Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 22, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
The Impact of Communicative Competence on the Teaching Efficacy and Job Satisfaction of Early Childhood Teachers
Kim, Sa Nyeo ; Pu, Sung Sook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 511~524
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.4.511
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the communicative competence of early childhood teachers on their teaching efficacy and job satisfaction in an attempt to provide some information on the development of the communicative competence of early childhood teachers. Study results show that, first, the teaching efficacy of early childhood teachers differed according to their age, education and career level and their communicative competence differed according to their career level. Second, communicative competence had a statistically significant positive correlation with teaching efficacy and job satisfaction. Third, among the sub-factors of communicative competence, focusing attention and responding exerted a statistically significant positive influence on teaching efficacy. Among the sub-factors of communicative competence, focusing attention, analyzing and evaluating exerted a statistically significant positive influence on job satisfaction.
Child's Happiness: Effects of Emotionality, Mother's Depression and Parenting Behaviors
Kwon, Yeon Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 525~537
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.4.525
This study investigated the relations among a child's emotionality, mother's depression and parenting behaviors in predicting a child's happiness. Participants were 384 children(175 boys, 209 girls) and their mothers. The teachers completed the rating scale to measure a child's happiness. A child's emotionality, mother's depression and parenting behaviors were assessed by a mother-reported questionnaire. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlations, and hierarchical multiple regressions. Results showed that child's emotionality was negatively related to their happiness. Mother's depression had a negative relation to child's happiness. Mother's warmth-encouragement, overprotection-permission, and reject-nonintervention was significantly related to a child's happiness. Hierarchical regression analysis indicated that the interaction of child's emotionality and mother's reject-nonintervention predicted child's happiness. Child's emotionality, whose mother demonstrated a higher level of reject-nonintervention, was associated significantly with happiness. In addition, the association between mother's depression and child's happiness was mediated by mother's warmth-encouragement and reject-nonintervention. Results suggest the importance of mother's role in the context of intervention planning for child's happiness.
A Study on Relationships among University Students' Self-differentiation, Self-esteem and Mental Health : Focused on Depression and Anxiety
Kim, Sang Ok ; Jeon, Young Ja ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 539~558
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.4.539
The purpose of this study is to examine relationships among university students' self-differentiation, self-esteem and mental health. The subjects were 400 students of four universities in Busan and Gyungnam area. A questionnaire survey was done. The results of this study are as follows : First, the levels of university students' self-differentiation and self-esteem were high. Second, university students' self-differentiation and self-esteem were correlated positively. Third, the levels of university students' depression and anxiety were relatively low. It showed that the subjects' mental health of this study were not bad. Fourth, depression had no significant difference by gender. However, female students had higher anxiety than male students had. Fifth, university students' self-differentiation and self-esteem had negative correlation with depression and anxiety, and self-esteem played a role of mediating variable between self-differentiation and mental health. Sixth, family projection, family regression and self integration of self-differentiation had indirect influence upon the students' mental health through self-esteem, while cognitive-emotional function had direct influence upon mental health and had indirect influence upon mental health through self-esteem as well. In this study, university students' self-differentiation and self-esteem were found to be important variables having influence upon mental health, and self-differentiation had indirect influence upon mental health through self-esteem. Counselling intervention strategies should be established considering self-differentiation and self-esteem of the students who complained about their maladjusted emotion and human relation problems at schools. Also, programs enhancing self-differentiation and self-esteem of university students should be developed and the execution of these programs will be needed to help the university students who experienced mental health problems such as depression, anxiety and so on.
Development of the Couple Relationship Improvement Programs for College Students Based on Family of Origin and Attachment
Choi, Yeun-Hwa ; Yang, Myong-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 559~574
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.4.559
The purpose of this study was to develop the couple relationship improvement program for college students and to examine the effects of the program based on the family of origin and attachment. Does based on Bowen's theory of differentiation of self, adult attachment, group counseling for this and establishes program goals according to systematic group counseling program development model and composed program. In order to attain like this research objective, six male and female couples attending colleges were divided into the participating group and comparison group; the students were from H University in Daejeon, Korea, and they had the experience of participating in the comprehensive group program. The changes shown by the couples were studied, and the cases were analyzed by examining the minutes and reports, which supplemented the quantitative analysis of the effectiveness of the group counseling program. The analysis of the effectiveness of the program showed the following. The case showed that goals of the individuals and couples, enhancing the understanding of self and partners by understanding the self-differentiation and adult attachment while having a positive impact on understanding, acceptance, disclosure of self partner and couple relationship based on the social support of the cognitive emotion regulation strategies.
A Typology of Work-Family Interaction of Married Employed Women with Preschool Children
Lee, Seung-Mie ; Koo, Hye-Ryoung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 575~591
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.4.575
In this paper the relationship of various types of work-family interaction (i.e. work-family conflict, and work-family enhancement) with individual, family, and employment characteristics was explored in a sample of 1000 married employed women with preschool children. By using cluster analysis, we tried to reveal whether specific combinations of the various dimensions of work-family interaction (WFI) exist. Our results showed that employed women did not simply experience work-family conflict or work-family enhancement, but that they should be classified in four distinct clusters: (1) 189 employed women experienced primarily work-family enhancement(i.e. positive WFI); (2) 289 employed women experienced primarily work-family conflict(i. e. negative WFI); (3) 338 employed women experienced work-family conflict and work-family enhancement simultaneously(i. e. both positive and negative WIF); (4) 184 employed women did not experience either work-family conflict or work-family enhancement(i. e. low WFI). Results further showed that the emerging WFI-clusters appeared to have distinct profiles with respect to individual, family and employment characteristics.
The Effect of Employed Mothers's Quality of Multiple Role and Psychological Well-Being upon Mothers' Parenting Behavior
Kim, Hee-Jin ; Chang, Young Eun ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 593~607
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.4.593
This study was conducted to identify adults' knowledge, dietary behavior related to sodium, and attitude towards. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of the quality of multiple roles and psychological well-being upon parenting behavior among employed mothers. The subjects were 172 employed mothers living in Seoul, Korea. The results are as follows. First, the quality of parental role was related to all of subscales of parenting behaviors of employed mothers. Second, employed mothers' higher autonomy was significantly associated with greater intimacy and reasoning guidance in their parenting. Third, employed mothers with greater positive relationship and autonomy were more likely to exhibit limit setting. Finally, higher level of environmental mastery and autonomy was related to greater parental involvement. Mothers' psychological well being was not significantly related to mothers' responsiveness.
Widowed elderly's dating experience and related variables: focusing on gender difference
Yi, Yeong Sug ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 609~618
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.4.609
The purpose of this study is to explore gender differences in elderly's dating experience and related variables. 427 elderly of age 65 or older participated. The results are as follows. 1. 80% of widowed elderly had no dating experience, and far more elderly men than women had dating experience. 2. Attitudes towards dating, of both elderly themselves and their children, had influence on the elderly's dating experience, regardless of gender. This indicates that the elderly's own acceptance and their children's positive attitude are important to the elderly's dating experience. 3. Gender differences were found in influences of living arrangement (whether they lived with their children or not), economical reasons, and personality factors. These variables proved significant only for the elderly men. More elderly men who did not live with their children than the elderly men who did had experienced dating, and economical reasons along with personality factors proved to be obstructive for elderly men's dating life.
A Grounded theory Analysys of the Successful Process : Consumer perspective of Entrepreneurial
Back, Jae Hwa ; Seo, Jeong Hee ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 619~635
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.4.619
The purpose of the study was to qualitatively analyze how entrepreneurs would succeed in business from the consumer perspective of entrepreneurial. In particularly, this study understood what has made the entrepreneurs do their own business, learning contextual and mediating conditions. In order to achieve the research goals, the study conducted in-depth interviews to a total of 11 entrepreneurs and based on data from the interviews, carried out a grounded theory analysis. According to the results, the successful entrepreneurship process paradigm model from the consumer perspective of entrepreneurial was observed with some central phenomenon, 'change of course', via casual circumstances as 'self-realization' and 'material value realization.' For the contextual conditions, there found 'anxiety for survival', 'organic motive', 'confidence in a market' and 'relational role element' as well. The interaction strategies consisted of 'internal capability improvement', 'internal and external activity directivity growth' and 'marketability judgement ability.' The mediating conditions were observed to be 'strategic cognition improvement' and 'growing of desire to succeed'. The analysis results reported that there were two different aspects as 'increase of stable dailiness' and 'productivity enlargement'. In terms of the core category, it was 'securing of stable dailiness and competitiveness in the market as well by developing characteristics and abilities of an individual for the life value realization.' Those results confirmed that once pleasure and satisfaction in daily life increase, the confidence of the entrepreneurs improves too, which would encourage them to continue the business.
Consumer perception, expectation and satisfaction levels of wear comfort of hiking gear
Yoo, Hwasook ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 637~650
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.4.637
The purpose of this study was to examine the consumers' image and factors of wear comfort, expectation and satisfaction levels of wear comfort of hiking gear in order to investigate the consumer perception of wear comfort of hiking gear. The questionnaires were distributed to 400 people in their 40s and 50s and, 260 of which were used to data analysis. The questionnaires were comprised of questions about the image, factors, expectation and satisfaction levels of wear comfort of hiking gear, and demographic characteristics. Data were analyzed by frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis, correlation analysis, ANOVA, Duncan test, T-test with SPSS 19.0 IBM for Windows. In demographic characteristics, 43.5% of respondents were male and people under 45 years of age were at 17.7%, those between 46 and 50 with 46.5%, those between 51 and 55 with 28.9%, those between 56 and 60 with 6.9%. The results of this study are as follows. Responses of male and female consumers to image of wear comfort were similar and ten or more mentioned reponses by men were well-being and freedom from pain, stretchability, light weight, absorption of sweat, softness. Wear comfort of hiking gear was shown to include mobility/pressure factors, moisture factor, psychological factor, tactile/keeping body temperature factors. It was shown that the expectation and satisfaction levels of wear comfort of hiking gear were relatively high and were not influenced by consumer's sex and age, but were affected by the objective of mountaineering.
Preference and Clothing Images for T-shirts Utilizing Hyojemunja Textile Pattern
Yang, Soon Hee ; Kweon, Soo Ae ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 651~665
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.4.651
The purpose of this research was to investigate preference and clothing images for T-shirts utilizing Hyojemunja Textile Pattern. The results of this study showed that the secondary students who participate in the study had low interest in Folk-painting and that the female students were more willing to buy T-shirts utilizing The Hyojemunja Textile Pattern than the others. Secondary students preferred letters-pattern to other ones of T-shirts and they opted for the patterns with black curve scripts and the patterns located in upper parts of T-shirts. However, the participants considered straight scripts more sophisticated, unique and feminine than curve scripts and therefore, this awareness helped them become more interested in Hyojemunja Textile Pattern. The findings of the study may suggest T-shirts utilizing Hyojemunja Textile Pattern can give those who have a low interest in Folk-painting increased chances to learn Folk-painting in secondary education.
Textile Pattern Design Using Saengbul Flower in Seo-Cheon Flower Garden of Jeju Myth
Jang, Ae-Ran ; Hyun, Myung-Kwan ; Kim, Hyun-Mi ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 667~676
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.4.667
The purpose of this study is to establish a new method to develop the textile pattern design using Saengbul flower in Seo-cheon flower garden of Jeju Myth, in other words, to create mythic textile patterns by borrowing effectively from the mythic image of Saengbul flower. Seo-cheon flower garden is an incantation space and Saengbul flower means pregnance. Therefore, we drew Camellia flower motifs from a mythic image based on archetypal symbols about the Saengbul flower, and created mythic patterns. In order to achieve this textile pattern design, Adobe CS5(Photoshop, Illustrator) and Texpro were used to design the motifs of Saengbul flower, and then they were arranged in a square pattern and diamond pattern of Richard M. Proctor' set layout. And to conclude, development of the creative textile pattern design using the mythic contents of the Jeju Myth contribute to invigoration the fashion industry and regional culture contents projects in Jeju, and also become the basis of creating added valued to it.
The study of the relationship among make-up attitude, body-related value, and clothing behavior
Chung, Mi Sil ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 677~691
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.4.677
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of make-up attitude and body-related value on clothing behavior. The subjects were 315 female college students in Gyeongsang provinces. The obtained data were analyzed by reliability analysis, factor analysis, cluster analysis, one-way ANOVA, Duncan's multiple range test, correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis and t-test. The major results of this study were as follows: First, four factors of make-up attitude were identified: pursuit of confidence, sociality, self-satisfaction, and positive image. Second, the subjects were categorized into three different types of groups according to make-up attitude and body-related value, respectively: high involvement type, low involvement type, and middle involvement type. Third, there was significant difference among three groups which were segmented by each make-up attitude and body-related value on clothing behaviors (sexual attractiveness, showing off, body-enhancement). Fourth, a significant positive correlation was found among four factors of make-up attitude and body operatability with clothing behaviors. Fifth, the important variables that affected the clothing behaviors were pursuit of confidence, self-satisfaction, and positive image of make-up attitude. Sixth, body-inclination significantly influenced sexual attractiveness of clothing behavior, whereas body-related value, unlike make-up attitude, only had marginal influence.
A Study on the Knowledge, Dietary Behavior related to Sodium, Attitudes towards a Low-Salt Diet of Adults in the Jeonbuk Area
Rho, Jeongok ; Kim, Hyuna ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 693~705
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.4.693
This study was conducted to identify adults' knowledge, dietary behavior related to sodium, the attitude towards a low-salt diet, and to examine the relation between these variables. The participants were 366 adults in Jeonbuk area. The data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficients, ANOVA and Duncan test with SPSS v. 12.0. The score for participants' knowledge about sodium was 12.32 points of a possible 16, the score for dietary behavior related to sodium was 45.74 points of a possible 70, and their score for attitude towards a low-salt diet was 30.35 points of a possible 50. The knowledge showed significant differences by gender (p<.05), and concern about health (p<.05). The dietary behavior of sodium use showed significant differences by gender (p<.001), age (p<.001), educational level (p<.05), job (p<.001), income (p<.05), BMI (p<.05), smoking (p<.01), drinking (p<.01), exercise (p<.05), regularity of health checkup (p<.001), and concern about health (p<.01). The attitude towards a low-salt diet showed significant differences by gender (p<.001), age (p<.001), job (p<.001), income (p<.001), smoking (p<.05), regularity of health checkup (p<.001), and concern about health (p<.001). There was a significant positive correlation between knowledge about sodium, dietary behavior related to sodium, attitude towards a low-salt diet. Dietary behavior related to sodium showed a positive correlation with attitudes towards a low-salt diet. In conclusion, it is necessary to consider the related factors for the development and implementation of systematic education programs that can encourage and promote preventive dietary behavior for disease, e.g. stomach cancer, and hypertension among adults.
Determinants of Media Influence on College Students' Housing Expectations
Lee, Hyun-Jeong ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 4, 2013, Pages 707~718
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.4.707
The purpose of this study was to examine media influence on college students' thoughts and explore determinants of the media influence. Between September 7, 2013, and September 12, 2013, a questionnaire survey was administered to students at university-A and total 328 useable responses were collected. Findings are as follows: (1) Houses in TV drama had a strong influence on college students' future housing preferences but had a relatively weak influence on housing satisfaction and concrete housing expectations; (2) students perceived that houses in TV dramas did not reflect reality well; (3) females and/or relatively younger respondents tended to perceive a stronger influence of media on their thoughts and expectation on housing; (4) respondents who had a stronger desire to imitate lifestyle of TV drama characters and a stronger perception that houses in TV drama reflected reality well, and the respondents whose consumption preferences were more easily influenced by media were found to perceive media influence on their housing expectation stronger; and (5) to see regression analysis results, a linear combination of desire to imitate lifestyle of TV drama characters, perception of reality reflection of houses in TV dramas, gender, perceived media influences on clothes and accessories, and electronics preferences was found to be able to explain 46.4% of variance in media influence on housing expectations.