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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Sep 2012
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
Development and Validation of a Scale for the Measurement of Early Childhood Teacher's Competence in Unification Education
Jung, Dae Hyun ; Kwak, Youn Mi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 5, 2012, Pages 819~835
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.5.819
The purpose of this study was to develop and test the validity of an assessment scale for determining the competency of early childhood teachers practicing unification education. For this purpose, an evaluation scale was constructed and then tested for reliability and validity. Participants for this study included 266 early childhood teachers in the unification education field. In order to the measure reliability and validity of this scale, Exploratory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis were conducted with SPSS 18.0 and AMOS. The result of this study identified four principal factors: 1) Instruction skills, 2) Evaluation, 3) Attitude, and 4) Knowledge. The results of this study supported the scale's reliability and legitimacy as a valid instrument for the evaluation of early childhood teacher's competence in unification education.
Classification of Daily Routine Types in Child Care Center and Teacher Behaviors Based on Daily Routine Types
Kwon, Yeon Hee ; Choi, Mock Wha ; Park, Chan Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 5, 2012, Pages 837~848
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.5.837
This study evaluated the types of daily routines that occurred in child care centers based on four general categorizations: time spent on indoor free choice activities, outdoor activities, group activities and special activities. In addition, resulting child care teacher behaviors were examined based on daily routine types. A total 23 classes' activity times and teacher behaviors were observed. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, hierarchical cluster, and Mann-Whitney U. Results indicated that there were 2 principle daily routine, 'indoor/outdoor activity time oriented' and 'group activity time oriented'. Analysis showed that teachers who belonged to the 'indoor/outdoor activity time oriented' type showed more positive affect, positive guidance, neural guidance, and less non-involved behavior. Results suggest the importance of time spent on free choice activities in the context of daily routine for quality childcare.
A Q-methodological Study of Students' Attitudes toward Remarriage by the Elderly
Yi, Yeong Sug ; Park, Kyung Rhan ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 5, 2012, Pages 849~862
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.5.849
The purpose of this study is to classify the characteristic and conduct a typological analysis of college students' attitudes toward remarriage by the elderly, employing Q-methodology. The results are as follows: College students strongly supported the opinion that remarriage relieves the elderly of loneliness, and that familial support is crucial for the remarriage to happen. They also rejected of the idea that the elderly would feel ashamed to remarry. Students' attitudes towards the elderly's remarriage fell into three classifications: the progressively accepting type, the realistically accepting type, and the conservatively accepting type. Type 1, "progressively accepting type" enthusiastically accepts and supports the elderly's remarriage as a progressive and emotive relationship. The "realistically accepting type" holds the opinion that remarriage in later life is based on overcoming loneliness or satisfying attachment need rather than love. This typology believes that the elderly would not be equal as spouses, and would not be overly distressed by public perception. The type 3, "conservatively accepting type" believes that remarriage would be likely to strain the elderly's relationship with other family members, that it will not be the beginning of a new independent life, but are generally accepting of the idea of remarriage in later life.
Factors Affecting the Number of Hours Children Spent in Child Care Centers among Dual-working Families
Shin, Nary ; Ahn, Jaejin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 5, 2012, Pages 863~874
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.5.863
This study examined the factors affecting the number of hours spent in child care centers by children of dual-working families. Data for this study was collected by way of a survey that involved a total of 33 child care centers. A total of 465 families took part in the study. Child factors, parental factors, household factors, and child care center factors were included in the hierarchical regression model on which this study was based. The results of this study identified eight primary factors related to the number of hours spent in child care centers by children of dual working families, which were as follows: (1) children's engagement in extracurricular activities, (2) maternal working hours, (3) parents' preference for child care center as a non-parental care provider, (4) the number of children attending the child care center in the household, (5) the presence of adults other than parents in the household, (6) accessibility to the child care center, (7) the satisfaction with child care services, and (8) the primary purpose of child care center use.
Effects of Children's Poem Composing Activity done with Nature Experiencing Program on Language Expression and Peer Interaction
Seo, Hyun ; Jung, Eun Sook ; Park, Mi-Ja ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 5, 2012, Pages 875~888
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.5.875
This study seeks to determine children's poem composition through an activity-based nature experiencing program and how it affects their language expression and peer interaction. This research also seeks to provide preliminary data for producing more effective lecturing and learning plans. The forty participants in the study included twenty 5-year-old children from E kindergarten and 20 5-year-old children from G kindergarten in N city. The results of the study demonstrated that children in the experimental group who experienced the poem composing activity with the nature experiencing program demonstrated a positive effect in terms of the quality of language expression as well as peer interaction. These results indicate that children's poem composing activity done with nature experiencing program could be used as a new lecture and learning method for the development of language expression and peer interaction in early childhood education.
A Study on Acculturation Stress among Married Immigrant Women in the Jeonbuk Area
Cho, In Ju ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 5, 2012, Pages 889~901
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.5.889
This study examined acculturation stress resulting from socio-demographic characteristics and psychological and social status of married immigrant women residing in the Jeonbuk region. Data were gathered from married immigrant women who were participating in non-profit agencies offering multi-cultural services and those who worked for business offices and stores in the Jeonbuk area. A structured self-administered questionnaire was used. A total of 280 questionnaires were distributed, and 210 were returned. Twenty three questionnaires were excluded from the study because of invalid responses, providing a final data pool of 187 responses. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses revealed that Korean language ability and levels of depression were significantly associated with acculturation stress among married immigrant women. Based on the findings of this study, interventions for reducing acculturation stress among married immigrant women and implications for future studies are discussed.
The Effects of Depression, Anxiety, and Impulsiveness on Suicidal Thoughts among Adolescents
Kim, Gab Sook ; Jeon, Young Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 5, 2012, Pages 903~913
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.5.903
This study investigated the effects of depression, anxiety, and impulsiveness on suicidal thoughts among adolescents with the goal of better understanding the psychological needs of adolescents and to provide them with more effective counseling and guidance. Participants for this study included 340 high school students in their first and second year living in large urban centers. Respondents answered a questionnaire that documented their experiences related to depression, anxiety, impulsiveness, and suicidal thoughts. Data analysis was performed using the means, standard deviations, correlation analysis, and multiple regression using the IBM SPSS 19.0 statistics program. The results were as follows. There was no statistically significant difference in anxiety and impulsiveness based on gender. However, female respondents demonstrated a higher rate of suicidal thoughts than male respondents. Second, in both sexes, comparative analysis between depression, anxiety, impulsiveness, and suicidal thoughts revealed that respondents with higher levels of depression and anxiety demonstrated elevated levels of suicidal thoughts. Impulsiveness demonstrated a correlation with suicidal thoughts only for female participants. Third, while depression and anxiety affected suicidal thoughts in both male and female respondents, impulsiveness did not affect suicidal thoughts, with depression having the strongest effect.
The Relationship between Mother Attachment and Depression: The Mediation Effect of Peer Attachment in School Aged Children
Min, Ha-Yeoung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 5, 2012, Pages 915~927
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.5.915
The purpose of this study was to examine the mediation effect of peer attachment on the relationship between children's depression and mother attachment. The respondents in this study were 697 school aged children attending elementary schools in Daegu and Gyeongbuk Province. Questionnaires, which required self-reporting by children, were used to investigate mother attachment, peer attachment and depression. The collected data were analyzed by Structural Equation Modeling(SEM) and Sobel test using AMOS 8.0, and SPSS 15.0. The results of the study were as follows. Structural Equation Modeling(SEM) revealed that peer attachment partially mediated the relationship between mother attachment and depression. First, mother attachment had a direct effect on peer attachment. Second, peer attachment had a direct effect on depression. Third, mother attachment had an indirect effect on depression as a mediated effect of peer attachment.
The Effects of Structured Social Network Types and Their Relationship to Quality of Life Satisfaction among Elderly Singles and Couples
Park, Kyung Rhan ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 5, 2012, Pages 929~945
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.5.929
This study examined structured social network types and their relationship to quality on life satisfaction of older adults. Respondents were 418 adults aged 60 or older living alone or as couples. The data was analyzed using K-means cluster analysis. Four networks types were identified: diverse, friend-neighbor focused, family focused, and restricted. Life satisfaction was highest for individuals in the diverse network group and lowest for individuals in the restricted network group. Stepwise multiple regression analysis indicated that life satisfaction of the elderly was affected by the diverse network, family focused network, the relationship quality with children, the relationship quality with neighbors, and the relationship quality with relatives. Results suggested that having diverse social network in close proximity is very important in old age and structural network types may have important practical implications for improving the quality of life among the elderly.
Dietary behavior types and clinical symptomology of elementary school students in Ulsan Metropolitan City
Hong, Soon Myung ; Seo, Jeong Hee ; Bok, Mi Jung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 5, 2012, Pages 947~956
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.5.947
This study aims to investigate both general dietary behaviors and clinical symptoms of diet related effects among fifth grade students at an elementary school in Ulsan Metropolitan City, and to categorize those relationships in terms of their comparative differences. The findings of this study are as follows. 1. Out of 694 students polled, 53.7% were of boys and 46.2% were girls with average age of
, average height of
, and average weight of
. Obesity in boys (5.5%) exceeded girls (3.9%) whereas children categorized as underweight showed girls (14.6%) slightly exceeded boys (10.4%). 2. Dietary behaviors were largely the result of four factors - unbalanced diet, balanced diet, protein and fruits and healthy dietary habits. Of these factors, protein and fruits (
) ranked first, balanced diet (
) second, healthy dietary habits (
) third and unbalanced diet (
) ranked last. 3. When Dietary behaviors were classified with four low ranking factors, they were divided into four types such as convenience (22.4%), good diet (24.7%), busy contemporary modern man (24.3%) and healthy dietary habits (26%). 4. Clinical symptoms include colds (
) followed by headaches (
), stomachaches (
), dizziness (
), atopic allergy (
), prevalence for cold sores (
), allergy (
), and constipation (
). 5. According to the results, clinical symptoms were divided into two groups - unhealthy (40.1%) and healthy (59.9%). 6. By analyzing the relationship between dietary behavior types and clinical symptom types, the convenience factor included slightly more of the unhealthy group (56.3%), whereas the good diet (71.1%), busy contemporary modern person (55.8%) and healthy dietary habits (69.7%) included more of healthy group (p<.001). Since the majority of students belonging to the unhealthy group had convenience dietary behavior, education about desirable dietary activities is needed for these students. In addition, nutrition information and information on possible clinical symptoms caused by nutritional imbalance should be provided for students and their households.
Consumer Public Complaint Behaviors and Satisfaction of Complaint Handling By Credit Card Services
Lee, Youngae ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 5, 2012, Pages 957~973
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.5.957
This study analyzed consumer public complaint behaviors and the satisfaction of complaint handling among credit card users who availed of credit card services. Relatively little research has been done in this area, despite the obvious importance of understanding and improving credit card market conditions. The purpose of this study was to examine consumer compliant behaviors with a focus on public actions, such as voice responses and the third party actions among credit card users. With the goal of providing consumers with more positive expectations of credit card companies' complaint handling process, this study investigated the status of public actions and the negative effect of complaints on the overall satisfaction of post-complaint behavior toward credit card services. The responses from 1,000 credit card users were analyzed using descriptive analysis, factor analysis, multi-logit analysis, and Heckman selection estimate. The analysis provided three major results: (1) perceived service quality among credit card users was conceptualized into groups such as responsiveness, innovation, company, additional service, and fee, (2) perceived service qualities, age, residential area, employment status, and subjective economic status had significant effect on public compliant action behaviors, and (3) unidimensional factors resulting from post-complaint behaviors were analyzed and several variables, such as period of credit card use, average amount used, and perceived service quality had significant effects on the degree of satisfaction associated with complaint handling in terms of credit card services. Several implications and directions for further research are discussed.
2D Pattern Development of Body Surface from 3D Human Scan Data Using Standing and Cycling Postures
Jeong, Yeonhee ; Lee, Yejin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 5, 2012, Pages 975~988
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.5.975
Although the pattern development for tight-fitting clothing has been carried out using 3D data on humans, the pattern development using 3D scan data obtained for various postures still remains an interesting subject. In this study, we have developed the 2D pattern using the 3D human body reflecting standing and cycling postures. The 3D scan data of a subject was obtained using Cyberware. 2C-AN program(Triangle simplification and the Runge-Kutta method) was used in the system to reduce the 3D scan data points and to make segmented triangular patches in a plane from 3D data. As results, surface distance and area of each body part of standing and cycling postures were also provided for the future application of the functional clothing construction. The area of center piece on the front (c.front) decreased by
(-13.08%) and that of lateral piece(s.back) on the back increased by
(18.69%) in the patterns of cycling posture. The girth of neck and waist for the cycling posture increased by 0.88cm (3.92%) and 1.56cm(4.40%) respectively, and the that of thigh decreased by 1.01cm(-2.24%). The differences between the area in the 2D pattern obtained from the 3D scan data and that in the 3D scan surface data for standing and cycling postures were very small(
Characteristics and Dyeability of Juniperus Chinensis Extracts
Nam, Ki Yeon ; Lee, Jung Soon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 5, 2012, Pages 989~1004
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.5.989
The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of the pigment and the dyeability of juniperus chinensis needles, berry, bark and heartwood extracts using distilled water, methanol, normal butanol and ethyl acetate as a solvent. Ultraviolet-visible absorption spectrum bands of the extracts were measured at around 280nm to 320nm in all the solvent extracts. The maximum absorption wavelength was able to determine tannin. All the solvent extracts except for distilled water extracts were able to confirm the presence of chlorophyll. Infrared absorption spectra (FT-IR) of all parts of the extracts showed broad absorption bands of OH due to phenolic-OH, benzene CH peak of phenol chemical structure, ether-based stretching vibration peak and the peak of flavonoid compounds that appeared in all the solvent extracts. The yield of juniper needles and heartwood in distilled water and methanol extraction were effective. Extraction of berry yields in distilled water was also effective. The yield of ethanol extraction from the bark showed better efficiency. As a result of using distilled water for the dye solution, the color of the fabrics dyed with all extracts of the needles and Y series berries generally showed light Y progression with a strong red tinge. By using a mixture of 20% ethanol and 80% distilled water for the dye solution, the color of the fabrics dyed with needles and berry extracts showed Y series dominantly. The color of the fabrics dyed with Bark and heartwood extracts were dominantly R series.
Effects of E-review attributes on Purchase Intention for Fashion Products across E-community Types
Park, Eun Joo ; Kang, Joo Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 5, 2012, Pages 1005~1016
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.5.1005
Recently, as growing number of consumers publish product and service reviews on the Internet, e-review has received attention from retailers and researchers. E-review, a form of electronic word-of-mouth (eWOM) which is typically shared between strangers whose identity and credibility are unknown, has become an important product information source as social media has facilitated information exchanges between more consumers. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of e-review attributes on purchase intention for fashion products, which is mediated by trust of e-review, as well as to explore the differences between consumer communities and cooperative communities. A questionnaire was developed based on previous researches. Data were gathered from adults living in Busan. The results were analyzed by factor analysis, t-test, and regression using SPSS 18.0. The results showed that consumers tended to recognize e-reviews from consumer communities as exaggerated information, while they considered reviews from cooperative communities as reliable information, which gave the latter higher purchase intention. There were significant differences in e-review attributes for fashion products (e.g., Exaggeration, Entertainment, Innocence, and Agreement), purchase intention between consumer communities (e.g: Blog, Internet cafe) and cooperative communities (e.g: general malls and specialty malls). For both communities, purchase intention of fashion products was influenced by its entertainment attributes and perceived trust of e-reviews. These results suggest that e-retailers need to focus on understanding the causes of purchase intention with e-reviews for fashion products. Specifically, e-retailers should recognize that e-reviews of fashion products were associated primarily with entertaining and with consumers' trust. Based on these findings, managerial implications are presented.