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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Sep 2012
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
The variables affecting married couples' fetus-related stress during pregnancy
Kang, Sukyoung ; Park, Sukyoung ; Chung, Mira ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 1017~1028
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.6.1017
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between fetus-related pregnancy stress and temperament, parenting attitude, parent-fetal attachment, and marital quality. Respondents were 285 pregnant women and their spouses who participated in Pregnant Education Programs. Data was collected by means of questionnaire. The results are summarized as follows: The total fetus-related pregnancy stress level of pregnant couples demonstrated a higher relationship while parent-fetal attachment level demonstrated a very significant relationship. There were significant differences between spouses with regard to fetus-related pregnancy stress, parenting attitude, parent-fetal attachment, and marital quality.
Preschoolers' Inclination Toward Internet-game Addictive Based on Aggression and Social Skills, Maternal Management Strategies for Peer Relations and Parenting Behaviors
Chung, Jee-Nha ; Kim, Jihyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 1029~1042
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.6.1029
The purpose of this study was to explore relationships between preschooler's aggression and social skills, maternal management strategies of peer relations and parenting behaviors and preschoolers' internet-game addictive inclination. Participants included seventy-seven (77) 5 to 6-year-old preschoolers (44 boys, 33 girls) and their mothers. The Aggressive Behavior Scale (Lee & Choi, 2001), the Social Skill Rating Scale (Suh, 2004), the Maternal Parenting Behaviors Scale (Rhu & Lee, 2007) and the Parental Involvement Checklist (Park, 2001) were used in this study. The Internet Game Addiction Scale (Korea Agency for Digital Opportunity and Promotion, 2006) was used to identify higher and lower addictive level of internet-game inclination. Collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and t-test. Major findings revealed that preschooler's social skills, maternal management strategies of peer relations and parenting behaviors showed a predictable correlation to preschooler's internet-game addictive inclination.
The Factors Related to the Menopausal Symptoms of Married Middle-Aged Women: Focus on the Effects of Attitudes toward Menopause and Family Related Variables
Kim, Eunkyung ; Lee, Kyung-Hae ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 1043~1058
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.6.1043
The purpose of this study was to identify how attitudes toward menopause and family-related variables (living with a first child, satisfaction with children, and marital satisfaction) were associated with the perceived menopausal symptoms of middle-aged Korean females. Data for the study were based on a community sample of 628 women whose ages ranged from 45 to 60, who were currently married and had at least one child. The respondents reported lower levels of menopausal symptoms, medium levels of marital satisfaction and slightly higher levels of satisfaction with children. Feelings of tiredness, irritability, and nervousness without apparent reason, and aches in the lumbago and joints were common menopausal symptoms reported in this study. Regression analysis was conducted to investigate the effects of monthly income, educational level, employment status, attitudes toward menopause, living with a first child, satisfaction with children, and marital satisfaction on perceived menopausal symptoms. Attitudes toward menopause, living with a first child, satisfaction with children and marital satisfaction were significantly associated with perceived menopausal symptoms. In particular, marital satisfaction had the strongest effect on perceived menopausal symptoms. The results showed that in the face of the developmental challenges experienced during the menopausal transition, family-related variables served as positive reinforcement for married middle-aged women. This finding suggests that in order to improve the menopausal transition, family education programs need to be developed and offered to middle aged females who suffer from severe menopausal symptoms.
Review and Prospects for Research on Family Resilience
Park, Hea Rhan ; Jeon, Gwee-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 1059~1082
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.6.1059
The purpose of this study was to analyze the trends, research methodology and findings of various researches on family resilience published in Korea over the past 13 years. A total of 93 publications related to family resilience between 1999 and June of 2012 were analyzed; 72 journal articles and 21 doctoral dissertations which had not been published in academic journals. The results are as follows; (1) There has been steady increase in the number of related researches since 1999, with a significant increase since the mid-2000s as various nontraditional families emerged and the perception of family problems began to change. (2) With regards to the methodology, the majority of the studies were empirical, using quantitative methods in both data collection and analysis. Most measurement scales employed were based on inventories developed by foreign researchers. (3) The research subjects encompass a wide range of individuals and groups from both vulnerable families and families from the general population. Additionally, some researches focused on special interest areas including program development & evaluation and scale development. Although research on family resilience has increased in quantity, there needs to be more qualitative, longitudinal and theory grounded studies on different families and individual types to better understand family resilience in depth. In addition, specific measurement scales reflecting the unique Korean family culture should be developed. Other challenges and suggestions for future research on family resilience are discussed.
Marital Conflict, Parenting Behavior, and Parental Monitoring Related to Adjustment of Adolescents
Lee, Hyong-Sil ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 1083~1094
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.6.1083
The purpose of this study was to investigate the gender difference in adolescent's problem behavior and depression, and to analyze the effects of marital conflict, parenting behavior, parent's monitoring on adolescents' problem behavior and depression. Data obtained from 453 students in middle school was used for final analysis. This study found that female adolescents showed higher level of depression than male adolescents. Male adolescents reported higher level of marital conflict than female adolescents. On the other hand, female adolescents showed more mother's monitoring than male adolescents. Path analysis revealed that parenting behavior and parent's monitoring were negatively influenced by marital conflict. Adolescents' depression was negatively influenced by parenting behavior, but problem behavior was not influenced by parenting behavior. Father's monitoring had an impact on problem behavior of male and female adolescents. Depression was influenced directly by marital conflict, but problem behaviors were not directly influenced by marital conflict.
Pathways to Job Satisfaction of Local Officials in the Child Care Sector
Shin, Nary ; Kim, Jihyun ; Min, Sunghye ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 1095~1110
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.6.1095
The purpose of this study was to examine pathways between job characteristics and job satisfaction among local officials in the child care sector. Participants of this study comprised of 128 local officials who worked in the child care sectors. Structural equation modeling was used to test the direct and indirect effects of job characteristics on job satisfaction through job stress and job burnout. Results confirmed the initial model that assumed there would be an indirect effect of job characteristics based on job satisfaction. The path involving three variables of job characteristics, however, were not statistically significant. The initial model was modified by removing the job characteristics variables. The modified model that confirmed the initial model showed that job stress of local officials in the child care sector was likely to increase job burnout; in turn, the job burnout tended to decrease job satisfaction.
A Study on the Satisfaction and Repurchase Intention on Social Commerce of University Students
Lee, Kyoung Ok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 1111~1128
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.6.1111
Many social commerce companies are being established and the market for social commerce is also developing quickly. In this study, the utilization, satisfaction, repurchase and recommendation intentions of social commerce consumption were studied, followed by an analysis of different factors that influence repurchase and recommendation intentions. The results of this study are as follows: first, the satisfaction of social commerce products was in the mid-range, with results being consistent across the range of social commerce companies. Secondly, there was a correlation between satisfaction associated with social commerce and repurchase and recommendation intention. Thirdly, there was a correlation between the level of satisfaction and demographic characteristics. Based on the research findings, suggestions are presented for improving consumer policy and education.
A Study on Web Design Development for Consumer-Oriented Information for Food Safety
Lee, Sim Yeol ; Park, Myung Hee ; Cho, You Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 1129~1144
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.6.1129
The purpose of this study was to investigate the gender difference in adolescent's problem behavior and depression, and The main aim of this study was to develop a fundamental web design to provide information content that would be easy for average consumers to understand based on the classification of information related to food safety. Based on the information obtained through in-depth interviews, the researchers developed an information classification system that meets the needs of consumers, and which serve as a basic framework for a homepage for a food safety information center. A total of 62 food items in 6 areas were selected based on reports of food safety related events occurring between 1998-2009 (KFDA 2008). The classification system of risk factors such as chemical risk factors and biological risk factors were categorized. The specific features of the information content for individual food items provided for classification based on evaluation by professional food scientists and the importance of risk factors. By providing a consumer participation section and company participation section, it was anticipated that the food safety information center would be able to act as a moderator for food safety information communication among consumers, the food industry, and the government. Based on the development of a classification system and framework, a design plan and tree-map for the internet site was developed.
Generational Differences in Responses Related to Advertisements
Kim, Woo-Sung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 1145~1160
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.6.1145
This study empirically compared generational differences in responses between baby boomers, Generation X, and Generation Y groups as measured by key variables related to advertisement. The respondents in this study were consumers throughout Korea, with 914 survey questionnaires used for the final analyses. Eight of the original 10 hypotheses were validated and two were rejected. Both baby boomer consumers and Generation Y consumers showed more positive responses to affective advertisements than their Generation X counterparts. Generation Y consumers showed more positive attitudes towards humorous advertisements than their baby boomer and Generation X counterparts. The effect of advertising models on the evaluation of advertisements was greater among Generation Y consumers than their Generation X counterparts. Generation Y consumers showed more positive attitudes towards storytelling-type marketing than their baby boomer and Generation X counterparts. Baby boomer consumers showed more positive attitudes towards symbolic advertisements than their Generation X and Generation Y counterparts. Generation X consumers showed more positive attitudes towards functional advertisements than the baby boomer and Generation Y groups. There were significant differences in attitudes towards two types (symbolic and functional) of advertisements in both baby boomer consumers and Generation X consumers.
A Study on the Development of Apron Design for Cultural Tourism Souvenirs - Focused on Jeonju Makgeolli Research Center -
Kim, Juyeon ; Lee, Hyojin ; Yang, Arang ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 1161~1172
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.6.1161
The recent trend in tourism souvenirs has shifted from traditional products to modern, practical, and budget oriented products. As a result, tourism souvenirs that meet the changing demands of consumers need to be studied and developed. Aprons are one of the most important accessories worn for housework, and are also an important part of uniforms worn at restaurants and hotels. As a result, aprons typify the characteristics of makgeolli - practical products that meet the needs of modern consumers. Therefore, the development of tourism souvenirs targeting tourists that seek Jeonju Makgeolli is expected to bring substantial social and economic benefits. The purpose of the study is to develop designs for aprons for promotional and tourism souvenirs for the Jeonju Makgeolli Research Center. The research has been conducted with a survey on design preferences of aprons, design proposals, production of actual aprons, and selection of the final design. The study is empirical in nature and realistic in scope since it is anticipated that the trial and manufacture of aprons will be commercialized as tourism souvenirs. It is expected that aprons, which can be produced at low cost, will meet the needs of recent consumers who prefer elegant, modern, and practical goods as compared to simple and bland folk crafts or traditional products. More studies and research on the development of designs of aprons as tourism souvenirs is expected to be conducted based on this study.
A Structural Modeling for Switching Costs and Site Retention in Apparel Shopping Website
Kim, Eun Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 1173~1184
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.7.1173
This study estimates a structural model to examine the causal relationships among web browsing, switching cost, and site retention in the context of apparel shopping website. A total of 499 usable questionnaires were obtained from consumers aged from 20 to 49 years. For data analysis, exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis and structural model were used. The result showed that consumer's perceived switching costs consisted of three factors: relationship cost, search cost and benefit loss cost. In estimated structural model, the relationship cost was influenced by leisure browsing; the search cost was influenced by informational browsing and leisure browsing; the benefit loss cost was influenced by leisure browsing. Especially, the leisure browsing was the most highly related to the benefit loss cost, and followed by relationship cost and search cost. However, hedonic browsing was not significantly related the factors of switching costs. The search costs significantly affected customer's intentions for site retention. A managerial implication was discussed for e-retailers in order to develop strategic switching costs in building long-term relationships with web browsers on the apparel shopping websites.
E-loyalty formation process and satisfaction for apparel products
Park, Eun Joo ; Kim, Sae Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 1185~1198
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.6.1185
The purposes of this study were to investigate the relationships between e-loyalty formation process and satisfaction for apparel products by testing the research model developing upon prior researches, and to analyze the differences of the structural model between two groups (high satisfaction group and low satisfaction group). A total of 356 respondents participated through a convenience sampling at universities in Busan. Data were analyzed by a structural equation model analysis. The results were as followings: First, for the structural model, the attributes of shopping malls (e.g., e-store attributes and product attributes) affected consumer satisfaction which influenced the e-loyalty of shopping malls, mediated by value perception. Second, high-satisfaction group evaluated more importantly the attributes of shopping malls, higher perceived the value of products and web sites, more satisfied the mall, and had greater loyalty of online shopping malls than low-satisfaction group. Third, there were significant differences between high-satisfaction group and low-satisfaction group in the e-loyalty model for apparels. Specifically, for high-satisfaction group, the e-store attributes were more likely to influence the value perception of products and web sites than low-satisfaction group, while low-satisfaction group was the higher perceived the value of products, the more they satisfied and then the greater e-loyalty respectively. According to the findings, the implications and future suggestions related to e-loyalty of shopping malls for apparels are provided.
Depression and Stress Related to Obesity among Normal, Obese, and Severe Obese Groups - Comparison among Normal, Obesity, and Severe Obesity Groups -
Nam, Sujung ; Park, Jongho ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 1199~1210
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.6.1199
This study investigated the influence of obesity on depression and stress by analyzing the results of the national survey on health and nutrition. Relationships between normal, obese, and severely obese groups were investigated. The results of the study are as follows. First, obesity caused by demographic variables showed a relationship to both gender and average monthly income. In the case of the seriously obese group, females had higher rates of depression than males, and the high obesity group had lower average monthly income than the normal and obese groups. Second, obesity caused by health-related variables found that high blood pressure, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes that was not angina-related displayed higher rates of depression in the serious obesity group than in the other groups. As for subjective evaluations of one's own health condition, the serious obesity group showed a high tendency to evaluate their own health conditions negatively. Third, the difference between depression and stress related to obesity level showed no difference between the normal weight group and the obesity group; however, the seriously obese group demonstrated relatively higher occurrences of depression and higher stress scores. Fourth, the result for depression and stress level caused by demographic variables, health-related variables, and obesity demonstrated a direct relationship to gender, subjective level of satisfaction with one's personal finances, average monthly income, subjective perception of one's own health and severely obesity status. More specifically, it was found that the ratio of depression and stress score was higher when the subject was female, among those whose subjective evaluation of their own finances and health condition was negative, and those who suffered from severe obesity.
Quality Characteristics of kimchi with added Backryeoncho (Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten) Extract and Its Acceptability by Middle School Students
Lee, Young-Sook ; Rho, Jeong-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 1211~1222
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.6.1211
This research studied the effects of Backryeoncho (Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten) extract as an additive in kimchi in various amounts (0%, 0.4%, 0.8%, 1.2%), and its acceptance by middle school students in the Jeonju area. The treated kimchi had a higher pH than the untreated kimchi without extract, and the titratable acidity of the kimchi decreased with the addition of the Backryeoncho extract. The degree of salinity decreased in kimchi with the added Backryeoncho extract in a dose-dependent manner. The cutting force and compression force were higher in kimchi where the extract was added during the fermentation period resulting in improved texture of the kimchi. The addition of the extract slowed growth of total bacteria (1.83~2.12 log CFU/mL) and lactic acid bacteria (1.4 log CFU/mL) as compared with the control sample. In the sensory evaluation of overall taste, kimchi with 0.8% extract added demonstrated higher evaluation in overall categories. The acceptability of Backryeoncho extract as an additive in kimchi among middle school students was higher than in the control sample, with an optimum additive of 0.4% extract, based on the lowest volume of leftovers.
The Effects of Body Weight Status, Perception of Body Shape and Satisfaction of Body Shape on Obesity Stress, Self-esteem among Male and Female Middle School Students
Lee, Jin Suk ; Lee, So Yeong ; Rho, Jeong Ok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 1223~1234
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.6.1223
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of body weight, perception of body shape and satisfaction with body shape on obesity stress and self-esteem among middle school students. The participants in this study were 446 middle school students in K-city. The major results of this study are as follows. First, male students demonstrated higher obesity rates than female students, and female students considered themselves to be fatter and less satisfied with their body shape than male students. Female students had significantly more obesity-related stress than male students. Second, there were significant differences in physical obesity stress according to body weight status among male and female students, and there was statistically significant difference in psychological obesity stress according to body weight status among male students. Male and female students who considered themselves to be fatter and less satisfied with their body shape suffered from high obesity stress. Third, there was no significant difference in self-esteem according to body weight status, but self-esteem was affected by perception and satisfaction of body shape; male and female students who considered themselves to be fatter and less satisfied with their body shape showed low levels of self-esteem. As the result of regression analysis, psychological obesity stress was the strongest factor in explaining self-esteem among all students, and satisfaction of body shape was also found to be a significant variable among female students.
The Housing Conditions and Housing Satisfaction of Chinese College Students Studying in South Korea - Focus on Chinese Students in Chonbuk National University -
Choi, Byungsook ; Park, Jung-A ; Rho, Jeongok ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 21, issue 6, 2012, Pages 1235~1250
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2012.21.6.1235
This study is to investigate the housing conditions and housing satisfaction of Chinese students in S. Korea, and identified effective factors for related housing design. Chinese students at CBNU participated in this survey from November to December in 2011. A questionnaire survey was used. 200 students voluntarily participated in this survey with 147 surveys providing useful data for analysis. Descriptive statistics, correlation, and linear regression were used to analyzed the data with SPSS 12.0. The results are as follow. 1) Many Chinese students received housing information from discussion with acquaintance. They lived together 2 students in one-room or dormitory. Monthly rental was about 240,000 won, and they found the living conditions a burden. 2) They are unsatisfied with food, the lack of a refrigerator, and non availability kitchen facilities. These factors are considered in planning for Chinese students housing. 3) For the most part, they are satisfied with their current housing environment, although there is a need to improve health related housing environment factors, including sunlight, noise, and indoor air. The effective residential factors to overall housing satisfaction are dwelling space and size, space organization and floor plan, kitchen toilet bathroom facilities, sunlight, and safety from natural disasters. The effective neighborhood factors identified include access to natural environment, community facilities, parks, noise, and commuting time. 4) Subjective factors played a larger role in overall housing satisfaction than did objective factors such as gender and types of house.