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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Human Ecology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Human Ecology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 22, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
Relationships between teacher's recognition of professionalism, child's gender, term care and child's social interaction behavior
Yun, Juyoen ; Shin, Hyewon ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 407~417
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.5.407
The purpose of this study was to investigate and analyze how teachers' recognition of professionalism and the child's gender and term care affect child's social interaction behavior. Participants were three-year-old 61 children and their 20 teachers. Each child was observed by the time sampling method of 20 sec-observation followed by 10 sec-recording for a total of 14 minutes. The teachers completed the rating scales to measure the teachers' recognition of professionalism. The study results show that, children engaged more frequently in individual behavior than in interactions with peers or with teachers in day care centers. And those children had more interaction behavior with their teachers than with their peers. Correlation between teachers' recognition of professionalism and children's social interaction behavior were as following: the more the teachers recognized professionalism, the more the children showed positive interaction behavior toward their teachers. Also, the more the teachers recognized the professionalism related to the job satisfaction, the more the children showed positive interaction behavior toward their peers. Boys interacted more negatively with peers and teachers than girls did. Children who attended the day care center more than two years showed less individual behaviors than others.
Factors Influencing the Use of Multiple Childcare for Working Mothers with Preschool Children
Kim, Eunji ; Ahn, Jaejin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 419~431
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.5.419
This study examined the childcare use pattern of the working mothers with preschool children and the factors affecting their use of multiple childcare. The 7th wave data of "Korea Welfare Panel Study" were analyzed for this study. The working mothers with preschool children were selected from the data set and a total of 292 working mothers were included in the analysis. More than 70% of the working mothers were using only one kind of childcare, mostly childcare center and kindergarten and 22.5% of the mothers were using more than two of childcare arrangements. Child factors, maternal factors, household factors, and economic factors were included in the hierarchical logistic regression model in the presented order to predict the use of multiple childcare. The results showed that the child's age and maternal education were positively related to the use of multiple childcare, while whether both parents live with the child, number of children within household, and the poverty status were negatively related to the use of it. Based on these results, we can confer that the main motive for multiple childcare use is to provide various experiences for their children.
The Effects of Children's Temperament, Parent-child Communication Styles, and Peer Relationships on Children's Happiness
Lee, Jin Suk ; Kim, Eun Joo ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 433~445
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.5.433
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of children's temperament, parent-child communication, peer relationships on children's cognitive and affective happiness. The participants consisted of 396 elementary school students aged 10-13 dwelling in Jeonbuk province. Data was analyzed through descriptive statistics, t-test, regression analysis using the SPSS 18.0 program. The most salient results from this study were as follows: first, there were statistically significant differences in the children's happiness according to academic performance and family's economic level; children who considered themselves to have good grades and to have a higher standard of living were happier than other groups. However, there was no significant difference in children's happiness in relation to gender. Second, children's temperament(sociability, activity), parent-child open communication and peer relationships were positively associated with the children's cognitive and affective happiness. Children's emotional temperament, parent-child problem communication were negatively associated with the children's cognitive and affective happiness. Third, as the results of regression analysis, parent-child open communication, children's temperament(activity, sociability), peer relationships were considered to be the most influential factors in explaining cognitive happiness. And parent-child open communication, parent-child problem communication, children's temperament(activity) were influential factors in explaining affective happiness. In conclusion, children's happiness is critically affected not only by internal variables but also environmental ones such as parents and peers.
The Influence of Mother's Responsive/Restrictive Parenting and Peer Attachment on Academic Stress in School Aged Boys and Girls
Min, Ha-Young ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 447~459
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.5.447
This study aimed to investigate the influence of mother's responsive/restrictive parenting and peer attachment on academic stress in school-aged boys and girls. The participants were 493 5th, 6th graders from five elementary schools in Daegu and Gyeongbuk province. The collected data were analyzed through a t-test, multiple regression, hierarchial regression using SPSS Win 19.0. The results are as follows. (1) Level of academic stress of school-aged girls was higher than boys. (2) Responsive parenting of mothers was the most powerful explanation in academic stress of school-aged boys. However restrictive parenting of mothers was the most powerful explanation in academic stress of school-aged girls. (3) In boys, responsive parenting of mothers influenced their academic stress but peer attachment didn't influence the boys academic stress. In girls, responsive parenting of mothers and peer attachment influenced their academic stress, and interaction effects of responsive parenting of mothers and peer attachment on academic stress was observed. (4) Both boys and girls, restrictive parenting of mothers and peer attachment had influences on academic stress. And interaction effects of responsive parenting of mothers and peer attachment on academic stress was not observed.
Dyeing of Cotton Fabrics with Persimmon Extract Powder - Focused on Dyeability and Mechanical Properties Depending on Color Characteristics -
Lee, An Rye ; Yi, Eunjou ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 461~476
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.5.461
This study aims to provide practical information of both color and hands of cotton fabrics dyed with persimmon dye powder for natural dyeing fashion industries by investigating dyeing behavior and color gamut, by testing mechanical properties depending on color characteristics, and finally by evaluating dyeing fastness. As results, the persimmon dye powder obtained by extracting the fruits to final solid powder was found as containing tannin and it partially coated between and on fibers similarly to traditionally dyed one. The K/S values of non-mordanted fabric and two differently mordanted ones with Fe and Cu seemed to reach their equilibrium from 800, 800, and 600% (owf), respectively. Yellow-red was the only one hue shown while tones were various as pale (p), light grayish (ltg), soft (sf), dull (d), grayish (g), and dark grayish (dkg). In mechanical properties, the dyed fabrics with p and ltg tended to be less altered than undyed ones whereas d and d kg by higher bath concentrations could be applied to boxy silhouette owing to their increased stiffness and less stretchability. Although fastness to dry cleaning and stain was good, color change by washing and rubbing needed to be improved.
An Exploratory Study of Perceived Benefits and Risks for QR Code based Virtual Fashion Stores
Kim, Eun Young ; Lee, MiYoung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 477~490
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.5.477
This study explores critical and success factor of benefits and risks for predicting the acceptance of QR code virtual fashion stores. As an exploratory approach, this study conducted focus group interviews(FGI) with 21 panels who had experience with selected QR virtual stores (e.g., Home plus, 11th Street, Pin & Fit). Content analysis was used to generate 184 excerpts and classify into benefits and risks related to QR code virtual stores. With respect to benefits, content analysis identified four factors: Affective appeal, perceived usefulness, ubiquity, and brand promotion. Also, contents regarding perceived risks were classified into four factors: Complexity, lack of information, lack of technology infrastructure, and perceived cost. A managerial implication was discussed for predicting consumer technology acceptance of a QR code virtual store in the fashion retailing market.
Perception of Elementary School Parents in Gyeongbuk Area on Allergenic Food Labeling System and Children's Food Allergy Status
Kim, Young Gyun ; Yu, Kyoung Hye ; Ly, Sun Yung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 491~506
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.5.491
The allergenic food labeling system for 12 foods has been operated in Korean school food service since 2012. This study was conducted to evaluate the food allergy status of Korean elementary school children's and their parents' perceptions of allergenic food labeling system. The parents of school aged(6-9yr olds) children in Gyeongbuk area were recruited to assist in this survey. Surveys were conducted by 404 parents. The prevalence of food allergy was 18.1%(73 students) and about one-half of the food allergic children had a family history of allergies, in particular, maternal family history. The major symptoms were related to skin and the major allergenic foods were mackerel, eggs, milk, wheat, crab and tomatoes. The parents eliminated the allergenic food from diet of 43.8% of the children with food allergy. Participants had an average knowledge score of 68% correct. The average knowledge score was higher for parents with food allergic children than for parents with intact children(p<.05). Over 61% of the respondents were not satisfied with allergenic food labeling system operated in school food service. The requirements for the allergenic food labeling system were the front-of-package labeling, conspicuous description and insert of warning sign. The parents estimated that the most important effect of the allergenic food labeling system was the improvement of psychological and physical health in children with food allergy. Because the only prevention method for food allergy is the restriction of allergenic food, the institutional device to expand the food labeling to unpackaged food as well as packaged food and to make people trust the food labeling should be prepared.
Use of School Tuck-shop and Desire for Healthy Tuck-shop among High School Students in Daejeon Metropolitan City According to Snack Frequency
Kim, Yeon-Jeong ; Suh, Yoonsuk ; Chung, Young-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 507~518
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.5.507
This study aims to investigate the usage of school tuck-shops by students and the desire for healthy tuck-shop according to the frequency of snack. From April 4 to April 13, 2012, a survey was conducted on 348 2nd grade high school students from six high schools in Daejeon Metropolitan City. The snack frequency in school tuck-shops was divided into 3 groups: 2 times a week or less(lower snack group), 3~4 times a week(middle snack group), 5 times a week and above(upper snack group). Out of total subjects, lower snack group was 41.4%, middle snack group 21.8% and upper snack group 36.8%. The upper snack group showed more in male students and more in the students with monthly pocket money more than 50,000 won and more expense per snack. The main reason for taking snacks was hunger at approximate 70% of total subjects, however, no difference was found in reasons by frequency of snack. About 90% of total subjects wanted healthy tuck-shop in school, but upper snack group showed less percentage and less care for healthy snacks. This result suggests that under the circumstance that most of high school students take snacks for relieving themselves from hunger at schools, it is desired to run healthy school tuck-shops in Daejeon Metropolitan, dealing with healthy snacks of balanced nutrition at resonable prices and to implement nutrition education programs especially for high frequent snack takers.
Quality characteristics of muffins added with Ulmus devidiana powder
Kim, Sue-Jin ; Kim, Hyeyoung ;
Korean Journal of Human Ecology, volume 22, issue 5, 2013, Pages 519~528
DOI : 10.5934/kjhe.2013.22.5.519
To evaluate the effect of Ulmus devidiana powder, muffins with Ulmus devidiana powder were made after supplementation with Ulmus devidiana powder(0, 5, 10 and 15%(all w/w)). Proximate composition of Ulmus devidiana powder was 7.49% moisture, 2.33% crude protein, 0.84% crude lipid, 66.74% carbohydrate, 14.09% crude fiber and 8.5% crude ash. The sample with 15% of Ulmus devidiana powder showed significantly lower volume compared to other groups. The symmetry of the sample with 5% of Ulmus devidiana powder was significantly lower than that of control group. No significant uniformity changes were observed. The height and baking loss rate of muffins with 15% Ulmus devidiana powder showed lower than that of other groups. But the weight of muffins with 15% Ulmus devidiana powder showed heavier than that of other groups. In color, L value and b value of muffins were decreased as the increase of the Ulmus devidiana powder. a value of muffins with Ulmus devidiana powder were higher than that of the control group. Hardness, gumminess and chewiness of groups with Ulmus devidiana powder were increased significantly as the increase of the amount of Ulmus devidiana powder. No changes of springness and cohesiveness were observed. Color, hardness, root odor and bitter taste intensity increased significantly with the increased addition of Ulmus devidiana powder. Acceptance of appearance, taste and overall acceptability of groups with 10% of Ulmus devidiana powder were significantly higher than that of the control group. As a result, 10% of Ulmus devidiana powder will be ideal to make muffins.