program. Triangle mesh was used for connecting each 3D point, with clouds and fabric surface characteristics created by rendering techniques. For generating a 3D solid model, determinants of radius of curvature was used. According to the proposed method, actual surface expression of the real fabric was achieved successfully. The results from this methodology can be applied to the detailed analysis of clothing comfort that is highly influenced by the microstructure of the fabric.
Engineering design process of tight-fit sportswear using 3D information of dermatomes and skin deformation in dynamic posture
Kim, So-Young ; Hong, Kyung-Hi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 2012, Pages 551~565
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.2.551
The primary goal of this study was to provide a systematic methodology of utilizing 3D technology for tight-fit performance sportswear using information of skin deformation in various posture. Technical tools used in this study are Cyberware whole body scanner, RapidForm2004, 2C-AN 3D pattern development program, and YukaCAD. Analysis of the 3D skin deformation while knee joint was bent from
revealed that the length of dermatomes L4 was remained consistent during knee bending. Therefore, L4 was chosen as a major cutting line. To develop a highly ergonomic pattern, replicas of static and dynamic postures were developed and integrated using two methods, one is morphing method (Sqirlz Morph), and the other is AutoCAD. Experimental tight-fit garments called 'Derm-Mov Pattern' was designed using dematomes L4, L2, and inner line under knee and compared with four other patterns. As results, AutoCAD was appropriate as a integrating method of various postures. In wear test, 'Derm-Mov Pattern' was rated high (p < .001), in terms of pressure comfort especially around front crotch area. However, wear sensation was not signipicantly different in other area due to highly extensible property of materials. Pressure distribution was relatively even in these experimental garments.
The Effect of the Skinny Pants on the Physiological Responses and Subjective Pressure
Kweon, Soo-Ae ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 2012, Pages 567~576
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.3.567
The purpose of this study was to analyze and determine the relationship between physiological responses including blood flow rate and garment pressure, and the feeling of restrictive tightness associated with the wearing skinny pants as a popular clothing style. Evaluation was based on material type, posture and activity type, and body part location. Five female college students took part in this research. Five kinds of experimental clothes with waist measurements of 66cm were chosen. An analysis of the selected skinny pants demonstrated the degree of the whole looseness was higher in this order: clothing type A>B>D>C, and E with E being knitted cloth. Garment pressure was the highest in the front knee portions and was lowest in the outside thigh region. Garment pressure was highest in this sequence : clothing type C>=D>A>=B>E. In terms of posture and activity types, garment pressure was the highest when research participants were crouching, and was the lowest when standing. The blood flow rate was highest in this order: clothing type E>D>B>A>C. Type C skinny pants impeded blood flow and demonstrated the tightest and most restrictive relationship. Blood flow rate varied depending on the type of movement and was highest in this order: getting up, rowing, kicking, jumping and O-shaped leg posture. The results of subjective pressure evaluation demonstrated that pressure was highest in this order: E>=C>B>A>D. These results suggests the need to improve on the patterns and the material design in the area of the front knees. The degree of the looseness when wearing skinny pants did not always correspond to garment pressure or subjective sensation.
Effects of High Molecular Weight Water-Soluble Chitosan On Storage Characteristics and Quality Attributes of Sponge Cake
Lee, Hee-Tae ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 2012, Pages 577~586
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.3.577
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of the additive chitosan on the storage characteristics and quality attributes of sponge cake. In addition to a control sample with no chitosan, sponge cake was prepared with the addition of various concentrations of chitosan (1,000, 2,000 and 3,000 ppm), and stored for 5 days at three temperatures (
). The control sample demonstrated considerable hardness compared to other samples containing chitosan regardless of storage temperature and period. The degree of retrogradation of the samples containing chitosan was higher than that of the control samples, with values under 30% regardless of the concentration of chitosan or storage condition. The total color variance(E) of the control sample and the samples with chitosan did not show a significant difference. The overall acceptability of the samples containing 1,000 ppm chitosan was similar to the control sample.
An assessment of hair loss ameliorating effect of medicinal plant extracts, amino acid and vitamin complex in human subject
Oh, Hyun-Ji ; Park, Hyung-Kook ; Ly, Sun-Yung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 2012, Pages 587~596
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.3.587
Alopecia is usually presented as patchy, no scarring hair loss. It seems to be a hormonal imbalance or an immune mediated disease, whereas genetic predisposition, environmental and psychological factors may be involved in its etiology. Many treatments of alopecia disease have been widely applied, but their side effects are also well known. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate efficacy and safety of a food supplement containing medicinal plant extracts, amino acid and vitamin complex on the prevention of hair loss in human. A total of 20 subjects aged between 29-50 years with subjective hair loss complaint were recruited for this study. Each subject took 1 g/day supplement for 3 months. 5-Scale self-assessment test, hair loss count and measurement of hair thickness were conducted to evaluate the effect of supplement on the improvement of hair loss. Subjective hair loss was decreased and hair damage and thickness were improved in self-assessment test. After 3 months of supplementation, hair loss counts were decreased (P<0.05) while hair thickness was increased(P<0.001) significantly. There was no side effect observed during the study. These results suggest that the supplement consist of medicinal plant extracts, amino acid and vitamin complex might be useful for the improvement of hair loss with no significant side effects.
Characteristics of Community Village Development by the Rural Village Development Policy - Focused on the In-Depth Interviews with Company Operatives -
Park, Kyoung-Ok ; Lee, Sang-Un ; Ryu, Hyun-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 2012, Pages 597~609
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.3.597
The purpose of this study was to explore the characteristics, outcomes and successes associated with newly established rural villages founded by the Rural Village Development Policy in Korea. For this study, four operatives associated with development companies who successfully implemented rural villages with strong community function structures answered a semi-structured questionnaire on the developmental theme, location, preoperational resident meetings, and success factors of seven projects. The Questionnaire dealt with content analysis. The results of the study were as the follows. The operatives of the development companies identified locations, environments for economic activities, project themes and regular resident meetings as success factors. Barriers for successful rural village development policy were identified as inadequate regulation and lengthy administrative procedures. In particular, preoperational resident meetings were seen as an important success factor, requiring an organized and well-funded professional program.
Home Energy Cost and Housing Cost Burden of Urban Monthly Renter Households in Korea and the United States
Lee, Hyun-Jeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 3, 2012, Pages 611~628
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.2.611
The purpose of this study was to examine influence of home energy cost on housing cost burden of Korean and U.S. monthly renter households in urban areas and to explore influences of household and housing characteristics on their home energy cost burden. Microdata for this research was extracted from the 2011 Korean Household Budget Survey and 2009 American Housing Survey. Monthly renter households in urban areas were initially grouped based on household income, followed by a detailed analysis of housing and home energy cost. Findings are as follows: (1) The maximum ratio of home energy cost to household house hold income in Korea was 49% compared to 83% in the US; (2) Energy cost to income ratio were found to have significant influences on housing cost burden and lower income households' housing cost burden was found more vulnerable to their energy cost; (3) In general, the energy cost burden of low-income renter households in Korea tended to be influenced by household size, the number of household members staying at home during daytime hours and housing unit size. The energy cost burden of low-income renter households in the U.S. tended to be influenced by home structure type, size and age, the householder's age, race, educational attainment, the household size, number of wage earners per household, income, and the number of household members between 7 and 17 years of age.