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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 22, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
An Analysis on Determinants of Self-care Days among School-Aged Children
Kim, Jikyung ; Kim, Gyunhee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 1~15
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2013.22.1.1
Using the National Children and Youth Panel Survey (2010) data, this study examines the self-care after school experienced by elementary school students. It argues the necessity of analysis on self-care days for understanding demanders' characteristics of after-school care policy. Based on the Ordered Logit Model, this study analyzes the determinants of self-care days among school-aged children. The main result of the analysis is that self-care days are also more likely to be increased among children with higher school grade, more sibling, lower mother's education, dual-earner family, two-parent family, multi-cultural family, and lower family income.
Liquid Conservation Concept In The Water Evaporation Phenomenon According To The Age and Task-Situations
Kim, Eun-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 17~27
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2013.22.1.17
The purpose of this study is to investigate children's liquid conservation concept according to their ages and task-situations in the water evaporation phenomenon. Thirty from each 4-, 6- and 8-year-old age groups (total of 90 subjects) were selected for this study. The subjects were recruited from two day-care centers, a kindergarten, and an elementary school, in Seoul. Statistical methods used for data analysis were frequencies, percentiles, means, standard deviations and repeated measures ANOVA. As a result, there was a significant difference in children's liquid conservation concept in the evaporation of water according to their ages and task-situations. 8-year-old children showed levels of cognition than 4- and 6-year-olds. Children showed higher levels of cognition in the task of drying than in the task of water level changes.
The Effects of Mothers' Home Management Ability on the School-Aged Children's Self Management Skills: via the Mediation of Self-Regulation of Children
Kwon, Bo-Ra ; Chang, Young-Eun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 29~41
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2013.22.1.29
The aim of the current study is to examine the effects of mothers' home management ability on school-aged children's time and life management skills through the mediation effect of children's self-regulation. Study subjects were 317 5- and 6-grade children at elementary schools located in Seoul and Gyeonggi area and their 317 mothers. The findings were as follows. First, in the SEM model of predicting children's time management skill, greater mothers' home management ability significantly predicted better time management skills among their children. Second, mothers' home management ability also indirectly affected children's time management skill through its significant effects on children's self-regulation. The test yielded a significantly mediation effect of self-regulation. Children's self-regualtion was strongly related to time management skills. Third, in the SEM model predicting children's life management skills, maternal ability of home management again directly predicted greater life management skills of their children. However, mediation of self-regulation was not statistically significant. The findings suggested the important role of mothers' home management ability in instilling and modeling self-regulation and self-management skills of school-aged children.
Relationship among Mother's knowledge of Infant development, Maternal Parenting Stress, Maternal Parenting Behavior and Infant Development
Min, Hyun-Suk ; Moon, Young-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 43~56
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2013.22.1.43
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship among the mother's knowledge of infant development, mother's parenting stress, maternal parenting behavior and infant development. Participations in this study included 2078 infants(1056 boys, 1022 girls) and their mother. The major results of this study were as follows: First mother's knowledge of infants showed positive effects on maternal parenting behaviors, and mother's parenting stress showed negative effects on maternal parenting behaviors. Second, maternal parenting behaviors and mother's knowledge of infants showed positive effect on infant development. But maternal parenting stress didn't show direct effect on infant development. In conclusion, maternal parenting behaviors partially mediated between mother's knowledge of infants and infant development, and fully mediated between mother's parenting stress and infant development.
The Study on the relationships between age-identity, Attitude toward the elderly and self-esteem of the elderly
Lee, Shin-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 57~74
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2013.22.1.57
The purpose of this study was to identify how age-identity is associated with the attitude toward the elderly and self-esteem of the aged. The subjects were 366 adults aged 60 and over. The statistics used for the data analysis were reliability test, frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, one way ANOVA, correlation and multiple regression. The results of this study were as follows; First, The majority of elderly acknowledged psychological ages as their actual ages. Secondly, The degrees of elderlys' age-identity was 2.12, and the levels of the attitude toward the elderly was 60.62. Also, The degrees of elderlys' self-esteem was 24.16. The surveyed data showed higher means than medians. Third, The age-identity of elderly was significant with respect to spouse, religion, career, living state, sex, age, gap of actual age, health state, economic state, education, monthly living expenses. And the attitude toward the elderly was stastically significant with respect age-identity, career, spouse, religion, living state, health state, education, monthly living expenses, economic state, gap of actual age, and age. Moreover, The elderlys' self-esteem level was significant with respect to spouse, age-identity, living state, religion, career, economic state, monthly living expenses, the attitude toward the elderly, health state, education, and age. Finally, The variables affecting the age-identity of elderly were health state, economic state, religion, age that explained about 34% of the total variance. And The attitude toward the elderly were age-identity, health state, gap of actual age that explained about 19% of the total variance. Also, The variables that affect elderlys' self-esteem were economic state, age-identity, the attitude toward the elderly, sex, monthly living expenses that explained about 33% of the total variance.
The Effects of Appearance Instrumentality on Adolescents' Body Satisfaction and Appearance Management Behaviors - Focusing on the comparative analysis by adolescents' sex -
Lee, Mi-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 75~88
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2013.22.1.75
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of appearance instrumentality on body satisfaction and appearance management behaviors by adolescent' sex. The subjects were 750 adolescents in Daejeon and Chungnam province. The research method was a survey and the measuring instruments consisted of appearance instrumentality, body satisfaction, appearance management behaviors, and subjects' demographics attributions. The data were analyzed by Cronbach's
, factor analysis, cluster analysis,
test, and t-test, using SPSS statistical program. The results were as follows. First, 3 dimensions(the utility of interpersonal relationship, social achievement and sexual partnership) were emerged on appearance instrumentality, and adolescents were divided into 2 groups(unreceptive and receptive group) by appearance instrumentality. Second, appearance instrumentality had significant effects on female adolescents' body satisfaction; receptive group was more dissatisfied with their bodies, especially weight, hip, abdomen, and body shape than unreceptive group. However, it had no significant effects on male adolescents' body satisfaction. Third, appearance instrumentality had many significant effects on male and female adolescents' appearance management behaviors. Especially, female receptive group had higher intention to perform professional care by a sliming club, beauty salon, and dermatology, and face plastic surgery than unreceptive group.
Effects of a adolescent's attachment with parent and peer on their leadership life skills
Jang, Youngae ; Park, Jueun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 89~98
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2013.22.1.89
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of attachment with parent and peer on the adolescent's leadership life skills. The subjects were 281 students from three middle schools in Incheon city. The data were analyzed by multiple and hierarchical regression. Major findings of this study were as follows; First, present study suggested that parental attachment, peer attachment, and adolescent's leadership life skills were a moderate level. And, adolescent's leadership life skills were a significant differences on the parental and peer attachment, respectively. In particular, the more amicable communication with parents and peers, the more developed their overall leadership life skills. Finally, the peer attachment rather than parental attachment was more influenced on their leadership life skills. Focusing on parental and peer attachment relationship, the educational implication for promoting adolescent's leadership life skills were discussed.
Classification and Analysis according to the Luxury - Frugality Consumption of Female Consumers
Hong, Eunsil ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 99~116
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2013.22.1.99
The purpose of this research is to explore the levels of luxury-frugality consumption of the female consumers and classify their types on luxury-frugality consumption behaviors. Total of 479 on-line questionnaires were surveyed nationwide for this research in February, 2012. Statistical analysis was achieved by using t-test, one-way ANOVA, Duncan's multiple range test,
, and Ward' hierarchical cluster analysis with a total of 479 questionnaires. The research results are summarized as follows: First, the overall luxury-frugality consumption average mark of female consumers was 2.44. Second, all surveyed female consumers were classified into four types based on the means scores of two dimension luxury-frugality consumption behaviors. A total 26.51% of female consumers belonged to Type 1 (named as luxury consumption group) where females scored high points on two dimension luxury consumption behaviors. Type 2 (named as excessive consumption group) occupied 32.78% and this group scored low on the luxurious consumption but high on the overconsumption. Type 3 (named as prefer prestige group) occupied 28.39% and this group scored low on the overconsumption but high on the luxurious consumption. Type 4 (named as frugal consumption group) had 12.32% of females whose scores of two dimension luxury-frugality consumption behaviors were low.
Capability of Retirement Planning and Implementing and the Influencing Factor
Kim, Jung-Hyun ; Park, Joo-Yung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 117~129
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2013.22.1.117
The purpose of this study is to examine the factors affecting on CRPI (capability of retirement planning and implementing) and to identify the critical point of financial factors to increase CRPI. 908 Korean individuals' data were used for descriptive statistics, t-test, F-test, and Generalized Linear Mixed Model Analysis. As a result, CRPI was influenced by attitude toward retirement planning, gender, income, and propensity to save. Some mid-group did not make a significant difference in CRPI compared to the lower-group. Men were more capable at CRPI than women in terms of sense of independence and getting a consulting service. Most consumers appear to have difficulty in calculating their retirement fund. People who have income over 3,000,000 won have dramatically greater CRPI than people who have income under 3,000,000 won. And people who have saving ratio over 23% have significantly greater CRPI than people who have propensity to save under 23%. The monthly income 3,000,000 won and propensity to save 23% were considered as critical points related to CRPI.
Development of Eco-friendly Textiles by Studying the effect of the Natural Chorangak Liquid Treatment of Silk Fabrics - Focusing on the Mechanical Properties & the Hand -
Lee, Jungju ; Kim, Kiyoun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 131~140
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2013.22.1.131
Eco-friendly and health-functional clothing is now becoming the target of the worldwide hot trends. The purpose of this study is to develop an eco-friendly textiles to decrease environmental pollution and to be harmless for human health by investigating how the natural chorangak liquid treatment affects the changes of mechanical properties and the hand of silk fabrics according to different treatment conditions. Treatment was varied with various temperatures (
) for 90 seconds after degumming. The results were as follows: 1) The natural chorangak liquid is the most effective at the ratio of glacial acid 200ml with eggshell 20g minimizing the time limit and sludge reduction. Its treatment of silk fabrics is optimized at
for 90 seconds with 25% conc. after degumming when considering tenacity and elongation. 2) After the treatment, tenacity and elongation of specimen are increased compared with those of degummed silk fabrics. 3) After analyzing the effect of the treatment on the characteristic values of basic mechanical properties of silk fabrics, mechanical properties (tensile, bending, shearing, compression, surface) are overall improved. The properties of thickness and weight are increased as well. 4) Based on the clear analysis on effects of the treatment on the mechanical properties and the hand of silk fabrics, the level of THV was enhanced from good to excellent. Therefore, chorangak liquid can be utilized satisfactorily as a new finishing agent for developing eco-friendly textiles.
Consumers' needs and purchase intention of high functional sportswear according to sport participation motivations
Kim, Yongsook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 141~155
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2013.22.1.141
The purpose of this study is to identify consumers' needs and purchase intention of high-functional sportswear according to sports participation motivations. Internet survey was done for data collection and the subjects were 300 consumers in their 20-39's who participated in sport activities at least once a week. Factors of sport participation motivations were ostentation, social interaction, self development, mental health, and physical health. Consumers were segmented into the motivation retard group, the multi-purpose pursuit group, the health pursuit group, and the extrinsic motivation pursuit group. And factors of consumers' needs for high-functional sportswear were practicality and comfort function, body protection and physical function, and skin protection and health function. The multi-purpose pursuit group showed strong needs for active and comfort, body protection and physical function, and skin protection and health function but the motivation retard group showed the lowest needs for high functional sportswear. Purchase experiences of high-functional sportswear, accomplishment, and duration period of sport activity affected positively on the purchase intention of high-functional sportswear.
Effects of E-servicescape and Positive Emotion on Purchase Intention for Fashion Products
Lee, Chaeyeon ; Park, Eunjoo ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 157~166
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2013.22.1.157
The purpose of this paper is to develop and test a conceptual model of purchase intentions, positive emotion, and e-servicescape that is defined as the online environment factors that exist during service delivery. Survey research method was used to gather data regarding consumers' perceptions of e-servicescape. Surveys were administered to 681 college students who experienced purchasing fashion products on the Internet. The results showed that e-servicescapes perceived by fashion consumers were composed of three dimensions: (1) Aesthetic appeal, (2) Ambient conditions, and (3) Layout & functionality. These dimensions of e-servicescape influenced consumers to lead positive emotions and purchase intentions. Additionally, positive emotions constituted a key variable for the purchase intention of fashion products during online exchange. The study revealed that consumers' interpretations of online environments exerted a powerful influence over positive emotion and purchase intentions. Also, it strongly endorsed the view that the purchase intentions of customers were linked to the extent to which they feel positive emotions by the e-service provider. This study provides insights into how consumers' interpretations of e-servicescape affect their subsequent positive emotions and ultimately their intentions to purchase. The findings of this study also have numerous implications for both services managers and internet developers related to fashion products.
A Study on Social Responsibility Practices of Fashion Corporations
Choi, Min Kyoung ; Sung, Heewon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 167~179
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2013.22.1.167
In recent years, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has received particular attentions from both practitioners and scholars. This study focused on Korean national fashion businesses and identified various types of CSR practices in addition to social contributions. Besides, comparison in corporation by size of the number of full-time employees and sales volume were examined. A total of 1054 cases of 147 brands, 86 corporations between 2000 and 2012 were collected from internet articles and brand home pages. Findings were as follows. First, the types of CSR activities were categorized into the following six: economic responsibility, legal responsibility, consumer protection, protection of worker's right, protection of environment, and social contribution. Social contribution took largest portion of CSR activities (67.7%), followed by environmental protection (14%), and protection of worker's right (6.2%). The other three types presented limited cases but included negative aspects of CSR. Social contribution consisted of six sub categories (culture & art, sports, education, donation, voluntary service, and campaign), and donation took the largest part of social contribution area. Second, comparing 86 corporations by the size of the number of full-time employees, companies more than 300 employees (38.1%) were more likely to practice CSR activities. Similarly, companies with more than 500 billion won sales (13.1%) were more active in their CSR activities than their counterparts. Suggestions are given for improving CSR practices to fashion business.
A review of epigenetic nutrients on chronic inflammation associated with sarcopenic obesity in the elderly
No, Jae Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 181~188
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2013.22.1.181
A Study on the Quality Characteristics of Fish Cakes Containing Rice Flour
Kwon, Yong-Min ; Lee, Jin-Sil ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 189~200
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2013.22.1.189
To encourage rice consumption, this study investigated the quality characteristics of fish cakes containing four different amounts (0%: control, 50%, 75%, 100%) of rice flour. The moisture and pH of fish cake dough and fat contents, color values, folding score, texture profiles and consumer acceptability of fried fish cakes containing rice flour were measured. There were no significant difference on moisture and pH of fish cake dough containing rice flour. There was significant decrease in terms of fat contents, folding score of the fish cakes with increasing rice flour(p<.05). While a and b values were increased, L value decreased significantly, as the ratio of rice flour increased(p<.05). Hardness, cohesiveness, gumminess and chewiness of fish cakes with rice flour decreased significantly (p<.05), but no significant difference in springiness. There were no significant differences in overall acceptance, appearance, flavor, color and taste between the control group and treatment groups(p<.05). Texture was decreased significantly as the rice flour increased(p<.05). This study suggests that adding fifty percent rice flour to fish cakes could be a good way to increasing rice flour without decreasing texture acceptability.
A Study on the Knowledge, Attitudes, Cancer Preventive Dietary Behavior, and Lifestyles of Adults in the Jeonbuk Area
Rho, Jeongok ; Choi, Suyoun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 201~213
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2013.22.1.201
This study was conducted to identify adults' knowledge, attitude, dietary behavior, and lifestyle for cancer prevention, and to examine the relation between these variables. The participants were 414 adults in the Jeonbuk area. The data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficients, ANOVA and Duncan test with SPSS v. 12.0. The score for participants' knowledge about cancer was 23.98 points of a possible 30, the score for attitude towards cancer was 44.46 points of a possible 55, the score for preventive dietary behavior for cancer was 36.79 points of a possible 55, and their score for preventive lifestyle for cancer was 29.76 points of a possible 40. The knowledge, attitude towards cancer, dietary behavior, and lifestyle for cancer prevention showed significant differences according to the general characteristics (e.g., age, religion, monthly income, educational level, job, health condition, and interests). There was a significant positive correlation between knowledge about cancer, attitude towards cancer, dietary behavior, and lifestyle for cancer prevention. Dietary behavior for cancer prevention showed a positive correlation with lifestyle for cancer prevention. In conclusion, it is necessary to consider the related factors for the development and implementation of systematic education programs that can encourage and promote preventive health behavior for cancer among adults.
A Study o f the Body Weight Perception, Living Habits and Food Intake Frequency by Residence Type in Female College Students of Chenbuk Area
Park, Eun-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 215~230
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2013.22.1.215
This study aims at examining perception, life style and food habits by residence type in female college students. The data analysis were conducted by a body fat analyzer and questionnaire survey. The subjects were 230 female college students divided into three groups: home-living group, dormitory group, and self-boarding group. The age of the subjects was 20.3~21.7 years old. Among the subjects, 46.1% were home-living group, 27.4% dormitory group, and 26.5% self-boarding group. There was no significant satisfaction of body weight by residence type. Their exercise frequency were not significant by the groups. The exercise time per day was much in home-living group than dormitory group, and self-boarding group(p<0.05). The meal eating time was regular in dormitory group than in home-living group and self-boarding group at p<0.05. 'Frequency of much food intake', 'frequency of restaurant meal', and 'saltness' were significant by the groups at p<0.05 respectively. Breakfast frequency was significant different by the groups at p<0.05. Intakes frequency of cereals in breakfast, meats in breakfast, vegetables in breakfast was different by the groups at p<0.05.
Current State of Dietary Life Education through Rural Activities for Adolescent
Kim, Yookkoyung ; Sim, Kihyeon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 1, 2013, Pages 231~243
DOI : 10.5934/KJHE.2013.22.1.231
This study intends to suggest basic data for the activation of rural activities in dietary life education, through a survey of adolescents on rural activities in dietary life education. It was found that 63.2% of subject students had the experience of rural activities; and that as many as 35.2% among the students who experienced rural activities participated in the activities 5 times or more. And the survey showed that rural activities were led most frequently by a teacher in charge (37.9%), and rather rarely by a nutrition teacher (15.4%) or an expert in dietary life education (7.7%). As for food ingredients that adolescents experienced during rural activities, they were composed of easily available good cookers that are common in the Korean diet, and, among them, vegetables were experienced most, followed by cereals and fruits. On the other hand, as for food ingredients preferred by adolescents, it was found that boy students preferred meat, while girl students preferred fruits. And as for improvements in dietary life, it was found that making efforts to have good dietary habits had the highest score, which shows that rural activities contributed to the improvement in adolescents' dietary life. Therefore, given the fact that rural activities go some way towards improving adolescents' dietary life, it is advisable that more opportunities for experiencing rural activities be provided to adolescents in the future so as to help them have good dietary habits.